Suicide Is The Third Leading Cause Of Death Among 15-19-Year-Olds Worldwide

 

With the alarmingly high rates of self-harm, suicide and anxiety among children and young people around the world, UNICEF and the World Health Organization are teaming up with some of the world’s leading minds to tackle this growing threat.

“Too many children and young people, rich and poor alike, in all four corners of the world, are experiencing mental health conditions,” said Henrietta Fore, UNICEF Executive Director. “This looming crisis has no borders or boundaries.

With half of mental disorders starting before age 14, we need urgent and innovative strategies to prevent, detect and, if needed, treat them at an early age.”

In a joint push to put child and adolescent mental disorders higher up on the global health agenda, UNICEF and WHO will co-host their first ever conference on the topic in Florence, Italy, 7-9 November.

The conference is part of Leading Minds, UNICEF’s new annual global conference series to highlight major issues affecting children and young people in the 21st century.

Part of celebrations marking the 30th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the conference will lead to recommendations for decisive action informed by scholars, scientists, governments, philanthropists, business, civil society and young people themselves.

According to the latest data:

Up to 20 per cent of adolescents globally experience mental disorders.
Suicide is the third leading cause of death among 15-19-year-olds worldwide.
Around 15 per cent of adolescents in low-and middle-income countries have considered suicide.

The cost of mental disorders is not only personal; it is also societal and economic. And yet, child and adolescent mental health has often been overlooked in global and national health programming.

“Too few children have access to programmes that teach them how to manage difficult emotions,” said Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of the World Health Organization. “Very few children with mental health conditions have access to the services they need. This must change.”

Leading Minds 2019 will look at the resources, partnerships, services, political commitment and public support needed to promote the mental health of children and young people.

The conference will examine the rationale and the results from the state of the science and practice including the latest evidence on brain health in the earliest years of life, through early and middle childhood and adolescence.

It will consider gaps in data that need to be addressed as well as programmes that have been successful. It will also interrogate the overall prevalence of mental ill health across ages and geographies, causes and contributing factors, and programmes for preventing and treating disorders and promoting healthy minds.

With One Suicide Every 40 Seconds, WHO Urges Action

 

Nearly 800,000 people commit suicide each year – more than those killed by war and homicide or breast cancer, the World Health Organization said Monday, urging action to avert the tragedies.

In a fresh report, the UN health agency said that the global suicide rate had fallen somewhat between 2010 and 2016, but the number of deaths has remained stable because of a growing global population.

“Despite progress, one person still dies every 40 seconds from suicide,” WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in a statement, insisting that “every death is a tragedy for family, friends and colleagues.”

The global suicide rate in 2016 – the last year for which data was available – stood at 10.5 per 100,000 people.

But rates varied widely, with suicides in some countries as low as five per 100,000, while Guyana, which topped the scales, registered a rate of over 30 per 100,000.

Overall, the global suicide rate fell by nearly 10 per cent from 2010 to 2016, with the western Pacific showing declines of nearly 20 per cent and Southeast Asia registering a decline of only 4.2 per cent.

The Americas meanwhile was the only region that showed an uptick in suicides, with a six per cent hike over the six-year period.

“We know that in the region of the Americas, access to firearms and guns is an important means of suicide,” Alexandra Fleischmann of WHO’s mental health division, told reporters in Geneva in answer to a question.

The overall decline is explained by the fact that a number of countries — 38 in total — have put in place suicide prevention strategies, WHO said, stressing however that many more countries must follow suit.

‘Preventable’

“Suicides are preventable,” Tedros said, calling “on all countries to incorporate proven suicide prevention strategies into national health and education programmes in a sustainable way.”

The most common methods of suicide are hanging, gunshots and — especially in rural areas – the ingestion of poisonous pesticides.

Most suicides happen in low- and middle-income countries, where most of the global population lives, but rates are higher in wealthier countries, the WHO report found.

After Guyana, Russia registered the world’s second-highest rate, with 26.5 suicides per 100,000 people.

Also figuring high on the list were Lithuania, Lesotho, Uganda, Sri Lanka, South Korea, India and Japan, as well as the United States, which registered 13.7 suicides per 100,000 people.

In almost every country, men are more likely than women to commit suicide.

Only in five countries — Bangladesh, China, Lesotho, Morocco, and Myanmar — do women commit suicide at a higher rate than men.

Young people are especially vulnerable: More than half of all those who commit suicide are under the age of 45.

And among 15-29-year-olds, suicide is, in fact, second only to road accidents as the leading cause of death.

The WHO said it was launching a one-month campaign starting on World Suicide Prevention Day on September 10, including the launch of a resource booklet for filmmakers.

‘Vulnerable’

It will warn of the dangers of graphic descriptions or depictions of suicide, which have been shown to trigger copycat suicides among people struggling with mental health issues.

In July, Netflix said it had removed a graphic suicide scene from the first season of hit show “13 Reasons Why”, following concern from mental health experts who feared it glorified suicide.

Two studies published in May found that suicides among US youths rose significantly in the months following the popular show’s release in 2017.

“The research has shown over many years… that there are people who imitate, who are vulnerable,” Fleischmann said.

The WHO report also said countries could make a significant dent in suicide numbers by limiting access to pesticides.

Pesticides are often so toxic that suicide attempts using them tend to succeed.

In Sri Lanka, regulations and bans on pesticides led to a 70 per cent fall in suicides between 1995 and 2015, resulting in 93,000 lives saved, the report said.

And in South Korea, a ban on the herbicide paraquat in 2011 and 2012 lead to the halving of suicides by pesticide poisoning between 2011 and 2013, it said.

Every 40 Seconds, Someone Dies By Suicide – WHO

A portrait of a patient at a mental health hospital in Monrovia, Liberia. Photo: UN

 

Speaking in Geneva ahead of World Suicide Prevention day, recognized on 10 September, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said, “every death is a tragedy for family, friends and colleagues,” yet many more suicides can be prevented.

Dr Ghebreyesus also stated that all countries should “incorporate proven suicide prevention strategies into national health and education programmes in a sustainable way”.

Since WHO’s first report on the issue was filed in 2014, the number of countries with national suicide prevention strategies has increased, and now stands at 38. However, this participation “is still far too few and governments need to commit to establishing them”, WHO said.

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WHO Facts and figures on suicide.

Close to 800,000 people die by suicide every year, and for each death, there are more than 20 suicide attempts. Every year, suicide accounts for more deaths than war and homicide combined, and is the second leading cause of death among those aged 15-29, behind road injury, the health agency reports.

Globally, 79 per cent of suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries, however high-income countries have the highest rates of suicide. Incidents are three times higher among men than women in wealthier countries, while these rates are more equal in poorer nations.

Addressing causes, the link between suicide and mental health in well-established in high-income countries, however “many suicides happen impulsively in moments of crisis”, according to WHO.

“Experiencing conflict, disaster, violence, abuse or loss and a sense of isolation are strongly associated with suicidal behavior” WHO outlines in its list of key facts. Vulnerable groups who experience discrimination show higher rates of suicide and “by far, the strongest risk factor for suicide is a previous suicide attempt.”

The complex issue demands coordination across multiple sectors to boost prevention. Stigma surrounding mental disorders, lack of awareness of suicide as a major health problem, and a taboo in many societies to openly discussing it, means many people contemplating suicide are not getting adequate help.

WHO recommends better training of health workers and non-specialists alike in assessing and managing suicidal behavior in its guidelines for prevention, along with early treatment of mental health disorders, effective monitoring of alcohol and substance use, responsible reporting by the media, and reducing access to means of suicide.

20 per cent of global suicides down to pesticide poisoning
Pesticide poisoning, which the agency identifies as a less-commonly used but tragically “highly effective strategy”, accounts for 20 per cent of global suicides. Due to the high toxicity of many chemicals used in suicide attempts, this method often results in death.

Regulations of highly hazardous pesticides in Sri Lanka have cut suicides by 70 percent, saving an estimated 93,000 lives in a ten-year span, and halved suicide deaths from poisoning in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea between 2011 and 2013, WHO’s report shows.

WHO recognizes suicide as a “public health priority.” In 2008, the WHO Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) launched as an evidence-based guide to scale up service for mental, neurological and substance use disorders.

WHO’s action plan for 2013-2020 sets a global target of reducing suicide rates by 10 per cent by 2020; in line with the UN Sustainable Development Goals, which sets a target of cutting suicide rates by one third up to 2030.

On World Suicide Prevention Day this Tuesday, WHO in collaboration with global partners, will launch the 40 seconds of action campaign to raise awareness of suicide around the world and methods of prevention. Campaign efforts will continue throughout 10 October on World Mental health Day, with suicide prevention as this year’s theme.

Jeffrey Epstein Death Ruled As Suicide By Hanging – US Media

The wealthy US financier Jeffrey Epstein, indicted on charges he trafficked underage girls for sex, committed suicide in prison, US news media reported on August 10, 2019. / AFP

 

An autopsy into Jeffrey Epstein’s death in prison has concluded that the disgraced financier committed suicide by hanging, US media reported Friday.

The ruling, which was reported by The New York Times, comes six days after the 66-year-old, who was accused of trafficking girls as young as 14 for sex, was found dead in his cell.

‘We Need Answers’: Outcry Over Accused Sex Trafficker Jeffrey Epstein’s Death

The wealthy US financier Jeffrey Epstein, indicted on charges he trafficked underage girls for sex, committed suicide in prison, US news media reported on August 10, 2019. / AFP

 

United States financier Jeffrey Epstein, awaiting trial on charges he trafficked underage girls for sex, was found dead in jail on Saturday of an apparent suicide, triggering outcry over how the high-profile detainee could die in custody.

The government and FBI immediately launched probes as politicians, law enforcement officials and alleged victims expressed shock that Epstein could take his own life when a recent reported suicide attempt meant he should have been under close watch.

Epstein, a convicted paedophile who befriended numerous politicians and celebrities over the years, was found unresponsive in his cell around 6:30 am (1030 GMT) at the Metropolitan Correctional Center in New York from “an apparent suicide,” the US Department of Justice said.

He was pronounced dead at a hospital.

US Attorney General Bill Barr said he was “appalled” and instructed the Justice Department’s inspector general to probe the circumstances.

“Mr Epstein’s death raises serious questions that must be answered,” Barr said.

The FBI is also investigating, the Justice Department said.

The New York Times and other media reported Epstein hanged himself. The city medical examiner’s office did not confirm the cause of death.

On July 23, the 66-year-old was found unconscious with marks on his neck. He was put on suicide watch for six days before being returned to his cell in a high-security part of the jail, the New York Times reported.

His death came one day after a New York court released a tranche of sealed legal documents, providing new details about what prosecutors allege was Epstein’s sex-trafficking operation.

Epstein last appeared in court on July 31 when a judge told him that his trial wouldn’t begin before next June.

‘We need answers’

The wealthy hedge fund manager had been charged with one count of sex trafficking of minors and one count of conspiracy to commit sex trafficking of minors.

Epstein, who denied the charges, had faced up to 45 years in prison — effectively the rest of his life — if convicted.

The Metropolitan Correctional Center, a federal facility in Manhattan that often houses suspects awaiting or during trial, is considered one of the most secure penal establishments in the US.

Infamous Mexican drug trafficker Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman spent more than two years there as an inmate.

“We need answers. Lots of them,” tweeted New York congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.

Republican Senator Ben Sasse, who heads the Senate’s judiciary oversight committee, said the government had failed Epstein’s alleged victims “yet again.”

The two thousand pages of previously sealed court documents released Friday focused on testimony by a woman who claimed she was Epstein’s “sex slave.”

Virginia Giuffre, now an adult, claimed she was forced to have sex with well-known American political and business personalities. They have all denied the allegations.

‘No closure’

Prosecutors said Epstein sexually exploited dozens of underage girls, some as young as 14, at his homes in Manhattan and Palm Beach, Florida, between 2002 and 2005.

They claimed that Epstein was “well aware that many of the victims were minors.”

The young women were paid hundreds of dollars in cash to massage him, perform sexual acts and to recruit other girls, prosecutors alleged.

Epstein allegedly had an army of recruiters, often not much older than their targets, who would approach vulnerable teens.

Epstein is also accused of paying off possible co-conspirators to “influence” them, US media have reported.

Epstein, whose friends included President Donald Trump, former president Bill Clinton and Britain’s Prince Andrew, was convicted previously of paying young girls for sexual massages at his Palm Beach mansion.

They have all denied knowing anything about his alleged crimes.

Trump on Saturday retweeted a conspiracy theory alleging, without evidence, that Clinton may be connected with Epstein’s death.

Epstein avoided federal prosecution when facing the charges in Florida a decade ago.

Under a secret plea deal negotiated by former US labour secretary Alex Acosta, at that time a federal prosecutor in Florida, Epstein admitted to a single state charge of soliciting prostitution from a minor and registered as a sex offender.

He served 13 months in a county jail before being released. Acosta resigned last month amid a backlash over the deal.

One of Epstein’s alleged victims said she’ll “never have a sense of closure” because he will never be convicted, according to a message shared by the woman’s attorney, Lisa Bloom.

“You stole from us the huge piece of healing that we needed to move on with our lives,” the woman said.

But Manhattan federal prosecutor Geoffrey Berman said that while Epstein’s apparent suicide was a “yet another hurdle” in delivering justice to his alleged victims, the court case — which included a conspiracy charge — would continue to play out.

AFP

Man Drinks Insecticide, Another Locks Self In Car

A file photo of vehicles trapped in traffic in Lagos.

 

 

Two men have been found dead in Lagos, the State Police Command has said.

The Police Public Relations Officer, Mr Bala Elkana, explained in a statement on Sunday that the bodies were recovered in Ijanikin and Obalende areas of the state.

“On 03/08/2019 At about 0930hrs, information received by Ijanikin Police Station revealed that one unidentified man, about 35 years old was lying dead inside a bush beside the bridge at Adio bus stop area of Ijanikin Lagos,” he said.

Elkana added, “A team of homicide detectives led by the Divisional Police Officer visited the scene. At close observation, one plastic of Snipper suspected to have been taken by the deceased was found beside him.”

He noted that photographs were taken and the remains of the victim have been removed and deposited at Mainland General Hospital Yaba Lagos for autopsy.

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While investigation is ongoing, the Command’s spokesman confirmed that the body of the other victim, Adebekun Samuel, was found in a car.

He said, ”On 28/07/2019 at about 1730hrs, Onikan Police Station received a distress call from Obalende road that a man locked himself inside a vehicle Toyota Camry with registration number BEN 231 CB, colour Gold.

“Immediately the scene was visited, the door was forced opened and it was discovered that the man had given up the ghost. The family of the deceased was quickly contacted via his phone.”

According to Elkana, the family of the 61-year-old noted that he had been sick.

He said no foul play was suspected while the victim’s body and vehicle have been released to the family on request.

Senate Demands Highest Penalty For Rapists, Decries Suicide Rate

File photo: [email protected]

 

The Senate has demanded the highest penalty for rapists in the country, with a specific focus on cases involving minors.

This was part of the resolutions reached during Tuesday’s plenary in the Upper Chamber of the National Assembly in Abuja.

Senator Rose Okoh who represents Cross River North district had raised a motion as a matter of urgent public importance on the alarming rate of rape of minors.

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In their various contributions, some senators decried how issues of rape were being handled by the police.

They, however, demanded that reports of such cases should also be sent to the Senate for prompt action.

The lawmakers also agreed that relevant laws be amended to reflect the heaviest punishments for rapists, with the hope that it could serve as a deterrent.

They urged the state governments to domesticate the Child Rights Act and Violence Against Persons Act in their different states, as a means of bringing perpetrators to book.

The Senate also raised concern over the rate of suicide in the country.

It, therefore, asked the Federal Government to ban the production, importation or circulation of a popular brand of insecticide.

According to the Red Chamber, people who intend to commit suicide use the product as one easy tool to achieve their purpose.

LASPOTECH Student Allegedly Commits Suicide After Dispute With Girlfriend

 

A student of the Lagos State Polytechnic (LASPOTECH) has allegedly committed suicide.

This is according to a statement by DSP Bala Elkana, the Police Public Relations Officer for the Lagos metropolis.

In his communique on Friday, DSP Elkana said that at about 5.30am on the 31st May, 2019, the Shagamu road Police Station, Ikorodu received an information that one Joseph Mayowa, a 34years old male, took his life.

The statement further revealed that Mayowa, a part term Student of Lagos State Polytechnic, Ikorodu Campus, Department of Hospitality Management Technology, drank a poisonous chemical identified as sniper, following a misunderstanding between him and his girlfriend, Olokodana Bolaji, 24years old female who was also a graduate of the same Institution.

READ ALSO: School Gardener Arrested For Murder Of SS3 Student

He (Mayowa) was rushed to hospital by his neighbours following an alarm raised by his girlfriend, but eventually died.

In a statement on the same day, Bolaji the said girlfriend, told police investigators that herself and the deceased dated for nine years. She said that the deceased was fond of beating her.

Bolaji further stated that while she was with the deceased in his room, they had a quarrel and he as usual, resorted into physical violence, causing her to run into the rest room.

She said that upon her reemergence, she found him gasping for breath with an empty bottle of sniper beside him.

Homicide detectives from the State Criminal Investigation Department Yaba visited the scene at Eyita area, Ikorodu.

Mayowa’s corpse was deposited at the General hospital mortuary for autopsy while the girlfriend was invited for questioning.

The police spokesman noted that investigations are still ongoing to determine whether it was actually a suicide case or murder.

Borno Governor’s Steward Found Dead, Police Commence Investigation

Borno State Commissioner of Police, Mohammed Aliyu addressing Journalists on Tuesday.

 

A personal steward of Kashim Shettima – the Borno State Governor, has been found dead.

The middle-aged steward, identified as John Achagwa, was found hanging from a rope at about 2:30 pm on Tuesday, behind the Presidential Lodge located inside the Borno State Government House.

The State Commissioner of Police, Mohammed Aliyu, confirmed the incident to Channels Television.

According to Aliyu, the deceased appeared to have lived a decent life so it is difficult to ascertain what could have caused what appeared to be a case of suicide.

He, therefore, said further investigations have to be carried out to ascertain the true cause of the incident.

Also speaking to Channels Television about the events that led up to the incident, his colleagues noted that although he was usually easy-going and passionate about his job, he began to show signs of depression.

According to them, he also complained bitterly about have family problems.

Prior to the incident, he was said to have been moody when he reported to work, but after the afternoon prayers (Ablution), he went missing.

He was later found by a colleague – hanging from a tree behind the presidential lodge.

His lifeless body was brought down an hour later and taken to a morgue in town.

The deceased had started his career at the Borno State Government liaison office Lagos, from where he was later transferred to the Government House in Maiduguri.

He reportedly served many governments both in the military and civilian regime.

Although he had retired from service during Shettima’s second tenure, he was retained by the governor due to his exceptional skills.

Peru Ex-President Garcia Shoots Himself While Resisting Arrest

Peruvian ex-President Alan Garcia/ AFP

 

Former Peru president Alan Garcia died in hospital on Wednesday after shooting himself in the head at his home as police were about to arrest him in a graft investigation, a party official said.

“Alan Garcia has died, long live Apra,” said Omar Quesada, the general secretary of Garcia’s American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (Apra) party.

Peru’s current President Martin Vizcarra expressed his sympathy on his Twitter account.

“Dismayed by the death of ex-president Alan Garcia. I send my condolences to his family and loved ones,” Vizcarra wrote in a tweet.

Garcia was president on two occasions, from 1985-90 and 2006-11.

Police were acting on an arrest warrant for money laundering linked to the wide-ranging corruption scandal involving Brazilian construction giant Odebrecht.

Peru’s health ministry said the bullet passed straight through Garcia’s head.

Garcia suffered cardiac arrest three times while undergoing emergency surgery, Health Minister Zulema Tomas said.

Peru’s Ex-President Garcia Commits Attempted Suicide

Peruvian ex-President Alan Garcia inaugurates the 3rd Meeting of Ministers of Finance of the Americas and the Caribbean held in Lima.  Cris BOURONCLE / AFP

 

Peru’s former president Alan Garcia shot himself in the head at his home on Wednesday as police were about to arrest him in a sprawling corruption case, his lawyer and hospital officials said.

The 69-year-old Garcia was undergoing emergency surgery for “a bullet wound to his head” at the Casimiro Ulloa Emergency Hospital in Lima, the hospital said.

Peru’s Health Minister Zulema Tomas said Garcia was in “very serious and critical” condition.

“We’ve had to resuscitate him three times. He’s had three cardiac arrests,” said Tomas.

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“He is in a delicate condition and the prognosis is reserved,” added the health ministry, which said the bullet went straight through Garcia’s head.

The attempted arrest took place at 6:30 a.m. (1130 GMT) at Garcia’s home in the posh Miraflores neighbourhood of Lima.

“This morning there was a regrettable accident: the president took the decision to shoot himself,” Erasmo Reyna, Garcia’s lawyer, told reporters outside the hospital.

Garcia, who was president from 1985-90 and again from 2006-11, is suspected of having taken bribes from Brazilian construction giant Odebrecht in return for large-scale public works contracts.

In November he sought refuge in the Uruguayan Embassy and applied for asylum but he left the next month after it was denied.

He is one of four Peruvian ex-presidents embroiled in various corruption scandals alongside Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, Ollanta Humala and Alejandro Toledo.

Odebrecht has admitted to paying $29 million in bribes to Peruvian officials over three administrations.

Some of those payments were allegedly made during Garcia’s second term in office to secure a contract to build the Lima Metro.

Peruvian press reports also claim Garcia received a $100,000 payment from an illicit Odebrecht fund for giving a speech to Brazilian business leaders in Sao Paulo in May 2012.

AFP

Eleven Killed As Suicide Bombers, Gunman Attack Worshippers In Maiduguri

NEMA Confirms Three Killed In Borno IDP Camp Fire

 

Eleven persons have died in an early morning suicide attack on Muslim worshippers in Maiduguri, Borno State.

The suicide bombers, two of them, accompanied by a gunman, infiltrated a mosque in Kushari village behind old CBN quarters Maiduguri at about 5:30am.

According to a statement issued by the Police Commissioner, Damian Chukwu, an “On-the-spot assessment at the scene revealed that at about 0540hrs gunmen suspected to be BH terrorists & suicide bombers infiltrated Gwozari/Kushari in Polo general area, Maiduguri shooting sporadically & detonated IEDs strapped to their bodies.”

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The statement further says “Eleven people including three bombers died while fifteen others sustained injuries and are currently hospitalized at the State Specialist Hospital Maiduguri.”

Damian added that Clearance operations are ongoing by teams of EOD, SARS, PMF, NSCDC and the Military.