Understanding And Preventing Viral Hepatitis

viral-hepatitisA lot more attention and funding by the various levels of government are needed to ensure that Nigeria prevents and treats cases of viral hepatitis.

According to the Society for Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria, approximately 13 per cent or one in 10 Nigerians have chronic hepatitis.

Channels Television’s health correspondent, Yomi Otaigbe, reports that medical experts are advocating better awareness and improved services in the area of vaccination, blood and injection safety.

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis viruses are the most common cause of the condition around the world but other infections, toxic substances such as alcohol, certain drugs and autoimmune diseases can also cause hepatitis.

There are five main hepatitis viruses referred to as types A, B, C, D and E.

There are different ways of contracting the viruses. Hepatitis A and E are typically caused by ingestion of contaminated food or wat while hepatitis B, C and D are usually as a result of contact with infected body fluids.

Early diagnosis of hepatitis, however, is crucial before symptoms such as pain in the belly, dark urine or jaundice begin to manifest.

The diagnosis of hepatitis is as important as its treatment. Hepatologists say the patients need support when it comes to treating the condition.

Prevention is always better than cure. While personal and food hygiene are key factors, in the case of hepatitis B, there is a vaccine.

Viral hepatitis is said to be 50 to 100 per cent more infectious than HIV.

You can know your status by getting tested.

If you are negative get the complete three doses of hepatitis B vaccine. but if positive, get prompt treatment.

What You Should Know About Hypotension

hypotension, blood pressure, hypertension Hypotension, which is low blood pressure, can have similar complications as high blood pressure if its symptoms become severe.

It is not as common as hypertension which affects about 22 per cent of adults aged 18 and above globally.

Hypotension may be a signal to an underlying medical condition but it can be identified with a measuring apparatus for checking the pressure of the blood in the human circulatory system.

Most of the time, attention is on high blood pressure but there is equally a silent low blood pressure or hypotension to watch out for.

Symptoms

Explaining the difference between Hypertension and Hypotension, a cardiologist with the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Dr. Olusegun Joseph, said that “the normal blood pressure is between 90-120 over 60-80. Anything lower than 90 over 60, is termed hypotension, he said.

“They are not uncommon. Usually it is secondary to some diseases. There are people that are naturally, their blood pressure is 80/60, 80/55 and they are doing well. Such people, if they are not symptomatic there is nothing to really worry about. The problem comes when there are symptoms”.

Hypotension would seem to be a blood pressure reading to strive for but for some people, it can cause mild symptoms and in severe cases low blood pressure can be life-threatening.

As much as this life-threatening condition exists, very few people know about it, as indicated by a survey of opinions carried out by Channels Television’s health correspondent, Yomi Otaigbe.

But Dr. Joseph says “you need to know your numbers especially as you are growing. Alright, what are the numbers? Your blood pressure. The other thing is to know if your blood sugar is ok.

“This is because diabetes can cause, you know, hmm, hypotension. It can also predispose to hypertension anyway”.

For another cardiologist with the teaching hospital, Dr. Casmir Amadi, “when somebody has low blood pressure that has clinical relevance, the ability of the organs to receive blood becomes impaired. The commonest organ that will suffer will be the brain, the brain will not receive enough blood supply. So, usually they feel very dizzy and may have blurry vision”.

Explaining symptoms of the condition further he said: “If they lie down on the bed and trying to get out of bed, they will feel dizzy and if the low blood pressure is so bad, it may affect the perfusion of the heart muscle as well”.

Whether it is hypertension or low blood pressure, it is important to get regular blood pressure checks so as to pick up any abnormality early enough and get prompt treatment where necessary.

NEMA Recovers Four Bodies From Lagos Lagoon Crash Scene

Copter_Crash_SceneFour bodies have been recovered and taken to the hospital from the scene of the helicopter crash that occurred at the Oworonsoki end of the Lagos Lagoon.

Channels Television’s Yomi Otaigbe, said that officials of the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) in conjunction with the police and locals recovered the bodies during rescue operations.

Six persons were rescued alive from the crash.

She further noted that 12 people were on board the helicopter adding that four are believed to have died, while two other persons are yet to be found.

An unidentified helicopter had earlier crashed into the lagoon behind the Oworonsoki Police Station.

An eyewitness said the incident occurred at about 3PM on Wednesday, August 12, afternoon.

The chopper was coming from the Ikeja axis of Lagos State when it made a loud noise before nose-diving into the Oworonsoki end of the Lagos lagoon.

The Lagos State Deputy Governor, Dr. Ranti Adebule, also visited the crash siteh.

 

Childhood Disorder: Attention Deficit, Hyperactive Disorder

A Consultant, Dr. Richard Adebayo has said that Hyperactive Disorder is a developmental disorder that affects children earlier that seven years of age and lingers to adulthood.

He said that it is more of a biological origin, adding that 3-5% of children might have it.

Speaking on Channels Television Health Matters, Dr. Adebayo mentioned some of the symptoms of this disease.

• Attention problems
• Hyperactivity
• Restlessness
• Destruction

He referred it to a brain abnormality.

The Use Of Family Planning, How It Can Reduce Maternal Death

Birth control or family planning has been described as one of the most cost-effective health interventions that can reduce maternal mortality.

On our focus on health, Channels Television takes a look at how the use of family planning methods can help reduce maternal deaths

 

Transforming Education In Nigeria

The Chief Executive Officer Of Incubators Africa, Alero Ayida – Otobo has said we have major crisis in Nigerian Education.

Speaking on Channels Television Saturday Breakfast show Sunrise, Mrs. Alero has said that most children are out of school, due to having problems with access to classrooms. (poor classrooms)

Celebrating the Nigerian Child: Nigerian Children Deserve Love and Care – Ifeoma Emmanuel

A columnist Bayo Olupohunda has said the forth coming Children’s Day (May 27) should be used as a means of celebrating children and also looking at the challenges surrounding them.

Speaking on Channels Television Saturday breakfast show Sunrise, Ms Ifeoma Emmanuel said she won’t be happy to celebrate the Children’s Day because there are children out there suffering, she advised that they should be taken care of before “we start celebrating Children Day”.

Leadership failure cripples Nigeria – Ashimolowo

The Senior Pastor of Kingsway International Christian Church (KICC), Mathew Ashimolowo, has described the problem of Nigeria as a leadership crisis where elected leaders are celebrated for their position, hence their failure at functioning. 

Speaking on the state of the nation on Channels Television’s weekend breakfast show, Sunrise, Mr Ashimolowo, said he now has tremendous trepidations and fears for the future of Nigeria as the country is being crippled by systemic failure and majorly leadership failure.

“I have tremendous trepidations and fears for the future” stated the clergy.

He explained that leadership in Nigeria is positional rather than being functional hence the lack of any vision to drive the nation out he present conundrum.

“Leadership should be functional and not primarily positional because when you celebrate the position, then you miss the purpose for which you were there.”

Mr Ashimolowo warned that the year 2015 would be a decisive point for the break or mar of the Nigerian state due to the utter collapse of systems in the nation’s politics.

He was however optimistic on the emergence of rightful leaders, as he demanded an overhaul of the nation’s education and urged parents to make their children think right from childhood on being great and purposeful leaders.

Cynthia’s murder: charge us for unprofessionalism not rape/murder – pharmacists

The management of Oxpharm specialities limited, the pharmacy where the drug, Rohypnol Flunitrazepam, was allegedly bought and used on the late Cynthia Osokoku has told their side of the story on how the two accused pharmacists were arrested.

The Chief Executive Officer of the pharmacy, Ike Ugwu while speaking with Channels Television’s correspondent, Yomi Otaigbe, expressed regret over the blanket charges placed on both the pharmacists – Osita Orji and Chukwunonso Maduokor, who were alleged to have dispensed the drug and the other accused persons.

Both pharmacists were arraigned together with the suspected killers of the deceased before a Yaba Magistrate Court on Monday.
The suspected killers, Okwumo Nwabufo and Ezike Olisaeloka, allegedly purchased the drug, most commonly known as date-rape drug, which was allegedly used on the late Cynthia.

Mr Ugwu pleaded with the Director of Public Prosecution (DPP) to look carefully into the matter to prevent miscarriage of justice.