President Buhari listed the country’s updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to include increase in the use of bus rapid transit as a means of transportation for the general public, 50 per cent reduction in the fraction of crop residues burnt by 2030 and implementation of forest programmes.
The presidentPresident noted that the NDC is a contribution to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, submitted to replace the interim contribution of May 27, 2021.
The Federal Government had in 2012 commenced a new policy draft known as the National strategic policy for LPG in collaboration with stakeholders in the petroleum industry, to phase out kerosene and firewood usage in the country and adopt the cooking gas as an alternative, however, 10 years after, that policy is yet to crystallize.
The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) says its three refineries in Port Harcourt, Warri and Kaduna now produce five million litres of Dual Purpose Kerosene (DPK), popularly known as kerosene daily.
This, according to it, represents more than 60 percent of the national daily consumption requirement of eight million litres.
A statement by the Group General Manager, Group, Public Affairs Division, Mr Ndu Ughamadu, on Sunday stated that the Group Managing Director of the NNPC, Dr Maikanti Baru, said this at a two-day Investigative Public Hearing of the House of Representative Committee on Petroleum Resources (Downstream).
The GMD, who was represented by the Chief Operating Officer, Downstream, Mr Henry Ikem Obih, said the remaining three million litres of kerosene required daily was being imported by private petroleum products marketers.
“The NNPC ensures that the entire refining output in Nigeria through its refineries in Port Harcourt, Warri and Kaduna and any products imported by it to make up for market supply-shortfalls meet the specifications of the Nigerian Institute of Standard (NIS) and Standards Organisation of Nigeria (SON),” he was quoted as saying.
According to him, the NNPC will not compromise safety and quality in its products and processes, hence all the depots in the country had laboratories for quality checks to ensure the safety of consumers.
He explained that in keeping with its avowed commitment to the safety of consumers, the corporation investigated the recent incident of kerosene explosion in Calabar and could not trace the truck that delivered the adulterated product in any of its depots’ loading schedule.
The NNPC boss called on relevant authorities to empower the Department of Petroleum Resources to carry out its responsibilities more diligently by ensuring that petroleum products imported by marketers meet the required quality and safety standards as NNPC cannot guarantee the quality of products imported by other market players.
“The quality of kerosene being sold to the general public required regular inspection to ensure that it meets health, safety, environment and quality standards at all times to avert any regulatory breaches or threat to lives and properties of the general public and consumers of the products,” he said.
The Federal Government has set 2019 as the year for the cessation of petroleum products importation.
The Delta State Governor, Ifeanyi Okowa has called for necessary actions that would ensure regular supply and appropriate pricing of petroleum products, to ease the suffering of Nigerians.
Okowa made the call while commissioning an ultra-modern oil and gas filling station owned by North-West Petroleum and Gas Company Limited in Asaba, the state capital.
However, the governor observed that it was unacceptable that most Nigerians buy kerosene above the official price, yet the product was not readily available.
He stated that any action which would ease the suffering of the masses would be welcomed, especially in Delta state.
While expressing satisfaction that investors are having more confidence in establishing their business in the state, he urged them to consider the option of establishing modular refineries both in Delta state and the country at large.
He added that his administration was ready to facilitate acquisition of land for such investment.
The Managing Director of Port Harcourt Refinery Company (PHRC), Dr. Bafred Enjugu, has given reasons for the scarcity of kerosene in Nigeria, which has translated into high cost of the household product.
A litre of the product costs as much as 400 Naira at some retail centres, which have become the viable source of the product since most fuel stations do not have the product to sell to consumers.
Giving a breakdown of the output from the refinery per day, Dr. Enjugu said about 800 truckloads of kerosene leave the refinery on a daily basis, a figure that shows a drop in the production capacity.
Addressing reporters on Wednesday, he said that about 1,200 trucks load of kerosene were loaded daily in 2016.
He, however, lamented that production challenges had forced the refinery to drop capacity to 800 trucks.
The PHRC boss blamed the scarcity of kerosene on market forces which he said determine the price and availability of the product.
He noted that the refinery was operating at 60% capacity, adding that the plants at the refinery were fully on stream and were producing kerosene, petrol and diesel.
Forces Beyond Refineries
Dr. Enjugu further revealed that the refining complex comprised of both old and new plants, stressing that the old refinery has the capacity to process 60,000 barrels of crude per day while that of the new refinery processes about 150,000 barrels of crude per day.
He hinted that the company was getting ready to start the production of aviation fuel, stating that the challenges facing the aviation industry would be tackled when production comes on full stream.
“The capacity utilisation of the refinery is at 60%. Last year (2016), about 1,200 trucks load of kerosene leave the refinery every day (but) now it has come down to 800 trucks.
“There are market forces that are beyond the refineries. Kerosene issue is a by-product of market forces.
“We have a goldmine that can churn out about 1.3 trillion Naira annually if we are in full operation.
“We are looking at 100.5 capacity refinery; we intend to upgrade our facilities,” he said.
The Petroleum Products Pricing Regulatory Agency (PPPRA) has condemned reports of imminent fuel scarcity in Nigeria.
The agency asked Nigerians to ignore claims that fuel queues may return to retail outlets over the 660 billion naira debt owed petroleum marketers by the Federal Government.
In a statement issued on Thursday, the PPPRA disclosed that Nigeria has months of Premium Motor Spirit (PMS) sufficiency.
Contrary to some speculations on the status of kerosene, the agency noted that the product was fully deregulated and urged Nigerians to avoid any form of panic-buying.
“The attention of Petroleum Products Pricing Regulatory Agency (PPPRA) management has been drawn to the news, stories and speculations in the media of an imminent fuel scarcity over Marketers’ unpaid 660bn naira debt and other sundry issues.
“The stories, under reference, claimed among others that ‘fuel queues may return to retail outlets across the country anytime soon, following the Federal Government’s inability to settle marketers’ 660bn naira debt’ and non-availability of foreign exchange (FOREX) to fund fuel imports.
“PPPRA wishes to state unequivocally, that these stories are gross misrepresentation of available facts at our disposal, hence misleading.
“For the avoidance of doubts, the National Petroleum Products Stock data and import plan currently indicates that the country has two (2) months Premium Motor Spirit (otherwise known as PMS) sufficiency.
Desist From Panic-Buying
“Hence we want to assure motorists and commuters alike, that the products supply situation is robust and able to cater for the fuel needs of all Nigerians, pending when ongoing challenges are addressed.
“As a corollary to the above, PPPRA also wants to inform that contrary to a widely-held belief on the status of HHK (Kerosene), the product is fully deregulated.
“We hereby appeal to all Nigerians to remain calm and desist from any form of panic-buying, as we assure of our total commitment to adequate products supply and distribution across the country in line with our mandate.
“We also appeal to all depot owners to adhere strictly to the subsisting truck-out principle in order to ensure that products get to retail outlets across the country in a seamless manner.
“The Agency shall not hesitate to apply appropriate sanctions where necessary,” the statement read.
The Nasarawa state command of the Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC) has arrested one Muhammed Abdullahi for allegedly adulterating Dual Purpose Kerosene (DPK) with Premium Motor Spirit (PMS) in Lafia.
The command’s spokesman, Mr Aso Okereke, disclosed this in a statement made available to Channels Television in Lafia.
He said the suspect was arrested on January 11, 2017 at Bukan-Sidi area of Lafia metropolis while selling Kerosene mixed with large proportion of petrol (PMS) to unsuspecting members of the public.
According to him, preliminary investigations revealed that the suspect bought 87 litres of kerosene and adulterated it with 25 litres of petrol to increase the volume in order to make gain in view of the increase in price of kerosene.
He said the offence was punishable under section 17(b) unlawful dealing with petroleum products and adulteration of petroleum product as specified in section 18 of the Miscellaneous Offenses Act.
He cautioned members of the public to always buy kerosene and other petroleum products from approved vendors to avert dangerous consequences.
“The corps is concerned about the disastrous effect of the suspect’s action to the safety of citizen considering the numerous cases of explosion recorded in other parts of the country,” the statement read.
He said the suspect would be charged to court as soon as investigation is concluded on the matter.
The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) mega station in Lafia, Nasarawa State, north central Nigeria, has commenced the sale of Dual Purpose Kerosene (DPK) after over two months of unavailability of the product.
The Station Manager, Zubairu Bala, said that the last time the product was supplied was in November 2015.
He confirmed the increase in price from 50 Naira to 83 Naira per litre, following the removal of subsidy on kerosene by the Federal Government.
Mr Bala appealed to the Federal Government to make the supply of the product constant as the demand is increasing by the day.
While some of their customers appealed that the government should reduce the price of the product to alleviate their sufferings, others said the price is not as important as government making the product available always.
Mr Zubairu gave the assurance that the sale will continue until the available product is finished.
Members of the Western Zone of the Independent Petroleum Marketers Association of Nigeria (IPMAN) have appealed to NNPC for consideration while supplying fuel.
They also urged the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) not to limit the distribution to major marketers alone in order to cushion the effect of fuel shortage in the country.
The South-west Zonal Chairman of IPMAN, Mr Debo Ahmed, made the call after an emergency meeting in Ilorin, the Kwara State capital in Southwest Nigeria.
Mr Debo asked for the supply of fuel to most government depots in the zone that are currently short of petroleum product.
He noted that the constant fuel scarcity was of great concern to the zone and called for pumping of fuel to depots in the south-west especially in Ilorin and Mosinmi so as to reduce the hardship on motorists.
The petroleum marketer said purchasing the product from private depots has negative impacts, lamenting that the private depots sell above official price thereby, forcing them to do the same.
He stressed that they had called on the NNPC to pump fuel to government owned depots so as to correct the situation, he also noted that going to Lagos for loading usually adds up to the cost.
On the non-availability of kerosene in the zone, the IPMAN Chairman disclosed that about one billion Naira had been paid to Warri refinery to load kerosene for the past 19 months.
He attributed the closure of the facility to the inability to load kerosene, recommending the transfer of their request for kerosene to Lagos in order to sell at official price and also reduce its shortage in the market.
The management of the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation, NNPC has commenced the sale of kerosene to residents of Ogun State, Southwest Nigeria at 50 Naira per litre.
At an exercise monitored in Sagamu Local Government Area, residents commended the efforts of the Buhari led administration in keeping with his electioneering campaign promises.
They however asked the management to the NNPC to ensure the continuity of the initiative to bring a new lease of life to the people.
Kerosene a major component used for domestic cooking has in recent times been in short supply and has forced many women to seek alternative measures.
Residents who seemed to be savoring this latest development however appealed to the federal government to ensure the continuation of the exercise which they said would go a long way in assuaging the suffering of residents.
Edo State Governor, Adams Oshiomhole, has accused the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) led Federal Government of defrauding Nigerians of kerosene price as N150 per litre, instead of N50.
Oshiomhole said this in Benin while addressing defectors from the opposition party, PDP.
The Governor stated that the Federal Government had deprived the masses of enjoying the benefits of the natural resources bestowed on the country by God through shady subsidies on crude oil.
This, he said, has been the case for 16 years since PDP assumed power.
Oshiomole added, “The man who has a shop must close by 6pm. If he operates beyond 6pm, he must put on a generator set and buy petrol or diesel.
“From Otuoke to Benin City, Lagos, Ekpoma, Iyahmo and Sokoto, kerosene is now between the price of N150 and N160 per litre. For every N150 you spend in buying kerosene, the PDP steals N100 because in the books of NNPC, they have it in record that kerosene is N50 per litre.”
The State Governor commended the quality of the defectors whom he described as knowledgeable.
He further said, “Today is not just the fact of the huge number in this hall but it is also about the quality of the brains that have now joined us.
“In a world that is knowledge-driven, it is only the party that can parade the best brains that can drive the sustainable change that Nigeria is currently battling with in order to bail our country from its present political quagmire.”
The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) has promised Nigerians of constant availability of kerosene in its mega stations across the nation at 50 Naira per litre.
Flagging off a scheme tagged; ‘Kerosene Correct’ in Abuja, the Group Managing Director of the NNPC, Dr Joseph Dawha, said the corporation was working hard to ensure that kerosene black market sales were brought to an end across Nigeria.
“It was high time we ended kerosene black market in the country so that the masses will have access to the product at the right price, quantity and quality,” he said.
The Managing Director of Retail, Mr Chris Osarumwense, said sales of the product would be rationed to 25 liters per person for any one time sale.
Mr Osarumwense said an elaborate monitoring process, involving non governmental organisations, had been mapped out to ensure that as many Nigerians as possible partake in the scheme.
The petroleum ministry has said it is set to crack down on all major marketers involved in diversion of petroleum products, causing artificial scarcity across the country.
Minister of petroleum, Mrs. Diezani Allison-Madueke said in Lagos on Sunday that some major marketers involved in fuel diversion have been identified and will soon be sanctioned.
“The number of trucks coming into Lagos, the volumes coming in, where they’re supposed to be getting to in terms of the mapping and an approximate idea of what is being diverted (is being investigated), because clearly there is diversion.
“In terms of our critical reserves, we have more than 2 week’s sufficiency on hand right now and we have been pushing the sufficiency out. The issue is where is some of the fuel being diverted to?
“A lot of hard work would need to be done in the next 24 hours or so; there would really be sanctions this time. In fact I am ready to start publishing the names where we find that people have been diverting products, because there’s no reason for that at this time”, she said.
In what appears to be a demonstration of government’s seriousness at enforcing effective distribution of petrol across the country, the Minister of Petroleum Resources, Mrs Diezani Allison-Madueke, had on Saturday paid an unscheduled visit to some fuel stations in Lagos.
While on the tour, the minister insisted that the Federal Government has no intention of increasing the pump price and warned that a list of those suspected to have hoarded the product is already being compiled.