Justice Dongban-Mensem Takes Oath As Acting President Court Of Appeal

Court To Decide Certificate Case Against Buhari Today
A file photo of the Court of Appeal in Abuja


The Chief Justice of Nigeria, Justice Ibrahim Tanko Muhammad has administered the oath of office on Justice Monica Dongban-Mensem as the Acting President of the Court Appeal.

Justice Dongban-Mensem takes over from Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa who retired as the substantive President of the Court of Appeal after attaining the mandatory retirement age of 70 years.

The appointment of Justice Dongban-Mensem as the Acting President of the Court of Appeal was approved by President Muhammadu Buhari following a recommendation by the National Judicial Council (NJC).

While performing the swearing-in ceremony, the CJN who described Justice Dongban-Mensem as “a seasoned judicial officer in the system” urged her to carry her colleagues along through consultations and regular visits to the various divisions of the Court.

READ ALSO: Alleged $2m Money Laundering: EFFC Re-Arraigns Atiku’s Lawyer, Brother

Some Justices of the Supreme Court who witnessed the event are Justice Bode Rhodes-Vivour; Justice Olukayode Ariwoola; Justice Kudirat Kekere-Ekun; Justice Ejembi Eko; Justice Amina Augie; Justice Sylvester Ngwuta; Justice Uwani Abba-Aji and Justice Paul Galunje.

Other dignitaries at the event include Governors Simeon Lalong of Plateau State, Governor Abubakar Bagudu of Kebbi State; Secretary to the Government of the Federation (SGF), Boss Mustapha and the Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives, Ahmed Idris Wase.

A graduate of the Ahmadu Bello University (ABU), Zaria, she is an authority in Criminal and Civil Procedure Law, Taxation and International Public Finance, Public International Law, Legislative Drafting, Constitutional and Administrative Law and International Commercial Transactions.

After receiving her LL.B and LL.M from Ahmadu Bello University (ABU) Zaria-Nigeria and a Post Graduate Diploma from the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, University of London, Russel Square – London, Justice Mensem was Registrar of Plateau State High Court in 1979 and Magistrate of various grades up to Chief Magistrate between 1981 and 1990. She was visiting Lecturer on Press Law at the Catholic Media Centre, Kaduna from 1988-1992 and Part-time Lecturer at the University of Jos between 1989 and 1997.

From 1990-1993 Justice Dongban-Mensem served as Deputy Chief Registrar, Superior Courts and Protocol Affairs and was appointed Judge, High Court of Justice, Plateau Judiciary from 1993-1996. On transfer from the former, Dongban-Mensem became the Judge, Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Judiciary from 1997-2003.

Alleged N7.6bn Fraud: Orji Kalu’s 13-Year-Long Trial To Resume Today

The trial of a former Abia State governor and Senator representing Abia North Senatorial District, Orji Uzor Kalu, will resume at the Federal High Court sitting in Lagos today.

The trial which had been on for over 13 years was given a fresh fiat by President of the Court of Appeal, Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa to the trial judge, Justice Mohammed Idris, to enable him to return to the court to conclude the case.

Justice Idris was elevated from the Federal High Court to the Court of Appeal in June 2018. But he continued to hear the case after the President of the Court of Appeal initially granted a fiat for him to do so.

The fiat was granted at the instance of Kalu’s Lawyer, Professor Awa Kalu (SAN) who activated Section 396(7) of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, ACJA, in order to prevent the case from being transferred to another judge to start afresh.

That fiat expired in November 2018.

A copy of a Fresh Fiat sighted by our Judiciary Correspondent, Shola Soyele stated that the trial will now commence on July 22 and will continue from day to day until the trial is concluded.

Kalu is standing trial alongside his former Commissioner for Finance, Ude Udeogo, and a company, Slok Nigeria Limited, on an amended 39-count charge of money laundering to the tune of N7.6billion.



On July 31, 2018, Justice Idris dismissed the ‘no-case submissions’ made by Orji Kalu and the other defendants and ordered them to open their defence.

But rather than open their defence, Kalu sought a six-week adjournment to embark on a trip to Germany to have surgery for an undisclosed ailment.

The defendants later challenged the jurisdiction of the judge to hear the case, arguing that he was no longer a judge of the high court.

They also filed an application seeking a stay of proceedings pending the outcome of their appeals.

Justice Idris dismissed both.

When Kanu did not subsequently make himself available for his trial, Justice Idris revoked his bail.

The judge also ordered him to submit himself to the EFCC within 24 hours of his return to the country.

On January 23, 2019, when the case last came up in court, the prosecutor, Rotimi Jacobs (SAN), complained about Kalu’s repeated absence from court, alleging that the former governor, then a senator-elect, was taking the court for a ride. The counsel also noted that despite the court’s order, Kanu did not turn himself into the EFCC.

“He (Kalu) kept on campaigning for his senatorial ambition, slapping the court in the face; his attitude is unbecoming,” Jacobs said while urging Justice Idris to continue the hearing in Kalu’s absence.

But in response, Justice Idris said he could not proceed with the case as a second fiat given to him by the Appeal Court President had expired in November 2018.

Atiku, PDP File Motion Asking Bulkachuwa To Recuse Herself From Tribunal



The Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) and its presidential candidate, Atiku Abubakar have filed an application asking Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa to recuse herself from the presidential election tribunal hearing their petition, against the election of President Muhammadu Buahri.

A motion filed by one Emmanuel Agbo, Atiku and the PDP has asked for an order to ensure that Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa be recused from further sitting of the tribunal or participating in the proceedings in the petition and be replaced by another Justice of the Appeal Court.

The grounds for the appeal include that Justice Bulkachuwa is the wife of Mr Adamu Bulkachuwa a prominent card-carrying member of the All Progressive Congress and Senator-elect for Bauchi north senatorial district which is a political party involved in the suit.

They also averred that Justice Bulakchuwa is the biological mother to Aliyu Haidar-Abubakar a prominent card-carrying member of the All Progressive Congress.

It further averred that being the wife and mother of prominent card-carrying members of the APC which is the third respondent in the petition before the tribunal, there is every likelihood of bias if Justice Bulkachuwa remains as a member of the panel.

READ ALSO: Corruption Allegation: Come Clear On Bulkachuwa – PDP Tells Presidency, APC

They also asserted that at the inaugural sitting of the tribunal the president of the appeal court while delivering her speech said ‘elections are held in Nigeria every four years into elective positions, no matter how well the election is conducted there are bound to be complaints’

The PDP and Atiku says that by making this remark, it would appear that Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa has already prejudged the presidential election as well conducted and that their petition is one of such complaints that come up ‘no matter how well the election is conducted’’

The PDP said that justice must not only be said to be done but must be manifestly seen to have been done.

On the issues to be determined by the court, the PDP asked the court if with regards to the case in question the said facts have not raised the likelihood of bias against Justice Bulakchuwa making the judge liable to recuse herself from further proceedings of the court .

The petitioners concluded by saying that “it is respectfully submitted that considering the entire peculiar circumstances of this case, it is just and proper in the interest of justice and fair hearing for justice Zainab Bulkachuwa to withdraw from the hearing and determination of the petition”.

The motion was filed on the 16th of may 2019 as promised by lead counsel to Alhaji Atiku Abubakar, Mr Levi Uzoukwu and will be heard on the 22nd of May 2019.

Corruption Allegation: Come Clear On Bulkachuwa – PDP Tells Presidency, APC

Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa


The Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) has called on the Buhari-led Presidency and the leadership of the All Progressives Congress, APC, to clear the air on allegations of corruption against Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa, President of the Court of Appeal.

In a statement by its spokesman, Kola Ologbondiyan, the party on Sunday said: “On account of this allegation and the nefarious plot to bring the name of our party into its narrative, the PDP charges the Buhari Presidency to come clear on the corruption allegation it opened on Justice Bulkachuwa.”

The party says since the Buhari Presidency has alluded to issues of corruption against Justice Bulkachuwa, contrary to issues raised in the PDP petition bothering on bias, it behoves on the Presidency and the APC to make public, the corruption issues they have alluded to.

“The Presidency should also take a step further by pursuing these issues of corruption just as it did in its case of corruption allegations against the former Chief Justice of Nigeria, Justice Walter Onnoghen, instead of wickedly dragging our party into issues that have no bearing with the PDP.

“Now that the Presidency has informed the whole nation that Justice Bulkachuwa has issues of corruption, we challenge it to do the needful rather than engaging in shadow-boxing against our party.

“Moreover, in the face of corruption allegations, as has now been exposed by the Presidency, the burden still lies on the same Presidency to come clean. In doing that, the Presidency will be ranching on its established course, having hit the records of harassing and intimidating judicial officials; abuse of court processes and disregard for court orders,” the PDP’s statement read in parts.

READ ALSO: PDP Asks Justice Bulkachuwa To Withdraw From Presidential Election Tribunal

The party further said it holds that the Buhari Presidency’s fresh allegation of corruption now places a huge moral burden on Justice Bulkachuwa, particularly in her capacity as the President of the Court of Appeal.

The PDP said that its premise is based on the fact that a judicial officer of Bulkachuwa’s standing “must not only be above board but be seen to be above board at all times”.

The opposition party restated its demand for Justice Bulkachuwa to “recuse” herself from the Presidential Election Petition Tribunal, following the alleged manifest bias in her opening address, “that no matter how well the election is conducted, there are bound to be complaints”.

The party said its call is in addition to the fact that Justice Zainab’s husband, Hon. Adamu Mohammed Bulkachuwa, is a frontline leader of the APC, which is a party in their case before the tribunal.

In surmising, the PDP argued that with the developments, the party will certainly not obtain justice before Justice Bulkachuwa in the panel.

Election Petition Tribunal: PDP Demands Fairness From Justice Bulkachuwa



The Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) has demanded fairness from the President of the Court of Appeal, Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa.

During an interview on Channels Television’s Politics Today on Wednesday, the party made the demand through its member and a political activist, Austin Okai.

“It’s always right for the Tribunal Chairman to stand for and live above board and ensure the right thing is done,” Okai said.

The comments come hours after Justice Bulkachuwa presided over the opening session of the Presidential Election Tribunal.

READ ALSO: General Elections: Tribunal Received Over 700 Petitions – Justice Bulkachuwa

Justice Bulkachuwa had in her inaugural speech earlier today said: “No matter how well the election is conducted there are bound to be complaints, hence the law provides for the setting up of election Tribunals to look into these complaints in a speedy manner.”

Reacting to the comment, PDP’s Okai faulted it saying the judge is expected to be seen neutral.

“I heard her saying that no matter how well election is conducted, there must be a complaint. No, that statement is not good enough. That is the situation on the ground,” he stated.

The PDP and its presidential candidate, Alhaji Atiku Abubakar, had earlier filed a petition to challenge the outcome of the 2019 elections which the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) declared was won by President Muhammadu Buhari of the All Progressives Congress (APC).

Other petitions filed by other political parties and their presidential candidates include that of Hope Democratic Party, Ambrose Awuru against President Muhammadu Buhari.

Acting CJN Wants More Transparency In Judiciary

Acting CJN Wants More Transparency In JudiciaryActing Chief Justice Of Nigeria, Justice Walter Onnoghen, says the time has come for the judiciary to be more open to the public, especially through the media.

This according to him would encourage public enlightenment while boosting the confidence of the public in the judiciary, as well as removing any negative perception about the arm of government.

He stated that while there is a growing trend of some unscrupulous lawyers discussing matters before the court in public, judicial officers should not fail to invoke their powers of contempt where such utterances occur.

Onnoghen made the comments at a two-day annual end of year conference aimed at x-raying the performance of the court in the year 2016 as well as planning for the years ahead.

The event saw Appeal court justices drawn from various divisions across the country as well as their Supreme Court counterparts.

President of the Appeal court, Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa, who hosted the event, commended the justices for remaining resolute even in the face of the many challenges that confronted the judiciary in the course of the year.

Supporting her position, the Acting Chief Justice said the challenges confronting the judiciary is an opportunity for the sector to reaffirm its commitment to the rule of law and its independence.

He however re-iterated the need for the judiciary to be more open to the public as a way of improving its image.

This is coming after many have raised suggestions for judicial reforms and with the discussions as well as set plans for 2017 and beyond, it is expected that the sector receives the much needed overhauling.

Ondo Election: INEC Raises Alarm Over Security

Ondo Governorship Election, Ondo Governorship PollThe Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has raised security concern over the attitude of politicians in Ondo State ahead of the forthcoming governorship election.

The Resident Electoral Commissioner in the state, Mr Olusegun Agbaje, says the actions of some aggrieved politicians in the state since the political parties conducted their primaries is capable of undermining the security of the state.

“The mindset of the political class, especially the politicians that belong to the leading political party on what it takes to win elections usually involve violence and malpractices among their followers.

“There is an urgent need for the political class to change its do or die attitude to good conduct in politics and a political caution of violence has to be done away with in our political parties.

“Our political parties must imbibe the culture of sincere eternal party democracy in the interest of the nation’s democracy,” he said.

Mr Agbaje made the remarks on Thursday at a meeting with members of the civil society groups in Abuja, to assess INEC’s preparation for the elections.

‘I Will Resign’

On the sideline of the event, the senior INEC official also explained why the electoral umpire published the name of Mr

Recession, Jimoh Ibrahim, Ondo PDP
INEC-Recognised Ondo PDP Governorship Candidate, Jimoh Ibrahim

Jimoh Ibrahim as the Peoples Democratic Part (PDP) candidate for the polls.


The decision has led to massive protest in Ondo State, southwest Nigeria.

“It is the court judgement of that day that forced us to say it is this person and that means if another higher court comes with a judgement to say it is Eyitayo Jegede, (we will obey),” he noted.

Agbaje further revealed that he had made a commitment that INEC would obey the ruling of the Appeal Court if the ruling favours Jegede.

“If the Appeal Court says it is Eyitayo, the commission cannot say no, but if it does, I will resign my appointment as a commissioner,” he stated.

Ondo PDP, Eyitayo Jegede, Ahmed Makarfi
Mr Eyitayo Jegede

Meanwhile Mr Clement Nwakwo, who is a member of one of the civil groups, Policy and Legal Advocacy Centre, had a different view about the procedure of selecting candidates.

He advised the politicians to address issues of candidacy in-house, instead of approaching various courts for such decisions.

“I do not think that INEC has any major role to play in deciding who the candidates are (and) that’s why they have taken the decision.

“It is really for the political parties to sort out their mess for the court to really not become a theatre of deciding who candidates are, but the political party themselves making those decisions in line with their own process and the rule of law,” he recommended.

PDP Crisis Deepens

At least 1.6 million registered voters are expected to participate in the Saturday, November 26 governorship polls in Ondo State.

There has been crisis over the authenticity of candidates in some of the parties in the polls including the PDP, All Progressives Congress (APC) and Alliance for Democracy (AD).

Olusola Oke, AD, Ondo Election
AD declares Olusola Oke as its candidate

While the APC and AD finally adopted Mr Rotimi Akeredolu and Mr Olusola Oke as their respective candidates, the controversy has deepened in the PDP.

Both factions of the party have continued to lay claim to having produced the authentic candidate of the party, although the Ali Modu Sheriff faction is backed by the court ruling which favoured Jimoh Ibrahim and which INEC has obeyed.

The PDP faction led by Senator Ahmed Makarfi, has equally been optimistic that “justice would be served” and called on all PDP faithful across Nigeria as well as the general public to remain calm and continue to support them.

In a statement by the PDP National Publicity Secretary, Dayo Adeyeye, the Caretaker Committee has reiterated its support for Jegede as the party’s sole flag-bearer.

President Buhari having a chat with Governor Lalong and Mr Akeredolu
President Buhari having a chat with Governor Lalong and Mr Akeredolu

On his part, APC candidate, Mr Akeredolu has made a mockery of the PDP, saying he would defeat both Ibrahim and Jegede if put together in the polls.

Briefing reporters after meeting with President Muhammadu Buhari and Plateau State Governor, Simon Lalong, he boasted that he would emerge victorious at the poll.

Ondo PDP: Makarfi Faction Insists Jegede Is Governorship Candidate

Ondo PDP, Eyitayo Jegede, Ahmed MakarfiCaretaker Committee of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) has reiterated its support for Mr Eyitayo Jegede as its only flag-bearer in the Saturday, November 26 governorship election in Ondo State.

The support was declared on Tuesday at a meeting between the factional PDP Chairman, Senator Ahmed Makarfi and the state chairmen in Abuja, Nigeria’s capital.

A statement by the party’s National Publicity Secretary, Prince Dayo Adeyeye, revealed that the meeting took place at the temporary Secretariat of the Party in Wuse II and deliberated on topical national issues.

The State Chairmen were briefed on the developments in the party and some certain decisions of leadership.

The meeting also received reports from the state chairmen on the state of affairs in their various territories.

It was equally optimistic that justice would surely be served and therefore, echoed full support for Mr Jegede, as its candidate in the Ondo governorship poll.

The leaders further called on all PDP supporters across Nigeria and the general public, especially Ondo State residents, to remain calm and continue to support them in moving the party forward.

One-Sided Justice

Meanwhile, a three-member special panel of the Court of Appeal handling the appeal cases of the Ondo PDP crisis on Tuesday recused from the panel, following allegations that the justices have been compromised.

The justices bowed out of the cases after considering a petition written by a factional Ondo State PDP Chairman, Mr Biyi Poroye, who claimed that the justices were likely to be biased against him.

In the petition dated October 31 and addressed to the President of the Court of Appeal, Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa, the Poroye alleged that the Ondo State Governor, Dr. Olusegun Mimiko, had boasted in the public that he and his Rivers State counterpart, Nyesom Wike, had settled the judges to do their bidding.

Mimiko Meets Buhari, Says Jegede Remains PDP's Lawful Candidate,
Ondo State Governor, Dr. Olusegun Mimiko

He also purported that Justice Sankey was transferred from Yola where Eyitayo Jegede, the appellant, who is also a senior lawyer, was practicing law for the past 15 years and that when the justice arrived in Akure, Governor Mimiko boasted that he catered for her to the tune of 100 million Naira.

The petitioner had consequently sought for the disbandment of the panel on the ground that his side would not get justice from the panel.

Ondo Governorship: PDP Crisis Continues As Appeal Court Panel Withdraws

Ondo PDP governorship candidate tussle The three-member special panel of the Court of Appeal handling the appeal cases of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in respect of the Ondo State governorship candidacy for the November 26 governorship election has disqualified itself following allegations that the justices have been compromised.

The three justices bowed out of the cases on Tuesday following a petition written by a factional chairman of the party in the state, Mr Biyi Poroye, who alleged that the justices were likely to be biased against him.

In the petition written on October 31 and addressed to the President of the Court of Appeal, Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa, the petitioner alleged that Governor Olusegun Mimiko of Ondo State had boasted in the public that he and Governor Nyesom Wike of Rivers State have settled the justices to do their bidding.

Poroye further alleged that Justice Sankey was transferred from Yola where Eyitayo Jegede, the appellant, who is also a senior lawyer, was practicing law for the past 15 years and that when the justice arrived in Akure, Governor Mimiko boasted that he catered for her to the tune of 100 million Naira.

In the circumstances, the petitioner demanded the disbandment of the panel on the ground that his side would not get justice from the panel.

‘Unfortunate And Un-godly Petition’

At the resumption of hearing of the matter on Tuesday, Justice Sankey drew the attention of lawyers in the case to the petition and demanded to know whether the panel could continue hearing of the case in spite of the strongly worded petition against them.

Lawyer to Mr Jegede, Wole Olanipekun, in his reaction said: “I am taken aback by the development and I was not copied”.

Mr Olanipekun describes the petition “as most embarrassing, unfair, unfortunate and un-godly because the justices have not taken any step to suggest any likelihood of bias.

“If any party should complain, it is my client, whose right has been aborted because of the removal of his name as a candidate of the PDP on the list by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC)”.

Counsel to the petitioner, Dr. Alex Izinyon, however, told reporters that he was speechless, having no prior knowledge of the petition.

“I have no inkling of the petition and was not consulted by my client before writing the petition,” he stressed.

Dr. Izinyon asked the court to invite the petitioner to the courtroom to explain the rationale behind his petition and to make clarifications on how he came about his claims.

“I have been caged by my client in his bid to make caricature of the court, I have come here to do my job in accordance to the law, I do not know how the court will react to this petition but I stand by you, justices of this court because I do not have any evidence that you have been compromised,” he told the panel.

After thorough consideration of the claims, Justice Sankey disqualified the panel.

“Ordinarily, since no fact had been put forward before the court to establish a case of likelihood of bias and since lawyers in this matter have all denied knowledge of the petition, ‘we would have minded to ignore the petition. But it is a settled law that when a case of likelihood of bias has been raised in a petition, it has to be looked into, even if the petition is frivolous,” she explained.

The head of the panel added that the panel members considered it necessary to disqualify themselves from all petitions in respect of Ondo PDP governorship matters.

“We hereby step down from this matter and the case files are to be returned to the president of this court for re-assignment to another panel,” Justice Sankey added.

Use Of Hijab: Appeal Court Sets Aside Ban In Lagos Schools

hijab-Full-VeilA five-man panel of the Court of Appeal sitting in Lagos on Thursday set aside the judgment of a Lagos High Court which banned students in public primary and secondary schools in the State from putting on Hijab (the Muslims headscarf) with their school uniforms.

The panel, which was specially constituted by the President of the Court pf Appeal, Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa, was presided over by Justice Ali Gumel.

In his lead judgement, Justice Gumel held that the use of hijab is an Islamic injunction and also an act of worship and it will therefore constitute a violation of the appellants’ rights to stop them from wearing hijab in public schools.

Justice Modupe Onyeabor of an Ikeja High Court had on October 17, 2014, dismissed the suit instituted against the Lagos State Government by two 12-year-old girls under the aegis of the Muslim Students Society of Nigeria, Lagos State Area Unit.

Dissatisfied, the appellants approached the appellate court to set aside the judgement and protect their constitutional rights.

The government had banned the use of Hijab on the argument that it was not part of the approved school uniform for pupils.

But in a unanimous judgment, the appeal court resolved all the five issues raised in favour of the appellants.

The appellate court held that the lower court erred in law when it held that ban of hijab is a policy of the Lagos State Government, who was the respondent in the case.

The court noted that no circular was presented before the lower court to show that it was a policy of Lagos State adding that “he who asserts must prove”

The court further held that if there was a policy, such policy ought to have emanated from the State House of Assembly and not the executive arm of government.

Consequently, the court held that the fundamental human rights of female Muslim students as enshrined in section 38 (1) of the 1999 constitution was violated by the Respondent.

The court dismissed the argument of Lagos State that it made an exception by allowing female Muslim students to wear hijab during prayers.

Other Justices on the five-man panel are Justice M. Fasanmi, Justice Adamu Jauro, Justice J.S. Ikyegh and Justice Ifeoma Jombo-Ofor.

Group Petitions NJC Against President Of Appeal Court

Appeal CourtThe National Judicial Commission has been petitioned over an alleged abuse of judicial powers by the President of the Court of Appeal, Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa.

In the petition filed by the Civil Liberties Organisation of Nigeria’s south-south zone, Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa is accused of undue interference in an ongoing murder trial in Rivers State.

INEC Decries Conflicting Judgments By Election Tribunals

Mahmood-Yakubu- TribunalsThe Chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has expressed concern over the increasing number of conflicting judgments from election tribunals and Appeal Courts across Nigeria.

Professor Mahmood Yakubu on Wednesday, made the expression at a National Conference on Election Petition Tribunals and Appeals organised by the Court of Appeal in Abuja.

The INEC Chairman said that there was a need for certainty in the rules governing the resolution of electoral disputes in order to stem the tide of avoidable and endless litigation arising from conflicting judgments.

Mr Yakubu said that judicial precedence was very important because “democracy goes beyond the conduct of elections”.

With a total of 749 appeals emanating from the decisions of the various Election Petition Tribunals, the President of the Court of Appeal, Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa, commended the judiciary for sustaining democracy.

On his part, the Country Director of the International Foundation for Electoral Systems, Shalva Kipshidze, promised continued support to the country’s electoral process.

The two-day conference, which attracted judges from across Nigeria, is aimed at stemming the tide of conflicting judgments in order to establish judicial precedence.