President Buhari Proposes N8.612tn Budget For 2018
President Muhammadu Buhari has proposed a budget of N8.612 trillion for the year 2018.
The President gave the breakdown of the 2018 Appropriation Bill, while addressing a joint session of the National Assembly on Tuesday.
President Buhari told the lawmakers that the proposal is based on an oil benchmark of $45 per barrel, an oil production rate of 2.3 million barrels per day, an exchange rate of 3.5 percent, inflation rate of 12.4 percent and a real GDP growth of 3.5 percent.
According to the President, out of the N8.612 trillion, N3.494 trillion has been proposed for recurrent expenditure, and N2.428 trillion for capital expenditure – excluding the capital component of statutory transfers.
The Buhari administration plans to use N2.014 trillion for debt service, N46 billion for statutory transfers and N220 billion as sinking fund to retire maturing bonds and pay local contractors.
Total capital expenditure, including the capital component of statutory transfer, is N2.652 trillion.
“In keeping with our policy, 30.8% of N2.652tn of aggregate expenditure, inclusive of capital statutory transfers has been allocated to the capital projects.
We expect our fiscal operations to result in a deficit of N2.005tn or 1.77% of GDP,” the President said.
According to him, the reduction in the budget deficit for 2018, compared to 2017, is in line with his administrtion’s plan under the Economic Recovery and Growth Plan to progressively reduce the deficit and borrowings.
“We plan to finance the deficit partly by new borrowings, estimated at N1.699tn. Fifty percent of this borrowing will be sourced externally, while the balanced will be source domestically,” he said.
“The balance of the deficit of N306bn is to be financed from proceeds of privatisation of some non-oil assets by the Bureau of Public Enterprises.”
In terms of key capital allocations, the Ministry of Power, Works, and Housing got the lion’s share.
- Minister of Power, Works, and Housing – N555.88 billion
- Ministry of Transport – N263.1 billion
- Social Intervention Programmes – N150 billion
- Ministry of Defence – N144 billion
- Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development – N118.98 billion
- Ministry of Water Resources – N95.11 billion
- Ministry of Industry, Trade and Investment – N82.92 billion
- Ministry of Interior – N63.26 billion
- Ministry of Education – N61.73 billion
- Universal Basis Education Commission – N109.06 billion
- Ministry of Health – N71.11 billion
- Federal Capitial Territory – N40 billion
- Zonal Intervention Project – N100 billion
- North-East Intervention Programme – N45 billion
- Niger Delta Ministry – N53.8 billion
- Niger Delta Development Commission – N71.2 billion
There has been a lot of concern about the country’s debt profile and with the amount proposed for debt service N2.014 trillion, the President offered some explanations about what his government is doing about the issue.
One of the steps taken so far is to closely monitor the debt service to revenue ratio, according to him.
He said, “We shall address this ratio through our non-oil revenue generation drive and restructuring of the existing debt portfolio.
“Presently, domestic debt accounts for about 79 percent of the total debt. Our medium-term strategy is to reduce proportion to 60 percent by the end of 2019 and increase external debt to 40 percent.
“It is noteworthy that re-balancing our debt portfolio would enhance private sector access to domestic credit. In addition, annual debt service costs will reduce as external debt are serviced at lower rates and retained over a longer period than domestic debt.”
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