The death of a 17 year old girl, Jennifer Onyeche, who died on the July 24th 2013 while working at a Juice manufacturing company in Ketu area of Lagos, has raised several questions, including the actual cause of her death.
The secondary school leaver, Jennifer, was reported to have died of electrocution but a doctor’s report states that the cause of death is asphyxiation.
Asphyxiation is a condition of severely deficient supply of oxygento the bodythat arises from being unable to breathenormally.
Jennifer’s mother, Dorcas Onyeche, said four of her daughter’s co-workers visited her at 11pm to announce that she (Jennifer) got electrocuted and is dead.
Her father, Friday Onyeche, told Channels Television that he had been refused the right to see his late daughter’s corpse many days after her death.
However, there seems to be a conspiracy of silence as the police did not let the girl’s parents to see the autopsy report, but scribbled the cause of death on a piece of paper.
Dr. Femi Adewale of Fineday Hospital, Ketu confirmed that Jennifer was rushed to his hospital but was dead on arrival.
He explained that asphyxia and electrocution are two causes of death that have nothing in common.
An administrative staff of the company where Jennifer worked, a fruit juice manufacturing company located a No.9 Adisa Akintoye street, Ketu, divulged no information about the incident.
The state Criminal Investigation Department is currently handling the case.
Dana Airline has been re-suspended six months after it was allowed to restart operations following a crash of one of its air crafts in June 2012 that resulted in the death of 153 passengers and 10 others on ground, the airline said on Sunday.
Dana Air said in a statement it did not know the reason for the suspension by the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA).
In June, Dana Air flight 992, a McDonnell Douglas MD-83, crashed into an apartment block in a populated Lagos suburb, killing 153 people on board and 10 others on the ground.
Dana was suspended, but was allowed to start flights again in September, despite an inquiry into the cause of the crash not yet being complete.
A statement by the Head, Corporate Communications, Dana Air, Mr. Tony Usidamen, said, “We regret to announce the temporary suspension of our flight operations following a directive from the Ministry of Aviation through the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority on Saturday, March 16, 2013; no specific reason was given for the action.
“A meeting is, however, scheduled between the management of Dana Air, the Ministry of Aviation and the NCAA on Monday, March 18, and we will update you as we get more information. We thank you for your patience and understanding, and we look forward to having the pleasure of welcoming you on board again shortly.”
The Senate Committee on Aviation had a few months ago recommended that the Federal Government should revoke the operating licence of Dana Air, saying it was not issued in line with standard safety procedures.
The committee also recommended the removal of the former DG of NCAA, Dr. Harold Demuren.
The Imo state police command has arrested a 30-year old man, Mr. Onyebuchi Ejinkonye who allegedly raped a 4-year old girl to death in Omuma Oru east local government area of Imo state.
Parading the suspect at the command headquaters in Owerri the state capital, the Imo State Commissioner for Police Mr. Mohammed Katsina revealed that his team caught Mr. Onyebuchi Ejinkonye while he was trying to bury the corpse of the 4year old girl after raping her to death.
Mr. Katsina also paraded some kidnap suspects, armed robbers as well as fraudsters who had been terrorizing the peace of the state.
He called for the cooperation of Imo citizens by giving the police meaningful information regarding to criminal hide outs and their movement.
He advised criminals in the state to go into hiding as he will not take it likely with their lot.
A calculation based on results from a large lung cancer screening trial projects that 12,000 deaths a year among the highest-risk smokers and ex-smokers in the U.S. could be avoided with a national screening program.
The National Lung Screening Trial, published in 2010, found 20 percent fewer deaths from lung cancer in a group of people at highest risk for the disease when they were screened annually with CT scans, a form of high-resolution X-ray that can spot suspicious lung nodules.
Based on the 8.6 million Americans who would fall into that high-risk category because of a decades-long history of smoking, researchers at the American Cancer Society say in a new study that 12,000 fewer people a year would die of lung cancer if national screening were put in place.
“This is the first paper that attempts to assess the impact of screening on lung cancer cases nationally,” one of the authors, Ahmedin Jemal, told Reuters Health. “Twelve thousand is a lot of cases,” he said.
In the National Lung Screening Trial, current or former smokers between the ages of 55 and 74 who had accumulated 30 “pack-years” of smoking – for example by smoking 20 cigarettes a day for 30 years, or 40 cigarettes a day for 15 years – were considered to be at the highest risk for lung cancer.
The 20 percent reduction in deaths among people in that category in the trial was “a singular, enormous accomplishment” said Larry Kessler, of the University of Washington in Seattle, who studies the diagnostic value of screening technologies.
“That was a pivotal event that should have woken people up,” said Kessler, who also wrote an editorial accompanying the new study in the journal Cancer.
To put a number on the potential benefits demonstrated in the NLST, the American Cancer Society researchers used U.S. census and health survey data to calculate the number of Americans at highest risk for lung cancer.
About 60,000 of those people die from lung cancer every year, according to their estimates, which could be reduced to 48,000 if every one of those people had a CT scan to identify early-stage nodules that could be removed surgically.
A national screening program would represent a breakthrough in the battle against lung cancer, which kills about 160,000 people in the U.S. every year, the researchers argue. Other major killers like breast cancer and colon cancer can be screened for with mammograms and colonoscopies, but lung cancers are too often caught too late for life-saving treatment, they point out.
Although the prospect of reducing deaths by 20 percent sounds significant, there’s a reason screening hasn’t been adopted since the NLST results came out two years ago, cautions Paul Pinsky, of the Division of Cancer Prevention at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland.
“You could do a quick back of the envelope calculation and come up with something pretty close to this,” said Pinsky, who was not involved in the new study. “At most it’s a rough ballpark of the potential effect if CT screening were introduced in a mass way.”
The numbers probably wouldn’t translate to a real world situation, however, because not every eligible smoker or ex-smoker will want to be screened, and if they did, there wouldn’t be enough imaging centers with the expertise to handle the testing, Pinsky said.
And even in a best-case scenario, questions about national lung cancer screening remain, according to Kessler.
“There are two pieces missing,” Kessler said. “Screening costs money, and someone’s got to pay. And it also comes with risks.”
When not covered by insurance, a CT scan can cost between $500 and $1500. If the Unites States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF), a government-backed advisory group, decides to recommend lung cancer screening for people at high risk, then the Affordable Care Act dictates it must be covered by Medicare, Kessler notes. Then insurance companies may follow suit, as they often take their cues from Medicare.
Even if the screening were made more affordable, Kessler said, it would still be unrealistic for 100 percent of eligible people to be screened, especially because smokers tend to be more reluctant to go in for tests.
Moreover, screening comes with risks that haven’t yet been assessed, he added. Lung CT scans are prone to false positives – they identify suspicious nodules that turn out to be harmless or a benign form of cancer. But, as in all screening, false positives can cause patients real anxiety and lead to further painful, invasive and expensive testing. (See Reuters Health story of May 21, 2012 here: reut.rs/JLpCvs).
False positives can also lead to unnecessary surgery, which is especially dangerous, Kessler said. “With surgery, you have to be careful in the lung arena. You can’t cut out every lung nodule, like you can take out any colon polyp.”
While screening risks and benefits are being assessed, the focus should remain on helping people to quit smoking as the best way to prevent lung cancer deaths, Kessler said.
“Screening is important, but it’s not really a substitute for smoking cessation,” Jemal agreed.
Health experts have warned that loss of sleeping hours, untreated sleep disorders which include snoring and sleepwalking can result to hypertension, mental challenges and worst of all, sudden death.
An Associate Professor and Consultant Neurologist at the College of Medicine, Lagos University Teaching Hospital,Njideka Okubadejo, who spoke at a forum tagged ‘Breathe Easily, Sleep Well,’ in Lagos, stated that research has shown that 10 per cent of the world’s population suffers from one or more sleeping disorders.
According to Dr. Okubadejo, adults that fall into the category of not breathing well at night, snoring, sleeping late or not getting much sleep, are liable to suffer breathing problems, which results in cognitive and mental challenges during the day.
She noted that children who sleep late, snore and do not get enough sleep would experience disorders including sleepwalking and talking which would result in behavioral, cognitive and urinary problems.
“We have discovered that many breathing disorders that affect the brain occur during sleep, …and this affects many Nigerians…People who suffer this would be sleepy during the day, they cannot solve problems. Children who do not sleep long enough, snore or have breathing problems at night would be hyperactive in the day; they cannot interact well with their peers and may likely bed-wet.” she said.
The experts identified obesity, poor sleeping hours, alcohol consumption, smoking and the presence of adenoids, tonsils and allergens as factors that predispose people to sleep disorders.
There is no doubt that most adults are not getting enough sleep as they should these days due to the demands of the 21st century but recent developments have shown that children also lack enough sleep. “It used to be adults that were not getting enough sleep, now children are not sleeping at all. Parents want to drive children the way society drives them and schools are helping them with after school hour’s programmes that would engage them till their parents have time for them” Dr. Okubadejo said, blaming highly-tasking academic schedule which schools and parents have fashioned out for children as reasons why children do not have enough time to sleep nowadays. The Consultant, Ear and Throat Surgeon at the Surgery Department of LUTH, Dr. Chinyere Asoegwu, who also spoke at the forum identified snoring as the biggest sleeping disorder in the country and urged parents to treat sleepwalking, talking and hallucination in their children and desist from associating such disorders with myths or social beliefs.
“Sleeping disorder is a leading cause of sudden death during sleep, especially in infants and elderly people…No sleep disorder is mild. A popular musician once died because of addiction to sleeping pills. Let us create time to sleep now, so you will not have to use drugs to put you to sleep when you are in your 50’s.” She warned.