Dana Crash: Airline Implements AIB Recommendation

Dana Crash: Airline Implements AIB RecommendationFollowing the release of the final report of the June 3, 2012 accident, Dana Air says it has implemented the interim safety recommendations that were released by the Accident Investigation Bureau in 2013.

The report released by the AIB on Monday, stated that four recommendations were made, each targeted at the engine manufacturer, Dana Airline, the Nigerian Airspace Management Agency and the Nigeria Civil Aviation Authority.

The airline said it did not just implement the recommendations but also successfully passed an operational audit conducted by the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority’s flight safety group and its foreign partners.

It added that while it acknowledges the full report, it would continue to review it.

According to the report, the plane was said to have lost power from its two engines.

The second engine was said to have lost power shortly before the plane was due to land.

The aircraft crashed at the Iju Ishaga area of Lagos, killing all on board and six persons on the ground.

NAMA, NIMET, NCAT And AIB Get New Bosses

Avaition: NAMA, NIMET, NCAT And AIB Get New BossesPresident Muhammadu Buhari on Monday approved the appointments of four persons to head some key agencies in Nigeria’s aviation sector.

The approval was made public in a statement signed by the Permanent Secretary at the Federal Ministry of Aviation, Sabiu Zakari.

The affected agencies are: Nigerian Airspace Management Agency (NAMA), Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET), Nigerian College of Aviation Technology (NCAT), Zaria, as well as the Accident Investigation Bureau (AIB).

Captain Fola C. Akinkuotu, who is a seasoned transport pilot, flight and aircraft maintenance engineer, airline chief executive and a trained aviation industry regulator, has been appointed the Director General of NAMA.

The Deputy Vice Chancellor at the University of Abuja, and a professor of geography with specialty in Environmental Application of Remote Sensing, Sani Abubakar Mashi, becomes the Director General of NIMET.

According to the statement, Captain Abdulsalam Mohammed is the new Rector at NCAT, while Mr Akinola Olateru is the Commissioner for AIB.

Captain Mohammed is an alumnus of NCAT and a renowned civil aviation trainer and examiner with accreditation by the Nigeria Civil Aviation Authority and the Federal Civil Aviation Administration.

Mr Olateru, on his part, is an engineer of international repute, a trained air accident manager and a certified safety officer with aircraft maintenance engineering licences in Nigeria, USA and the United Kingdom.

ICAO Authenticates Progress And Development Of Nigeria’s Aviation

Nigeria's aviation sectorThe International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) has authenticated the progress and development of aviation in Nigeria.

The authentication was contained in a preliminary audit result released at the closing meeting of the ICAO Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme (USOAP) conducted on Nigeria.

The presentation was presided over by the leader of a team of the auditors, Mr Jean-Claude Waffo. He was joined by three team members to present their assessment of the aviation industry in Nigeria.

Each member gave an individual assessment of all the delineated areas – Legislation (LEG), Organisation (ORG), Accident and Incident Investigation (AIG), Air Navigational Services (ANS) and Aerodrome and Ground Aids (AGA).

During the presentation, the Team leader and the members articulated all their systemic findings in the course of the 11-day USOAP Audit conducted on Nigeria.

While there were areas that were identified as open items that needed to be closed, the auditors unanimously showed satisfaction with the level of improvement in the aviation industry.

However, the final report will be produced and sent to Canada for review and final assent. This will be done only when comments on the draft report had been received from Nigeria.

According to the Mr Waffo, “draft results will be produced 90 days after today’s presentation.

“Thereafter, Nigeria is expected to produce a Corrective Action Plan (CAP) which will provide room for comments and observations within 45 days.

“The final report is only to be expected and produced after 30 days of receipt and acknowledgement of comments”.

At the end of the presentation the auditors thanked the Director General of the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA), Captain Muhtar Usman and all the Chief Executives of the aviation parastatals.

Commendations were also extended to the Nigerian team that worked with the auditors during the audit.

Earlier, the NCAA DG in his opening remarks expressed his appreciation and acknowledged the demonstration of unparalleled dedication and the high sense of responsibility with which the auditors acquitted themselves during the audit.

He assured the auditors that all the open items would be closed forthwith. This will be adequately communicated in the Corrective Action Plan (CAP) to be forwarded by the Authority as required, he said.

“All the lessons learnt from this exercise will be used to enhance the development, safety and security of aviation not only in Nigeria but the whole of Africa,” Captain Usman emphasised.

The Managing Director of the Federal Airport Authority of Nigeria (FAAN), Mr Saleh Dunoma, also assured the auditors that all areas that required improvement would be addressed.

Other Chief Executives present at the meeting were the Commissioner, Accident Investigation Bureau, Dr. Felix Abali, the Acting Managing Director of the Nigerian Airspace Management Agency, Mr Emmanuel Anasi and Directors from all the parastatals.

Bristow Helicopter Makes “Controlled Landing”

bristowAll eleven passengers and crew members on board the Bristow Helicopter enroute Lagos from Port Harcourt have been rescued alive.

The aircraft A 5N BJQ, Bristow Helicopter flying at 1,500 feet with nine passengers was earlier reported missing.

The South-west spokesperson for the National Emergency Management Agency NEMA, Mr Ibrahim Farinloye says that rescue operatives hit the ground running when they heard about the helicopter’s distress.

The regulatory body, Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA) in its comment explained that the helicopter made what it called a “controlled landing” after it became obvious it was experiencing difficulties on air.

In August 2015, a Bristow helicopter carrying 12 people plunged into the lagoon behind Oworonsoki Police Station.

An eyewitness said the incident occurred at about 3PM on Wednesday, August 12.

The Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA) identified the crashed helicopter as belonging to Bristow Helicopters with registration number 5N- BDG-760540.

AIB Faults Senate’s Claim On Air Accident Reports 

AIBThe Accident Investigation Bureau, AIB, has faulted the Nigerian Senate’s claim that the agency is keeping the reports of investigation into air crashes in the country from the public.

A lawmaker had during plenary, last Tuesday, said that the investigative reports on Sosoliso crash of 2005, Bellview crash of 2005, ADC crash of 2006 and Dana crash of 2012 were yet to be in the public domain.

The AIB said that the reports in question, like many others, are on the AIB’s website.

The agency added that it is saddened by what it describes as an unjustified vilification of the bureau on the floor of the Senate as according to the AIB, the allegation is mostly incorrect, and that the Senate was misinformed.

The Nigerian Accident Investigation Bureau (AIB) is under the Ministry of Aviation and is responsible for the investigation of civil aircraft accidents and serious incidents within Nigeria.

The Fundamental Objective of AIB is to improve aviation safety by determining the circumstances and causes of air accidents and serious incidents and making safety recommendations intended to prevent recurrence of similar accidents in future.

Bristow Helicopter Crash: Efforts To Recover Black Box Continue

Bristow-Helicopter-chrash-in-Lagos The main body of the Bristow Helicopters that crashed into Lagos Lagoon on Wednesday has been recovered but the black boxes were not in them, an official of the Accident Investigation Bureau (AIB) has said.

Giving update of the ongoing investigation into the accident to ascertain what happened before, during and after the helicopter crashed, the Commissioner of the AIB, Mr Felix Abali, told reporters in Lagos that search for the black boxes would continue.

Mr Abali said that the Sikorsky S-76 helicopter was believed to have departed Sedco Oil platform offshore on 12 August but crashed on its approach to landing at the Murtala Muhammed Airport in Ikeja, the capital of Lagos State in south-west Nigeria.

He said: “The main part of the aircraft has been recovered, but the black boxes where not on it.

“The crew, Julius Berger, will be back there on Friday to continue the search for those black boxes”.

Six persons died in the accident while six others survived.

Bristow-helicopter-Crash-victim-in-body-bag
Rescue officials taking away one of the victims in a body bag

The identities of the passengers of the helicopter have not been revealed and the AIB Commissioner said some protocols must be observed before the release of the details.

“The issue of the manifest, we do have a copy of the manifest. But you know that there are protocols involved in releasing names of individuals.

“The Individuals’ families have been briefed and families have to be informed before anything will be made public,” Mr Abali explained.

Release Of Preliminary Report

The AIB Commissioner did not confirm if the control tower received any distress call from the pilot before the crash.

According to him, the six survivors are in stable condition.

Attempts to reach the management of Bristow Helicopters on General Aviation Terminal Road, Ikeja, were not successful, as no management official was around to speak on the issue.

Bristow-Helicopter-crash-wreckage
A part of the S-76 Aircraft brought out from the Lagos Lagoon

Going by the international Civil Aviation Rules, the AIB has 30 days to release the preliminary report on circumstances surrounding the crash of the helicopter.

In 2002, G-BJVX, a commercial Sikorsky S-76A helicopter operated by Norwich-based Bristow Helicopters, crashed in the evening of 16 July in the southern North Sea while it was making a ten-minute flight between the gas production platform Clipper and the drilling rig Global Santa Fe Monarch, after which it was to return to Norwich Airport.

After investigations into that accident, the audio recordings from the Cockpit voice recorder revealed that the crew were unaware of any significant abnormality until the flight from the Clipper platform to the Monarch platform.

About 4.5 minutes into this flight, they discussed an increase in vibration. The non-handling pilot carried out a “rotor track and balance” procedure; the increase in vibration did not cause the crew any immediate concern and the procedure was carried out to enable the Integrated Health and Usage Monitoring System to log rotor track and balance data for later analysis.

The Air Accidents Investigation Branch and the helicopter’s manufacturer, Stratford, Connecticut-based Sikorsky Aircraft, reached the opinion that the electrical energy imparted by the lightning strike in 1999 exploited an anomaly that was built into the blade at manufacture and damaged the spar.

The Sikorsky S-76 is an American medium-size commercial utility helicopter, manufactured by the Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation.

The S-76 features twin turbo shaft engines, four-bladed main and tail rotors and retractable landing gear.

AIB Stepping Up Measures To Enhance Air Safety – Mukthar Usman

The Accident Investigation Bureau has said that it is stepping up measures in its bid to promote safety in the nation’s airspace.

One of these measures is creating a prevention roadmap by putting its new download laboratory to pro-active use by studying data from aircraft recorders.

This was made known by the commissioner of the bureau, Captain Mukhtar Usman, who added that several of its safety recommendations from past accident investigations have been implemented.

 

 

Investigators Blame Pilots, Airline For Bellview, ADC crashes

The Accident Investigation Bureau (AIB) on Saturday officially released to the public over 20 aircraft accident reports.

The reports, posted on the AIB website (www.aib.gov.ng)  include the October 22, 2005 mishap of Bellview Airlines Flight 210 in Lisa, Ogun State, which killed all 117 passengers on board.

The reports also included those involving Sosoliso in Port-Harcourt airport in 2005 where over a hundred school children of the prestigious Loyola Jesuit College and a popular preacher, Bimbo Odukoya met their death.

For the Sosoliso crash, the weather reports obtained from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET), and the one compiled from the satellite imagery by the Boeing aircraft company (USA), showed that there was a change in the wind speed and direction when the aircraft was approaching the station.

Other reports are AIB interim report on Beechcraft 1900D accident at Bushi village in Obanlinku local government of Cross River State on march 15, 2008, report on the accident to Boeing 737 aircraft registered 5N-AUA that crashed at the new Kaduna airport on November 13, 1995, the 2008 Nigeria police force’s Bell 412 helicopter and the September 7th accident involving DHL, registration ZS-DPF, at Murtala Muhammed international airport, Ikeja, Lagos and on the accident involving Tampico club 9 aircraft, reg. 5N-CBF at Zaria, Kaduna state on October 10, 2006, among others.

The AIB had concluded its investigations on the air calamities and came up with the reports, but successive Ministers of Aviation had failed to make the reports public.

The AIB, based at the Murtala Muhammed Airport, Ikeja, Lagos, carried out the investigations in accordance with Annex 13 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, the Nigerian Civil Aviation Act 2006, and Civil Aviation (Investigation of Air Accidents and Incidents) Regulations.

Hence, it stated that in accordance with Annex 13 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, it is not the purpose of aircraft accident/serious incident investigations to apportion blame or liability.

It advised readers that the AIB investigates for the sole purpose of enhancing aviation safety, and consequently, “its reports are confined to matters of safety significance and should not be used for any other purpose.”

It added that, “recommendations in this report are addressed to the regulatory Authorities of the state (NCAA),” and “it is for this authority to decide what action is taken.”

Dana Air Crash: Ex-pilot blames flight’s crew for negligence

A witness at the on-going Coroner’s inquest into the Dana Air Crash, Alexander Omaghomi, has said the negligence and failure of the flight crew to adhere to required emergency guidelines led to the tragedy.

Mr Omaghomi also known as Captain Tito said he had more than 32 years’ experience as a Pilot on Thursday told the Coroner, Magistrate Oyetade Komolafe, that his opinion of the preliminary report of the Accident Investigation Bureau (AIB) was that the pilot and his crew failed to keep to necessary checklists to prevent the fatalities of the air crash.

Omaghomi, a pilot with the defunct Nigerian Airways while being led in evidence by Femi Falana, explained that checklists are items and actions you take in the operations of a flying plane.

The former pilot who retired from flying commercial planes in 1993 said his analysis of the AIB report on the Dana Air crash was that the cockpit was a “a disorganised cockpit” and that the plane “became a flight that nobody had controlled.”

According to him, the pilot did not call for help when he should have done, that is at the time when the plane had already lost two engines.

He further stated that the rules are that no pilot flies for more than 100 hours in a month.

He observed that the pilot of the ill-fated plane had put in 120 hours of flight within 14 days. This was illegal, he said.

Omaghomi lamented that there were only 17 accidents between 1965-2003 while there has been almost 21 air mishaps from 2003 till date.

Earlier, an Aviation Operations Manager with Total Nigeria PLC, Daniel Akpokoje had testified that the last time Dana Air bought fuel from his company was November last year.

He stated that before fuel is supplied to an aircraft, several checks are normally made to ensure that there are no sediments or water mixed with it.

The Coroner adjourned hearings till August 13th in consideration for relatives, who are now collecting the remains of their loved ones who died in the crash.

Dana Air Crash: Flight Data Recorder is destroyed-AIB

The Director of Engineering with the Accident Investigation Bureau (AIB), Mr. Emmanuel Dialla has revealed that the Flight Data Recorder (FDR), an essential component of the Dana Air plane, has been destroyed by post-crash inferno.

Mr Dialla who continued his testimony on Monday told the Coroner inquiring into the cause of death of the 153 persons on the Dana Air Crash of June 3rd, that the recorder was burnt due to the failure of extinguishing the post-crash inferno that lasted for 24hours.

This claim heightened concerns at the proceedings of the Coroner’s inquest in Lagos where Magistrate Oyetade Komolafe is presiding.

The AIB which is statutorily empowered to investigate air crashes had earlier tendered its preliminary report to the Coroner.

According to the AIB Engineer, the tail section of the plane, which houses the FDR and the Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR), was part of the 15 per cent of the plane recovered from the accident site.

The FDR is an electronic device that  records instructions sent to any electronic system on an aircraft, while the CVR is an electronic device which records conversations between the cabin crew and the Air Traffic Controller.

Mrs. Funmi Falana of Falana and Falana Chambers, the law firm which initiated the inquest, while cross-examining Mr. Dialla, wondered why the FDR designed to be fire-proof was burnt.

The witness replied that “the FDR is designed to withstand heat at 1,000’C for 30 minutes, but in this case, the fire was on for about 24 hours.”

A retired pilot, Captain Paul Porbeni, also asked Mr. Dialla, how the AIB was able to arrive at a finding when the FDR could not be analysed.

But Mr. Dialla said “this was deduced from the 31-minute CVR recording of the conversation between the pilot and the first Officer.”

Responding to further questions, Mr. Dialla dismissed claims that the pilot was not qualified to fly the plane because he (the pilot) did not obtain Airline Transport Pilot Licence Rating in the MD-83 plane, the model of the crashed Dana plane.

Mrs Falana also confronted him with the AIB preliminary report which states, “the Captain, aged 55, held an Airline Transport Pilot license with type ratings in the A-320, DC-90, FK-28, and SF-340.”

But Dialla said, “the pilot would not have been allowed to fly if he did not have the rating. He had over 18,116 hours of total time, including 16,416 hours of pilot-in-command.”

He further adds that the late Pilot had “7,461 hours in the accident model airplane, as Pilot-in-command.” “If he did not have the rating it will be difficult for him to get over 7,000 hours as Pilot-in-command.” “The regulatory bodies would not allow him to fly” Dialla added.

Concerning the technical log book of the plane, Mr. Dialla said it could not be produced as requested by Falana because it was still being used by the AIB for further investigation.

But the Coroner asked the counsel, Mr. Babatunde Irukera, holding brief for the AIB, to produce an extract of the log book relevant to the crashed plane.

The matter has been adjourned till Tuesday to enable technicians attend to an electrical fault in the court which resulted into smoke during the proceedings.

 

Crashed Dana Air suffered a bird strike in 2010

The Dana Air Flight 0092 which crashed into a residential area in Iju Ishaga area of Lagos state on the 3rd of June, had an engine failure two years before the crash.

That’s according to the Head of Corporate Communications of Dana Airline, Tony Usidamen who testified before the Coroner of Alimosho District of Lagos state, Oyetade Komolafe.

The Dana Air MC Donnell Douglas (MD 83) Plane, crashed into a residential building in the populous area killing all 153 passengers on board and nine others on ground.

The Coroner is conducting an inquest into the cause of the crash.

According to Mr Usidamen, the engine failure which occurred in 2010 was as a result of a bird’s strike.

He stated that when the company discovered that the engine was bad, the plane returned to safety to change the engine to ensure a secured flight.

Answering questions from the Coroner on how many times the airline had this issue with the plane, the Dana Air official said he was not in a position to say and could not ascertain if the plane was safe to embark on the journey of the 3rd of June.

The witness also denied knowledge of the name of the engineer who certified the air worthiness of the plane just as he also denied that the plane had a hydraulic lick before the crash.

With such response, the Coroner threatened to arrest him if he continued to evade questions and he was subsequently compelled to give the name of the flight engineer who certified the plane.

Magistrate Komolafe declared that the engineer would be invited to answer questions at the inquest especially as the witness testified that the plane was in good condition and had actually made two trips before it crashed on its third trip.

An official of Dana airlines a day after the crash confirmed to Channels Television that the ill-fated Dana Air flight 0992, was faulty and the owners of the airline threw caution to the wind and insisted that the plane must fly in a bid to maximise profit .

Another witness from the Accident Investigation Bureau (AIB), Engineer Emmanuel Dialla told the Coroner that the cockpit voice recorder retained 31 minutes of the flight’s conversation adding that from the records, the flight crew became worried about the condition of the plane as early as 10 minutes into the flight.

The inquest continues on the 6th of August when the witness is expected to conclude his testimony.

The Minister of Aviation is also expected to appear at the inquest next week.

 

Dana Air crash: Coroner issues arrest warrant on Red Cross, Conoil, and Total

The Coroner of Alimosho District in Lagos state, Magistrate Oyetade Komolafe, who is conducting an inquest into the recent Dana Air crash, on Thursday, issued a bench warrant on some oil companies and emergency relief agencies, compelling them to appear before him on Monday.

Dana Air crash site in iju ishaga

Those who the bench warrants were issued on include Red Cross Society of Nigeria, Conoil Plc, and Total Nigeria Limited.

The Lagos Coroner gave the order while responding to a submission made by Mr. Femi Falana (SAN) whose law firm, Falana and Falana Chambers, petitioned the Lagos State Chief Coroner, Justice Lateefat Okunnu, for an inquiry into the air crash.

At the resumed sitting of the inquest on Thursday, Mr Falana reminded the Coroner that some oil companies and emergency agencies that have been served with summons are yet to appear before it.

The human rights lawyer also suggested that the authorities of the Nigeria Police Force should be ordered to investigate the deaths of people that died on the ground, emphasizing that it is not the responsibility of the Accident Investigation Bureau (AIB).

He noted that the AIB is only to investigate the causes of the crash of ill-fated Dana airline.

Dana Air Flight 0992 crashed into a residential building in the densely populated Iju-Ishaga area of Lagos on the 3rd of June, 2012, killing all 153 passengers and crew on board and nine people also lost their lives in the affected building.

Magistrate Komolafe and other interested parties also agreed to schedule appearance of more witnesses following the submission of the counsel to the Nigerian Airspace Management, Mr. Obi Okwusogu (SAN).

The Magistrate also directed that any of the witnesses who are submitting deposition should forward it to the court two days before the day they would give evidence.

Video Clips

According to the schedule, Channels Television and AIT are to appear on Monday to show the clips of the crash on the day it happened.

The Lagos State Emergency Management Authority (LASEMA) and Julius Berger, who had earlier been summoned but failed to show up, are scheduled for Tuesday along with National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA).

The AIB which was represented by its counsel, Maureen Tsenongo at the hearing where she told the Coroner that she intends to submit a written deposition and requested to make appearance on Wednesday, August 1, 2012 to enable her bring its witness.

The Coroner also granted the request of the counsel to the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA) Mr. Babatunde Irukera and his Federal Airport Authority of Nigeria (FAAN), C. Chiwete to appear on Thursday, August 2, 2012 and Monday, August 6, 2012 respectively.

The court proceeding with the Coroner was then adjourned to Monday, July 30, 2012.