Russia Resumes ‘Unstable’ Gas Supplies To Europe Via Nord Stream

This file photo was taken on November 8, 2011, and shows a view of the gas pipeline terminal prior to an inaugural ceremony for the first of Nord Stream’s twin 1,224-kilometre gas pipelines through the Baltic Sea, in Lubmin, northeastern Germany.  (Photo by John MACDOUGALL / AFP) / 


Russia on Thursday restored critical gas supplies to Europe through Germany via the Nord Stream pipeline after 10 days of maintenance, but uncertainty lingered over whether the Kremlin would still trigger an energy crisis on the continent this winter.

Germany, which is heavily dependent on Russian gas, had feared that Moscow would not reopen the pipeline after the scheduled work and accused Moscow of using energy as a “weapon”.

The showdown came amid the worst tensions in several years over Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Germany believes Russia is squeezing supplies in retaliation for Western sanctions over the war.

Klaus Mueller, head of Germany’s energy regulator, the Federal Network Agency, said that by late morning gas flows were on track to return to 40 percent of the pipeline’s capacity — the same reduced level as before the maintenance work.

“But given the missing 60 per cent (of supply) and political instability, there is no reason to sound the all-clear,” he tweeted.

Enduring German reliance on Russian gas coupled with alarming signals from Moscow has turned up the pressure on Europe’s top economy.

A total shutdown of imports or a sharp reduction in the flow from east to west could have a catastrophic effect, shutting factories and forcing households to turn down the heat.

Even the resumption of 40 per cent of supplies would be insufficient to ward off energy shortages in Europe this winter, experts warned.

The International Monetary Fund said on Wednesday that a halt in supplies could slash Germany’s gross domestic product this year by 1.5 per cent.

– ‘Will fulfil’ –

Russia’s state-owned energy giant Gazprom cut flows to Germany via the Nord Stream 1 pipeline under the Baltic Sea to some 40 per cent of capacity in recent weeks, blaming the absence of a Siemens gas turbine that was undergoing repairs in Canada.

The turbine is reportedly en route to Russia and expected to arrive on Sunday at the earliest. The German government has rejected Gazprom’s explanation as an “excuse”, noting that the turbine was one of several available.

Moscow’s explanation for the supply shortfall shifted again on Thursday, as it said that gas delivery problems to Europe were caused by Western sanctions.

“Any technical difficulties linked to this are caused by those restrictions that European countries introduced themselves,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters.

Russian President Vladimir Putin insisted this week that Gazprom would meet all its delivery obligations.

“Gazprom has fulfilled, is fulfilling and will fulfil its obligations in full,” Putin told reporters in Tehran after holding talks with the leaders of Iran and Turkey.

He warned, however, that as another gas turbine was due to be sent for maintenance at the end of this month, energy flows could fall to 20 per cent of capacity from next week.

– ‘Blackmail’ –

As of Wednesday, German gas reserves were about 65 per cent according to official estimates. The reduced supply has prevented EU countries from replenishing holdings before winter.

The European Commission on Wednesday urged EU countries to reduce their demand for natural gas by 15 per cent over the coming winter months and to give it special powers to force through needed demand cuts if Russia severs the gas lifeline.

“Russia is blackmailing us,” Commission president Ursula von der Leyen, a former German defence minister, told reporters.

“Russia is using energy as a weapon and therefore, in any event, whether it’s a partial major cut-off of Russian gas or total cut-off… Europe needs to be ready.”

Peskov at the Kremlin said on Thursday that the blackmail accusations were “completely” unfounded.

German Economy Minister Robert Habeck, who has said he is taking shorter showers to save energy, stressed that industry — but also consumers — would have to do their part to reduce Russia’s power in the current standoff.

“A decisive bit of leverage is reducing gas use,” he said. “We have to do everything in our power to work on that.”


Merkel Won’t Rule Out Nord Stream Impact From Navalny Affair

(FILES) In this file photo taken on August 31, 2015 German Chancellor Angela Merkel addresses a press conference in Berlin stating “We can do this!” on the controversial decision to open Germany’s doors to tens of thousands of migrants. (Photo by John MACDOUGALL / AFP)


German Chancellor Angela Merkel will not rule out consequences for the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project if Russia fails to thoroughly investigate the poisoning of opposition leader Alexei Navalny, her spokesman said Monday.

Asked whether Merkel would protect the multi-billion-euro pipeline from Russia to Europe if Germany were to seek sanctions over the Navalny case, spokesman Steffen Seibert said: “The chancellor believes it would be wrong to rule anything out from the start.”

Nord Stream 2, a 10-billion-euro ($11-billion) pipeline near completion beneath the Baltic Sea, is set to double Russian natural-gas shipments to Germany, Europe’s largest economy.

It has long been in the crosshairs of the United States, which has criticised European countries for their reliance on energy from Russia.

US President Donald Trump has signed legislation that targets contractors working on the project, meaning that German companies face sanctions for even small investment.

Even within the European Union, there are voices against the pipeline.

Poland and other former Eastern Bloc states are wary of the EU becoming too reliant on Moscow, while non-EU member Ukraine fears that the new pipeline would cut it out of the gas supply business and allow Moscow to ratchet up pressure.

Germany, despite political differences with Russia, however sees Nord Stream 2 as ensuring a more stable and cleaner source of energy as it pivots away from coal and nuclear power.

As well as Russian giant Gazprom, which has a majority stake, the international consortium involved in the Nord Stream 2 project includes huge European players like Germany’s Wintershall and Uniper groups, the Dutch-British Shell, France’s Engie and Austria’s OMV.