Canadian leader Justin Trudeau has been rebuked for his handling of a simmering dispute with China, with lawmakers voting against his government to set up a committee examining relations with Beijing.
Diplomatic relations between Canada and China hit rock bottom after last year’s arrest of Huawei executive Meng Hangzhou in Vancouver.
Former diplomat Michael Kovrig and businessman Michael Spavor were arrested in China just nine days later, in a move widely seen as retaliation for Meng’s arrest.
Both men have languished in detention ever since and analysts say their fate is tied to Meng’s, who will have a hearing next month in a US extradition case that could potentially last years.
The dispute has damaged trade between the two countries, with Beijing blocking billions of dollars worth of Canadian canola imports.
“We have had serious concerns with the prime minister’s ability to govern in Canada’s national interest on the world stage,” Erin O’Toole, the international affairs spokesman for the opposition Conservative party, said after Tuesday’s vote.
The committee — to be composed of 12 lawmakers — will sit from January and will have the power to call Trudeau and the Canadian ambassador to China as witnesses.
The Conservatives introduced the committee proposal to parliament on Monday, the anniversary of Kovrig and Spavor’s arrests.
Trudeau’s center-left administration was elected for a second term in September but lost its majority in parliament and relies on support from minor parties to pass laws.
Tuesday’s vote was the government’s first defeat in the House of Commons since its election.
President Muhammadu Buhari has congratulated Canadian Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, on his election victory.
The President extended his goodwill message to the Canadian leader on Wednesday in a statement by his Special Adviser on Media and Publicity, Mr Femi Adesina.
He also felicitated with the Liberal Party and Canadians generally on the outcome of the federal election in that country.
“As a major trading partner, with Nigeria-Canada trade totalling $948.4 million in 2018, President Buhari looks forward to a continued relationship with Prime Minister Trudeau across a wide range of shared values and interests,” the statement said.
President Buhari recalled noted that the visit of Canada’s Governor-General, Julie Payette, to Nigeria in October 2018 provided an opportunity for Nigeria to appreciate the humanitarian assistance of Canada to civilian populations affected by the Boko Haram insurgency.
He noted the common membership of Nigeria and Canada in the Global Counter-Terrorism Forum and several other international organisations.
The President was optimistic that both countries would continue to stand together on issues of peace and security that guarantee a better and more secure world for all.
A controversial pipeline, reinvigorated Quebec nationalism and a growing rift with western prairie provinces: voters gave Justin Trudeau a second term in office but with a weakened minority government that will face immediate challenges.
Increased oil exports
The Liberals’s nationalization last year of the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion project to prevent its collapse under legal challenges and protests has been panned by the eco-friendly wing of the party that sees it as contrary to efforts to curb CO2 emissions.
Canada’s oil sector is the fourth largest in the world, but has struggled under low prices and a lack of oil conduits to new markets. And oil proponents say Trans Mountain, purchased by Ottawa for Can$4.5 billion, would greatly help ease transportation clots.
In order to stay in office, Trudeau will need to form alliances with smaller parties such as the New Democrats (NDP), but they have come out strongly opposed to the project, putting its future in doubt.
“On Trans Mountain, perhaps both sides will have to put water in their wine,” said McGill University politics professor Daniel Beland.
Trudeau must navigate how to “get along with the NDP without taking his centrist party too far to the left.”
Beland noted that the Liberals have governed for much of the past 152 years since Confederation “because it is a party that is pragmatic, flexible.”
A nation deeply divided
Monday night, the Liberal’s small beachhead in the western prairie provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan was completely wiped out, with Conservatives claiming all 48 seats but one in Edmonton that went to the NDP.
The Conservative premiers of these two provinces are openly hostile to Trudeau and his climate policies, and his win Monday has led to talk of landlocked Alberta splitting from the rest of Canada to go it alone.
“It will be difficult to put together a cabinet without any representation from Alberta,” an oil-rich province that’s the fourth most-populous in the nation, Beland said.
“The Liberals are going to have to work with the NDP, which means they will have to track to the left” and take an even tougher stance on the oil sector to accommodate the NDP, he said. “That’s not good news for Albertans and people in Saskatchewan who are already unhappy with Trudeau’s carbon tax.”
Cancelling the Trans Mountain expansion to appease the NDP “would create a huge backlash in these two provinces” and exacerbate regional tensions, he said.
At the same time, moving ahead with the project could make an alliance with the NDP tricky.
The down-and-out separatist Bloc Quebec, led by charismatic Yves-Francois Blanchet, scored a big comeback on Monday, tripling its seat count in parliament to 32. It went from having previously lost official party status in parliament to being the nation’s third-largest party, despite having only fielded candidates in Quebec province.
The Bloc and Trudeau’s Liberals are at odds over a new secularism law in Quebec that prohibits some public servants from wearing religious symbols such as veils or turbans.
It is hugely popular in Quebec, but seen in the rest of Canada as an affront to individual rights and freedoms.
Trudeau is a strong proponent of multiculturalism and has said he would consider fighting the law, depending on the outcome of court challenges brought by individuals and groups in Quebec. The bloc has urged against federal intervention.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced he will take part in a climate action march led by Swedish teen activist Greta Thunberg — as the environment emerges as a key election issue.
His main rival Conservative leader Andrew Scheer will be campaigning in Vancouver, but Friday’s rally in Montreal is expected to draw local Tory candidates as well as Trudeau.
Trudeau, who faces elections October 21, paddled up in a canoe Thursday in Sudbury, Ontario to make announce he would be marching in Montreal with thousands of other Canadians to “fight for the environment.”
“There has been an extraordinary amount of mobilization by young people and by Canadians across this country and indeed around the world calling for real action on climate change,” he said.
The Montreal event coincides with similar so-called “climate strikes” around the globe.
Schools, colleges and universities have suspended classes for the day, and the city government has encouraged staff to take the day off.
Thunberg, 16, on Monday accused world leaders in a rousing “How Dare You?” speech at the UN climate summit of betraying her generation.
“You have stolen my dreams and my childhood with your empty words,” she thundered, visibly angry and close to tears.
The teen has spurred millions of youths to protest, drawn by her steely determination despite her years.
Organizers said Thunberg also will take aim at airlines’ skyrocketing CO2 emissions in a speech outside the UN aviation agency in Montreal, which is holding its annual conference.
The International Civil Aviation Organization’s 193 member states this week are taking stock of the implementation of a climate plan unveiled at its last general assembly in 2016.
Aviation accounts for about two percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, according to the ICAO.
Under its so-called Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), participating airlines are expected to stabilize their CO2 emissions by 2020, and buy offsetting credits thereafter if they exceed set limits.
Thunberg sailed across the Atlantic for the UN climate summit in New York specifically to avoid flying.
Justin Trudeau’s re-election bid suffered a setback out of the gate when a bus carrying journalists collided with his campaign plane at a whistlestop in westernmost Canada, forcing him to fly a loaner Thursday.
According to reporters travelling with the Liberal leader, the collision occurred shortly after landing in Victoria late Wednesday on the first leg of a cross-country tour.
The media bus drove under and scraped the wing of the plane, they said. Trudeau had already left the airport. Pictures on social media showed a gash underneath the wing.
“There were no injuries and the damage to the plane is being assessed,” Liberal spokeswoman Eleanore Catenaro told AFP.
The mishap, she added, would not affect Trudeau’s busy schedule, which included campaign stops on Thursday in Kamloops and Edmonton.
A new plane was procured, but it does not feature Trudeau’s name and partisan branding emblazoned on it as did the original.
Commentators suggested that the accident was allegorical of Trudeau’s rough campaign start, in which he faced renewed criticism over his alleged meddling in the prosecution of a corporate crime.
“It’s only been a day and the Liberal election plane just got hit by a bus,” read one headline.
On Twitter, most appeared to laugh it off, with one post suggesting that Conservative leader Andrew Scheer was giddy that the “left wing was damaged” in the crash.
Scheer’s own plane had been rerouted due to fog on its inaugural flight from Ottawa on Wednesday, forcing the candidate, his campaign team and reporters to disembark midway and take an hour-long bus ride to his first campaign event in Trois-Rivieres, Quebec.
A Canadian minister’s sudden resignation on Tuesday turned vague allegations of interference in the criminal prosecution of an engineering giant into a deepening political crisis for Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s Liberals.
Jody Wilson-Raybould’s resignation followed a chorus of demands for the government to come clean about whether Trudeau’s office had pressured her to intervene in the prosecution of SNC-Lavalin.
The Montreal-based firm was charged in 2015 with corruption for allegedly bribing officials in Libya between 2001 and 2011 to secure government contracts during former strongman Moamer Kadhafi’s reign.
Jody Wilson-Raybould, who was Canada’s first indigenous attorney general and justice minister prior to being shuffled to another post last month, announced on Twitter that “with a heavy heart” she was leaving the cabinet.
“Our government did its job properly and according to all the rules,” he said while upbraiding his former attorney general, if she felt otherwise, for not bringing her concerns to him directly.
SNC-Lavalin lobbied the government, including senior officials in Trudeau’s office, for an out-of-court settlement that would include paying a fine and agreeing to put in place compliance measures.
A possible guilty verdict at trial, they argued, risked crippling its business and putting thousands out of work.
But according to unnamed sources cited by the Globe and Mail, Wilson-Raybould refused to ask prosecutors to settle with the company, and the trial is set to proceed.
Trudeau has denied the allegations, saying: “At no time did I or my office direct the current or previous attorney general to make any particular decision in this matter.”
Opposition parties, however, pressed for clarity.
And on Monday the independent ethics commissioner launched an investigation — the second into a prime minister first elected in 2015 on a promise to clean up corruption, and with only eight months before the next ballot.
‘Trying to hide the truth’
While the controversy snowballed, Wilson-Raybould declined to speak, citing solicitor-client privilege and cabinet confidentiality.
“I am aware that many Canadians wish for me (to) speak on matters that have been in the media over the last week,” she said in a statement.
“I am in the process of obtaining advice on the topics that I am legally permitted to discuss in this matter,” she said, adding that she retained a retired Supreme Court justice as legal counsel.
Conservative leader Andrew Scheer reacted to her resignation by saying Trudeau’s “ethical lapses and his disastrous handling of this latest scandal have thrown his government into chaos.”
He also accused the prime minister of “trying to hide the truth with regards to the SNC-Lavalin affair.”
The Canadian charges against SNC-Lavalin were just the latest blow to one of the world’s largest construction and engineering firms after its former president and senior executives were accused of fraud, and the World Bank banned it from bidding on projects until 2023 due to “misconduct” in Bangladesh and Cambodia.
The company, its international arm and another subsidiary are accused of having offered Can$47 million (US$36 million) in bribes to officials and of defrauding the Libyan government of Can$130 million (US$98 million).
It oversaw billions of dollars in projects in Libya, including construction of a prison outside Tripoli and an airport in Benghazi.
The charges relate to the world’s largest irrigation project — the Great Man-Made River Project — to provide fresh water to the cities of Tripoli, Benghazi and Sirte.
The firm employs 50,000 people worldwide, and if found guilty in Canada it would be prohibited from bidding on Canadian government projects — its lifeblood.
It has argued that those responsible for alleged wrongdoing left the company long ago and that holding it accountable for their criminal actions would severely hurt its business.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau appealed Thursday for fellow Canadians to speak to each other respectfully following death threats by “yellow vest” protestors.
Visiting western Canada to unofficially kick off his re-election campaign, Trudeau has encountered a small number of activists in the fluorescent jackets emblematic of the populist, grassroots political movement for economic justice that began in France last year.
Members of the group, which counts more than 100,000 followers on social media, have assailed the prime minister over a carbon emissions levy, his promotion of multiculturalism and immigration.
Many have made virulent posts calling for Trudeau’s death.
“Canada is a country where we encourage people to speak out and express their views and express their preoccupations,” he told reporters.
“That is one of the strengths of our democracy.”
He added that he was happy to hear from people with disagreements but stressed the importance of listening “in a respectful manner” as the only way of ensuring Canadians move forward together on the right path.
“We take all threats made against the prime minister very seriously,” Royal Canadian Mounted Police spokeswoman Michelle Schmidt told AFP.
The “yellow vests” are reportedly planning more protests this upcoming weekend at coffee shops across the country.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said Tuesday his government will impose a federal carbon tax on four out of 10 Canadian provinces that have failed to plan to curb climate pollution.
The provinces of Ontario, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and New Brunswick will be subject to the Can$20 (US$15) per tonne levy as of January 1, rising to Can$50 in 2022.
“Starting next year, it will no longer be free to pollute anywhere in Canada. We are going to place a price on the pollution that causes climate change,” Trudeau said in a speech at a Toronto college.
All proceeds from the tax — to be collected from individuals and industry — will be remitted to households in the form of rebates or used to pay for projects to improve energy efficiency and cut CO2 emissions, making it revenue-neutral and to “help Canadians adjust to this new reality,” he said.
Ottawa had worked for two years with the provinces and territories to design plans for each jurisdiction that would allow Canada as a whole to meet its commitments under the Paris Agreement.
Canada pledged to reduce its carbon emissions by 30 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030.
In his speech, Trudeau referenced a UN report warning that time is running out to avert disaster, and world leaders’ calls to breathe new life into the Paris accord amid backsliding from several nations over commitments made when it was signed in December 2015.
“We are the first generation that has known how to fix this problem. But we are the last generation that will actually be able to do something about it,” Trudeau said.
Environmental activists praised the federal move, while the opposition Conservatives and their provincial brethren panned it.
“It will hurt taxpayers, will not be good for the economy and will not help the environment,” Conservative leader Andrew Scheer said.
In a statement, Trudeau’s office rebutted those claims, noting that provinces that moved early to introduce carbon pollution pricing systems — Alberta, British Columbia and Quebec — had the best economic growth in the country in 2017.
Quebec joined California’s cap and trade market while British Columbia, for example, introduced a carbon tax.
In August, Ontario quit the California market and joined Saskatchewan in suing the federal government to try to block it from imposing its carbon tax on them.
With less than a year to the next federal election, and Tories taking a hard line against the Liberals’ carbon pricing, the tax is sure to become a key campaign issue.
Burkina Faso’s government says 28 people were killed and 56 injured after Islamist militants attacked a hotel in the capital, Ouagadougou.
Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (Aqim) has said it carried out the attack, which began on Friday night.
Canadian country’s Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, said six of those killed were from his country.
Burkina Faso is to observe 72 hours of national mourning for the victims.
The siege at the splendid hotel popular with foreigners, was declared after a joint operation by local and french security forces.
At least four attackers died in the assaults. There were claims that some of those involved were women.
As well as the luxury hotel, a cafe and another hotel nearby were targeted.
Burkinabe Security Minister, Simon Compoare, said that 176 hostages had been rescued. The bodies of three “very young” attackers had been found.
The BBC reported that the Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb grew from a remnant of a defunct rebel force, rooted in Algeria’s civil war in the 1990s, into a wealthy and feared militant group that made its money from kidnapping Westerners and trafficking arms and drugs.
In 2007, it announced it had joined the Al-Qaeda network to fight against Western interests. Later, some of its members left to form their own factions.
The most notable of these was Mokhtar Belmokhtar who was behind the 2013 siege of a gas plant in Algeria.
In November 2015 Belmokhtar’s faction said it had worked with its parent group to attack a hotel in Mali. That signaled the mending of relations between some of the factions to rebuild the original AQIM, which was being overshadowed by its rival, the so-called Islamic State.
Canada’s Prime Minister Elect, Justin Trudeau, has promised to follow through on his campaign promise to pull the country out of the US led bombing campaign against ISIS militants in Syria and Iraq.
Mr Trudeau, who led the Liberal Party to a stunning victory in elections on Tuesday, said that he had already told US President, Barack Obama of his plans.
The Prime Minister is expected to take office in the coming weeks, replacing conservative Prime Minister, Stephen Harper, who sent Canadian warplanes to carry out airstrikes against ISIS.
Canada’s bombing raids started hitting the Islamic extremist group’s positions in Iraq in November 2014 and expanded into Syria in April.
During his first press conference with Parliament Hill journalists as Prime Minister-Designate, Trudeau revealed he’ll announce a cabinet on November 4 that will also be the day Trudeau officially become Canada’s 23rd Prime Minister.
The Liberal Leader reiterated his plan to have gender equality around the cabinet table and said it would be smaller than Harper’s last cabinet. He said it was important to get a cabinet appointed as quickly as possible so the Liberals can start governing.
In March, Parliament approved a 12-month extension of the bombing mission and a related training effort in northern Iraq. The motion was adopted thanks to the Conservatives’ majority in the House. Both the Liberals and NDP opposed it.
Trudeau had also promised during the campaign that his first order of business when Parliament resumed would be to cut income taxes for middle-class earners. He also said his priority was “to make Parliament work and bring it back as quickly as is reasonable.” He said his team was looking at appropriate dates and times.
There was some suggestion that a number of international summits scheduled through November and early December could delay the resumption of Parliament. But while Trudeau confirmed his attendance at the UN climate change conference in Paris, his attendance at the others, including the G20, appeared up in the air.