UEFA President, Michel Platini, who heads up the European governing body of football, which runs the world’s leading club competition – the Champions League – and FIFA Secretary-General, Jerome Valcke, were also banned for 90 days.
FIFA’s disciplinary body – the adjudicatory chamber of the Ethics Committee, which is chaired by Judge Hans-Joachim Eckert, said that the bans come into force immediately and could be extended by another 45 days.
The punishments were handed out by the ethics committee of football’s world governing body, which is investigating the three over corruption allegations.
It also banned ex-FIFA Vice-President, Chung Mong-joon for six years.
The President of the Confederation of African Football (CAF), Issa Hayatou, will act as FIFA President during Blatter’s ban.
Spain’s Angel Maria Villar is expected to head the European football governing body, UEFA, while Platini is suspended.