Kogi State High Court of Justice in Lokoja, on Thursday, sentenced one Muritala Dare to death by hanging for stabbing his colleague with a broken bottle.
Justice Josiah Majebi, who presides over High Court 2, Lokoja, found the defendant guilty after considering his involvement in an incident that occurred on August 16, 2021, around the NUJ area of the Lokoja metropolis.
The defendant was charged for the offence of Culpable Homicide punishable with death under Section 221 (a) and (b) of the Kogi State Penal Code just as the charge stated that he “caused the death of one Lukman Karim by doing an act to wit, stabbing him on the neck and hand with a broken bottle with the intention of causing his death and thereby committed an offence.”
To prove that the defendant committed the offence, the prosecutor called three witnesses and tendered seven exhibits which included the defendant’s confessional statement, a Coroners Ordinance (Chapter) Report of Medical Practitioners, and a Nigeria Police Post Mortem Examination report dated 19th August 2020.
While giving evidence, the principal witness, who is attached to the Quick Response Unit of the Kogi State Police Command, said the condemned defendant was apprehended from his hideout after committing the crime while the deceased, who died at the scene of the incident, was confirmed dead at the Specialist Hospital, Lokoja where the corpse was later deposited.
Upon examination of the evidence presented before the court and particularly relying on the confessional statement made by the defendant, Justice Majebi averred that “a confession is an admission at any time by a person charged with a crime stating or suggesting that he committed the crime”
He noted that “it is well settled that in a criminal trial (that) an issue may be proved by direct evidence (evidence of an eye witness) confession or admission voluntarily made by the Defendant and circumstantial evidence”.
Thus while concluding that the entire case of the prosecution was built on the confessional statement of the defendant, which though he tried effortlessly to deny during the trial, the statements he made during the course of investigating the matter were adequate to rely upon in passing the judgment according to the Judge.
According to the trial judge, “it is trite law that a valid voluntary statement entered without objection and admitted in evidence is good evidence and no amount of subsequent argument against it or retraction will vitiate its admissibility and potency as a voluntary statement and the mere denial by the defendant will not be a good reason for rejecting it.
“It is only desirable to have some evidence of circumstances which make it probable that the confession was truly confessional, as in Exhibit P1 in the instant case.”
“I have carefully perused and considered Exhibit P1. It is confessional in nature. I am compelled to consider the legal propriety/status of the said Exhibits P1 & P P6 in view of the fact that their admissibility is being challenged by the learned counsel for the defendant under issue two of his issues for determination and more importantly, that as earlier stated, the entire case by the prosecution herein is built on them particularly Exhibit P1,” he added.
Elaborating further, he said there were sufficient reasons to arrive at the conclusion that the evidence contained in the statements made by the defendant were convincing enough even outside his confessional statement.
“I am of the view that there is sufficient evidence outside the confessional statement of the defendant to make it probable that the statement is true. Aside from the admission of the defendant that he stabbed the deceased to death with a broken bottle, his averments in Exhibits P6 are materially the same as his averments in Exhibit P1,” he said.
“Hence, his averments in Exhibits P6 corroborate his averments in Exhibit P1.”
In the two exhibits, the defendant averred that he knew the deceased.
In Exhibits P6, the defendant stated that he worked with the deceased at the same place under high tension, and in Exhibit P1, he stated that he had issues with the deceased after they were sacked from their former shop. According to him, on the 16th day of August 2020, he had a fight with some persons including the deceased.
While in Exhibit P6, he stated that he removed the broken bottle he had earlier kept in his pocket and stabbed the deceased with it on his neck and left hand leading to his death”.
The court, therefore, held that the stated evidence of circumstances made it possible that the statement made by the defendant and contained in Exhibit P1 was “truly confessional” while noting that for the prosecution to succeed in a charge of Culpable Homicide, under Section 221 (a) of the said Penal Code, it must have the ingredients of the death of a deceased resulting from the act of a defendant whose act would have been done with the intention to cause death or that the defendant knew or had a reason or know that death would be the probable and not only likely consequence of his act.
He therefore concluded that all these essential ingredients were already manifest in the matter and supported by other evidences.
“I have carefully looked and considered Exhibit P1 and I am satisfied that it is direct, positive and admits the essential elements of the offence of Culpable Homicide as stated against the Defendant….There is a nexus between the act of the Defendant and the death of the deceased. The fact that the deceased died on the 16th day of August, 2020 is not in dispute between the prosecution and the Defence. The substance of the case, established by the evidence adduced is that the deceased was killed by the Defendant.” And there was “no Scintilla of evidence from the Defendant both in Exhibit P1 and his oral evidence to show that the killing of the deceased was in Self-Defence or Provocation” as was canvassed by his counsel.
In conclusion, his lordship found the Defendant guilty of the charge of Culpable Homicide against him and convicted him accordingly.
“Premised on the above findings, I hold that the prosecution has proved all the ingredients of the charge against the Defendant and thereby raising the presumption of guilt against him in respect of the charge.
“That, you, Dare Murtala, is hereby sentenced to death for the offence of Culpable Homicide for which you are convicted. The sentence of this Court upon you is that you will be hanged by neck until you be dead and may the Lord have mercy upon your soul,” he pronounced.
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