New JFK Files Reveal Mafia Plots, FBI Warning

This file photo taken on October 24, 1962 shows US President John Fitzgerald Kennedy signing the order of naval blockade of Cuba at the White House in Washington, DC, during the Cuban missiles crisis. AFP FILES / AFP

The US government on Thursday released a mammoth, long-awaited trove of secret files on the killing of President John F. Kennedy, offering intriguing new insights into events surrounding one of the most infamous assassinations in history.

While many of the 2,891 records released by the National Archives were raw intelligence and uncorroborated, they were almost certain to reinvigorate rampant conspiracy theories about the November 22, 1963, slaying of JFK in Dallas, Texas.

An outlandish CIA plan to recruit the mafia to kill Fidel Castro, FBI foreknowledge of the plot to murder Kennedy’s killer, and Kremlin suspicions of a homegrown rightwing conspiracy were among the highlights, even as some files were withheld for further review on national security grounds.

One document from 1975 detailed how in the early days of Kennedy’s presidency the CIA offered $150,000 to Italian-American mob boss Sam Giancana to organise the killing of Cuban leader Fidel Castro.

Giancana in return sought the CIA’s help to place a listening device in the room of his mistress — a Las Vegas entertainer — whom he thought was having an affair.

Other possible ideas to kill the Communist leader — said to be a keen diver — included contaminating his diving suit with disease-causing bacteria, or booby-trapping a seashell with a bomb.

The plan was scrapped when it was determined “there was no shell in the Caribbean area large enough to hold a sufficient amount of explosive.”

This file photo taken on September 26, 2013 shows various historical newspapers after the assassination of former US President John F. Kennedy on display during an exhibit at the Newseum in Washington, DC. BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI / AFP

Another document included a transcript of a November 24, 1963, conversation with then FBI director J. Edgar Hoover, who said his agency informed police of a threat against the life of Kennedy’s killer Lee Harvey Oswald the night before Oswald was murdered. Police, however, failed to act.

While many theories over the years have related to Oswald’s ties to Cuban or Soviet operatives, an FBI memo in 1963 indicated Kennedy’s death was source of deep mourning in the USSR.

According to a source, “officials at the Communist Party of the Soviet Union believed there was some well-organised conspiracy on the part of the ‘ultraright’ in the United States to effect a ‘coup’.”

The Soviets feared the killing would be used as a pretext to “stop negotiations with the Soviet Union, attack Cuba, and thereafter spread the war.”

– Withheld files –

The Warren Commission, which investigated the shooting of the charismatic Kennedy, 46, determined that Oswald, a former Marine sharpshooter, carried out the Kennedy assassination acting alone.

The released files are vast in number and scope, covering everything from FBI directors’ memos to interviews with members of the public in Dallas who came forward trying to provide clues after that singularly unforgettable moment in US history.

Trump said in a memorandum he had agreed to hold back for further review some records relating to the killing following pushback from intelligence agencies.

“I have no choice — today — but to accept those redactions rather than allow potentially irreversible harm to our nation’s security,” he said.

Trump gave agencies six months — until April 26, 2018 — to make their case for why the remaining documents should not be made public.

– Full and unredacted –

The 2,891 records approved for release in compliance with a 1992 act of Congress are viewable on the National Archives website, in full and unredacted form.

“The president wants to ensure that there is full transparency here,” an official said, but “there does remain sensitive information in the records.”

This includes, for example, the identities of informants and “activities that were conducted with the support of foreign partner organisations, either intelligence or law enforcement,” the official said.

The Warren Commission’s formal conclusion that Oswald killed JFK has done little to quell speculation that a more sinister plot was behind the murder of the 35th US president.

Hundreds of books and movies such as the 1991 Oliver Stone film “JFK” have fed the conspiracy industry, pointing the finger at Cold War rivals the Soviet Union or Cuba, the Mafia and even Kennedy’s vice president, Lyndon Johnson.

Kennedy assassination experts eagerly awaited the opportunity to look at the files but sought to tamp down expectations.

Gerald Posner, author of “Case Closed,” which determined that Oswald did indeed act alone, said people who think the files will “have the solution to the case that everybody can settle on” are going to be disappointed.

Experts agreed, however, that the documents may shed some light on an intriguing chapter in Oswald’s life — including his trip to Mexico City about seven weeks before the shooting where he is known to have met with Cuban and Soviet spies.

The CIA and FBI may be blocking the release of certain documents to hide their own failings, said Larry Sabato, a professor of politics at the University of Virginia and the author of “The Kennedy Half Century.”

“They had every indication that Oswald was a misfit and a sociopath,” he said.

But neither agency informed the Secret Service, which is charged with protecting the president, he said.

Oswald defected to the Soviet Union in 1959 but returned to the United States in 1962.

Two days after killing Kennedy he was fatally shot by a nightclub owner, Jack Ruby, as he was being transferred from the city jail.


The Assassination Of Kennedy: What Happened

This file photo taken on September 26, 2013 shows various historical newspapers after the assassination of former US President John F. Kennedy on display during an exhibit at the Newseum in Washington, DC. BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI / AFP


As the US government releases thousands of secret files on the killing of President John F. Kennedy 54 years ago, here is a look back at what happened.

– Three shots ring out –

About 200,000 people line the route as Kennedy’s open-top blue Limousine makes its way through central Dallas.

It is November 22, 1963 and he is on a tour as part of preparations for the 1964 presidential elections.

His wife Jackie is at his side, on her first official trip since the death of her newborn son Patrick.

The governor of Texas, John Connally, and his wife are sitting in front of them.

As the car slows down to make a wide turn, three shots ring out. It is exactly 12:30 pm.

Kennedy slumps forward, blood splashes onto his wife’s pink Chanel suit. The president is bleeding from the head. He has been hit twice.

Connally is also hit. “My God, they’re going to kill us all,” he says.

The car speeds off toward Parkland hospital. Despite the efforts of 14 doctors and surgeons, Kennedy is officially declared dead at 1:00 pm. Connally survives.

A visibly moved CBS television newsman Walter Cronkite breaks the news to the nation live on television.

– Assassin detained –

At 1:50 pm, Lee Harvey Oswald, an employee in the book warehouse from where the shots were fired from a sixth-floor window, is detained in a cinema as he was leaving the area.

He is said to have shot dead a police officer who had earlier tried to arrest him.

Investigators have determined he was the presidential assassin, but their conclusions failed to quell speculation over how the former Marine and defector to the Soviet Union could have acted single-handedly.

– Oswald is shot –

On November 24 Oswald is surrounded by police as he is escorted from the Dallas police headquarters to an armored vehicle to take him to court.

With cameras rolling and as a throng of journalists shout questions, a man emerges from the crowd, points a gun and fires.

Oswald grasps his abdomen and falls. It’s less than 59 hours after the killing of Kennedy.

His assassin in a cabaret owner, Jack Rubinstein — known as Jack Ruby — who was also linked to the Mafia. He dies in prison in 1967 from cancer.

– Kennedy is buried –

Four days after his assassination, Kennedy is buried at Washington’s Arlington National Cemetery on November 26, 1963.

The entire ceremony is broadcast live to tens of millions of people, from his closed casket lying in state, to a parade on a horse-drawn bier and the burial itself.