Kenya Attack: All Terrorists Have Been ‘Eliminated’, Says President Kenyatta

Kenyan Security Forces arrive at the scene of the terrorist attack at a hotel complex in Nairobi’s Westlands suburb on January 16, 2019. PHOTO: Luis Tato / AFP

 

Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta said on Wednesday that all Islamists who had stormed an upmarket hotel complex had been “eliminated” after an almost 20-hour siege that left at least 14 dead.

“I can confirm that… the security operation at Dusit complex is over and all the terrorists eliminated,” Kenyatta said in a televised address to the nation.

“As of this moment, we have confirmation that 14 innocent lives were lost to the… terrorists, with others injured.”

Police sources and a mortuary official had previously reported 15 dead.

Kenyatta said 700 civilians had been rescued throughout the siege but did not clarify if people were still hiding in the complex.

It was not immediately clear how many attackers there were in total.

CCTV footage broadcast on local media showed four black-clad, heavily armed men entering the complex on Tuesday afternoon.

At least one of them blew himself up at the start of the attack.

A police source said two attackers had been shot dead Wednesday morning after a prolonged shootout.

“The two have red bandanas tied around their forehead and bullets strapped around their chest with several magazines each,” the senior police officer said.

“Each had an AK47 which has been secured.”

AFP

Kenyan President Signs Controversial Cyber-Crimes Law

File photo: Kenyan President, Uhuru Kenyatta

 

Kenyan President, Uhuru Kenyatta, on Wednesday, signed into law a sweeping cyber-crimes act criminalising fake news and online bullying, with clauses that critics argue could stifle press freedom.

The bill imposes stiff fines and jail terms for hacking, computer fraud, forgery of data, cyber espionage, publishing child pornography or sending pornographic content via any electronic means.

However, bloggers and media rights activists have expressed alarm over a clause which criminalises the publication of “false, misleading or fictitious data.”

Punishment for this can be a fine of $50,000 (42,000 euro) or up to two years in prison, or both.

The Committee for Protection of Journalists (CPJ) last week urged Kenyatta not to sign the bill, arguing it would make it easy for authorities to gag journalists publishing information they dislike.

“Kenyan legislators have passed a wide-ranging bill that will criminalise free speech, with journalists and bloggers likely to be among the first victims if it is signed into law,” said CPJ’s Africa coordinator, Angela Quintal.

Additionally, anyone found guilty of publishing false information that “is calculated or results in panic, chaos, or violence” or that is “likely to discredit the reputation of a person” can be fined $50,000 or jailed for up to 10 years.

Article 19, a London-based freedom of expression watchdog, in an April analysis of the bill, said it contained important additions modelled after relevant international standards.

However it also “contains several broadly defined offences with harsh sentences that could dramatically chill freedom of expression online in Kenya.”

Rights activists have warned about an increasingly hostile and oppressive environment for journalists in Kenya, after a dramatic and bloody election season in 2017.

“While political tensions have eased, the ability of journalists to report and comment freely continue to be undermined by state officials,” Human Rights Watch said earlier this month.

In January government closed three television stations for a week after they tried to provide live coverage of opposition leader Raila Odinga staging a mock inauguration ceremony, a move criticised by Kenya’s foreign allies.

Then in March, eight prominent columnists working for Kenya’s biggest media group, the Nation Media Group, quit over increased meddling by government and a loss of media freedom at its outlets.

AFP

Kenyatta Sworn In For Second Term As Kenyan President

(FILES) This file photo taken on October 30, 2017 shows Kenya’s president-elect, Uhuru Kenyatta at the national tallying centre at Bomas of Kenya after he was announced winner of a repeat presidential poll by the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission chairman. Photo: TONY KARUMBA / AFP

Uhuru Kenyatta was sworn in as president of Kenya on Tuesday following two disputed polls and waves of deadly protests.

Here are the key developments in the divisive election drama:

– Tensions on voting day –

Voters turn out in large numbers on August 8 after a tight race between Kenyatta and Raila Odinga, his longtime rival.

Many fear a repeat of the violence that after the 2007 election left more than 1,100 people dead.

Early results give Kenyatta a comfortable lead but are immediately rejected by Odinga, who claims hackers broke into the electoral commission database and manipulated the results.

The official results, published on August 11, give Kenyatta 54.27 percent to Odinga’s 44.74 percent.

Violent protests erupt in Odinga strongholds. The Kenya National Commission on Human Rights says 37 people are killed, most of them by police.

– Historic annulment –

Odinga files a complaint to the Supreme Court. In a shock announcement on September 1, judges declare the results of the poll “invalid, null and void” and order a re-run within 60 days.

The annulment is a first for Africa.

The date for a new election is later set as October 17.

– New vote postponed –

After the Supreme Court releases a detailed judgement lambasting the handling of the vote, the election commission on September 21 pushes back the re-run to October 26.

Kenya’s chief prosecutor on September 23 orders an investigation into the commission.

Late September the ruling Jubilee Party introduces a bill seeking to resolve “ambiguity” in the electoral law.

The opposition condemns the move as an effort to render legal some of the “irregularities and illegalities” cited in the Supreme Court’s cancellation of the vote.

– Odinga pulls out –

Protests erupt in early October as Odinga calls on his supporters to pressure the government to overhaul the election commission.

At least three people are killed in the violence that follows.

Kenya’s opposition party National Super Alliance (NASA) leader Raila Odinga. Photo: YASUYOSHI CHIBA / AFP

On October 10 Odinga withdraws from the re-run, saying the election panel has failed to make needed reforms.

He also says this does not mean his battle is over.

– Commissioner quits –

One of Kenya’s seven election commissioners, Roselyn Akombe, announces on October 18 that she has quit and fled the country.

The commission chief Wafula Chebukati also casts doubt on his organisation’s ability to hold a credible vote, accusing both major parties of interference.

Odinga tells a rally of thousands of supporters the same day that there will be “no election” and calls for nationwide demonstrations on polling day.

– Kenyatta wins again –

A fresh election is held on October 26, with Kenyatta winning 98 percent of the vote as Odinga’s call for a boycott is held.

Kenyatta hails his crushing win as vindication of his August victory. Odinga meanwhile says Kenya is moving towards “outright dictatorship”.

On November 20, the Supreme Court dismisses two petitions to overturn the October election, upholding the result.

On Tuesday, crowds pour into a Nairobi stadium for Kenyatta’s swearing-in ceremony.

Opposition supporters attempt to hold a rally for the more than 50 killed in four months of upheaval, but are met by volleys of tear gas and running battles with police.

AFP

 

Teargas, Chaos As Kenyatta To Be Sworn In For Disputed Second Term

Kenyan Police intervene outside the Kasarani stadium in Nairobi during a stampede as supporters of Kenya’s President try to get into the venue to attend his inauguration ceremony on November 28, 2017. Photo: SIMON MAINA / AFP

Kenyan police fired teargas and clashed with both ruling party and opposition supporters Tuesday ahead of the swearing in as president of Uhuru Kenyatta after two disputed polls that have left the nation deeply divided.

As foreign and local dignitaries poured into the 60,000-seat Kasarani stadium in Nairobi where the ceremony is to be held, the opposition attempted to gather for a “memorial rally” honouring the more than 50 people killed, mostly by police, in four months of political upheaval.

However police fired volleys of teargas and beat opposition supporters, prompting running battles in the area, an AFP reporter said.

Meanwhile at the Kasarani stadium chaos erupted as a crowd attempted to force its way into the venue, prompting police to fire teargas at Kenyatta supporters who tried to fight their way in.

“I just want to see President Uhuru Kenyatta because I voted for him, why are we being beaten like NASA (opposition),” said Janet Wambua, who was among the angry crowd.

Joseph Irungu of the interior ministry planning committee had said there was space for 40,000 people who did not get in to watch the event on big screens outside the stadium. However no such screens were provided, further angering the crowd.

Around 13 mostly African heads of state are expected to attend the ceremony where Kenyatta, 56, will be sworn in for his second and final five-year term.

These include the presidents of South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Zambia and Somalia — among others — while prime ministers, foreign ministers and special envoys will represent other African nations, as well as Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Ukraine and Serbia.

– Two elections and a historic court case –

Kenyatta’s inauguration comes after the Supreme Court validated his victory in last month’s rerun poll.

However, the swearing-in may not draw a line under the country’s political crisis with Odinga vowing to fight on.

The electoral strife goes back to an August 8 poll that was annulled in September by the Supreme Court, citing “irregularities and illegalities”.

The court ordered a rerun in October that was boycotted by the opposition, handing Kenyatta a landslide of 98 percent of votes cast by just 39 percent of the electorate.

The disputed election season has split the country along ethnic and regional lines, although political violence has not reached the scale of that which followed a 2007 poll when 1,100 were killed.

Odinga, denied the presidency for a fourth time this year, believes that he was cheated and the 72-year-old has refused to recognise the result.

He has promised to found a “third republic” — following independence from Britain in 1963 and a new constitution adopted in 2010 — as well as to continue a programme of protests and economic boycotts aimed at undermining Kenyatta’s “dictatorship”.

The current political crisis draws on a deep well of social, ethnic and geographic grievances in the country of around 48 million people.

In areas loyal to Odinga, an ethnic Luo, there is a sense of having been ground down and discriminated against since independence, not least by Kenyatta’s Kikuyu group, which has given Kenya three of its four presidents.

The months of disruption and unrest, plus the holding of two separate elections, have badly affected the economy, hitting the poorest hardest while leaving the wealthy political elites relatively unharmed.

AFP

Election Victory ‘Revalidates’ Will Of The People, Says Kenyatta

President Uhuru Kenyatta on Monday said his victory in Kenya’s boycott-hit election re-run was a “revalidation” of the people’s will after a vote he won in August that was overturned by the courts.

“On 8th August, 15 million Kenyans came out to vote. Of these, 8.4 million Kenyans voted for me. On October 26th, 90 percent of those same voters came out once again to support my bid,” he said in his victory speech after winning 98.2 percent of the vote following a boycott by rival Raila Odinga.

“This was nothing more than a revalidation of their general will, a statement of their national intent in support of myself and of the Jubilee government.”

Kenyatta also said his August win, in which he took 54 percent of the vote, had never been called into question.

“When my victory was put to the test in the Supreme Court, this was the verdict: the court did not challenge my overwhelming mandate of 54 percent. The numbers were never questioned,” he said.

What the court had queried, Kenyatta argued, was the manner in which the results were transmitted.

“What the court questioned was the process of declaring my victory. Because the court did not question my victory, they, by extension, with their ruling, validated my 54 percent numbers.”

But Thursday’s vote was fraught with problems. Polling was prevented by violent demonstrations in four western counties where Odinga supporters had widely observed a boycott.

And with turnout among Kenya’s 19.6 million registered voters standing at just 38.8 percent, there are likely to be questions over the credibility of the election, analysts say.

Read Also: Liberia Ruling Party Contests Result Of Presidential Vote  

Kenyatta himself admitted there would likely be fresh legal challenges to Thursday’s result.

“My victory today is just part of a process that is likely to once again be subjected to a constitutional test through our courts,” he said.

“We shall wait for that process and that process’s outcome,” he said. “Nobody shall deny them their consitutional right.”

AFP

Kenyatta Wins ‘Disputed’ Kenya Elections

Uhuru Kenyatta won Kenya’s deeply divisive presidential election re-run after winning 98.2 percent of the votes cast, the official results showed Monday.

In Thursday’s protest-hit election, Kenyatta won 7,483,895 votes compared to 73,228 for his closest rival Raila Odinga, who had boycotted the vote. Turnout was just 38.84 percent.

AFP

Eyes On Kenya Vote Chief As Uncertainty Lingers

A Kenyan resident from Masailand gets ready cast their ballot. GEORGINA GOODWIN / AFP

Kenya’s election chief was to announce on Sunday whether elections will go forward in flashpoint opposition areas, where a boycott sparked violent protests in a poll set to hand President Uhuru Kenyatta a landslide, but tarnished, win.

With the counting almost done after Thursday’s presidential re-run, the results remained on hold as officials mulled what to do about 25 constituencies where voting was blocked.

There, supporters of opposition leader Raila Odinga managed to prevent hundreds of polling stations from opening, prompting violent clashes with police which continued for several days, leaving nine dead and scores injured.

Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta gestures as he speaks during a political rally in Nairobi, on October 23, 2017, ahead of the repeat elections. SIMON MAINA / AFP

At least 49 people have died since the first presidential election of August 8, which was later overturned, prompting Kenya’s worst political crisis in a decade.

Following Odinga’s boycott, Kenyatta is almost guaranteed a crushing win.

But it was looking ever more like a Pyhrric victory with low turnout figures likely to tarnish the credibility of a vote that has deeply polarised the nation and sparked international concern about the future of east Africa’s most stable democracy.

With ballots checked and verified from 235 of the 265 constituencies where voting actually took place, the counting process was drawing to a close, although it remained unclear whether a result could actually be announced without figures from areas where voting was blocked.

– ‘No Raila, no peace!’ –

With the nation in waiting, Odinga showed up at a church in Nairobi’s Kawangware slum which has been rocked by fierce clashes over the last few days.

“No Raila, no peace!” chanted the large crowd which had gathered outside to hear him speak, some of whom had marched over from Kibera, another of the city’s poorest districts.

“We are telling Uhuru… the people of Kenya will not be ruled by the gun,” he said in Swahili, to whistles and cheers.

“You cannot kill people because they did not vote.”

File photo: Raila Odinga

Plans to restage the vote in the rebel western regions on Saturday were quickly called off after a second day of protests over fears for the safety of polling staff, with election chief Wafula Chebukati saying he would make another announcement on Sunday.

Thursday’s presidential re-run was ordered by Kenya’s Supreme Court after it overturned Kenyatta’s August victory over “irregularities” in the transmission of votes in a ruling that said the vote must be completed by October 31.

“None of the questions raised by the Supreme Court’s nullification of the original vote were answered by the election,” wrote Nic Cheeseman, an expert on African politics at Birmingham University in central England.

– ‘No winners’ –

And although the official results were likely to notch up a landslide for Kenyatta, “the low turnout and the circumstances surrounding the polls means that his government has gained little.

“Given all this, it is hard to avoid the conclusion that this was an election in which there were no winners,” Cheeseman wrote.

Although the protests largely tailed off on Saturday after the election chief postponed plans for a repeat vote in the west, tensions remained high with scuffles reported in several areas and even isolated incidents of politically-driven ethnic violence between neighbours in the Nairobi slums.

While the Supreme Court ruling was hailed as a chance to deepen democracy, the acrimonious bickering between Odinga and Kenyatta — whose fathers were rivals before them — has sharply divided a country where politics is already polarised along tribal lines.

The Kikuyu, Kenya’s largest ethnic group and the one to which Kenyatta belongs, have long been accused of holding a monopoly on power and resources, while the Luos, among them Odinga and his supporters, have felt marginalised and excluded for decades.

Kenya’s political crisis is the worst since a 2007 vote sparked months of politically-driven ethnic violence that left 1,100 people dead.

While the dynamics of 2017’s political crisis are very different, the memory of the bloodshed a decade ago is never far away.

Odinga has vowed a campaign of “civil disobedience” and is demanding another new election be held within 90 days.

AFP

Kenyan President Urges ‘Peace’ During Disputed Election


Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta gestures as he speaks during a political rally in Nairobi, on October 23, 2017, ahead of the repeat elections. SIMON MAINA / AFP

Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta called for peace on the eve of a vote that has deeply polarised the nation, and that he is almost certain to win given a boycott by his rival Raila Odinga.

“Let us all maintain peace as we exercise our constitutional right to choose,” he said in a televised address.

Kenyatta, who was furious after his victory in an August poll was overturned by Kenya’s top court and forced him to run again, said the decision had allowed the country to strengthen its democracy.

“The judiciary is in fact independent and it made its own decision… and for that reason we have reason to be proud of our nation and our maturity,” he said.

“Tomorrow (Thursday) we have yet another opportunity to show the world that we are a free, modern state preoccupied by striving for unity, shared progress, peace and shared prosperity.”

He sought to ease tensions that have soared in the two months since the vote was overturned, leading many to cast doubt on the credibility of the election.

“After you have voted, please go home and go back to your neighbour and remember that in spite of their origin your neighbour is your neighbour,” he said.

Read Also: Kenya Election Re-run: Odinga Urges Voters To Stay At Home

Odinga has urged his supporters to stay away from polling stations.

“Let everyone know that our security agencies have been deployed across the country to ensure the safety of every Kenyan,” said Kenyatta.

AFP

Twists And Turns Of Kenya’s Disputed Elections

Kenyatta Ready For Election, Asks Chief Justice Not To Interfere
File photo: Uhuru Kenyatta, Odinga

Kenyan opposition leader Raila Odinga’s withdrawal Tuesday from a re-run of the presidential election is the latest in a series of dramatic developments over the disputed vote:

Tense vote

Kenyan voters turn out in large numbers on August 8 after a tight race between President Uhuru Kenyatta and Odinga, his longtime rival.

There are fears the bad-tempered campaigning will lead to violence. More than 1,100 people were killed in politically motivated tribal violence after the 2007 election.

Early results give Kenyatta a comfortable lead but are immediately rejected by Odinga, who claims hackers broke into the electoral commission database and manipulated the results.

The official results are published on August 11 and give Kenyatta 54.27 percent of votes to Odinga’s 44.74 percent.

Angry protests erupt immediately in Odinga strongholds. The violence continues for days. The Kenya National Commission on Human Rights says 37 people are killed, most of them by the police.

Historic annulment

Odinga takes his complaints to the Supreme Court. In a shock announcement, its judges on September 1 declare the results of the poll “invalid, null and void” and orders a re-run within 60 days.

The annulment is a first for Africa.

The date for the new election is later announced as October 17.

A confidential memo in which the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) admits to irregularities and failings in the conduct of the vote is made public on September 7.

Uncertainty

As doubts grow over Kenya’s ability to hold a rerun of its presidential election, the French biometrics firm OT-Morpho that provides the electronic voting system says on September 18 it will not be ready in time.

The Supreme Court issues days later a detailed judgement lambasting the IEBC for failing to properly conduct the election.

The commission announces that it has to push the re-run back to October 26 in order to prepare.

Kenya’s chief prosecutor on September 23 orders an investigation into the commission over the conduct of the vote.

New protests

Late September the ruling Jubilee Party introduces a bill seeking to resolve “ambiguity” in the electoral law.

The opposition slams the move as an effort to render legal some of the “irregularities and illegalities” cited in the Supreme Court’s cancelling of the vote.

Protests erupt in early October as Odinga calls on his supporters to pressure the government to overhaul the election commission, threatening he will not take part in a re-run otherwise.

On October 10 he withdraws from the re-run, saying the election panel has failed to make needed reforms.

But he also indicates this does not mean his battle is over, citing legal arguments his party believes will compel election officials to begin the whole process from scratch.

No Constitutional Crisis If Kenya Polls Delayed – Attorney General

Kenya’s Uhuru Kenyatta will remain president until a new leader is sworn in, the country’s attorney general said on Friday, seeking to assuage fears of a constitutional crisis if elections are delayed further.

Questions have mounted over the status of the government after the Supreme Court annulled Kenyatta’s victory in August’s presidential election due to widespread irregularities.

A planned re-run for October 17 has already been delayed once — the vote is now set for October 26 — prompting fears of a constitutional crisis if the polls are not held within the 60-day limit that expires October 31.

“I wish to state categorically that there is no room for doubt as to what the constitution provides,” Attorney General Githu Muigai said at a press conference, called to clarify the law on the issue.

“From the day a general election is declared to the day a new president or a re-elected president is sworn in, government continues without lacuna, without any void.”

Muigai said Kenyatta would retain full executive authority, but would not be permitted to make certain appointments or dismissals.

“Even in the very unlikely event that the election wasn’t held on the 60th day, that does not delegitimize the constitutional order,” said Muigai.

He said there were various methods of expanding that constitutional time period under the guidance of the Supreme Court.

The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) faces a mammoth task in organising a fresh election in a little more than a month after being excoriated by the top court for its bungling of the August vote.

The opposition, which accused the commission of rigging the poll in favour of Kenyatta, has demanded that top officials be sacked and that providers of election materials and technology be changed.

The Supreme Court said the IEBC had announced Kenyatta’s victory over opposition leader Raila Odinga without properly verifying the result, outlining a tallying process that had gone “opaquely awry”.

Kenyatta in turn accused the court of staging a judicial “coup”, saying it had undermined democracy by arguing that “numbers don’t matter, it is processes that matter.”

The botched election has plunged the country into its biggest political crisis since a disputed poll in 2007, which led to violence that left more than 1,100 people dead.

AFP

Kenya’s Electronic Voting System Won’t Be Ready, Says French Firm

Kenyatta Ready For Election, Asks Chief Justice Not To Interfere
File photo: (L) Incumbent President, Uhuru Kenyatta, and the opposition leader, Raila Odinga (R)

The electronic voting system due to be used in a re-run of Kenya’s presidential poll will not be ready in time, the French biometrics firm behind it said on Monday.

OT-Morpho provided Kenya’s Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) with equipment to identify voters biometrically in the August 8 election.

The result of the vote was annulled by the Supreme Court, and a re-run has been scheduled for October 17, when the system is to be deployed again.

But in a statement, OT-Morpho cautioned that it was unable to deploy the same equipment that was used on August 8.

It was leaving the computer system and its data untouched to enable a possible external audit, in the light of the disputed outcome, it said.

“As a consequence, in the scope of the fresh elections, OT-Morpho has to reinstall a fresh new RTS system as well as all 45,000 KIEMS kits,” it said, referring to the computer system for transmitting provisional results and to the laptops used for biometric ID.

“This represents a very significant amount of work, which can not be secured by October 17th,” the company said, adding it had “previously informed the IEBC of this information.”

The opposition, whose leader Raila Odinga lost out to incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta, has alleged that the August vote was rigged and the electronic vote-tallying system was hacked.

OT-Morpho, in its statement on Monday, reiterated that an internal audit of its system showed no intrusion or manipulation of data.

It repeated that it was willing to have its equipment scrutinised “as quickly as possible” by outside experts, working under the IEBC’s authority.

Voting on August 8 was carried out on ballot papers that were then manually counted. The results were then collected electronically, backed on paper by so-called 34A tallying forms.

But the opposition said many 34A forms were delayed and often had not been signed or stamped, or were illegible or lacked serial numbers or watermarks.

OT-Morpho pointed to a further hurdle in its ability to collaborate in the October rerun — “the detailed conclusions of the Supreme Court, specially on the technical aspects of the systems, which are still unknown at this time.”

Odinga has threatened to boycott the re-run, notably unless several IEBC members step aside, insisting the transmission system inflated Kenyatta’s score.

Under Kenya’s constitution, the IEBC has until October 31 to hold the new election.

It was the first time a presidential election result has been overturned on Africa, and follows three previous failed bids by 72-year-old Odinga for the presidency — in 1997, 2007 and 2013.

After the 2007 vote, Odinga’s supporters took to the streets, and a resulting crackdown coupled with a wave of politically motivated tribal violence left over 1,100 dead.

AFP

Kenyan Stock Exchange Halts Trading After Supreme Court Ruling

File photo: Kenyan President, Uhuru Kenyatta

The Kenyan stock market fell sharply on Friday as investors reacted to the Supreme Court decision to annul the presidential election won by the incumbent, Uhuru Kenyatta.

The Nairobi all-share index finished a whopping 3.69 per cent in the red, starting the new month on a negative note.

The Nairobi Securities Exchange Broad index has lost 21.15 per cent since 2017 started.

Read Also:
Kenyatta Calls For Calm After Supreme Court Nullifies Election Win

At the currencies market, the Kenya shilling was priced lower 0.44 per cent in morning trade, around 103.20 on the U.S. dollar.

Exotix Capital Analyst based in the Kenyan capital, Faith Mwangi said in a short statement, that his investment bank sees ”markets weakening” as political tension resumes over the next two months.

Meanwhile, the Kenyan Supreme Court has fixed November 1, 2017 as the new date for another election.