Int’l Community Pledges $600 Million As Relief For Haiti Earthquake

File photo: A man throws a bag of rice into a crowd of earthquake victims gathered for the distribution of food and water at the “4 Chemins” crossroads in Les Cayes, Haiti on August 20, 2021. (Photo by Reginald LOUISSAINT JR / AFP)

 

The international community pledged $600 million Wednesday to help rebuild Haiti’s devastated south, where an earthquake killed more than 2,200 people six months ago.

“These contributions went well above our expectations,” said Haitian Prime Minister Ariel Henry, after the conclusion of an international summit in Port-au-Prince.

With a total estimated cost of $2 billion over four years to build back the areas hardest hit by the August 14 earthquake, the $600 million figure corresponds to only 30 percent of the necessary funding, but is still higher than the 25 percent that had been expected.

Almost a billion dollars is needed just to rebuild the 130,000 homes that were leveled.

Three out of four schools in the region were also destroyed or severely damaged, contributing to an estimated $400 million cost for the education sector alone.

“These contributions, large and small, demonstrate that the international community is committed to a new approach to working with the Government and the people of this country,” said Deputy UN Secretary-General Amina Mohammed, who visited Port-au-Prince for the summit.

READ ALSO: At Least Two Killed In Haiti Quake, 200 Houses Destroyed

In 2010, after a devastating earthquake killed more than 200,000 people and destroyed the homes of a million and half Haitians, the international aid effort was poorly coordinated and inefficient.

Twelve years later, the city center of Port-au-Prince — including multiple government agency headquarters and the presidential palace — has still not been rebuilt.

Lacking long-term plans for new housing, earthquake victims have also filled entire zones of the capital with makeshift lodgings that are highly susceptible to another natural catastrophe.

While Haiti is still mired in a political crisis following the assassination of its president Jovenal Moise seven months ago, the donors said that the funds will be properly managed to avoid corruption or embezzlement.

The investment fund, organized by the United Nations, “will ensure that donors’ money is disbursed in a responsible, effective and considered manner, to bring the maximum possible transparency and impact in the lives of Haitians,” said Mohammed.

AFP

Haitian PM Survives Assassination Attempt, Months After President’s Killing

In this file photo taken on November 18, 2021 Haitian Prime Minister Ariel Henry speaks during a ceremony marking the 218th anniversary of the Battle of Vertières in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Haitian Prime Minister Ariel Henry told AFP in an interview on January 3, 2022 that he was targeted in an assassination attempt during weekend national day celebrations. PHOTO: RICHARD PIERRIN / AFP

 

 

Haitian Prime Minister Ariel Henry has survived an assassination attempt months after President Jovenel Moïse was killed by assassins in his residence.

In an interview with AFP on Monday, he said that was targeted in the assassination attempt during weekend national day celebrations.

“An attempt has been made against me personally. My life has been put in the crosshairs,” said Henry, who has been de-facto running the country since the July assassination of President Moise.

Clashes between police and armed groups erupted on Saturday during official celebrations in the city of Gonaives, some 150 kilometers (90 miles) north of the capital Port-au-Prince, where Haiti’s declaration of independence was signed over 200 years ago.

READ ALSO: Canada Court Awards Compensation For Families Over Jet Downed By Iran

Photos provided to AFP by Henry’s office show a bullet impact mark on the windshield of his armored vehicle.

The events come weeks after groups of citizens and members of armed gangs in Gonaives had violently expressed their opposition to Henry’s visiting their city.

“I knew I was taking a risk,” Henry told AFP in a telephone interview.

“We cannot let bandits from any background, driven by the lowest financial interests, blackmail the state,” he said.

The Caribbean nation has been without a functioning parliament and with a paralyzed judiciary for two years, and Moise’s assassination has only exacerbated the situation.

His murder six months ago in the private presidential residence underscored the deep political, social and economic crisis the Caribbean country has been stuck in for years.

While several Haitians, two US citizens of Haitian origin, and about 15 Colombian nationals have been accused of taking part in the assassination and been imprisoned in Port-au-Prince since the summer, the investigation itself has shown few further signs of progress.

One of the suspects, arrested in October in Jamaica, will be returned to Colombia due to a lack of evidence, Jamaican media said on Saturday.

 

 

– Daily kidnappings –

The growing reach of criminal gangs across the country is undermining hopes of improving the living conditions for ordinary Haitians, who are victims of daily kidnappings by ruthless groups.

Two years after the departure of the last United Nations police officers from the country, the prime minister insisted that Haitian forces will be able to restore security.

“So far I have never asked for foreign troops,” Henry told AFP, although he said the international community should support the country’s police in training “and possibly equipment.”

“With our men, with the police, we are going to get there, we have to get there,” he said.

At least 950 kidnappings were recorded in Haiti in 2021, according to the Center for Analysis and Research in Human Rights, an organization based in Port-au-Prince.

Last October, 17 North Americans linked to a Christian aid group were kidnapped after visiting an orphanage near the capital in an area controlled by the so-called “400 Mawozo,” one of Haiti’s most powerful gangs. The last of the hostages were released last month.

In April, 10 people, including two French clerics, were kidnapped and held for 20 days by 400 Mawozo in the same region.

In August, a 7.2-magnitude earthquake killed over 2,200 people and destroyed or heavily damaged tens of thousands of homes in a nation still recovering from 2010’s devastating quake.

Adding to the country’s misery, 75 people were killed last month in an explosion while trying to siphon gasoline from a tanker that had crashed in Haiti’s second-largest city of Cap-Haitien.

And even as the prime minister was reporting the attempt on his life, security officials said that 11 people — one of them a police officer — were killed in a foiled escape attempt from the country’s second-largest jail at Croix-des-Bouquets, just outside the Haitian capital.

Three more police officers were seriously wounded in the incident.

Last February, more than 400 inmates escaped from the same prison in broad daylight, an event that resulted in the deaths of 25 people, including the jail’s director.

AFP