The United States said Tuesday it would ban the entry of two former government ministers from Namibia whose alleged acceptance of bribes caused a political uproar in 2019.
The State Department said that former fisheries minister Bernhard Esau and former justice minister Sacky Shanghala — as well as their immediate family members — would not be allowed into the United States.
“The United States continues to stand with all Namibians in support of democracy and the rule of law, and against those who would undermine these principles for personal gain,” State Department spokesman Ned Price said in a statement.
The two ministers resigned and were arrested in 2019 on allegations that they accepted $10 million in bribes from one of Iceland’s biggest fishing firms, Samherji, in return for awarding quotas on horse mackerel from the sparsely populated southwest African nation.
The scandal, triggered by the publication of documents by WikiLeaks, came shortly before elections in which President Hage Geingob won another term but with a sharply reduced majority.
President Joe Biden earlier this month ordered a review on how better to fight corruption globally, calling the issue a national security interest of the United States as graft “rots democracy from the inside” and boosts authoritarians.
Lagos State Governor, Mr. Babajide Sanwo-Olu, has congratulated former Lagos State Commissioner for Sports and Ex-President, Nigeria Table Tennis Federation (NTTF) Wahid Enitan Oshodi on his election as Deputy President of the African Table Tennis Federation (ATTF).
Governor Sanwo-Olu in a statement issued on Tuesday by his Chief Press Secretary, Mr. Gboyega Akosile, to facilitate with Oshodi, said the elevation of the ex-President of NTTF to continental level is well deserved.
Oshodi was unanimously elected as the Deputy President of the African Table Tennis Federation (ATTF) at the recent virtual General Assembly of the continental body.
Governor Sanwo-Olu in his message said Oshodi deserves the continental position, having contributed immensely to the growth and development of sports, especially the tennis federation at national and international levels.
Sanwo-Olu also congratulated Egypt’s Khaled El-Salhy on his re-election for a third term in office as the President of ATTF, as well as other new officers of the Federation.
He said: “On behalf of the Lagos State Government and millions of Lagosians, I felicitate with a worthy citizen of our dear State, Wahid Enitan Oshodi on his election as the Deputy President of the African Table Tennis Federation.
“The elevation of Oshodi to the position of Deputy President of ATTF is good news to us in Lagos. He really deserves the elevation, having distinguished himself in the sports industry, especially at the Tennis Federation with a high level of professionalism and integrity.
“We are proud of him and we believe that he will use his new position to lift the fortune of table tennis and raise the bar of the sport in Africa to compete with the rest of the world.
The police have arrested a 45-year-old father for defiling his 14-year-old daughter in the Ibeshe area of Ikorodu, Lagos State.
The suspect was arrested on June 7 at the Ipakodo Police Station, after his daughter reported her ordeal to the police.
The Commissioner of Police, Lagos State, CP Hakeem Odumosu, condemned the act and ordered that the case be transferred to the Gender Unit of the Command for further investigation.
Similarly, the Police Operatives attached to Morogbo Division of Lagos State on Sunday, 13th June 2021, at about 10 am, arrested some boys suspected to be cultists.
According to the CP, the arrest was made following a tip-off from the management of House 2 Hotel, Igbekele Morogbo, Lagos State, that some boys suspected to be cultists were holding a meeting in the hotel.
The suspects who are seven in number include Hameed Salami, m, 35, Ogunlade Adewale, m, 30, Sunday Ogbemudia, m, 36, Okekunle Segun, m, 26, Imole Kingsley, m, 23, Rasak Lekan, m, 26, and Osuya Innocent, m, 23.
Items recovered from them include one locally made pistol, two live cartridges, one ax, assorted charms.
CP Odumosu has ordered that the case be transferred to the Command’s Special Squad, Ikeja, for discreet investigation.
He however reiterated the command’s commitment to continually tackle cultism and all sorts of crimes and criminality in Lagos State as all hands are on deck to improve the already established security architecture of the state.
President Muhammadu Buhari has flagged off the Nigeria Liquefied Natural Gas (NLNG) train 7 project, seeking its timely completion so that the Train 8 project can commence.
The President stated this on Tuesday at the virtual groundbreaking ceremony of the project in Bonny Island, Rivers State.
He urged the Board of Directors, Management and Staff of NLNG, the host communities, the Rivers State Government, and other agencies of the Federal Government to continue to collaborate and ensure the completion and eventual commissioning of the Train 7 project is “safe and on time.”
He said, ”As we flag off the Train 7 project today, I look forward to the development and execution of more gas projects by the International Oil Companies (IOCs) and indigenous operators, and more Trains from NLNG to harness the over 600 trillion cubic feet of proven gas reserves we are endowed with.
”Let me use this opportunity to commend the shareholders of NLNG, the Federal Ministry of Petroleum, NNPC and the NCDMB and other stakeholders for very exemplary collaboration which has culminated in this great opportunity for Train 7.
“I want to thank the foreign investors for the confidence reposed in Nigeria, and assure all Nigerians and potential investors in the Oil and Gas sector that the Federal Government will continue to create the enabling environment in order to develop the sector and bring the full benefits of Gas closer to our people”.
Going down memory lane, President Buhari recounted that the story of Nigeria LNG was one he had been ”passionately associated with during the formative years of the project.”
“As Minister of Petroleum Resources, I kicked off our first foray in LNG Business in 1978. At the time it was already apparent that Nigeria was mainly a gas-rich country with little oil.
”It, therefore, gives me great joy to see the organization transform from just a project in the early 90s to a very successful company with over 20 years of responsible operations and a steady supply of Liquefied Natural Gas, Liquefied Petroleum Gas and Natural Gas Liquids into the global market.
”This is proof that Nigeria has a great capacity to deliver value to the world by harnessing our natural resources”, he added.
The President congratulated NLNG and its shareholders – NNPC, Shell, Total, and Eni for proving a Nigerian company that can operate a world-class business safely, profitably, and responsibly.
Praising the consortium for clearly setting the stage upon which Nigeria’s vast gas resources will continue to grow well into the future, the President noted that the focus of his administration is to boost the development of Nigeria’s abundant gas resources, strengthen the gas value chain, develop the much-needed infrastructure and enhance safe operations in the sector as outlined in the National Gas Policy of 2017.
”Through the Decade of Gas initiative, which I recently launched, we will transform Nigeria into a major gas and industrialised nation with gas playing the key role as a revenue earner, fuel for industries, and necessary feed for petrochemicals and fertiliser plants,” he said.
President Buhari expressed delight that the NLNG as the pioneer LNG company in Nigeria, has conscientiously proven the viability of the gas sector over the years, currently contributing about one percent to Nigeria’s GDP.
”NLNG has generated $114 billion in revenues over the years, paid $9 billion in taxes; $18 billion in dividends to the Federal Government and $15 billion in feed gas purchase.
”These are commendable accomplishments by the company’s 100 percent Nigerian Management Team.
”With this level of performance, I can only hope that the company continues to grow to start with this Train 7 project but also positioning Nigeria to thrive through the energy transition,” he further stated.
In his address, the Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Timipre Sylva described NLNG as a ”blessing to the nation”, noting that it has positively complemented crude oil exploration by monetising flared gas and yielding huge revenue to the nation and investors.
Sylva added that since NLNG became operational in 1999, the nation has recorded a drastic reduction in operational flare status from 65 percent to 12 percent.
”I boldly say that the groundbreaking of Train 7 is a guarantee to every stakeholder of more dividends in terms of further reduction in gas flaring, more revenue to the nation and shareholders, more job opportunities especially at the construction phase and more social investments for the society, ” he said.
Also speaking, Anthony Attah, the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of NLNG, said Train 7 will increase NLNG’s overall capacity to 30 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) from the current 22 million mtpa, while further adding immense value to the nation and the people.
Attah noted that the project would stimulate the inflow of about 10 billion dollars FDI into Nigeria, create 12,000 direct jobs in Bonny Island and additional 40,000 indirect construction jobs.
He said the project would also further the development of local capacity and businesses through the 100 percent in-country execution of construction works, fabrications, and major procurement.
‘‘Nigeria has ridden on the back of oil for over 50 years, but with this Train 7 project Nigeria is now set and I believe it is now time to fly on the wings of gas,’’ he said.
President Vladimir Putin has renewed an offer to swap prisoners ahead of his first summit Wednesday with Joe Biden, who has come under growing pressure to free Americans in Russian jails.
Biden, who has vowed a clear-eyed, tougher approach with Putin than his predecessors at the start of their terms, has already made clear that he will raise the fate of jailed Americans when he meets the Russian leader in Geneva.
The most prominent US citizens in Russian custody are Paul Whelan, a former security official at an auto parts company who was arrested in December 2018 on charges of espionage, and Trevor Reed, who was arrested in 2019 for a drunken brawl in which he punched two Russian police officers.
Asked in an interview with NBC News broadcast Monday if he was willing to negotiate with Biden on a prisoner swap, Putin said, “Yes, of course” and called for a broader extradition agreement.
Putin said that some cases were “matters of a humanitarian nature.”
“Why not discuss them as long as they pertain to the health and life of specific individuals and of their families? Of course. Sure thing,” he said.
Putin hinted that Reed’s case could be resolved quickly, calling him a “drunk and a troublemaker.”
“These things happen in life. There is nothing horrible about it. It happens to our men as well,” Putin said.
“What would have happened if he’d fought a cop, if he’d hit a cop in your country? He would have been shot dead on that spot, and that’s the end of it. Isn’t that the case?”
– Russians captured by US – Putin specifically raised the prospect of a swap for contract pilot Konstantin Yaroshenko, saying he was also accused of “common crime” and that he has “major health issues” ignored by prison authorities.
Yaroshenko was convicted in 2011 of smuggling drugs into the United States. He was extradited from Liberia in what the Kremlin denounced as a kidnapping.
Other high-profile Russians in US custody include Viktor Bout, the prolific arms dealer arrested in Thailand in 2010 who inspired the Nicolas Cage film “Lord of War.”
He is serving a 25-year sentence on charges of smuggling weapons to Colombia’s FARC rebels.
Biden has vowed to raise pressure on Russia for harboring cybercriminals who have been blamed in major attacks on a US oil pipeline and a meat supplier.
Asked at the G7 summit in England about a prisoner exchange involving hackers, Biden said, “I’m committed to holding him accountable.”
Biden’s national security advisor, Jake Sullivan, later clarified that the United States was not considering a swap including any hackers.
“He’s not saying he’s going to be exchanging cyber criminals with Russia,” Sullivan told reporters.
– Hopes rise in US – US lawmakers across party lines have pushed Biden to put the release of Americans high on the agenda with Putin.
“The Kremlin’s Kafkaesque treatment of American citizens must stop and President Biden should make their return a priority of the visit,” Senator Bob Menendez, the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said last week.
Reed’s parents, in a separate interview with NBC News, said their son denies the charges against him and that the judge ignored video evidence — but she voiced hope for a swap.
“We’re very happy to hear that President Putin is open to a prisoner exchange and we hope that that’s something that happens very soon because Trevor and Paul Whelan both have been there long enough considering that they’re innocent,” she said.
Whelan, in a telephone interview earlier this month with CNN, also insisted on his innocence and voiced hope that “either an exchange or some sort of resolution” would come about soon.
“So I would ask President Biden to aggressively discuss and resolve this issue with his Russian counterparts,” Whelan said from a Russian prison.
A 5.7 magnitude earthquake rocked the southern Philippines Monday, the US Geological Survey said, with local authorities warning of possible damage as a series of aftershocks shook the natural disaster-prone region.
The shallow quake struck on Mindanao island at 10:38 pm local time (1438 GMT), according to USGS.
The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology warned of damage and aftershocks from the quake, which it said had a magnitude of 5.9.
There were no immediate reports of injuries or damage, but the acting police chief in Kadingilan town, near the epicentre of the quake, said it was “really strong”.
“Our police station was shaking,” Captain Dino Cuevas told AFP.
“We had to rush outside. We’re still outside since we continue to feel aftershocks.”
Sheen Therese Romo, a disaster official in the same town, said aftershocks were hampering efforts to deploy personnel to assess the area for any damage.
Bukidnon police chief Jun Mark Lagare said there had been no reports so far of damage in the province.
The Philippines is situated on the Pacific “Ring of Fire”, an arc of intense seismic activity that stretches from Japan through Southeast Asia and across the Pacific basin.
Canadian authorities have charged the suspect behind an attack in which a Muslim family was mowed down by a pick-up truck with terrorism, prosecutors said Monday in court.
Four members of the Afzaal family — a man and his wife, their teenage daughter and his mother — were out for a walk in their London, Ontario neighborhood when a truck driver drove into them on purpose, according to authorities.
Nathaniel Veltman, 20, had already been charged last week with four counts of premeditated murder and one of attempted murder.
The attack was denounced as a “terrorist” act by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.
The prolific and Oscar-nominated character actor Ned Beatty, known for roles in “Network,” “Superman” and “Toy Story 3,” died on Sunday aged 83.
“Ned passed away from natural causes Sunday morning, surrounded by his family and loved ones,” Shelter Entertainment Group talent manager Deborah Miller said.
“Ned was an iconic, legendary talent, as well as a dear friend, and he will be missed by us all.”
The Kentucky native made his big-screen debut in the 1972 film “Deliverance.”
That film, in which Beatty won attention for his performance in a humiliating rape scene, started a film career that would continue until 2013.
Other productions on his long list of credits include “Superman,” “All the President’s Men,” and the acclaimed TV series “Homicide: Life on the Street.”
Younger movie fans will recall his 2010 turn as the menacing teddy bear Lotso in “Toy Story 3,” which was nominated for best picture at the Oscars.
Lee Unkrich, who directed the film, tweeted that it “was a joy and an incredible honor to work with him.”
“Thanks, Ned, for bringing Lotso to life — both his good side and his not-so-good side,” he added. “We’ll miss you.”
It was Beatty’s role in “Network” that won him his first and only Oscar nod, for the best supporting actor, a performance that included a memorably cynical monologue on dollars, cents, and “the primal forces of nature”.
Tweeting after news of Beatty’s death broke, the actor and director Seth Rogen called it “one of the greatest monologues ever in a movie.”
Alex Winter, who starred in the “Bill & Ted” films, called Beatty “one of the greats.”
Zambia’s founding father and former President Kenneth Kaunda has been admitted to hospital for an undisclosed illness, his office said Monday.
In a terse statement, it said Kaunda, 97, “has been unwell and was admitted to… Maina Soko Medical Centre,” a military hospital in the capital Lusaka. It gave no further details.
Kaunda ruled Zambia for 27 years, taking the helm after the country gained independence from Britain in October 1964.
The statement said Kaunda was asking Zambians and the international community to pray for him “as the medical team is doing everything possible to ensure that he recovers”.
Kaunda, popularly known by his initials of KK, was head of the main nationalist party, the left-of-centre United National Independence Party (UNIP).
While in power he hosted many of the movements fighting for independence or black equality in other countries around the region, including South Africa’s African National Congress (ANC).
Some nicknamed him “Africa’s Gandhi” for his non-violent, independence-related activism in the 1960s.
But Kaunda’s popularity at home waned as he became increasingly autocratic and banned all opposition parties.
He eventually ceded power in the first multi-party elections in 1991, losing to trade unionist Fredrick Chiluba.
In later life he regained stature as one of Africa’s political giants, helping to mediate crises in Zimbabwe and Kenya.
He became an AIDS campaigner, announcing publicly at the peak of the pandemic that one of his sons had died from the illness.
He charmed mourners at Nelson Mandela’s burial in December 2013.
When organisers attempted to usher him away from the podium after he ran over his allotted time, he drew laughs by saying they were “trying to control an old man who fought the Boers”, or Afrikaners — the white descendants of South Africa’s first Dutch settlers.
President Edgar Lungu, in a Facebook post, called “the nation to pray for our beloved KK that God may touch him with his healing hand”.
“He stood up for the great nation at its most critical moment, and so we can stand up for him in his moment of weakness,” said Lungu.
Vice President Yemi Osinbajo has launched the Dash Me Store, an outfit of the Dash Me Foundation founded by the immediate past Minister of Finance, Mrs Kemi Adeosun.
The store is established to mobilise resources for onward distribution to vulnerable people in the society via grassroots charities.
The Vice President during the opening on Sunday said, “I am excited to be here for several reasons, but most of all because of Mrs Adeosun’s commitment to the notion that all service to man is actually service to God, and she took that very seriously.
“This is why, as Minister, she prioritized the Social Investment Programmes, when for the first time, the country voted almost N500B of our annual budget to welfare programmes which are called the Social Investment Programmes, which involved engaging 500,000 young men and women and also giving microcredit to about 2 million traders and also a home-grown school feeding programme for 9.5 million children daily in public schools across the country.
“I am therefore really not surprised that she has decided to use some of her enormous talent and influence to establish an organization that raises funds and provides resources for indigenous grassroots charities working with orphaned and vulnerable children, disadvantaged youth, and victims of domestic violence,” he said.
Speaking on the establishment of Nigeria’s first thrift-for-charity online store, Prof. Osinbajo said adding social enterprise to philanthropy with a structure that allows for resource mobilization for charity as well as creates the opportunity for people to earn a living in the process, should be the way to go.
“What I think is happening here is that philanthropy is not like it used to be when all you needed was a good and kind heart and you didn’t need to plan or organize as you would a business for-profit”.
According to the Vice President, one of the factors responsible for the impactful implementation of the Social Investment Programmes of the Buhari administration over the years is the realization that “you can’t reach Nigerians if you don’t have a plan for the grassroots”.
He said the realization has influenced the structure designed for the SIP and is largely responsible for the successes of the programme (which is now regarded as one of the biggest social welfare schemes in the continent).
“What Kemi and her team have done is to bring the new notion of social enterprise to this project. Philanthropy run with the discipline, attention to detail, and financial prudence of a successful business, and she can do all of that, and I am sure her team is imbibing that, given her background in finance in both the private and public sector.
“The idea of this thrift-for-charity store is brilliant and the first of its kind in Nigeria. It is a unique model which does not just give to the needy in the conventional way of merely handing out donations.
“It is an innovative and structured way of aggregating donations to earn income to transform the lives of the vulnerable and needy while creating jobs in the process.
“I must say that your focus on funding grassroots charities is so crucial and I know that, having campaigned with you on behalf of our party, the APC all around Ogun and in every part of Nigeria, it is clear that you can’t reach Nigeria and Nigerians if you don’t have a plan for the grassroots”, Osinbajo added.
In her response, the former Finance Minister, Kemi Adeosun said the idea of the store is to aggregate donations of different kinds for charitable causes, noting that Nigerians from different fields of endeavour and from across the country would be enabled via the online store to contribute to supporting the needy in the society.
She said the organisation would work closely with charitable organisations in the grassroots to ensure that funds and other materials donated via the Dash Me Store get to actual beneficiaries.
A US judge has thrown out a lawsuit by more than 100 employees of one of Texas’s largest hospitals, who sued after being required to get vaccinated against COVID-19.
They argued Houston Methodist Hospital’s demand was illegal so long as the available shots have received only emergency use authorization from US health authorities — though that authorization has cleared the way for millions of Americans to be vaccinated.
The hospital set a June 7 deadline for workers to prove they had received at least one dose or face termination.
Federal court Judge Lynn Hughes ruled against Jennifer Bridges and 116 other workers on Saturday, saying the vaccines’ safety was not at issue and Texas law only protects employees from refusing to commit a crime.
“Receiving a Covid-19 vaccination is not an illegal act, and it carries no criminal penalties,” Hughes wrote.
She also reprimanded Bridges for the analogy that the threat of being fired for not getting vaccinated was like “forced medical experimentation during the Holocaust.”
“Equating the injection requirement to medical experimentation in concentration camps is reprehensible,” Hughes wrote.
Houston houses the largest medical complex in the world, the Texas Medical Center, a sprawling district that includes hospitals and research universities. The center employs more than 106,000 healthcare workers in all and sees some 10 million patients a year.
Across the United States, more than 173 million people — over 50 percent of the population — have received at least one dose of a Covid-19 vaccine so far.
And yet, surveys show that healthcare workers have been among the greatest vaccine skeptics.
Nigeria’s Vice President, Prof. Yemi Osinbajo, has described the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Rep. Femi Gbajabiamila, as a bridge-builder and one of the most resilient, resourceful, and successful Nigerian politicians.
Prof. Osinbajo said Gbajabiamila’s bridge-building cuts across tribes, religions, political parties, and generations, noting the successes the Speaker has recorded as a politician.
The Vice President spoke at the public presentation of a photobook ‘Gbajabiamila: The Long Road,’ authored by Mr. Ayo Adeagbo, the Special Assistant on Visual Communications/Personal Photographer to the Speaker, in Abuja at the weekend.
While congratulating Mr. Adeagbo for the book, a collection of the photographs of the Speaker’s political journey, Prof. Osinbajo said: “Ayo has proved to be a creative and faithful storyteller of the political journey of the charismatic and photogenic Speaker.”
He said having done a personal review of the book, “I really think Ayo has done a good job. But I think the job was made easier by the fact that his subject is one of the most resilient, one of the most resourceful and most successful Nigerian politicians, having won elections five times in the last 18 years.
“He is an effective bridge builder across tribes, across religions, across political parties, and even generations. He has proved to be an innovative mediator and an honest broker in several local and national disputes and conflicts.”
Prof. Osinbajo, who said he is himself a collector of photographs, added that the book tells a lot of stories about the Speaker’s political journey.
The VP went on to share and display his collected photographs of some of the Nigerian politicians such as himself and President Muhammadu Buhari; the Senate President, Distinguished Senator Ahmad Ibrahim Lawan, the Speaker; the Lagos State Governor, Babajide Sanwo-Olu; the Ogun State Governor, Dapo Abiodun; Governor Atiku Bagudu of Kebbi State and the Governor of Ekiti State, Kayode Fayemi.
Prof. Osinbajo said he was pleased “to unveil this excellent photobook” by Mr. Adeagbo, whom he described as a well-celebrated and great photographer.
In a remark, the Senate President, Lawan, said the book truly presented the Speaker’s long political journey, which he said could as well be rough.
He said since his emergence as the President of the Senate and Gbajabiamila as Speaker on June 11, 2019, they have been working together assiduously and harmoniously for the good of Nigerians.
Lawan, who said he and the Speaker have come a long way, noted that: “This Speaker has been very supportive of the bicameral Legislature. Of course, the two chambers have to work together for the success of the Legislature. We work together with the Executive for good governance.
“I want to assure you, Mr. Speaker, that I for one, and the entire Senate, will continue to support you and the entire leadership of the House because we have a joint task. We have only two years. It may appear to be a long time, but that is not.”
He assured that the National Assembly would soon pass critical legislation like the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB), the Electoral Act (amendment) Bill, and the constitution (amendment) Bill.
On his part, the Speaker commended Mr. Adeagbo for coming up with the photobook, saying it is part of the historical stories that would survive generations.
He said: “My name and picture grace the cover of this book, but the stories it tells aren’t mine alone. Every person who appears in the pictures that make up this book, every event that is catalogued there, every smile, every frown all tell different stories.
“All of those stories are important. As a people, we haven’t always been good at keeping our records and telling our own stories, but that’s changing and it’s a good thing.
“I hope that in this generation and the next, we will learn lessons from these stories, and be inspired and motivated by them. And I hope that the stories we tell bring us closer together as friends, brethren, and citizens.”
He thanked the Vice President and all the dignitaries that attended the event and called for more encouragement for young Nigerians to showcase their talents.
In a goodwill message, Lagos State Governor, Sanwo-Olu, described the book as a creative one, which tells a lot about the Speaker.
“I’m honoured to be here to say a few words. Tonight is about the young array of Nigerians that have come here to say something.
“The book isn’t so much about my brother and my friend, but about the creativity of these young Nigerians. I congratulate the Speaker for this book. We should encourage so many other young Nigerians to showcase their talents.”
Also, the Secretary to the Government of the Federation (SGF), Boss Mustapha, said the Speaker’s political journey has been a long one.
He said: “In 2003, he (the Speaker) came to the House on the platform of AD. In 2007, he returned as a member of AC, and in 2011, he graduated to ACN. In 2015, he came on the platform of the APC.
“This is a reflection of the resilience and the hard work you’ve done over the years to come to this office. I use this opportunity to wish you the very best and say that your best days are yet to come.”
The Minister of FCT, Malam Muhammad Musa Bello, in his goodwill message, said Gbajabiamila has proved to be a man of great honour and integrity over the years.
He congratulated the National Assembly for marking two years, saying the federal Legislature has provided the needed support for good governance.
There were also remarks from Senator Rochas Okorocha and the Group Managing Director of NNPC, Mele Kyari, who described the Speaker as a patriotic and true Nigerian.