J.P. Morgan has concluded plans to remove Nigeria from its government bond index by the end of October 2015.
The statement is coming after an earlier removal notice on the absence of currency controls, leading to complicated transactions on the bond.
According to J.P. Morgan, some bonds would be delisted by the end of September, while the rest would be removed by the end of October.
Liquid Currency Criteria
The index provider said Nigeria would not be eligible for re-inclusion in the index for a minimum of 12 months. It added that to get back in the reading, Nigeria would have to satisfy the consistent liquid currency criteria.
Meanwhile, the Central Bank of Nigeria, in reaction to the notice, said “it disagrees with the index expulsion”.
The apex bank also said it had started to improve liquidity and transparency in the market, just as foreign exchange traders confirmed that U.S. Dollars rationing to foreign investors has begun.
Nigeria became the second African country after South Africa to be listed in J.P. Morgan’s emerging government bond index, in 2012. Its inclusion adds a 1.8 per cent weight to the index.
The removal will trigger unprecedented sales of Nigerian bonds, resulting in capital outflows and raising borrowing costs for the government.
The Nigerian naira firmed on the interbank market on Monday as dollar flows from two energy companies and banks increased liquidity and supported the local currency.
The naira closed at 161.10 to the dollar, firmer than its 161.25 close on Friday.
Traders said a unit of Addax Petroleum sold $10 million and Agip sold about $3 million to lenders. Some banks that bought dollars from state-owned energy company NNPC last week sold a portion of their holdings in the market on Monday.
“The market is comfortable with the level of dollar liquidity, that was the reason the naira is trading at this level today,” one dealer said.
The naira rose to 160.10 to the dollar on the interbank market last Monday after NNPC sold around $400 million, but fell in the week as demand squeezed out part of the supplies. But traders expected the naira to strengthen this week.
“We see the naira appreciating further in the near term because we are gradually entering the month-end cycle and expect more dollar inflows from oil companies and offshore investors buying local debt,” another dealer said.
On the bi-weekly auction, the central bank sold $300 million at 155.89 to the dollar, compared with $430 million sold at 155.87 to the dollar last Wednesday.