Ekiti Govt Calls For Calm As Monkeypox Hits State

Ekiti State Governor, Ayodele Fayose, has asked residents of the state not to panic over the outbreak of monkeypox, saying efforts are on to prevent the disease from further spread.

The governor said this in Ado Ekiti on Tuesday while reacting to the two suspected cases of monkeypox in Okemesi Ekiti in Ekiti west local government area of the state.

Read Also: Facts About Monkey Pox Disease

Monkeypox epidemic was first recorded in Bayelsa with three other suspected cases in Rivers State and one other confirmed case in Akwa Ibom.

Confirmed Case Of Monkey Pox Recorded In Akwa Ibom

The Monkey Pox epidemic, first detected in Bayelsa state, appears to have spread to neighbouring south-south states as there a confirmed case of the epidemic in Akwa Ibom state.

One confirmed case has been recorded in the state, while two other suspected cases are under investigation.

This latest outbreak was confirmed in a statement by the Akwa Ibom State Commissioner for Information and Strategy, Mr Charles Udoh. the disease which has no known treatment or vaccine exhibits similar symptoms to smallpox, but it is milder, and larger rashes appear on the skin.

Udoh said the disease which has no known treatment or vaccine exhibits similar symptoms to smallpox, but it is milder, and larger rashes appear on the skin.

READ ALSO: Facts About Monkey Pox Disease

He warned residents to avoid excessive handshakes and abstain from eating bush meat. Regular handwashing is also advised.

The first reported cases of the Monkey Pox outbreak were recorded in the Fangbe area of Bayelsa state on October 5, where 13 people were hospitalised and 49 suspected cases quarantined.

Commissioner Denies Influx Of Monkey Pox In Rivers

The Rivers State Commissioner for Health, Professor Chikere Princewill, has denied the state’s involvement in the outbreak of the Monkey Pox disease.

This is coming shortly after the reported cases of the disease in the media where all three cases were discovered in Obio Akpor Local Government of the state – at Rumoulumeni, Eneka, and Psychiatric Road.

But speaking through the telephone on Channels Television’s State of the Nation, the commissioner said, “First of all, we don’t have any proved case in Port Harcourt. The suspected case we have was the case of a secondarily infected heat rash.

“The two cases we had have been ruled out. The state government is at alert because of the closeness and proximity of Bayelsa to Rivers.”

He further boasted that his team has been stationed at all entry and exit points of the state, with the reactivation of the Rapid Response to check its spread.

“Our surveillance group are at alert at all the entry and exit point of Port Harcourt, from the East-West axis and the Aba road area because of the incidence in Bayelsa.

“And then we have already reactivated our Rapid Response Team to be at alert and then our other teams are supposed to volunteer have also been contacted, they are all on the ground. The surveillance has been moving around. We have been educating the public on what is going on,” he explained.

The commissioner thereafter advised residents of the state not to panic as the government is doing the needful to salvage the situation.

He says, “We are also telling the public not to panic because it has not really come into Rivers state as now. The Teaching Hospital Activation has also been prepared and then the isolation centres in Rivers state, the one used for Ebola and Lassa fever, have also been activated. So all our rapid response teams are all intact.”

The Monkeypox disease first saw its way in Nigeria following its first reported case in Bayelsa state on Thursday that 13 persons have been infected with the viral disease while 49 others who met the affected persons were being observed.

The State Commissioner of Health, Dr. Ebitimitula Etebu, had while confirming the development to Channels Television, advised residents of the state not to panic as the disease was being properly controlled.

However, it is a long new twist in Rivers State barely 24 hours after hitting Bayelsa state, when the viral disease was reportedly said to have affected a 13-year-old who was earlier taken to a traditional medicine man for treatment.

Facts About Monkey Pox Disease

Monkey Pox

The current outbreak of the Monkey Pox has trended on the news lately following its reported break-in Bayelsa state where a medical doctor and 10 persons who were affected are currently being quarantined in an isolation centre at the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, Okolobiri in the Yenagoa Local Government Area of the state.

In the light of this, there have been many rumors and misinformation about the disease. Here are 10 questions regarding the outbreak that will set the record straight:

What is Monkey Pox disease?

According to the World Health Organisation, Monkeypox is a rare viral zoonosis (a virus transmitted to humans from animals) with symptoms in humans like those seen in the past in smallpox patients, although less severe. Smallpox was eradicated in 1980. However, monkeypox still occurs sporadically in some parts of Africa.
Monkeypox is a member of the Orthopoxviral genus in the family Poxviridae.
The virus was first identified in the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1958 during an investigation into a pox-like disease among monkeys.

Where did it originate?

Human monkeypox was first identified in humans in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in a 9-year-old boy, in a region where smallpox had been eliminated in 1968. Since then, most of the cases have been reported in rural, rainforest regions of the Congo Basin and western Africa, particularly in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where it is endemic. In 1996-97, a major outbreak occurred in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
However, 2003 saw the confirmation of cases in the Midwest of the United States of America, marking the first reported occurrence of the disease outside of the African continent. Most of the patients were reportedly said to have had close contact with pet prairie dogs.
In 2005, a monkeypox outbreak occurred in Unity, Sudan and sporadic cases have been reported from other parts of Africa. Further, in 2009, an outreach campaign among refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo into the Republic of Congo identified and confirmed two cases of monkeypox. Between August and October 2016, a monkeypox outbreak in the Central African Republic was contained with 26 cases and two deaths.

What are the symptoms?

The interval from infection to onset of symptoms of monkeypox usually runs from Six through 16 days but can range from Five to 21 days.
The number of the scratches varies from a few to several thousand, affecting 70 percent of cases in spoken self-lubricating skins, 30 percent of cases in genitalia, and 20 percent of cases in the eyelid, as well as the eyeball.
Some patients develop severe swell in their lymph nodes before the appearance of the rash, which is a distinctive feature of monkeypox compared to other similar diseases.
Monkeypox is usually a self-limited disease with the symptoms lasting from 14 to 21 days. Severe cases occur more commonly among children and are related to the extent of virus exposure, patient health status and severity of complications.
People living in or near the forested areas may have indirect or low-level exposure to infected animals, possibly leading to subclinical (asymptomatic) infection.
The case fatality has varied widely between epidemics but has been less than 10 percent in documented events, mostly among young children. In general, younger age-groups appear to be more prone to monkeypox.

How is it treated?

There are no specific treatments or vaccines available for monkeypox infection, but outbreaks can be controlled. Vaccination against smallpox has been proven to be 85 percent effective in preventing monkeypox in the past. The vaccine is no longer available to the public after it was discontinued following global smallpox eradication. Nevertheless, prior smallpox vaccination will likely result in a milder disease course.

How does it spread?

Infection of index cases results from direct contact with the blood, bodily fluids, or cutaneous or mucosal cuts of infected animals. Human infections in Africa have been documented through the handling of infected monkeys, Gambian giant rats, and squirrels, with rodents being the major tank of the virus. Eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals is also a possible risk factor.
Secondary transmission can result from close contact with infected respiratory tract secretions, skin lesions of an infected person or objects recently contaminated by patient fluids or lesion materials. Transmission occurs primarily through droplet of respiratory particles, usually requiring prolonged face-to-face contact, which puts household members of active cases at greater risk of infection. Transmission can also occur by immunization or by the placenta, otherwise known as congenital monkeypox.
Currently, there is no evidence that person-to-person transmission alone can sustain monkeypox infections in the human population.
In recent animal studies of the prairie dog-human monkeypox model, two distinct clades of the virus were identified – the Congo Basin and the West African clades – with the former found to be more virulent.

Diagnosis

There are several diagnoses that must be considered include other rash illnesses, such as, smallpox, chickenpox, measles, bacterial skin infections, scabies, syphilis, and medication-associated allergies. Monkeypox can only be diagnosed definitively in the laboratory where the virus can be identified by either of the following: Enzyme-Linked Immune Sorbent Assay, Antigen Detection tests, Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) or Virus Isolation by cell culture.

Reducing the risk of infection in people

Humans have been advised to avoid having close contact with other patients, as this has been proven to be a most significant risk factor for monkeypox virus infection. However, in the absence of specific treatment or vaccine, the only way to reduce infection in people is by creating and increasing awareness of the risk factors and educating people about the measures they can take to reduce exposure to the virus. Surveillance measures and rapid identification of new cases is critical for outbreak containment.

Monkey Pox Outbreak Hits Bayelsa State

Suspected Sea Pirates Kill Two Persons In BayelsaResidents of the Fangbe area of Yenagoa, the Bayelsa State capital are living in fear, following the outbreak of a viral disease called Monkey Pox.

Reports say that 13 persons have been infected with the viral disease while 49 others who came in contact with the affected persons are being observed.

The Commissioner of Health of Bayelsa State, Dr. Ebitimitula Etebu who confirmed the news to Channels Television, advised Bayelsans not to panic as the disease is being properly controlled.

According to the Commissioner, the Ministry is yet to get a laboratory confirmation of the epidemic, symptoms from the quarantined patients, which indicates that they are suffering from Monkeypox.

He advised residents of the state to be more hygienic as regular washing of hands will reduce the risk of an infection.

He believes that more people may have been in contact with the quarantined individuals and has, therefore, urged them to come for observation.

Meanwhile, the Bayelsa State government has assured all affected persons that the state government will take care of the financial responsibility of their treatment and provide other needs of the patients.

The affected persons are presently quarantined in an isolation centre at the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, Okolobiri, in Yenagoa Local Government Area of the state.

The monkeypox virus is similar to smallpox, but with a milder rash and lower death rate.

The Variation in virulence of the virus has been observed in isolates from Central Africa where strains are more virulent than those from Western Africa.

The virus can spread both from animal to human and from human to human by both droplet respiration and contact with fomites from an infected person’s bodily fluids.

Infection from animal to human can occur via an animal bite or by direct contact with an infected animal’s bodily fluids.

The incubation period is 10–14 days.

Prodromal symptoms include swelling of lymph nodes, muscle pain, headache, fever, and prior to the emergence of the rash.