Insecurity: We’ll Flush Out Bandits, Informants, Says Tambuwal

A file photo of Sokoto State Governor, Aminu Tambuwal.

 

Governor Aminu Waziri Tambuwal of Sokoto State on Wednesday warned marauders and their collaborators to stay clear of the state or face the full wrath of the law once apprehended.

Tambuwal, who cut short an official trip midnight Tuesday to address the reported influx of suspected bandits and their informants into the village of Sabon Garin Liman in Wurno Local Government Area of the state, said his administration, with the assistance of security agencies and the Federal Government, will not allow criminals to roll back the gains being made to stem the tide of their nefarious activities.

He said the state government is not unaware “of what is happening in this village, where bandits, both from within and outside the country are taking refuge”.

“I was out of the state. I left Sokoto yesterday. I had to come back by 1 am last night because of certain information that I received that are very worrisome and of concern, that have to do with happenings around here and Gundumi forest (in Zamfara state).

“We know that there are informants in this village and they collaborate with bandits. We are going to flush them out and make sure that the law takes its course on them,” he said.

READ ALSO: President Condemns Murder Of Vigilante Members In Kebbi

He appealed to the law abiding people in the community to collaborate with the village head, other leaders and security agencies in the state; “particularly those deployed around this area so that we can nip this in the bud and reestablish peace here and in the state in general.”

He commiserated with the people of the community “on what has been happening around here, especially the recent attacks”.

Referring to what happened in Kebbi state where bandits killed over 60 vigilante men on Sunday evening, the Governor also extended condolences to the people and government of the state, while pointing out that “We don’t want such happenings. We must all work together to ensure that the progress being recorded so far is not retarded.

“We pray that God Almighty shall continue to forgive the souls of those who lost their lives; and grant complete healings to those who sustained injuries and wounds, and all of these,” he prayed.

The Governor was accompanied during the visit by heads of security agencies in the state, the state Commissioner of Security and Career Affairs and the Secretary to the State Government (SSG), Mallam Saidu Umar.

Also with the governor were the Chairmen of Goronyo, Rabah and Wurno local government areas.

FG Partners Gombe To Set Up Another Grazing Reserve

Gombe Governorship Election Tribunal Receives Three Petitions
Gombe, usually referred to as Gombe State to distinguish it from its capital city Gombe, is located in northeastern Nigeria

 

The Federal Government says it will partner with Gombe State, establish another grazing reserve in the Nono district of Yalmatu Deba Local Government Area of the State.

The establishment of the reserve is aimed at consolidating the gains so far recorded in the national livestock transformation programme.

The Gombe State Commissioner of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Muhammad Magaji Getado disclosed this at a meeting with officials of Miyetti Allah Cattle Breeders Association, Gombe State Chapter.

The Commissioner explained that the Nono Grazing Reserve, which is expected to sit on one hundred hectares of land, will consist of solar and motorized boreholes, clinics for both humans and animals, a milk collection centre and hay growing field for animal feeds among other facilities.

He said the establishment of a new grazing reserve in Nono district will not undermine the gains so far recorded in the Wawa-Zange Grazing Reserve, but a deliberate and conscious effort by the Federal and the Gombe State governments to bolster livestock production.

Magaji Getado remarked that the present administration of Governor Muhammadu Inuwa Yahaya is committed to the smooth implementation of the FG’s livestock transformation agenda in the State.

It is for this reason that the Gombe State Commissioner of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry disclosed that plans have reached an advanced stage to commence the vaccination of livestock in the State.

The commissioner appealed to members of Miyetti Allah Cattle Breeders Association in the state to be vigilant in maintaining peace and security by reporting to security agencies, any strange or suspicious movement within their vicinity.

Earlier, the Chairman of Miyetti Allah Cattle Breeders, Modibbo Yahaya, thanked the administration of Governor Inuwa for being steadfast towards the welfare of its members in the State.

“The establishment of the Nono grazing reserve is another step in the right direction; so to me herders have never had it this good in Gombe State and we want to sincerely thank Governor Muhammadu Inuwa Yahaya for always being there for us,” he said.

Modibbo Yahaya used the occasion to call on the Federal Government to expedite action towards the commissioning of the facility at the Wawa-Zange Grazing Reserve so that herders can begin to reap the benefits of the National Livestock Transformation Programme.

“We want to thank the Federal Government for the transformation at Wawa-Zange grazing reserve,” he added.

“However, if these facilities are not immediately put to use for the benefit of herders in the state and beyond, I am afraid the beautiful structures may deteriorate at the expense of taxpayers’ money”.

While thanking the Gombe State governor for consistently providing the association with animal feeds and vaccines, the Miyetti Allah Cattle Breeders appealed for an increase in the quantity of animal feeds being distributed to cattle breeders in the State.

In a goodwill message, the Federal Director in charge of agricultural activities in Gombe State, Musa Mohammed Inuwa, challenged cattle breeders in Gombe State to derive pleasure towards sending their children to school so that the transformations associated with the fast changing times will not catch them unawares.

12 Killed As Farmers, Herders Clash In Chad

Chad
A Flag of Chad

 

 

Twelve people have been killed in clashes between herders and farmers in southern Chad, where ethnic friction over land is common, the authorities said Friday.

“A herder who was moving his animals was killed by farmers on Wednesday and in reprisal, herders armed with guns killed 11 farmers,” the governor of Moyen-Chari province, Ali Ahmat Akhabach, told AFP by phone

The incident took place on Wednesday in the village of Sandana, about 550 kilometres (320 miles) south of the capital N’Djamena, he said.

“The toll is 12 dead, and several armed people were arrested,” Ahmat Akhabach said. “The situation is currently under control.”

In a statement, the Chadian Convention for Human Rights, an NGO, attacked what it called a “savage killing” and “the use of force… as a way to resolve” disputes.

Squabbles of this kind are common in central and southern Chad, typically pitching semi-nomadic Arab herders against darker-skinned sedentary farmers.

Clashes erupt when animals graze on farmers’ fields, destroying the crops.

In February 2021, 35 people were killed in southern Chad in similar circumstances, and 22 died in the more arid eastern part of the country in August.

Two Killed As Farmers, Herders Clash In Taraba

Map of Taraba
A map of Taraba, a state in Nigeria’s North-East region.

 

Two persons have been killed and several others injured following a clash between farmers and herders at Gwomu community in Karim Lamido Local Government Area of Taraba State.

The Chairman of the council, Markus Hamidu, confirmed the incident to Channels Television in an interview on Wednesday.

He said as the farmers approached their farm and discovered a herd of cattle grazing on their farm, they tried to make an inquiry on why the herders should do so.

In the process, he narrated, the herders attacked the farmers and killed one of them. In reprisal, the farmers also launched an attack, killing a herder.

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“A resident of Gwomu went to his farm to harvest his crops only to discover that the herders were grazing on his farm and in the process of trying to inquire why it should be so, a herder reacted by attacking the farmer and his relations and in the process, killed him,” said Hamidu.

“While retaliating, the farmers also succeeded in killing a herder. Two dead bodies were recovered from the scene.

“I have spoken with the Divisional Police Officer of Karim Lamido, we hired a vehicle to convey their (the victims’) remains, and thereafter the relations of both victims came to claim the corpses for burial.”

In a related development, bandits in their number have attacked Binnari community in Karim Lamido, leaving an unspecified number of people dead, with several houses destroyed.

According to the chairman of the council, security operatives have been mobilised to the scene of the incident which is a border community between Taraba and Plateau States.

He added, “Immediately we heard of the issue, we reported to the governor who in turn mobilised security operatives, including the Nigerian Army, who are on their way to the community as I speak to you.

“I believe that the situation will be under control very soon and normalcy will return to the affected areas.”

Four Killed, Three Injured As Locals, Herders Clash In Zangon Kataf

A map showing Kaduna, a state in Nigeria's North-Central region.
A map showing Kaduna, a state in Nigeria’s north-west region.

 

At least four people have been killed and three others injured following a bloody clash between some locals and herders in Kaduna State.

According to reports by the military and police authorities, the clash occurred along some cattle routes in Jankasa village in Zangon Kataf Local Government Area of the state.

It later escalated into a firefight between the two groups before security forces arrived to bring the situation under control.

The Commissioner for Internal Security and Home Affairs in Kaduna, Samuel Aruwan, also confirmed the number of those killed in the clash on Monday.

He added that the injured persons have been taken to a hospital where they were treated.

READ ALSO: Gunmen Kill 17 Locals, Abduct Several In Attack On Niger Villages

Following the incident, a group of armed men attacked some settled herders at Manchok in Kaura Local Government Area, in what security agencies said was an apparent reprisal.

Aruwan stated that 13 cows were killed so far, but troops recovered 25 others in the area. While no human casualty was reported, authorities said the security operatives would continue with their search operations.

Receiving the report of the clash, Governor Nasir El-Rufai condemned the incident and prayed for the repose of the souls of those killed.

He also condoled with their families who lost their loved ones, saying the incident was a sad one at a time when the government was working hard to restore stability to all parts of the state.

The governor appealed to members of the affected community and residents of Kaduna to uphold lawful actions over violent conduct at all times.

Zangon Kataf has been in the news lately for attacks – mostly by unidentified groups – which have left many dead.

On August 27, at least three persons lost their lives in separate attacks by gunmen, with several others injured in Machun and Manuka villages.

This followed the killing of five persons in Zangon Kataf earlier in August.

The assailants were said to have invaded the two villages and started shooting sporadically and in the process, killed three residents while several others were injured.

We’ve Gone Beyond Looking For Grazing Routes – Falana

 

Human Rights Activist and Senior Advocate of Nigeria, Femi Falana has faulted the Presidency’s approval to review grazing reserves in 25 states in the country.

Falana who was a guest on Channels TV’s Sunday Politics, said: “we’ve gone beyond this stage of looking for grazing routes”.

“As far as the law is concerned, the President cannot, (with profound respect), be talking of looking for grazing routes in 2021, Nigeria.

“The Northern Governor Forum, the Southern Governors Forum, and even the Miyetti Allah group have all come to a conclusion that open grazing is obsolete,” he added.

His comments come days after President Muhammadu Buhari approved recommendations of a committee to review “with dispatch,” 368 grazing sites, across 25 states in the country, “to determine the levels of encroachment.”

Among other things, the Committee recommended the production of maps and geo-mapping/tagging of sites, analysis of findings and report preparations as well as design appropriate communication on Grazing Reserves and operations.

This comes as the nation battles insecurity, including farmer-herder clashes.

Read Also: Presidency Turning Nigeria To A ‘Cow Republic’ – Ortom

But efforts by the Federal Government to resolve the age-long crises including the introduction of the Rural Grazing Area (RUGA) have met stiff opposition.

Many believe ranching is a better approach to the problem.

“We need a national resolution of this crisis. We need a scientific solution. We need a modern solution to this problem,” Falana said.

“State governors are already investing in ranching”.

12 Dead As Fishermen, Herders Clash In Cameroon

A map of Cameroon, a Central African country of varied terrain and wildlife

 

Twelve people have been killed and 48 wounded in clashes between fishermen and herders in northern Cameroon, the region’s governor said on Thursday.

The violence, which is rare between the two communities, erupted on Tuesday in Logone-Birni in the Far North region, a tongue of land wedged between Nigeria to the west and Chad to the east.

“Everything started from a banal incident,” the governor, Midjiyawa Bakari, said on the state radio channel CTRV.

It began when members of the Musgum community erected dams to divert water to help them catch fish, in a location where ethnic Arab Choa herders also take their cattle for watering, he said.

“A row broke out between two individuals” which degenerated into full-fledged violence, he said.

“We have provisionally recorded 12 dead and 48 wounded, who have been hospitalised in Kousseri… and N’Djamena,” the capital of Chad, he said.

A local official told AFP that the belligerents used machetes, knives and bows and arrows.

“The tension hasn’t fully subsided. Several houses have been burned down,” the source said, asking not to be identified.

The two communities had asked the authorities to intervene to define areas that they can each use without harming the other, he said.

Clashes between ethnic groups are rare in Cameroon but are frequent in Chad and Nigeria, particularly between sedentary farmers and semi-nomadic herders.

Twenty-two people were killed and 18 were wounded on Saturday in Hadjer-Lamis province in central Chad.

Cameroon’s Far North is also struggling with cross-border attacks by jihadists from northeastern Nigeria.

AFP

Taraba Emir Gives Herders 30-Day Ultimatum To Vacate Forests

A photo collage of Emir of Muri Empire, Abbas Tafida, and a herd of cows.

 

The Emir of Muri Empire in Taraba State, Abbas Tafida has issued a 30-day ultimatum to herders terrorizing residents of the state to vacate forests within the state or be forced to do so.

The Emir gave the ultimatum on Tuesday after Eid prayers.

This follows a rising spate of kidnappings, killings, and attacks in the state by criminals suspected to be herders.

He claimed that Fulani herders are responsible for perpetrating crimes in the state and should therefore vacate forests in the state within 30 days or be forced out.

The Emir who spoke in the Hausa language urged the leadership of Fulani Herdsmen to fish out the bad eggs among them.

Screenshot from a video showing a deserted village in Taraba State following an attack.

 

“Our Fulani herdsmen in the forests, you came into this state and we accepted you, why then will you be coming to towns and villages to kidnap residents, even up to the extent of raping our women?

“Because of this unending menace, every Fulani herdsman in this state have been given thirty days ultimatum to vacate the forests.

“We are tired of having sleepless nights and the hunger alone in the land is enormous and we will not allow it to continue,” the Emir said.

Taraba State located in the Northeast region of Nigeria is faced with heinous crimes ranging from kidnapping to bandit attacks.

At Least 14 Killed As Farmers, Herders Clash In CAR

 

At least 14 people were killed in a revenge attack by Chadian herders after a farmer killed a herder in the far north of the Central African Republic, local officials said Tuesday.

“It all started with a dispute between a farmer and a herder who led his livestock into a field” near Tiri, the village’s mayor Ibrahim Senoussi told AFP.

“The herds devastated the field and the crops” and the herder was killed after the dispute turned violent, he said.

Francois Dieudonne Bata Wapi Yepi, the regional prefect, said the Chadian herders went on the rampage in reprisal, killing 14 people including women and children, torching 66 homes as well as granaries.

“Nearly 3,000 people fled,” he said, adding that the clash occurred last Thursday in the area some 700 kilometres (420 miles) north of the capital Bangui.

A medical source said two people who were seriously wounded were taken to a hospital in Ndele, some 80 kilometres from Tiri.

The two groups have a long and troubled history in the region, where weapons abound and violence often flares after cattle destroy crops.

“We can’t keep allowing foreigners to come and kill Central Africans on their land,” the prefect said.

He added that CAR army soldiers would be deployed to secure the border with Chad, which has been closed since 2014.

Bilateral relations have been strained in recent weeks.

In late May, the Chadian government alleged that CAR soldiers attacked a military post within Chad, killing a soldier and abducting five others, later “executing” them in CAR.

UN sources said the fighting was between CAR troops and Russian paramilitary allies on one side and Chadian soldiers on the other.

Bangui has repeatedly accused Chad of supporting armed groups in CAR.

Amotekun Arrest Over 250 Cows For Destroying Farmlands, Crops In Ondo Communities

Ondo Amotekun Corps with seized cows

 

The Ondo State Security Network Agency, the Amotekun Corps have arrested over 250 cows following a distress call and petitions by farmers in Ipogun, Ilara, Owena Dam axis in Ifedore Local Government Area of the State.

The State Commander of the State Security Network, Amotekun, Adetunji Adeleye disclosed this to journalists in Akure, the state capital, on Sunday, at the signing of an agreement for the release of the cows.

He lamented that when he visited the farmlands to assess the level of destruction, he discovered that the herders destroyed over 300 hectares of farmland with crops, including cassava, maize, cocoyam, and yam.

READ ALSO: Gunmen Raze Police Zonal Headquarters In Anambra

“I was amazed when I saw the level of destruction when we got to the farm. The herders first attacked us, but later ran away. However, we arrested two of them. We also seized over 250 cows,” he said.

According to him, the herders even went ahead to uproot cassava, cocoyam, and yam tubers to feed their cows.

Adeleye noted that government would henceforth prosecute owners of seized cows and auction the animals after getting a court order.

Amotekun Corps Arrest 100 Cows In Ondo

Amotekun Corps controlling the cows following the arrest.

 

 

Men of the Ondo State Security Network Agency, otherwise known as Amotekun Corps have arrested one hundred cows for flouting the open grazing law of the State.

The cows were caught grazing along the busy Akure/Ilesa highway.

The herdsmen were said to have taken to their heels upon sighting the operatives of the Amotekun Corps, abandoning their cows.

The arrested cows

 

Commander of the Amotekun Corps in Ondo State, Adetunji Adeleye confirmed the arrest to Channels Television noting that the arrest was part of efforts in enforcing the directives of the State government that the streets and forest reserves be rid of unregistered herdsmen.

READ ALSO: Goods, Properties Destroyed As Fire Guts Katsina Central Market

Adeleye explained further that the cows were intercepted and arrested at the boundary between Osun and Ondo States, adding that it took his men about 30 kilometres walk to control the cows to the corps’ headquarters in Akure, the State capital.

“Our men controlled the cows to the headquarters of our office which was about 30 kilometers from the point they were intercepted.

“We should take note that our men are in all the 18 local government areas and we are on 24 hours patrol. We arrived at the scene promptly,” Adeleye said.

He noted that some kidnappers use illegal cattle grazing as a ploy to waylay and kidnap innocent residents of the state.

How Nigerian Govt Can End Herders-Farmers Crisis – Tinubu

Kwara Govt Bans Night Cattle Grazing
A file photo of herders and their cattle at a grazing field.

 

The National Leader of the All Progressives Congress (APC), Bola Tinubu, has advised the Federal Government on ways to end the lingering crisis between herders and farmers in the country.

In a statement he personally signed on Saturday, he recommended a meeting at the instance of the federal, involving state governors, senior security officials, traditional rulers, and religious leaders, as well as representatives of herders and farmers.

Tinubu suggested that the purpose of such meeting should be to hammer out a set of working principles to resolve the crisis that has claimed many lives over the years.

He stated that the governors should convene follow-up meetings in their respective states to refine and add flesh to the universal principles by adjusting them to the particular circumstances of their states.

According to the former Lagos State governor, the herder-farmer dispute has taken on acute and violent dimensions and has cost too many innocent lives while destroying the property and livelihoods of many others.

He noted that the crisis has also aggravated ethnic sentiment and political tension and has yet to be significantly abated despite the efforts of some of those in positions of high responsibility and public trust.

The APC stressed the need for all to move in unison but decisively to end the spiral of death and destruction occasioned by the crisis.

He said that until this was achieved, it would neither be possible to uplift the farmer from his impoverished toil nor move the herder toward the historic transformation which he must make.

A file photo of APC National Leader, Mr Bola Tinubu.

 

While noting the importance of security to the resolution of the matter, Tinubu believes enhanced security may be the necessary first step but not be the only step.

He stated that farmers have a right to farm their land unmolested while herders also have a right to raise their livestock without undue interference.

Read the full statement by the APC chieftain below:

STATEMENT ON THE HERDER CRISIS

The herder-farmer dispute has taken on acute and violent dimensions. It has cost too many innocent lives while destroying the property and livelihoods of many others.

It has also aggravated ethnic sentiment and political tension. Despite the efforts of some of those in positions of high responsibility and public trust, the crisis has not significantly abated.

Sadly, others who should know better have incited matters by tossing about hate-tainted statements that fall dangerously short of the leadership these people claim to provide.

We all must get hold of our better selves to treat this matter with the sobriety it requires.

Because of the violence that has ensued and the fretful consequences of such violence, if left unabated, we must move in unison but decisively to end the spiral of death and destruction.

Only when the violence and the illogic of it are halted can logic and reason prevail. Until the violence is rolled back, we cannot resolve the deep problems that underlie this conflict.

We will neither be able to uplift the farmer from his impoverished toil nor move the herder toward the historic transformation which he must make.

Yet, as vital as security is to the resolution of this matter, we must realise security measures alone will not suffice. Enhanced security may be the necessary first step, but it cannot be the only step.

Nor do we resolve this by hitching ourselves to emotional, one-dimensional answers. More to the point, those who cast this as exclusively a matter of ethnic confrontation are mistaken.

This is no time for reckless chauvinism of any kind, on either side of this dispute. This matter is not ethnic in factual origin or actual causation although in the minds and hearts of too many, it has become ethnic in recrimination and impulsive action.

There have been sporadic disputes in the past but this one is more severe. The reasons for the greater violence of this current dispute are myriad. Economic hardship and its resultant dislocation, proliferation of weapons, generalised increase in criminality, and weakening of social institutions all play a role.

Desertification, increased severity and length of the dry season, diminution of water resources, impairment of land fertility and population growth also contribute in no small measure. Thus, any durable solution must get at most, if not all, of these issues.

Farmers have a right to farm their land unmolested. Herders have a right to raise their livestock without undue interference.

However, when conflict between these groups arises to such an extent, we must set forth clear principles and policies to remove the tension, in order to allow both to proceed toward their stated goals and to live in harmony and according to their respective rights.

Just as I cannot go into your house and take your shirt because I do not have one of like colour, no one can destroy the crops of a farmer or seize the cattle of a herder simply because such destruction sates their anger or their selfish, short-term interests.

If such a condition were to hold, then all would turn into chaos; all would be in jeopardy of being lost. To destroy the crops or seize the property of the innocent farmer or herder is nothing if not an act of criminality.

Here, I must state two fundamental realities. One has been previously mentioned by me and others as part of the solution. The other reality is hardly discussed.

First, the situation of the herder is becoming untenable. Their nomadic ways fall increasingly in conflict with the dictates of modern society. This way of life is centuries old and steeped in tradition.

We can never condone or accept violence as a valid response to any hardship. However, we all must recognise and understand the sense of dislocation caused by the sudden passing of such a longstanding social institution.

I mention their dislocation not to excuse violence and other excesses. I raise it to underscore that we must realise the true complexity of this crisis. What is happening has been terrible, but it is not due to any intrinsic evil in either the herder or the farmer.

The calamity now being faced is borne of situational exigencies. It is but the tragic outcome when often desperate, alienated people are left too long unattended and when their understanding of the modern socio-economic and environmental forces affecting the very terms of their existence is incomplete.

An ethnically fuelled response will be to vociferously defend the nomadic way believing this tack will somehow protect the herder and cast the speaker as an ethnic champion.

However, careless words cannot shield the herder from relentless reality. Such talk will only delude him into believing that he can somehow escape the inevitable.

We do both herder and farmer grave injustice by allowing the herder to continue as he is – fighting a losing battle against modernity and climate change. In that fight, desperation causes him to flail and fight the farmer, who too is a victim of these impersonal forces.

Second, to help the herder and leave the farmer unattended is unfair and will only trigger a resentment that tracks already heated ethnic fault lines. The times have also been perilous for the hardscrabble farmer. He needs help to survive and to be more productive in ways that increase national food security.

Farm productivity and incomes must be enhanced. Soil enrichment, better irrigation and water retention as well as the provision of better rural roads, equipment and access to modern machinery are required to lift him above bare subsistence.

Both innocent and law-abiding farmer and herder need to be recompensed for the losses they have suffered. Both need further assistance to break the current cycle of violence and poverty. In short, the continued progressive reform of many of our rural socio-economic relationships is called for.

Based on these strategic observations, I recommend the federal government convene a meeting of state governors, senior security officials, herder and farmer representatives, along with traditional rulers and religious leaders.

The purpose of this meeting would be to hammer out a set of working principles to resolve the crisis.

After this meeting, governors of each state should convene follow-up meetings in their states to refine and add flesh to the universal principles by adjusting them to the particular circumstances of their states.

In addition to religious and traditional leaders and local farmer and herder representatives, these meetings shall include the state’s best security minds along with experts in agriculture (livestock and farming), land use, and water management to draw specific plans for their states.

To accomplish this goal, the wise policy must include the following elements:

– Maintain reasonable and effective law enforcement presence in affected areas. The proposed reform of the Nigerian law enforcement apparatus towards state and community policing can help in this regard.

The legislative and administrative measures required to make this a reality should be expedited. In addition to alleviating the present farmer-herder crisis, this reform will also bolster efforts against the banditry, kidnapping, and robbery plaguing communities across the country.

Governments need to employ new technology and equipment to enhance the information gathering/surveillance and response capabilities of law enforcement.

– Help the herders’ transition to more sedentary but more profitable methods of cattle-rearing. Unoccupied public land can be fenced into grazing areas or ranches and leased to herders on a very low-cost, nominal basis.

The leasing is not intended to penalize herders. Rather, the nominal fee is intended to ensure the herders are invested in the project and incentivised (by reason of their investment) to use the land provided.

This aspect will also mitigate any resentment over herders being given land for free. Government, in turn, being a responsible lessor, must help with supplemental feed and water in these areas.

This will enable herders to better maintain and care for their livestock thus enhancing their incomes. Herders can augment income by becoming suppliers to the leather goods industry.

Additionally, herders can also develop a more symbiotic relationship with farmers by, for example, trading animal compost to the farmer in exchange for animal feed.

– Assist farmers to increase productivity by supporting or providing subvention for their acquisition of fertilizer, equipment, and machinery and, also, by establishing commodity boards to guarantee minimum prices for important crops.

In the medium to long term, resources must be dedicated to establishing better irrigation and water catchment systems to further improve farm productivity and mitigate the dire impact of flood and drought cycles brought about by extreme climatic conditions.

– Establish a permanent panel in each state as a forum for farmers, herders, security officials, and senior state officials to discuss their concerns, mitigate contention and identify trouble and douse it before it erupts.

We are a populous nation of diverse ethnic groups. We are a people of potential richness, yet to escape present poverty. We have resources but not wealth. Often, our words speak of hope and fear in the same breath.

While we all hope and strive for the best, many fear that there is not enough of what is needed to go around and that they will be left out. In such a situation, harsh competition and contest are fated to occur.

In the unfolding of this social dynamic, one group of actors has been pitted against another over dwindling water and fertile ground. The confrontation has resulted in the needless loss of life and destruction of property.

If left to itself, this situation may spread and threaten the progress of the nation. It could call into proximate question the utility of the social compact that holds government and governed in positive bond, one to the other.

We have a decision to make. Do we attempt the hard things that decency requires of us to right the situation? Or do we allow ourselves to be a slave to short-term motives that appeal to the base instinct that runs afoul of the democratic principles upon which this republic is founded and for which so many have already sacrificed so much? In the question itself, lies the answer.

SIGNED

Asiwaju Bola Tinubu.

March 13, 2021.