Inaccurate Media Depictions Of Mental Health Must Stop – Dr Jubril

Dr Jubril Abdulmalik, a consultant psychiatrist has said that the inaccurate media depictions of mental health must stop, especially in Nigeria. 

He made the call in Lagos on Wednesday, at a conference with media practitioners on ‘Mental illness and the Media’.

The parley was part of proceeding for the annual general meeting of the Association of Resident Doctors (ARD), Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital, Yaba.

In his keynote speech titled, “The Media and Mental Health”, Dr Abdulmalik noted that the media must go beyond seeking traction when it comes to reporting on mental health issues and cases.

Citing examples of recent reports on suicide cases in Nigeria, the astute psychiatrist said the media must approach reports of mental health from a human angle and take leads from positions that do not seek to glorify the ugly side of the tragic events.

He said the impact of reporting mental heath issues inaccurately, can be highly devastating.

“The dangers of negative media portrayals include increasing societal stigma and discrimination against persons with mental health challenges, causing it to be hidden away and become a source of embarrassment and humiliation to the individual and their family members.

“It may also reinforce negative stereotypes about mental illness as a spiritual problem that is not treatable in hospitals. Unfortunately, this is often the case in many Nollywood movies depicting mental illness.

“Specifically, the manner of media reporting on suicide deaths and its impacts on society are well established. There is clear evidence of what is helpful and what is harmful. Unhelpful ways of reporting suicide include providing details of their circumstances, name, background, personal difficulties, how they committed the act, splashing pictures, and summarily presenting it as a considered form of happy release for the individual from their troubles.

 

“Whereas suicide is usually the result of a complex interplay of several factors including life stressors, the personality of the individual, presence of mental illness, available social support etc.

“Unfortunately, such poor reporting practices and discussions tend to have the adverse effect of presenting suicide as a viable option out of life’s difficulties for people. And some vulnerable people will begin to identify with similar struggles in their own lives and may decide to also take the same action.

“This ripple effect of excessive or sensational media coverage of suicide, leading to more suicides (or attempts) is known as the Werther Effect or copycat suicide. In recognition of the evidence-based findings of this relationship, many countries have now devised guidelines for the media to follow when reporting suicide cases,” Dr Abdulmalik said.

Speaking on the role of the media in mental health advocacy, he said the media must help educate the people on “prevention methods, effective and cheap treatments, as well as the possibilities of rehabilitation” of those with mental health issues.

He said the media must assume its role in the fight against discrimination, by helping the public understand the personal challenges of persons with mental illness and their families.

Further reacting to the rise of suicide cases in and around Nigeria, Dr Abdulmalik said suicidal attempts can be discouraged by giving hope that people can cope with mental illness.

He said this can be done by sharing and emphasizing positive stories of coping and overcoming suicidal thoughts.

He also suggested that the media endeavor to get only experts in the field, to talk about issues regarding mental health.

 

“What is helpful in reporting such cases is to focus on the thoughts that lead to suicidal behaviour and emphasise that they are not rational thoughts, and provide alternative sources of support, helplines and where people can go to for professional help when they are experiencing such thoughts and frustrations.

“Getting experts to also provide information about available interventions is also useful. So, the focus should be on identifying the suicidal thoughts and remedial actions rather than the gory details of the act. The privacy and identity of the individuals and their families or the nature of relationships should also be protected as much as possible,” Dr Abdulmalik said.

He surmised that the role of the media in mental health advocacy is a huge one, encouraging all media practitioners provide factual information, positively influence public opinion and health-seeking behaviour, while minimising harmful and stigmatizing reporting of mental illness and affected persons.

Minister Condemns Rampant Industrial Action By Health Workers

Osagie Ehanire, Health, Industrial Action, MinisterThe Minister of State for Health, Dr. Osagie Ehanire, has rated the health ministry as the worst when it comes to cases of industrial actions by workers in Nigeria.

Dr. Ehanire made the comments during an inspection visit to the Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital in Benin City, the Edo State capital.

He, however, commended the management of the institution for the achievements recorded.

“The Ministry of Health unfortunately has the record as the most strike prone ministry in the entire country, whereas hospital service is supposed to be an essential service.

“I have always told people no matter your differences, let us be able to iron them out; we can talk even for three months, six months and we will find a solution,” he said.

The minister made a donation of 120 million Naira to the establishment courtesy of the Federal Government and the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS).

Highlighting some of the feats recorded, the Chief Medical Director of the facility, Dr. Sunday Olotu, said the institution has increased the Internally Generated Revenue among others.

“We have increased the internally generated revenue to 128 million Naira in 2013, to 126 million Naira in 2014, to 157 million Naira in 2015, and 164 million Naira in 2016.

“The average patient load of 28,000 showing a 5,000 increase from 2012 to 2016 is a reflection of two things.

“First the quality of healthcare service delivery, secondly it may also show the increase in mental health maladies in the society,” he said.

Kaduna Medical Conference: NMA Underscores Importance Of Lab Testing

Kaduna, Medical Conference, NMA, Lab TestingMembers of the Medical Profession in Kaduna State, have stressed the importance of effective laboratory services in the development of the nation’s health sector.

At the annual conference of the state’s branch of the Nigerian Medical Association, held in Kaduna, the state capital, medical experts lamented the common practice of doctors administering treatment without laboratory diagnosis.

The guest speaker at this occasion, Dr Adebola Olayinka reminded participants that laboratory testing is important for screening, diagnosis and monitoring.

For the outgoing chairman of the NMA, Dr Mohammed Ibrahim, quackery in laboratory service delivery is top among the problems begging for attention in the health sector.

The chairman of the occasion and Managing Director, Federal Neuro Psychiatric Hospital, Kaduna, Dr Taiwo Sheikh, wrapped it up by calling for a change of attitude to provide a more holistic and patient-centered delivery of service.

Beyond a negative work ethic, it was a consensus that other factors militating against effective laboratory services in Nigeria include the absence of a national reference laboratory and being slow to pick up on new methods and technology.