On Monday, March 31, 2014, the United Nation’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released a report saying that much of the world remains unprepared for the mounting threats of the changing climate.
Eight is the number of “key risks” that the IPCC feels “are identified with high confidence, span sectors and regions.”
The world today faces two main problems: the economy and the environment. Some would suggest these 2 issues go hand-in-hand. What can be done here in Nigeria to avoid being victims of the predicted doom?
Almost 200 governments have agreed to limit warming to less than 2.0 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial times, mainly by curbing emissions from burning fossil fuels. Temperatures have already risen by about 0.8 Celsius.
The Green Economy is people deciding to walk rather than drive to work, to buy local food and a more fuel-efficient car. It is business owners choosing to fill their inventories from sustainable sources and manufacturers choosing to dispose of their waste products responsibly. It is politicians making the hard choices that favour the long term interests of future generations over the immediate wishes of lobbyists.
The 2014 report, by the United Nation’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is expected to help governments prepare a deal to cut rising greenhouse gas emissions, mainly by shifting from fossil fuels to renewable energies.
Greening the economy is our focus on this edition of Earthfile.
On March 3 1973, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild fauna and flora (CITES) was adopted.
CITES is a critical international treaty that works to ensure that global trade does not threaten the survival of species in the wild.
Starting out small, the treaty boasts 180 governments as parties (members of the treaty that agree to comply with its requirements), and it is recognized as one of the most important and effective mechanisms regulating the practice of conservation.
The UN General Assembly, in December 2013, declared March 3 as World Wildlife Day – a day, according to the UN, to “celebrate the many beautiful and varied forms of wild fauna and flora and to raise awareness of the multitude of benefits that conservation provides to people.
In 2013, the United Nations Environment Programme published a report on the illicit trade in apes. According to the report, Nigeria’s Cross River gorillas are some of those that may be lost before 2030.
Climate change, linked with the burning of fossil fuels, is already impacting many animals and plants and in myriads of ways. These could spell decline and even extinction for some without an urgent transition of our economies and our lifestyles towards a low carbon economy.
There’s a consensus among leading scientists that global warming is caused by human activity. Earthfile on this edition looks at what, if anything should be done about it.
Many are pointing at waste management. In Nigeria, the way some dispose their wastes is the headache for many.
The man-made burdens on the earth’s land, water and air are diminishing the natural ability of the earth to restore itself.
It is not socially acceptable to impose the burden of our own waste on another person. Moving forward, Earthfile on Channels Television says it is high time you started having a second thought before disposing that waste.
There are too many wastage everywhere all the time.
Nigeria faces enormous challenges, and one of its most crucial is power supply. Nigeria has been confronted with incessant electricity problems ranging from power generation, to its transmission and distribution.
The main sources of power in Nigeria are gas and hydropower, but even in this day and age, many areas still do not have access to power supply.
Earthfile on Channels Television looks at renewable energy as an option, moving forward.
The HOD of the Department of Architecture, UNILAG, Mike Adebamowo, and the Group General Manager of the Renewable Energy Division, NNPC, Hussaini Tahir are guests on the programme and they provide insight into the situation.
There seems to be more global awareness by banking institutions in recent times towards addressing the environmental and social impacts of their services.
In Nigeria, there is a set of principles on sustainable banking which is geared towards ensuring that these financial institutions are environmentally friendly.
Bank’s financial services are used too often for activities which are harmful to the environment, human rights and social equity.
However, in whatever way we look at it, banks can be powerful agents of change.
Environmentalist, Lekan Fadina, helps to highlight the economic relevance of climate change to businesses and return of investments.
Fadina lauded the Sustainable Banking Principles as adopted by Nigerian banks in the year 2012. He noted that if properly implemented, it would address the issues of environment, economy and all that could be as a result of climate change.
Special Assistant to the CBN Governor of Sustainable Banking, Dr Aisha Mahmud, explained that there are certain global forces that are making businesses and organisations to imbibe sustainability, such as the recent financial crisis.”
She however said, “Nationally there are pressing environmental and social issues, such as poverty, youth unemployment, gender inequality, climate change, deforestation, food insecurity that made the Nigerian financial sector to come together and develop this Nigerian Sustainable Banking Principles.
“Basically what it means is that, instead of focusing on profit, we now have to do a balancing act and look at environmental and social considerations as well, and this is for us to be able to achieve sustainable development.”
Earthfile presents how the financial institutions would do their business operations and activities to achieve the goals of the Sustainable Banking Principles. It starts by highlighting the environmental and social risks involved in their operations.
This edition of Earthfile looks at water and the increasing threat to it by climate change with the effects this is having on Nigeria.
The world’s surface water is affected by varying levels of precipitation, evaporation and run-off in different regions. In recent times, there is an increasing concern that it is subject to increasing climate change and variability which is compounding its capacity to meet human needs and demands.
A World Bank report estimated in the 1990s that Nigeria was losing about 5.1 billion US Dollars per annum to environmental degradation. In the face of limited mitigation measures and initiatives, climate change is among the most pressing examples of global environmental challenges being faced.
Research has also shown that Nigeria’s water sector is highly vulnerable to global warming induced climate change.
Climate Change and Environment Consultant, Professor Emmanuel Oladapo and Environmentalist, Desmond Majekodunmi were on the programme to analyse the situation and provide recommendations.
The role of wildlife in maintaining the balance of the eco-system has been highlighted in this edition of Earthfile.
A botanist, Dr. Kadiri Akinbabalola, called for the conservation of animals and plants.
He said that there was need to use plants and animals wisely to make sure that the coming generation would benefit from the natural resources.
Safeguarding of Gardens is necessary to ensure that these resources serve its purposes.
The Director, Zoological Gardens, University of Ibadan, Dr. Adejumoke Morenikeji, stressed that need for proper care of Zoological gardens as they serve as places of relaxation, research and for conservation.
An Environmentalist, Dr. Adetokunbo Adedeji, also emphasised the need for the Nigerian government to pay more attention to conservation of animals and plants.
“I have not seen any serious programme by the government that has addressed the issue of conservation,” he said.
Proper conservation of the wildlife will boost Nigeria’s tourism sector and create jobs.
The Edition of Earthfile looks at the need for conservation of animals and plants to save the environment.
Nigeria’s agricultural sector has suffered years of mismanagement, inconsistent and poorly conceived government policies and lack of basic infrastructure, yet it accounts for over 26.8 percent of the nation’s GDP and 2/3 of employment.
It is no longer a major exporter of cocoa, groundnuts (peanuts), rubber and oil palm production -which Nigeria led the world in- is now mostly from obsolete varieties and overage trees.
Nigeria’s oil palm production is stagnant at around 180,000 tons annually and 25 years ago it was 300,000 tons.
An even more dramatic decline in groundnut and palm oil production also has taken place.
While Nigeria is one of the world’s largest producers of palm oil, it still remains a net importer of palm oil.
In this episode of Earthfile, analysts argue how Nigeria should increase its production of oil palm, encourage importation and the need to share information in the sector and highlighting the potential for boosting the nation’s economy by concentrating on the enterprise dynamics.
The Eko Atlantic city! A planned city with seven districts will be developed on land reclaimed from the Atlantic ocean. The emergence of the city is expected to relieve the pressure on the increasing population of Lagos State. But Environmentalists are asking for cautions.
Lekki Beach used to be one of the finest beach fronts in Lagos, the commercial capital of Nigeria. But from February 2010, over 200 meters of the coastline have been lost to erosion. Although the president of the country, Goodluck Jonathan visited the scene in 2011, the area is yet to be rehabilitated.