Buhari Commits To 20% Emissions Cut At Conference Of Parties 21

Buhari President Muhammadu Buhari has announced Nigeria’s Intended National Determined Contributions, committing to emissions cut of 20 per cent. 

At the ongoing Conference of Parties 21 on Climate Change in Paris, President Buhari on Monday explained that Nigeria would meet this goal by making more use of natural gas and climate smart agriculture.

“There will also be more focus on energy efficiency measures and investment in renewable energy,” the Nigerian leader told the conference.

Providing Climate Finance

He asked developed countries to honour their promises in relation to providing climate finance to help developing countries including Nigeria adapt to and mitigate climate change.

President Buhari insisted that there must be constant review and monitor of The Paris Agreement, which he stressed must be legally binding and result orientated.

The Nigerian President is one of the 150 world leaders at the Conference of Parties 21 (COP21) on climate change.

President  Buhari is expected to also later in the day participate in the launching of the International Solar Alliance, an initiative of Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi.

The alliance, which is code-named the International Agency for Solar Policy and Application (INSPA), comprises all African nations located within the tropic of Cancer and tropic of Capricorn.

President Buhari will on Tuesday, also participate in the summit of the heads of state and government of the Lake Chad Basin Commission and Benin Republic which would dwell on Boko Haram and other issues on security.

He will also attend another event of the African Union, AU, tilted “Conference on Climate Change and African Solutions”.

Meanwhile, French authorities have elevated security level in the cities ahead of the meeting to prevent any eventuality.

The measure follows the recent devastating terror attacks in the capital city.


Climate Change: World Bank Calls For $16bn Funding For Africa

Climate-Change-polution2The World Bank Group has unveiled a new plan that calls for $16 billion in funding to help African people and countries adapt to climate change and build up the continent’s resilience to climate shocks.

Entitled ‘Accelerating Climate-Resilient and Low-Carbon Development’, the Africa Climate Business Plan will be presented at COP21, the global climate talks in Paris, on November 30.

At a ceremony on Tuesday, the Bank laid out measures to boost the resilience of the continent’s assets – its people, land, water, and cities – as well as other moves, including boosting renewable energy and strengthening early warning systems.

“Sub-Saharan Africa is highly vulnerable to climate shocks, and our research shows that could have far-ranging impact — on everything from child stunting and malaria to food price increases and droughts,” said World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim. “This plan identifies concrete steps that African governments can take to ensure that their countries will not lose hard-won gains in economic growth and poverty reduction, and they can offer some protection from climate change,” the Bank explained.

Per current estimates, the plan says that the region requires $5-10 billion per year to adapt to global warming of 2°C.

The World Bank and the United Nations Environment Programme estimate that the cost of managing climate resilience will continue to rise to $20-50 billion by mid-century, and closer to $100 billion in the event of a 4°C warming.

Of the $16.1 billion that the ambitious plan proposes for fast-tracking climate adaptation, some $5.7 billion is expected from the International Development Association (IDA), the arm of the World Bank Group that supports the poorest countries.

About $2.2 billion is expected from various climate finance instruments, $2.0 billion from others in the development community, $3.5 billion from the private sector, and $0.7 billion from domestic sources, with an additional $2.0 billion needed to deliver on the plan.

“The Africa Climate Business Plan spells out a clear path to invest in the continent’s urgent climate needs and to fast-track the required climate finance to ensure millions of people are protected from sliding into extreme poverty,” the World Bank Group Vice President for Africa, Makhtar Diop explained.

Diop pointed out that while adapting to climate change and mobilising the necessary resources remained an enormous challenge, the plan represented a critical opportunity to support a priority set of climate-resilient initiatives in Africa.”

Ban Ki-moon Commends Nigeria For Interrupting Polio

Bank Ki-moon on PolioThe United Nations Secretary General, Mr Ban Ki-moon, has commended the Nigerian government for interrupting polio transmission in the last one year.

Nigeria recently celebrated one year without a new polio case, but will be certified by the World Health Organization in 2017 if there is no new case of polio transmission before then.

Mr Ban made the commendation on Monday when he visited a neighbourhood Immunisation Centre in Abuja, Nigeria’s capital city.

He promised to rally global support for Nigeria’s efforts to attain a polio free status by the year 2017.

The United Nations Secretary General was in Nigeria on a two-day official visit, where he addressed issues centred on health, human rights, security and climate change.

At a meeting with business leaders on Monday he stressed the need for global support for the 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations which would be discussed at a meeting in Paris later in the year.

Ban Ki-moon Lays Wreath At UN Building Attacked By Boko Haram

Ban-Ki-moon-UN-Secretary-GeneralThe United Nations Secretary General, Mr Ban Ki-moon, on Monday laid wreath at the bomb site of the United Nation’s building in Abuja attacked by the Boko Haram terrorists in 2011.

After laying the wreath, Mr Ban Ki-moon urged the UN workers not to be discouraged by the bombing, but to remain committed to their job for the advancement of humanity.

At the UN building in Nigeria’s capital city, he condemned acts of extremism by the Boko Haram terrorist group.

“Terrorism must be brought to an end not only in Nigeria but the world over so that peace could reign again among the peoples,” the UN Secretary General said.

The commemoration was part of the activities lined up for the UN Secretary General who is in Nigeria on an official visit.

On August 26, 2011 a car bomb explosion at the UN building left at least 21 persons dead and 60 wounded.

The Boko Haram sect claimed responsibility for the attack.

United Nations Secretary General lays a wreath to commemorate the 4th year anniversary of the attack

In the second day of the official visit, the UN Secretary General will visit health units and immunisation centre in Garki area of Abuja to further assess Nigeria’s efforts towards the actualisation of the Millennium Development Goals.

Part of the activities for Monday is a dialogue and lunch with Nigerian Business actors under the theme “The role of Nigerian Business and Economy in Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and addressing Climate Change”.

The highpoint of Mr Ki-moon’s visit will be his meeting with President Muhammadu Buhari, which will be rounded off with a joint press conference.

There will also be a dinner hosted by President Buhari in honour of the esteemed guest.

Era Of Sustainability

After his arrival on Sunday, Mr Ban urged state governors in Nigeria to use the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are billed to be adopted by world leaders at a UN Summit in September, as the basis for governance in Nigeria’s new era of leadership.

He said Nigeria occupies a central place in the comity of nations and the government at the state level play a crucial role in realising the developmental aspirations of the people.

“Here in Nigeria, you know the challenges all too well –- including the rise of extremism and the lack of equal opportunity.

“I know this is a deep and vital challenge in particular for the governors of the northeast… This is also a time of hope. I want to commend you and all of Nigeria’s leaders for the peaceful democratic transition of power,” he told Nigerian governors at a private meeting.

The UN Secretary General said state governments were crucial to this new era of sustainability which Nigeria could not afford to take for granted.

SUNRISE: A Look At Latest Warnings On Climate Change

Desmond MajekodunmiLast week, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released its fourth and final report on climate change.

The report contained no big surprises, since it essentially summarized the findings of the three reports issued over the past year. But the panel, having reviewed all the data, was now in a position to take a broad view of the issue.

The panel has been reviewing the issue since 1988. All told, they have reviewed some 30,000 scientific studies, which led to the conclusion that most of the warming that has occurred since 1950 was due to emissions generated by human activity. They reached this conclusion with 95 percent confidence.

What they found is that we have set in motion a process that has disrupted the natural balance of our climate. And we have done it with all of the carbon-based fuels that we collectively burn every day.

This latest edition of the Living Planet Report (by the World Wildlife Fund) is not for the faint-hearted. One key point that jumps out is that the Living Planet Index (LPI), which measures more than 10,000 representative populations of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish, has declined by 52 per cent since 1970.

Put another way, in less than two human generations, population sizes of vertebrate species have dropped by half. These are the living forms that constitute the fabric of the ecosystems which sustain life on Earth – and the barometer of what we are doing to our own planet, our only home. We ignore their decline at our peril.

We are using nature’s gifts as if we had more than just one Earth at our disposal. By taking more from our ecosystems and natural processes than can be replenished, we are jeopardizing our very future. Nature conservation and sustainable development go hand-in-hand.

They are not only about preserving biodiversity and wild places, but just as much about safeguarding the future of humanity – our well-being, economy, food security and social stability – indeed, our very survival.

On this segment of Sunrise, the Director, Technical Programme, National Conservation Foundational, Ade Adeleke, as well as an environmental activist, Desmond Majekodunmi, speak elaborately on the issues.

Ogun State Tells Manufacturing Sector To Be ‘Environmentally Conscious’

Climate-Change-polution2The Ogun State government has advised companies and business owners in the state to be more conscious of the environment by ensuring a reduction of the impact of their activities on the environment.

The advice was given at a two-day summit that ended on Tuesday, aimed at encouraging best practices and self compliance on the issue of environment by companies and businesses operating in Ogun State, south-west Nigeria,

It was the first summit on the environment held at the Africa Leadership Forum in Ota.

Captains of industries, representatives of companies and business owners operating in the state and community leaders among others were at the summit that emphasised the need for stakeholders to be responsible and responsive.

Declaring the summit open, the State Commissioner for Environment, Mr Ayo Olubori, who represented the state government, reiterated the commitment of the government to ensuring a habitable environment for living and business operations.

Industrial Pollution

The topical issue of environment,as the very basis of human existence, has continued to attract attention in both local and international fora and the summit brought together stakeholders for the purpose of sharing ideas on the current environmental situation in the state.

Members of the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria also emphasised the need for the government to make more commitment to safeguarding the environment through relevant policies and strict implementation of same.

Participants at the two-day event, however, stressed that going green remained the best of options to save mankind from the challenges of degrading environment occasioned by industrial pollution.

Resolutions reached at the summit are expected to form the fulcrum needed by the government and business owners to ensure self compliance to environment friendly practices.

Experts Call For Improved Mechanisation In Agriculture

agriculture sectorThere has been a growing debate over the proposed plan by the Ministry of Agriculture to import genetically modified seedlings or crops.

Two Agricultural Experts, Mr. Africanfarmer Mogaji and an Agricultural Exporter and the CEO, Frijay Consult, Mr. Alfred Uwheraka, are of the opinion that Nigeria must put all mechanisms in place before adopting the GM technology.

According to them, although the challenges of climate change has necessitated the need for genetically modified seedlings, it’s important to address some of the challenges that could hinder its efficacy.

They identified some of the challenges which include low level of irrigation in some parts of the country, low level of awareness among farmers, and high cost of these seedlings.

They, however, advised that the importation of these seedlings should be well monitored and evaluated to avoid imitation.

Climate Change: Experts Advocate Domesticating The IPCC Report In Nigeria

Desmond MajekodunmiThe Nigerian Government has been advised to empower the department in charge of climate change in order to meet the challenges that rising temperature presents.

Speaking on Channels Television, experts say it is time Nigeria started looking at its survival strategies.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released its third major climate assessment on Sunday April 13, rounding out a process that began in September and plays out every seven years.

International Negotiator on Climate Change and Sustainable Development, Lekan Fadina and Environmental Activist, Desmond Majekodunmi were guests of Saturday morning programme, Sunrise on Channels Television to discuss issues of climate change and its dangers to mankind, especially to Nigeria.

The IPCC reports indicate that sharp greenhouse gas emissions cuts worldwide need to begin, with a 40 percent to 70 percent reduction by 2050, to avert the worst effects of climate change.

The experts revealed that the world was running out of time, and Nigeria must do something towards taking measures on Climate Change because its life was at risk.


Channels Beam: Advocates Concerned About Nigeria’s Attitude To Climate Change

Olumide IdowuOn this edition of the programme, young Nigerians who are passionate about climate change express concerns regarding the general disposition of the government and citizens, to the subject matter.

An environmentalist, Olumide Idowu, who is also the founder of #ClimateWednesday, shared his views about the efforts of government and highlights steps to be taken to educate the citizenry.

Green Economy: Preparing For The Threats Of Climate Change

earthfileOn Monday, March 31, 2014, the United Nation’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released a report saying that much of the world remains unprepared for the mounting threats of the changing climate.

Eight is the number of “key risks” that the IPCC feels “are identified with high confidence, span sectors and regions.”

The world today faces two main problems: the economy and the environment. Some would suggest these 2 issues go hand-in-hand. What can be done here in Nigeria to avoid being victims of the predicted doom?

Almost 200 governments have agreed to limit warming to less than 2.0 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial times, mainly by curbing emissions from burning fossil fuels. Temperatures have already risen by about 0.8 Celsius.

The Green Economy is people deciding to walk rather than drive to work, to buy local food and a more fuel-efficient car. It is business owners choosing to fill their inventories from sustainable sources and manufacturers choosing to dispose of their waste products responsibly. It is politicians making the hard choices that favour the long term interests of future generations over the immediate wishes of lobbyists.

The 2014 report, by the United Nation’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is expected to help governments prepare a deal to cut rising greenhouse gas emissions, mainly by shifting from fossil fuels to renewable energies.

Greening the economy is our focus on this edition of Earthfile.

Earthfile: Waste Management And You

There’s a consensus among leading scientists that global warming is caused by human activity. Earthfile on this edition looks at what, if anything should be done about it.

Many are pointing at waste management. In Nigeria, the way some dispose their wastes is the headache for many.

The man-made burdens on the earth’s land, water and air are diminishing the natural ability of the earth to restore itself.

It is not socially acceptable to impose the burden of our own waste on another person. Moving forward, Earthfile on Channels Television says it is high time you started having a second thought before disposing that waste.

There are too many wastage everywhere all the time.


Sustainable Banking Principles, Addressing Environmental And Social Challenges

There seems to be more global awareness by banking institutions in recent times towards addressing the environmental and social impacts of their services.

In Nigeria, there is a set of principles on sustainable banking which is geared towards ensuring that these financial institutions are environmentally friendly.

Bank’s financial services are used too often for activities which are harmful to the environment, human rights and social equity.

However, in whatever way we look at it, banks can be powerful agents of change.

Environmentalist, Lekan Fadina, helps to highlight the economic relevance of climate change to businesses and return of investments.

Fadina lauded the Sustainable Banking Principles as adopted by Nigerian banks in the year 2012. He noted that if properly implemented, it would address the issues of environment, economy and all that could be as a result of climate change.

Special Assistant to the CBN Governor of Sustainable Banking, Dr Aisha Mahmud, explained that there are certain global forces that are making businesses and organisations to imbibe sustainability, such as the recent financial crisis.”

She however said, “Nationally there are pressing environmental and social issues, such as poverty, youth unemployment, gender inequality, climate change, deforestation, food insecurity that made the Nigerian financial sector to come together and develop this Nigerian Sustainable Banking Principles.

“Basically what it means is that, instead of focusing on profit, we now have to do a balancing act and look at environmental and social considerations as well, and this is for us to be able to achieve sustainable development.”

Earthfile presents how the financial institutions would do their business operations and activities to achieve the goals of the Sustainable Banking Principles.  It starts by highlighting the environmental and social risks involved in their operations.

Enjoy the video.