Lawyers Must Speak Against Terror, Hardship In Nigeria – New NBA President

Speaking during his inaugural address as President of the NBA, Maikyau said legal professionals must speak against terror and hardship in the land.

A file photo of Mr Yakubu Maikyau.
A file photo of Mr Yakubu Maikyau.


Newly inaugurated President of the Nigerian Bar Association, Yakubu Maikyau, SAN, has said Nigerians have been terrorised, traumaties and their psyche pauperised.

Speaking during his inaugural address as President of the NBA, Maikyau said legal professionals must speak against terror and hardship in the land.

“Let me emphasise this point in this way; Nigeria and Nigerians have been so terrorised, traumatised and their psyche pauperised by our present-day realities,” Maikyau said. “The dignity of the lives of Nigerians have come under severe attack by these and many factors.

“What is left of this country, which cannot be emasculated in my humble view, is the voice of the legal profession; a voice that derives its life and strength from the person of justice and which cannot be caged or killed.

“This voice must speak against the terror in the land and the hardship that has taken over the lives of our people. This is the charge that my administration undertakes to spearhead.”


Read the full speech below:

That I, Yakubu Chonoko Maikyau, SAN is today, the 26th of August 2022,
standing before you as the 31st President of the Nigerian Bar Association (NBA);
the prestigious association of the only noble profession, the largest, most vibrant
and most influential Bar on the continent of Africa, is simply a function of the
grace of God Almighty. To HIM ALONE be all the glory, the honour and the
Family background
My late parents, Lt. Maikyau Chonoko and Mrs. Titi Maikyau, had no formal
education. Had my father not joined the Army, my late sister, Amina Maikyau,
and I may not have gone to school. I can recall my father saying to me as he sent
me off to the School of Basic Studies, Zaria in 1984, “any day you go hungry,
come home, whatever we have we will share”. My mother, amongst other trades,
sold firewood to support my education and as an undergraduate, I helped to split
the firewood for sale. My late sister on her part, after her National Certificate of
Education (NCE) suspended further education and took up a teaching
appointment to support the family and my education. She only went back to
school to graduate in 1994 – four (4) years after my call to the Bar in 1990. My
father passed on the 28th of January 1989, while I was in my final year in ABU
Zaria; my sister passed on the 10th of January 2005 and my mother, on the 1
st of
December 2019.
It was as though they all came into the world just for me as I do not have a
recollection of anything they did for themselves, but from the time I could
recognise and recall events, I can only remember all they did to raise and support
this boy, Yakubu. They were selfless towards me as they individually and
collectively invested in me. My father did not witness my graduation and eventual
call to the Bar and my sister did not live to see me become a Senior Advocate of
Nigeria. Coincidentally, today is the 11th anniversary of my swearing in as Senor
Advocate of Nigeria, which only my mum was privileged to witness on the 26th
of August 2011. I pay special tribute to all of them for their love, sacrifices,
support, prayers and for a godly upbringing. I am sure that, to the glory of God,
they look from heaven, proud of their boy and grateful for the privilege of being
part of the journey that culminated in this inauguration ceremony.

My Education
I studied Physics, Chemistry and Biology in my A-level classes at the School of
Basic Studies, Zaria. Never in my wildest thoughts or imaginations did I
contemplate studying Law. I gained admission to study Veterinary Medicine at
the Ahmadu Bello University (ABU), Zaria. About three weeks into my
resumption in Veterinary Medicine, I was informed by my friend, Hassan
Danjuma, that he saw my name on the admissions list for the Faculty of Law. He
literally dragged me to the old Senate Building and pointed out my name on the
list. I saw it and was completely taken aback and unsuccessfully tried so hard to
convince Hassan that this was in fact news to me. I later confirmed that my name
was not only on the master list but also in the list at the Faculty of Law. Thereafter,
I travelled to Sokoto to consult with my big brother figure, Mr. J. S. Magaji of
blessed memory, who said to me, “if you can cope, Law is a more lucrative
course than Veterinary Medicine”. Upon return to Zaria, I withdrew from
Veterinary Medicine and re-registered as a law student with the encouragement
of the then Dean of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Professor Daniel Saror, who
also promised to defer my admission to the following year, so that if I could not
cope with Law, I could return to continue with Veterinary Medicine.
I owe a debt of gratitude to Professor Daniel Saror, late Mr. J. S. Magaji and
late Senator Danladi Bamayi, my first employer and principal in chambers, with
whom I worked for almost 13 years. Senator Bamayi’s sense of duty, discipline,
honesty, respect for values, ethics, and standards helped in no small measure in
moulding me into who I am, as a legal practitioner, a husband and a father. I know
Professor Daniel Saror (who would have been here in person – he will be 81 in
October), the late Mr. J. S. Magaji and the late Senator Danladi Bamayi, are proud
of their advice and mentorship and are equally grateful to God to have had a hand
in what turned out to be the nurturing of the seed of greatness God deposited in
That we are here today, is more than enough proof that I never went back to study
Veterinary Medicine. That I can rise to the peak of the profession of law, into
which I was admitted by sheer providence (for I did not apply to study Law; I still
do not know how my name appeared on that list), attain the rank of a Senior
Advocate of Nigeria (SAN) and now the 31st President of the NBA, are all the
work of the Almighty. Is there any impossibility with God? Certainly NONE!
I give God Almighty, the Alpha and Omega, Omnipresent, Omniscience,
Omnipotent, the ONLY WISE ONE, the ONE in whom the essence of His
existence is in Himself, all the glory, honour and praise.
I must recognise the contribution and support of my partners and colleagues at Y.
C. Maikyau and Co. This project afforded me the opportunity to see a side of
them that I probably may never have experienced. Their commitment, passion and sacrifices towards this aspiration, have been humbling. They have also
assured me that I do not have to worry about the office for the 2 years that I will
be steering the affairs of the Bar. My partners; Raphael Terfa, Nwabueze Obasiobi, Mohammed Adelodun; I am grateful for the support. I am also grateful to my
Associates and staff at the office for their tremendous support.
My campaign team was simply awesome. The Director General of the campaign,
Mr. Yemi Akangbe, who earned himself the aliases of “capacity”, “energy”,
“structural”, “intellectual”, “accommodating”, to mention just a few, drove the
process well. We saw the interplay of these attributes during the campaign. Mazi
Afam Osigwe SAN, “the Golden Boy”, was exceptional in his support; he
committed his time, resources and experience to support this aspiration. I am
grateful to my Nominators, Chief R. A. Lawal Rabana (my egbon) past NBA
General Secretary and Life Bencher and Mr. Aminu Sani Gadanya (the fine boy
from Kano), who found me worthy of nomination, for their trust and support. I
am grateful to my friend and call-mate, Sopriye Long Williams for deploying
his wealth of experience as Deputy Director General of the Campaign alongside
my younger brother, Paul Daudu. My profound gratitude goes to the rest of the
Campaign team: Murtala Kankiya; Sammie Somiari, SAN; Chinaecherem
Nwaubani; Laura Alakija; Aisha M. Hassan; Barbara Omosun; Olabamiji
Adeyeye; Rachael Osibu; Dressman Ebikebina; Auta Nyada; Henry
Barnabas; Yakubu Philemon; Isah Aliyu; Eva Amadi; Folarin Aluko; Hope
Anehmen; Jamiu Isiaka; Lere Fashola; Blessing Udofia-Poromon; Amaka
Uzuegbu; Ada Edozie; Adanma Isamade; Sameera Tabo; Godwin
Madubuko; Augustine N. Eseagwu; Nasir Salau; M. A. Magaji, SAN;
Adekunle Ojoh, SAN; all my friends and colleagues of the 1990 set of the
Nigerian Law School and a host of other friends and colleagues too numerous to
mention. I must however not fail to mention Mr. Kaka Lawan Shehu, the
Honourable Attorney General, Borno State for his unflinching support throughout
this election. Similarly, Yunus Ustaz, SAN; E. Y. Kura, SAN; Abdullahi
Yahaya, SAN; Abdul Mohammed, SAN; Chief (Mrs.) A. J. Offiah, SAN; Mr.
A. I. Ani, SAN; Offornze D. Amucheazi, SAN; Abdulwasiu Alfa; Zibril
Jimeta; Zibril S. Zibril (Chairman Bauchi), M. M. Maidoki, Haruna Yelma,
Hannatu Simon; Hajiya Altine; Mohammed Nuhu (Chairman Sokoto);
Lawan G. Hudu (Chairman Birnin Kebbi); M. T. Mohammed (Chairman
Kaduna); Usman Sule, SAN; Wada A. Wada, Ibrahim A. Nasarawa; Mal
Salisu; M. E. Osume; Zainab Bio and many others who were all very supportive
throughout the process. I am also grateful to our media, technical, publicity and
content creation teams – they worked tirelessly behind the scenes and drove our
campaign organization from the shadows – I am truly blessed to have had such a
formidable team behind me.
So many respected friends and senior colleagues took the time to offer their
personal endorsements of my candidacy. Words cannot convey the depth of my
gratitude or the value I ascribe to every one of these endorsements. Mama
Hairat Ade-Balogun, OON; Chief Anthony Mogboh, SAN; Anthony Mogboh, Jnr, SAN; President Paul Usoro, SAN; Mrs. Funke Adekoya, SAN;
Prince Lateef Fagbemi, SAN; Mallam Yusuf Ali, SAN; Mr. Adebayo
Adelodun SAN; Dr. Anthony Idigbe, SAN; Chief Paul Erokoro, SAN; J.S.
Okutepa, SAN; K. K. Eleja, SAN; Prof. Wahab Egewole, SAN; Ayuli
Jemide; Dr. Adekunle Ojo, SAN; Tobenna Erojikwe; Emeka Ozoani, SAN;
Tochukwu Maduka, SAN; Chukwuka Ikuazom, SAN; Abdul Mohammed,
SAN; Rafiu Kolawole; Mr. Dayo Idowu; Orji Agwu Uka; and a host of our
younger colleagues who flooded the airwaves with a barrage of their
endorsements which essentially translated into the victory we celebrate today.
Permit me again to extend my profound gratitude to:
(i) President Olumide Akpata for the privilege to serve under his
administration. This afforded me the opportunity to interact with members
of the National Executive Committee, with whom I enjoyed a wonderful
working relationship. I commend you again for the reformative leadership
you brought to the NBA, the laudable projects which my administration is
committed to build upon and for putting in place the process that led to the
successful hand over of the baton to my administration.
(ii) The ECNBA under the leadership of Mr. Richard Ayodele Akintunde
SAN for delivering free, fair and seamless elections culminating in the
emergence of this administration of the NBA.
(iii) Past Presidents of the NBA particularly Dame Priscilla Kuye, T. J. O.
Okpoko, SAN, Chief Wole Olanipekun, SAN, Olisa Agbakoba, SAN,
His Excellency, Oluwarotimi Akeredolu, SAN, Chief O. C. J. Okocha,
SAN, Chief Bayo Ojoh, SAN, J. B. Daudu, SAN, Okey Wali, SAN,
Austin Alegeh, SAN, A. B. Mahmoud, SAN and Paul Usoro, SAN, for
leaving a legacy that we can build on.
(iv) Candidates who ran for one office or the other – In all our travels across the
country, we did not record any incident. We moved around, consulted,
campaigned, participated in the election in good health and witnessed the
election to the end. Regardless of the outcome of the elections, we should
be reminded there is no amount of money anyone could have paid to enjoy
God’s mercies and protection as we travelled. I will be calling on you to
work with us for the greater good of the legal profession in Nigeria; the
very reason we all got into the race in the first place.
A few weeks after the election and precisely on the 10th of August 2022, I received
shocking news of the deaths of two of our colleagues who were very close to me
and to many of you; Mr. Nasiru Dangiri, SAN and Mr. Ogaga Emoghwanre,
who was the Secretary of the NBA Welfare Committee which I chaired. Ogaga
was also the Publicity Secretary of NBA, Benin Branch and a Personal Assistant
to President Olumide Akpata. He contested for the office of National Publicity
Secretary but lost to Habeeb Lawal. He was gracious in defeat, reached out to the
winner and joined all of us in the celebrations that followed. These unfortunate
losses are stark reminders of the transience of life and the mercies of God in our
lives. May their souls and those of our other departed colleagues, rest in peace
and may the Almighty God comfort their families and the NBA, Amen.
It is on this note that I call upon my big brother Chief J. K. Gadzama, SAN,
OFR, MFR to continue to be gracious in accepting the result of this election. I
equally extend a hand of fellowship and invite him, to join hands with the current
administration to deliver on the mandate of the Nigerian Bar Association to its
members and the Nigerian public. I must appreciate the sportsmanship displayed
by the DG of JK-Gadzama Campaign Team. Chief C. P. Oli, who called to
congratulate me. I similarly thank my big brothers, Mr. K. T. Turaki, SAN and
Mr. Mela Nunghe, SAN, (both close associates of Chief J. K. Gadzama) who
individually called to congratulate me and pledged their continued support for the
Bar under my administration. I am particularly grateful to Mr. Jonathan Gunu
Taidi, past General Secretary of NBA, who ran for the office with us, but
promptly called to congratulate me and paid a personal visit to my office to
celebrate with us. I already have his commitment to work with this administration
in delivering the needed dividends to our members.
I had in my manifesto identified “service to the cause of justice”, as our primary
call as lawyers. The discharge of this duty will naturally lead to the socioeconomic and political change we desire in Nigeria; engender the recovery,
reformation and repositioning we need as a nation; improve the productivity,
prosperity and empowerment within the polity and guarantee the well-being of
the entire citizenry, lawyers inclusive.
We must not lose sight of the fact that the prosperity of the members of the legal
profession cannot be isolated from that of the larger society. To this end, it is the
responsibility of all members of the legal profession, individually and
collectively, to provide the desired leadership to the nation. To achieve this, the
Bar must earn the respect and confidence of the public and this can only be
secured by a Bar that conducts itself professionally with honor, respect, dignity
and integrity. This responsibility of the Bar to the Nation was underscored in the
quote attributed to Sir Adetokunbo Ademola, where he said that “the respect in
which the bar in any country is held is the best indicator of the freedom in that
country”. Conversely, the absence of freedom in a country is the best indicator
of either the complete absence of the Bar or the lack of respect for the Bar in that
Consequently, distinguished colleagues, in taking on the task ahead, I call on all
members of the legal profession to do whatever we are lawfully permitted to do
to command respect as a Bar, because therein lies the freedom this country yearns for. To this end, service to the person of justice must be our primary motivation in the discharge of our responsibilities as members of the legal
profession wherever we may find ourselves; on the Bench, the Bar (official or
private), public service, private businesses, in our places of worship, or whatever
endeavour we may be engaged in. It is my firm belief that with the quality and
diversity of our members, many of whom populate constitutional/statutory
bodies, the legal profession is properly positioned to provide the leadership that
can turn around the fortunes of this nation for the better. Thus, the discharge of
the functions of these statutory bodies must be motivated solely by the need to
attain justice. I therefore call on our members in whatever capacity you currently
serve, to awaken to our responsibilities as socio-economic change agents, to put
our hands on the plough with our eyes fixed on the goal to deliver justice to the
Nigerian people and cultivate the greatness of this Nation under God.
The Nigerian state is passing through perilous times. The insecurity in the nation
has reached an all-time high; no longer are we dealing with insecurity on the
fringes of the Nigerian territory, as nearly all parts of the country have
experienced and/or are experiencing one form of security breach or the other.
Attacks on military formations and killing of security personnel are now regular
occurrence. The Abuja-Kaduna train attack; the closure of Kaduna International
Airport due to security concerns; killing of innocent worshippers in Owo, Ondo
State; the rampaging activities of Boko Haram, terrorists, bandits, et al in the
Northern parts of Nigeria; kidnappings and the activities of elements described
as unknown gun men in the South East; the jail breaks including the recent
incident at the Kuje Correctional Centre, FCT; the attacks on the suburbs of the
FCT, within a radius of not more than 50 kilometers to the seat of the President
and the Commander-in-Chief of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; are to say the
least worrisome and distressing. The situation appears so overwhelming that it is
either that what is being done by the Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) is too
negligible to be noticed, or nothing is being done at all- many Nigerians believe
that the latter is the position)
There has not been any time in this country when Nigerians have looked more to
the Bar as they do now, for a way out of the rather bleak situation, and they are
certainly looking in the right direction. We are the ones who, by the privilege of
our training and expertise, are positioned to ask the right questions, interrogate
the system and call those saddled with the responsibility of providing security for
the lives and properties of Nigerians, to account for their stewardship. Permit me
to borrow from a biblical expression and to say that; just as the entire world is
eagerly waiting for the manifestation of the sons of God, so are Nigerians eagerly
waiting for the discharge of the leadership responsibility and interventions of
the members of the legal profession. We have what it takes to precipitate the
leadership that will bring the succour and freedom Nigerians deserve and we
cannot afford to shirk from that responsibility.

Let me emphasise this point in this way; Nigeria and Nigerians have been so
terrorised, traumatised and their psyche pauperised by our present-day realities.
The dignity of the lives of Nigerians have come under severe attack by these and
many factors. What is left of this country, which cannot be emasculated in my
humble view, is the voice of the legal profession; a voice that derives its life and
strength from the person of justice and which cannot be caged or killed. This
voice must speak against the terror in the land and the hardship that has taken
over the lives of our people. This is the charge that my administration undertakes
to spearhead.
That is why what we saw at the just concluded conference where some of our
colleagues broke into the Pavillion for the distribution of conference materials,
destroyed the booths and carted away bags and other valuables, was most
unfortunate, highly despicable and totally unacceptable. What the world saw on
social media is not a representation of who we are as members of the legal
profession. We remain proud of the nobility of the profession, and we are
committed to conducting ourselves in the best traditions of the Bar with candour,
honour, dignity, integrity, and professionalism. What we saw fell short of this and
we have a duty to deal with that shameful conduct.
I hereby immediately, subject to the approval of NEC, setup a committee to be
chaired by Mr. Wale Fapohunda, SAN, Attorney General of Ekiti State, to
investigate the incident and identify all those who participated in that disgraceful
act with the view to reporting them to the LPDC.
In the next couple of weeks and months, the NBA under my leadership will take
steps and set in motion processes that will seek to interrogate government’s
investments in the security of this nation and the utilization of these investments
if any, to ascertain the reason(s) for what clearly appears to be a failure of
National Security. Our apparently ill-equipped security personnel are continually
being sacrificed notwithstanding what is known to be their patriotism, uncommon
courage, military expertise, tact, zeal, gallantry and determination to defend the
Nigerian people, their properties and the territorial integrity of this Nation.
This engagement, which must be carried out expeditiously, is necessary to,
amongst other things, generate discussions that will provide Nigerians with
sufficient information to guide them in making their choice of persons to occupy
elective offices in the upcoming general elections. While the NBA shall hold the
current and past leaderships to account (bearing in mind that government is a
continuum), we must ensure that no one seeking elective office leverages on the
failures of this or any administration, to gain the sympathy of Nigerians.
Nigerians must be satisfied, given the concrete realities of our nation, with the
practical solutions that are being proposed to deal with the current security,
economic and political challenges. Consistent with our duty to the people, we
cannot allow the nation to be misled, as Abraham Lincoln once said: “let the
people know the truth and the country will be safe”.

In the interim, I hereby call on the Federal Government of Nigeria, to show
demonstrable commitment to the protection of lives and properties of Nigerians
across the country. A situation where the elite guards of the Commander-in-Chief
will come under such humiliating and fatal attack as was recently reported,
amongst other similar incidences and experiences of the Nigerian military, leaves
much to be desired. I will however commend the security personnel in the field
of operation for doing so much with apparently so little.
Besides the need to guarantee the security of the lives and properties of Nigerians
as they troop out to vote in the 2023 general elections, the ultimate outcome of
the election will largely depend on the interface between the Bench, the Bar and
the Political gladiators. As members of the Legal Profession, serving either on
the Bench or at the Bar, we owe Nigerians sincere and honest participation in the
process. We must do all that is legitimately within our abilities, motivated by the
desire to serve the course of justice, to ensure that the relevant laws and rules,
properly interpreted and applied, remain the guiding principles for our
involvement in the process.
While we shall stand with the Courts and do everything legal to protect the
integrity of the Bench against any form of intimidation by the political class, any
person or group of persons, we will not hesitate to call out and pursue disciplinary
action(s) against erring judicial officials. Similarly, members of the Bar who
misconduct themselves while participating in the resolution of electoral disputes
will face disciplinary action at the Legal Practitioners’ Disciplinary Committee
(LPDC) and the Legal Practitioners’ Privileges Committee (LPPC), where Senior
Advocates of Nigeria (SAN) are involved.
Our Association just conducted a fully online election of its national officers,
adjudged free, fair, transparent, credible and seamless. While about 62,000
members were verified and eligible to vote, 34,809 of our members voted in the
election. Eligible members cast their votes from across the world, from the
comfort of their homes, offices and on the go, using their computers, phones and
other electronic devices, while monitoring the progress in real-time. Members did
not have to congregate at any location to vote, thus, avoiding all the risks and
expenses associated with movements from one point to another and convergence
at any designated location.
I call on the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) and the various
State Independent Electoral Commissions to emulate the NBA; to leverage on
technology in the conduct of future general elections with minimal or no exposure
of the electorate to insecurity, risks and other associated costs/expenses in the
process in addition to reducing of likelihood of electoral malpractice. I am
confident that, the insecurity situation will be contained and we shall regain
normalcy in the nation, notwithstanding, deployment of technology in all facets of our national life is not an option. It is the future of the world and we cannot be
left out of this future.
Finally on this point, the agitations in the polity as to the election processes;
choice of candidates and the extent of participation of the citizens in the political
space, have to my mind been largely fueled by what I see as the constitutional
limitation imposed on the Nigerian citizens by Section 221 of the Constitution of
the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 (as amended). This section essentially
prohibits any association other than a political party from canvassing for votes
for any candidate. In this respect, relevant sections of the Constitution make
sponsorship by political parties a requirement for eligibility to contest for elective
offices in Nigeria. These provisions have made participation by all classes of
persons or groups in Nigeria impracticable no matter their qualification,
experience and ability to garner support across the nation. The teaming youths
and women of this Nation, who constitute over 70% of the voting population, are
limited in their choice of leaders.
My administration will assiduously embark on awareness campaigns to advocate
for the liberalisation of the political space through constitutional amendments to
provide for independent candidature. I am persuaded that this is one way through
which majority of Nigerians can elect leaders of their choice based on
competence and merit.
The present status quo, where political parties conduct primaries for the election
of candidates through processes that are apparently marred by all forms of
irregularities, not the least, the compromise of delegates to Party conventions,
leave Nigerians with no option but to elect their leaders at the general election,
from the product of those otherwise tainted primaries. This is totally
unacceptable. Consequently, the NBA under my leadership will partner with
relevant government agencies and other stakeholders to ensure that the process
of electing our leaders is not limited to the current flawed system. Where the
candidates emerge faulty and corrupt primaries, the subsequent general election
simply becomes a charade.
I have deliberately at the onset, dwelt on some of the burning national issues
because the NBA exists within the context of the Nigerian State, and we must
reckon with our responsibility towards the survival of the nation even as we look
after ourselves as an Association.
At this point however, I would like to reiterate my commitment to sustain and
build on the welfare schemes and programmes of the immediate past
administration. Like I said in my manifesto, I will sustain the National Health
Insurance Scheme for lawyers, while offering free subscription to the scheme to
an additional 1000 members in each year of my administration. The life assurance
policy will be reviewed with the view to increasing the benefits. Free stamp for
members who pay their Bar Practicing Fees (BPF) on or before 31st March each
year will be sustained. We will also improve upon the current savings by the
NBA. I commend the administration of President Olumide Akpata for saving 1.5
billion Naira- the first in the history of the NBA and I am committed to going on
with the proposed constitutional amendment intended to protect this fund which
is used to backstop the access to credit programme. I have already commenced
discussions with financial institutions and other development partners for access
to grants and professional development funds to boost and strengthen the access
to credit/finance programme.
As Chairman of NBA Welfare Committee, I had committed to work to the last
day of the past administration and would have continued to do so under a new
administration if called upon. As it turns out, thanks to you our members, I am
now to serve you at a slightly higher capacity. I therefore make the following
1. Within the first 60 days of my administration, we will collate 1000 names
from the 125 Branches of the NBA for the purpose of the free NBA – NHIS
GIFSHIP programme as promised in my manifesto. 50% of this number
will be spread between our colleagues of 1 – 7 years post call. Not less than
100 will be drawn from of our physically challenged colleagues. The
remaining number will be distributed amongst members based on the
criteria to be decided.
2. In line with my campaign promise, the subscription for the 1000 members
already on-boarded for the NBA – NHIS GIFSHIP programme shall be
renewed at the anniversary of their initial subscription to the Scheme.
3. Conference fees:
a. Lawyers 1 – 5 years post-call will pay 50% less the fee paid this year
for the AGC on condition that such members are in good financial
standing and have recorded not less than 70% participation in the CLE
programme of the NBA. For avoidance of doubt this should come to
NGN 7, 500 (for early bird registration), NGN 20,000 (for regular
registration) and NGN 40,000 (for late registration). Similar provisions
will in due course be made for other category of lawyers as our financial
position improves. My administration views conferences and
particularly the AGC as knowledge sharing opportunities and our
younger colleagues must be encouraged to take advantage of every such
b. Colleagues who are physically challenged will be registered for the
conference free of charge, subject to participation in not less than 70%
of the CLE programmes.
c. Aged colleagues of 70 years and above will be registered for the AGC
free of charge unless they choose to pay. We must keep our older
colleagues close and continue to engage with them so as to tap from
their wealth of experience
To demonstrate my administration’s commitment to improving the remuneration
of lawyers, I will constitute a Remunerations Committee to, amongst other things,
implement the recommendations of the NBA Remuneration (White Paper)
Committee as contained in the white paper submitted and accepted by the
National Executive Council at its meeting in Ilorin, Kwara State, on the 9th of
June 2022. I shall also liaise with the Honourable Attorney General and Minister
for Justice for the purpose of setting up the Legal Practitioners Remuneration
Committee LPRC as provided for under Section 15 of the Legal Practitioners Act
2007, with the view to incorporating the recommendations of the committee as
part of the Order which the LPRC may issue under the power conferred on it to
make orders regulating the charges of legal practitioners. This is to secure
enforceability of the recommendations by the Committee.
I shall constitute a renumeration committee within 21 days from today subject to
the approval of NEC.
In my manifesto, I identified the need for members of the legal profession to be
positioned in strategic sectors and offices, as a way of using some of our best
resources to drive the affairs of the state and introduce a culture of excellence and
respect for the rule of law in public service.
During the campaigns, I had interactions with law officers, legal aid officers and
lawyers in law enforcement agencies and have come to the understanding that
one of the most effective ways to reform this nation is through these distinguished
members of the legal profession, whose utilitarian value to the society has clearly
not been fully acknowledged and appreciated. We shall engage with relevant
authorities and stakeholders to recognise and invest in these members of the legal
profession by developing their capacities and adequately compensating them for
their services, which is often at great personal risk. The improvement of their
salaries, and emolument and for proper grade level placement at the time of
employment will be negotiated.
In-house Counsel’s role in promoting the rule of law is often overlooked,
downplayed or misunderstood. As the conscience of corporate Nigeria, I
recognise the need to protect, support and strengthen the voice of our members
who work in these roles and who by virtue of their office drive policy and uphold
the corporate integrity of the Nigerian business. This function is key to our overall
economic growth and advancement. Therefore, the NBA under my administration
will engage more actively with these members and look forward to working with
them improving their participation and interactions within the association and
providing whatever backbone support they will require from the NBA.
As I promised during the electioneering campaigns, my administration will
interface with Government Ministries, Departments, Agencies and parastatals
both at the Federal, State and Local Government Levels, Including the Armed
Forces, Police, Civil Defence, Immigration, Customs and other organizations, to
seek placements for our members. I shall constitute this Committee within 21
days from today subject to the approval of NEC. The Committee shall be the
NBA Employment Committee otherwise known as NBA Employment Bureau.
My promise for law firm/institutional mentorship will remain foremost in the
agenda of my administration. In addition to the funding by the NBA and law
firms, the professional development financing expected from our interactions
with financial institutions will be deployed for the take-off of this programme.
This mentorship programme will equally serve as a means of preparing our
colleagues for employment and entrepreneurship as indicated above. I will within
21 days from today constitute a Law Firm/Institutional Mentorship Committee
which shall among other things, develop general policy and strategy for
engagement; develop the scope, duration and cycles of mentorship program;
develop the criteria for participation (for both law firms and interns); design of
program outline including such details as stipends, program expectations and
deliverable and the obligations of firms to the mentees and vice versa and the
supervisory role of the NBA.
At the risk of sounding biased, I make bold to say that no nation develops without
a deliberate investment in its human capital, with special attention to the legal
professionals. There must, at the core of any meaningful development in any
nation, be a preponderance of purposeful and qualitative legal professionals who
will provide the legal frameworks borne out of a progressive mindset for the
implementation of the programmes and policies of government at all levels. This
will require a deliberate commitment to developing the legal profession’s human
capital needed to provide specialised services at different level of governance.
Nigeria currently has about 140, 000 lawyers on the Roll of which 1,500 were
recently admitted, thus adding to the growing number. Let me use this
opportunity to welcome our newest colleagues into the profession and to assure
you that, notwithstanding the challenges we face, the legal profession remains the
only noble profession and you should be proud of the privilege of being a part of
it. As the seniors offer to provide purposeful guidance and support for your
professional growth, I admonish you to make yourselves available to learn, work
hard and conduct yourselves according to the ethics of the profession.
My administration is committed to sustaining the capacity development drive of
the last administration. I am persuaded that for us to remain globally competitive
in this era of digital disruption, we must keep building our capacities in order to
deliver qualitative service that meets the present day demands. We will also seek
to close the knowledge gap between lawyers in major urban centers and lawyers
in sub-urban areas with a view to generally improving and standardizing the
quality of legal service delivery.
As noted earlier, the only voice which cannot be annihilated by any form of
terrorism, highhandedness or impunity is that of the Legal Profession. This voice
can only be heard and be impactful where, as members of the Legal profession,
we conduct ourselves professionally, honestly, with dignity and respect. This is
the only way we can elicit the confidence of the Nigerian Public as we step out
to discharge our responsibilities as agents of change. It is the preponderance of
the professionalism we exhibit in dealing with our clients, local or foreign, that
will help generate the required public confidence in us and restore the Bar to its
pride of place in the scheme of things within the country and beyond. To this end,
we must therefore get involved in regulating the conduct of our members and
bringing erring colleagues to book. My administration will continue with the
ongoing interactions between the NBA and the Body of Benchers (BoB) in
fashioning out the appropriate regulatory mechanism for the Legal Profession in
Nigeria. We will also ensure that the outcome of these interactions are properly
reflected in the proposed amendment of the Legal Practitioners Act (LPA)
submitted to the National Assembly and support the passage of the Bill into law.
While on this subject, let me speak on the recent development bordering on
alleged professional misconduct, involving the Law Firm of no less a personality
than our revered legal icon, Chief Wole Olanipekun SAN, OFR. The issue which
I suppose everyone here is familiar with, began with an email sent by Adekunbi
Ogunde, a partner in Wole Olanipekun & Co., to companies known as Sapiem S.
A. and Sapiem Contracting Nigeria Limited, clients of Mr. H. Odein Ajumogobia,
SAN, OFR. Arising from this, the NBA on 20th of July 2022 filed a complaint to
the Legal Practitioners Disciplinary Committee (LPDC) against Adekunbi
Ogunde – No.: BB/LLPC/901/2022. On the basis of this complaint, President Mr.
Olumide Akpata, wrote a letter to Chief Wole Olanipekun, OFR, SAN, being the
Chairman, Body of Benchers, requesting him to recuse himself as the Chairman
of that August Body, on the premise that the petition against Adekunbi Ogunde
had requested the LPDC to “consider whether the partners of the Firm of Wole
Olanipikun& Co are not liable to be disciplined by this august body seeing that
the Respondent has the ostensible authority to act as a partner and indeed acted
for and on behalf of the said Firm”.
Apparently, in response to the request by the NBA, the Body of Benchers has
exonerated the partners of the law firm of Wole Olanipekun & Co. from
complicity in the alleged act of misconduct. In a letter dated 19th August, 2022,
addressed to Adelani Ajibade, Esq, of Wole Olanipekun & Co., the Body of
Benchers conveyed its decision on this issue “with regards to the Applicant’s
prayer to also consider whether the partners of the firm of Wole Olanipekun &
Co are not liable to be disciplined, I hold the humble view that since there is no
evidence to show that the Respondent indeed acted with the knowledge and
consent of the principal partners, especially with the partner’s express and
constant denial of the content of Exhibit 1 to the effect that the Respondent
acted without the authority or consent of the principal partners or the firm, I
cannot situate that angle of the Applicant’s prayer to both the act and the rules.
Accordingly, I see no merit in recommending further investigation against the
partners of the firm of Wole Olanipekun & Co. I so hold”.
My attention was also drawn to an action instituted at the High Court of the
Federal Capital Territory, Abuja; Suit No.: FCT/HC/CV/2571/2022 between
Lady (Barr.) ChidinmaUdebuani v. Body of Benchers & 7 Ors, seeking
Declaratory and Injunctive reliefs. Other than to restate these facts as above, I
know like everyone here, not to make any comments on the substance of both the
complaint before the LPDC and the pending Suit before the FCT High Court.
Suffice it however to say that my administration will not under any guise ignore,
overlook or sweep under the carpet, any alleged act of professional misconduct
brought to my attention against any member of the legal profession, not minding
his age at the Bar and status in the profession. I must add that, while the Rules of
Professional Conduct must be applied to all without any form of discrimination
whatsoever, the level of adherence/observance of the rules expected of lawyers
and the corresponding scrutiny on their conducts in cases of alleged breach of the
Rules is higher for Senior Lawyers.
It is important to emphasise that how these matters are eventually resolved by the
LPDC and the Court, will go a long way in determining the continued relevance
of the Bar, the confidence in which the Nigerian people will hold the legal
profession and the eventual freedom which Nigeria will or will not enjoy. Put
differently, the resolution of these matters one way or the other, will determine
whether members of the legal profession in Nigeria either individually or through
the instrumentality of the NBA, will be in position to provide the required
leadership for the recovery, reformation and repositioning of Nigeria, to bring
about the freedom we all need.

Finally, on this issue and subject however to the subsistence of the petition and
suit abovementioned, there are many voices that should have been heard but were
not heard specifically on this matter. In my humble view, given the important
critical nature of this issue to the continued relevance of the Bar as earlier noted,
the silence of these leading lights in the profession, who wield enormous amount
of influence not only amongst the members of the legal profession but also the
Nigerian public at large, is already hurting the profession and ditto the Nigerian
public. Let me add that it does not matter what their views are on the matter, they
simply owe the profession and the Nigerian public a duty to not only wade into
the matter, but also be seen to have done so. As I stated earlier, the ultimate
outcome will either make or mar the legal profession in Nigeria.
My administration shall therefore maintain a purposive approach to this issue
seeing that our responsibility transcends the interest of any individual or group of
persons. In a paper titled “Legal Practice as a Senior Advocate of Nigeria”
delivered at the induction programme organised by the Body of Senior Advocates
of Nigeria, in 2018, Chief Wole Olanipekun, SAN, OFR referred to the statement
by Sir Christopher Sapara Williams on the role of a lawyer to his nation where he
said “the legal practitioner lives for the direction of his people and the
advancement of the cause of his county”. On the conduct of Senior Advocates
of Nigeria, Chief Wole Olanipekun, SAN, had this to say: “We must bear in mind
that a Senior Advocate of Nigeria is first and foremost a lawyer, subject to and
bound by the Rules of Professional Conduct for the Legal profession in Nigeria.
Therefore, he is under a duty, not only to scrupulously subscribe to all the rules
of professional ethics, in the profession, but also clinically comply with them.
Be that as it may, this time around, as a Senior Advocate, he is acting as a
leader, a role model, a mentor, an exemplar, a cynosure, a teacher, as well as a
shepherd. In effect, he is under a duty to lead by example.”
Flowing from above, there is no sacrifice too big for a lawyer to make in the
overall interest of the profession and the nation. My administration will lead the
awareness or re-awareness campaign to bring members of the legal profession to
this place of national responsibility.
Our judges are firstly members of the Legal Profession thus, the quality of our
Bench is derived from the quality of the Bar. As Ministers in the Temple of
Justice, we at the Bar have the duty of advocating for the welfare of the Bench as
a way to guarantee the incorruptibility expected of this group of legal
The fact that the salaries and allowances of judges and justices in Nigeria was last
reviewed in 2008, notwithstanding our concrete economic realities is the best
proof that there is, either a lack of understanding of the critical nature of the role
of judiciary in the development and stability of any nation (and the need for this
arm of government to be incorruptible) or there simply had been a deliberate effort to pauperise the judiciary in order to perpetuate impunity and corruption in
the land. Little wonder none of the Presidential Candidates who attended the
Opening Ceremony of the just concluded AGC on the 21st August, 2022, spared
any thoughts on Rule of Law and the Judiciary. If this is indicative of their scale
of priorities; the importance they accord to the rule of law and justice delivery,
we do have cause for serious concern. It would seem to me in their assessment,
the rule of law does not qualify as a top item on their agenda for good governance.
This, in my view, gives us cause for serious concern.
That an action, had to be filed in Court to compel government to look into and
improve the welfare of Judges and Justices, is all the reason why it will be safe to
infer that there is a deliberate ploy to emasculate and pauperise the Courts and by
so doing strangulate the course of justice in this nation. The Suit No
NIC/ABJ/142/2022 before the National Industrial Court of Nigeria between Chief
Sebastine Hon, SAN v. National Assembly & Ors., was determined on the 15th of
July, 2022. It would have been laughable if it were not pathetic, that a nation
which truly desires to develop or recover itself from the brinks of failure,
particularly in the face of our present-day realities, will allow for a matter of this
nature to be ventilated in Court.
The recent unprecedented complaint by Justices of the Supreme Court about the
lack of basic needs and support in the discharge of their constitutional duties is
the most ridiculous display of the neglect that the judiciary of this nation had been
subjected to over the years. This is further proof that no effort whatsoever is being
made towards redressing the situation. Notwithstanding, in a rare but not
surprising display of strength of character, the Supreme Court in Suit No.:
SC/655/2020 declared unconstitutional, null, void and of no effect whatsoever,
Executive Order 10 which was meant to seemingly help uplift the welfare of
Judges and Justices. It held that “the President overstepped the limit of his
powers” and that “the country is run on the basis of the Rule of Law”.
Like I said earlier, looking after the welfare of the judiciary which is in a manner
incomparable to other arms of government must be the default mode for any
government that seeks development no matter how minimal. Implicit in such
default mode, is respect for the process of the administration of Justice, that will
ensure that persons who went through trials and are convicted, and after
unsuccessful appeals up to the Supreme Court must be allowed to serve the
consequences of their culpability as found by the courts. Not to let such convicts
off the hook in a manner that clearly undermines the judiciary and the
administration of justice, and which also contradicts the acclaimed fight against
corruption by the government. While I respect the constitutional powers of the
President to extend mercy to such convicts, such must be exercised judiciously
having regard to the need to build the right national mindset that will aid the
administration of justice. The apparent lack of respect for the decisions of our
courts is a direct function of the several decades of neglect of the judiciary as an
institution of government. The morale of the officers of the agencies of government who worked tirelessly in many cases under great risks to investigate,
collate evidence, prosecute these matters is dampened, leading to lackadaisical
attitude towards the efforts to fight the menaces that have bedevilled us as a
My administration will not only continue with the actions which seek essentially
to protect the dignity of the judiciary for the proper discharge of its constitutional
functions and duties, we will seek engagement with government and other
stakeholders in ensuring that immediate measures are taken to guarantee proper
remuneration for Judges and Justices in service and for their comfort upon
retirement. We will seek implementation of the reforms recommended at the
Justice Sector Summit held on 25th January 2022 as organised by the NBA and
the Justice Research Institute (JRI) in collaboration with the Konrad Adenauer
Foundation, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the
Justice Reform Project (JRP).
On its own part, I implore the judiciary to make its accounting books open and
remain accountable to the Nigerian people for whom justice is being dispensed
by the courts.
In line with my commitment to setting up and supporting a functional secretariat,
my administration will promptly constitute with the approval of the National
Executive Council (NEC) the Appointment and Renumeration Committee for the
appointment of the Executive Director, the recruitment of heads of departments
and other staff in accordance with section 11 of the NBA Constitution, 2015 (as
amended in 2021).
The current curriculum of legal education in Nigeria is out of touch with modern
realities. In order to fully exploit and unleash the potentials of lawyers as
catalysts for change, particularly the socio-economic and political transformation
of the nation, we need to look differently and more creatively into the training of
Nigerian legal workforce of the future. As promised in my manifesto, the starting
point for my administration will be to draw from the 2007 Funke Adekoya Report
on the Reform of Legal Education in Nigeria (commissioned by the NBA) and
the 2008 Funke Adekoya Report on the Reform of Legal Education in Nigeria
(Commissioned by the Council of Legal Education) together with other valuable
resources to develop an NBA legal education framework that will act as the
thought regulatory document for all discussions by the NBA on the subject. The
legal education framework policy will act as the guide document for all NBA
representatives on the Council of Legal Education.
Our administration will work with the Council of Legal Education (CLE), the
National Universities Commission (NUC) and Faculties of Law in Universities,
in fulfiling the provisions of the NBA Constitution with respect to the
Association’s role in the advancement of Legal Education in Nigeria. We will
work to develop and ensure the implementation of a legal education curriculum
that will cause the required transformation in the minds of the new breed of
lawyers, leading to the inevitable prosperity of the members of the profession and
the entire nation.
Beyond providing a platform for professional and social advancement of the Bar,
the NBA Sections and Fora are veritable resource bases for policy
conceptualisation and formulation of public and private sector initiatives. As a
member of the NBA Section on Legal Practice (SLP), I have witnessed the
tremendous intellectual discourse and conversations at conferences and seminars
organised by the Sections. Similarly, the NBA Section on Public Interest and
Development Law (NBA-SPIDEL) has been vibrant in public interest advocacy
and litigation, whilst the NBA Section on Business Law (SBL) remains actively
involved in engendering the professional development of commercial lawyers.
In order to facilitate effective interactions between the NBA and these fora, as
well as support their respective investments in our colleagues, my administration
will offer office spaces to all fora to ensure physical presence at the NBA House
in Abuja.
I take it for granted that all lawyers know that the freedom in any society or
community is bench marked by the level of respect for the rule of law in that
Society. As such, the Nigerian Bar must be known for its transparency, integrity
and care for the Nigerian people, by speaking up boldly for the freedom of the
people of Nigeria. In recent times, the voice of the NBA has regained
considerable attention and respect; this tempo must be sustained if we are to
restore respect for the Bar. Our administration will therefore continue to promote
the rule of law, advocate for the protection of human rights; champion law
reforms and protect the integrity and independence of the judiciary.
The NBA has come a long way in terms of the conduct of elections and the
electioneering process. It is remarkable to see how we transitioned from a
delegate system to universal suffrage. Even more remarkable is how we
transitioned from the traditional ballot process to electronic voting. In spite of
these improvements and having gone through the process myself, I find that it is
onerous and, in several regards, absolutely unsustainable. Our administration will
review the electoral guidelines to improve the electoral process, cut down on costs
incurred by candidates and the risks associated with frequent travels. I shall
within 21 days from today, set up an Electoral Reforms Committee subject to the
approval of NEC. This committee shall be chaired by Mr. E. Y. Kura, SAN.
I would like to conclude by saying that BOLD TRANSITONS; the chosen theme
for this year’s AGC is one that I find apposite.
This administration is nothing if not bold; bold in its election, constitution and
approach; bold in its aspirations and execution of its goals; bold in its
engagements and all the interactions that have led up to this moment. We have
made some bold declarations here today; we will boldly pursue and deliver them.
We will boldly confront all the issues that have bedevilled our profession and our
nation; from bad governance to insecurity, corruption and impunity; and to
dwindling national pride. We will join hands, speak truth to self (the NBA) and
to power, and where necessary commence actions and do whatever it takes to
change our trajectory and reverse our fortunes.
I therefore invite you, learned friends at the Bar to come on this journey with us,
to boldly confront the issues that have plagued our profession; tear down the walls
of division, raise up the fallen standards and jointly disavow every unethical,
unprofessional and sectional thought and action that has kept us from moving
forward and achieving our true potential.
We no longer have time to be mediocre, fearful or indecisive. We will, together,
take decisive, deliberate and calculated steps to move into the bold new world
that awaits us.
Ladies and gentlemen, the best is often saved for the last. I must at this juncture,
publicly express my profound gratitude to His Excellency the Governor of Kebbi
State, Senator Abubakar Atiku Bagudu, who turned out to be the brother I never
had. As Governor, he would travel to Zuru to visit my mum, spend time with her
in her small abode; make so many provisions for her particularly during festive
periods. My younger daughter who once saw the bundles of wrappers the
Governor brought for her grandmother, suggested that her grandmother could
open a shop to start selling wrappers. By the way you treated our mother, you
honoured me in ways that no one in public position had ever done. You severally
visited her in the hospital when she had a surgery about a year before she passed;
on the day of her demise, you immediately flew into Abuja from Kebbi after
leaving the previous day; you attended her funeral service and stood by her grave
when her body was committed to mother earth. I said all of these to say that I
acknowledge you today not as a Governor but as my older brother who is here to
represent the family, particularly our dear mother. At this point, I should
acknowledge my older sister, Dr. Zainab Shinkafi-Bagudu, who is standing
election for President-Elect of the Union for International Cancer Control
(UICC), the umbrella body for cancer organisations globally. I wish you success
and pray that the Almighty God will continue to guide you as you work for the
advancement of global health and wellbeing.
My Pastors – Pastor Andy Osakwe, Senior Pastor Summit Bible Church, Rev.
Tokunbo Adejuwon, the National Director Rhema Bible Training Centre and
Pastor Olu Adetomiwa, my younger brother. I thank you all for being available
to guide me, morally and spiritually and for this, I remain grateful. My friends,
Charles Bala, Prof. Zachariah Tanko, Lateef Olaniyan, Nasir Salau,
Omokayode Dada, Wole Agunbiade, SAN, Honourable Sunny Marshall,
Suleyman Shelleng and the rest of you, I could never repay your kindness,
encouragement and support – thank you!
That I am being inaugurated as the leader of the Bar today is due to the peace and
support I enjoy at home, thanks to the Grace of God and the love, support and
understanding of the one woman that God has blessed me with as a wife. Indeed,
he that finds a wife finds a good thing and obtains favour from the Lord. Through
the days and weeks of travels and late nights; through the physical and emotional
absence and the many inconveniences, Zainab never murmured nor complained.
She always bade me farewell and offered prayers for my safe return. She is simply
my haven. Same goes for our Children, Israel Danmanya, Princess Sarah, King
David and Queen Esther – our blessings!
To all our members across the branches, I will be a President for all and will do
my utmost to build a Dynamic Bar where the interests of our members are
accommodated and protected. So, help me God.

Thank you for your attention.
Yakubu Chonoko Maikyau, SAN
President, Nigerian Bar Association.