Mo Ibrahim Foundation has ranked Nigeria 35 out of 54 in Africa after the country scored 48.1 out of 100.0 in overall governance.
The Foundation was established in 2006 with a focus on the critical importance of leadership and governance in Africa, by providing tools to assess and support progress in leadership and governance.
The Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) provides an annual assessment of the quality of governance in African countries and is the most comprehensive collection of data on African governance.
According to the 2017 IIAG report which was released on Monday in Senegal, Nigeria scored lower than the African average (50.8) and lower than the regional average for West Africa (53.8).
The Africa’s most populated country also got its highest category score in Participation and Human Rights (52.5), and its lowest category score in Sustainable Economic Opportunity (42.3). It also obtained its highest sub-category score in Rule of Law (63.1), and its lowest sub-category score in Accountability (32.7).
“Over the last five years, Nigeria shows signs of ‘Increasing Improvement’ in overall governance. Nigeria registers an overall governance improvement over the decade at an annual average trend of +0.38, with the pace of improvement quickening in the last five years at an annual average trend of +0.83.
“Nigeria’s overall governance progress over the decade is driven by three of the four categories: Participation and Human Rights (annual average trend of +0.77), Sustainable Economic Opportunity (annual average trend of +0.46), and Human Development (annual average trend of +0.66),” the report read in part.
The 2017 IIAG, however, revealed that African’s overall governance trajectory remained positive on average, but in recent years has moved at a slower pace.
The Foundation further called for vigilance on Africa’s future as many countries struggle to build on recent progress or to reverse negative trends, and as concerns emerge in some key sectors.
“The eleventh edition of the IIAG looks at both country and indicator trends over the last five years (2012-2016), within the context of the last decade (2007-2016). By evaluating more recent progress on governance alongside long-term performance, the 2017 IIAG provides the most nuanced assessment to date of the evolution and direction that countries, regions and specific dimensions of governance are taking.
“Over the last 10 years, 40 African countries have improved in overall governance; in the last five years, 18 of these – a third of the continent’s countries and home to 58% of African citizens – including Cote d’Ivoire, Morocco, Namibia, Nigeria and Senegal, have even managed to accelerate their progress. In 2016, the continent achieved its highest overall governance score to date (50.8 out of 100.0),” the report said.
Having cemented its status as the foremost business personalities meeting dedicated to the development of the African private sector, the Africa CEO Forum is set to kick off its 5th edition, themed: “re-thinking Africa’s business model”.
The 2017 edition, set to take place in Geneva, would focus on how to succeed in this new economic cycle on the continent.
Slated to hold between March 20 and 21, the programme would bring together more than 1000 personalities, key decision makers in industry, finance and politics from the African continent and around the globe.
The Africa CEO forum 2017 would open the debate with the economic boom of the 2000s, the context of economic growth in Africa and the critical decisions that must be taken to reach rapid and sustainable growth.
Other themes to be discussed include: Unleashing innovation and the entrepreneurial potential of youth and women, making Africa more attractive for international investors, turning African stock exchanges into competitive powerhouses and creating the next generation of African exporters.
The forum would also offer 20 sessions for debate and reflection, allowing participants to hit strategic topics for driving African corporate growth including: digital transformation, fintech, agri-business, private equity, emerging African champions, electricity and innovation.
Some of the African and international personalities slated to take part in the discussion and debate include:
President, African Development Bank, Akinwumi Adesina, CEO Unilever, Paul Polman, President, Mo Ibrahim Foundation, Mo Ibrahim, CEO, OTMT Investments, Naguib Sawiris, Chairperson, MTN, Phuthuma Nhleko, Co-Founder and Group Executive Director, Sahara Group, Tonye Cole, CEO, United Capital, Oluwatoyin Sanni, Chairperson, Firstbank, Ibukun Awosika, CEO, Mohammed Enterprises, Mohammed Dewji, CEO, Africa and Middle East, Orange, Bruno Mettling, CEO, MSC, Diego Aponte, CEO, Afreximbank, Benedict Oramah, CEO, Rougier, Marie-Yvonne Charlemagne, CEO, Stanbic IBTC Holdings, Sola David-Borha, CEO, Uchumi Supermarkets, Julius Kipng’etich, CEO, Cevital, Issad Rebrab, CEO, Casablanca Finance City Authority, Saïd Ibrahimi, CEO, NSIA, Jean Kacou Diagou.
The Mo Ibrahim Foundation ranked Nigeria 40th in 2010, 35th in 2009, and 39th in 2008 (out of 48 ranked countries then).
The good governance report also noted that over the past five years (between 2006 and 2010), Nigeria’s overall governance quality deteriorated.
However, despite initial fears over the security situation in the country, Nigeria retained 13th position among the 16 nations in West Africa, the same ranking she obtained in 2010. She also obtained the highest score in national security at 81 per cent out of a possible 100 marks.
The new development indicators were contained in the 2011 Index, which was released simultaneously in Dakar (Senegal), Johannesburg (South Africa), London (UK), and Nairobi (Kenya).
The Index of African Governance was launched by the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, an organisation that supports good governance and great leadership in Africa.
The Index provided full details of Nigeria’s performance across the four categories of governance as assessed by the Index: Safety & Rule of Law, Participation & Human Rights, Sustainable Economic Opportunity and Human Development.
However, Mauritius and Cape Verde continued their tug-of-war over the best ranked nation in Africa, in terms of good governance, with the former emerging first in the latest 2011 ranking, although Cape Verde came a close second.
Ghana was ranked first in West Africa and seventh in Africa. On the other hand, Somalia maintained its customary last (53rd) position in Africa, the same ranking the North African country has maintained for the past four years.
Established in 2007, the Ibrahim Index is the most comprehensive collection of quantitative data providing an annual assessment of governance performance in every African country.
A detailed analysis of Nigeria’s performance in the 2011 Ibrahim Index of African Governance showed that the country scored 41 (out of 100) for governance quality and was ranked 41st out of 53 countries. Nigeria also scored lower than the regional average for West Africa, which was 51; and scored lower than the continental average which is 50. At sub-category level, Nigeria’s highest rank was in Rights and Education (26th) and lowest in Health (51st).
Commenting on the 2011 Index, Founder and Chair of the Foundation, Mo Ibrahim, said: “We have seen this year that Africa’s young majority are no longer willing to stand for the selective approach to governance adopted by many of our continent’s governments. Our young people are demanding a holistic, equitable and inclusive approach to the management of their countries.
“The Index findings echo these demands – achievements in economic management and human development, however striking, will not be realised if a democratic deficit persists. Africa’s success stories are delivering the whole range of the public goods and services that citizens have a right to expect and are forging a path that we hope more will follow.”
The most striking improvements, according to the report, have been achieved by Liberia and Sierra Leone, two countries emerging from lengthy civil wars: Liberia improved across all four categories and 13 out of 14 sub-categories, while Sierra Leone has also improved across all four categories.
Countries that had consistently ranked in the top five for overall governance performance (Mauritius, Cape Verde, Botswana, Seychelles and South Africa) have, up to now, also performed highly in all four categories.
The 2011 Ibrahim Index includes new indicators assessing physical and telecommunications infrastructure; gender; health; welfare service provision; and economic management.
The foundation announced the award of its $5 million African Leadership Prize to Cape Verde’s former president, Pedro Verona Pires.
According to the foundation, Pires was awarded the prize because he had helped transform the tiny island country off the West African coast into a “model of democracy, stability and increased prosperity.”
Pires, 77, became the country’s prime minister in 1975 after playing a pivotal role in Cape Verdes’ struggle for independence from the Portuguese. In 2001, he was elected president, and went on to serve a two-term tenure which lasted a total of 10 years and ended in September. He stepped down voluntarily, despite suggestions from close associates to alter the constitution to enable him stand for re-election a third time.