World Leaders Adopt New York Declaration For Refugees And Migrants

UN-Adopts-New-York-ResolutionWorld leaders on Monday adopted the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants, expressing their political will to protect the rights of refugees and migrants, save lives and share responsibility for large movements on a global scale.

The New York Declaration was adopted at the United Nations General Assembly meeting currently ongoing in the United States.

By adopting the New York Declaration, Member States made bold commitments, including to start negotiations leading to an international conference and the adoption of a global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration in 2018, develop guidelines on the treatment of migrants in vulnerable situations and achieve a more equitable sharing of the burden and responsibility for hosting.

They will also support the world’s refugees by adopting a global compact on refugees in 2018.

After the Declaration was adopted the United Nations Secretary-General, Mr Ban Ki-moon, congratulated Member States saying: “Today’s Summit represents a breakthrough in our collective efforts to address the challenges of human mobility”.

He said the adoption of the New York Declaration would mean that “more children can attend school; more workers can securely seek jobs abroad, instead of being at the mercy of criminal smugglers and more people will have real choices about whether to move once we end conflict, sustain peace and increase opportunities at home”.

As called for in the Declaration, the Secretary-General also launched a new campaign called; “Together, Respect, Safety and Dignity for All”.

The campaign was launched to “respond to rising xenophobia and turn fear into hope”.

He urged “world leaders to join this campaign and commit together to upholding the rights and dignity of everyone forced by circumstance to flee their homes in search of a better life”.

The Secretary-General and the Director-General of the International Organization for Migration signed the new agreement by which IOM became a related organisation of the United Nations, thus strengthening the comprehensive global approach to migration.

A statement by spokesperson for the United Nations Department of Public Information, New York, Sunil Narula, quoted the President of the UN General Assembly, Mr Peter Thomson, as saying that he “will take forward the commitment of the membership to begin a process leading to a global compact on migration, as well as to support a global compact on refugees”.

“I will be urging Member States to maintain their high levels of ambition throughout these processes, and to always reach for the higher ground. The fate of millions of refugees and migrants rests with us,” he stated.

Highlights Of New York Declaration

Highlights of the New York Declaration are commitments to protect the human rights of all refugees and migrants, regardless of status. This includes the rights of women and girls and promoting their full, equal and meaningful participation in finding solutions.

It also shows commitment to ensuring that all refugee and migrant children are receiving education within a few months of arrival, preventing and responding to sexual and gender-based violence, supporting of those countries rescuing, receiving and hosting large numbers of refugees and migrants and working towards ending the practice of detaining children for the purposes of determining their migration status.

The Declaration also strongly condemns xenophobia against refugees and migrants and support a global campaign to counter it, strengthens the positive contributions made by migrants to economic and social development in their host countries and improve the delivery of humanitarian and development assistance to those countries most affected, including through innovative multilateral financial solutions, with the goal of closing all funding gaps.

It will ensure the implementation of a comprehensive refugee response, based on a new framework that sets out the responsibility of Member States, civil society partners and the UN system, whenever there is a large movement of refugees or a protracted refugee situation.

Other highlights are; to find new homes for all refugees identified by UNHCR as needing resettlement and expand the opportunities for refugees to relocate to other countries through, for example, labour mobility or education schemes, strengthen the global governance of migration by bringing the International Organization for Migration into the UN system.

The New York Declaration also contains concrete plans for how to build on these commitments. It will kickstart negotiations leading to an international conference and the adoption of a global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration in 2018.

The agreement to move toward this comprehensive framework is a momentous one and it means that migration, like other areas of international relations, will be guided by a set of common principles and approaches.

It will also help in the development of guidelines on the treatment of migrants in vulnerable situations. These guidelines will be particularly important for the increasing number of unaccompanied children on the move.

It will help to achieve a more equitable sharing of the burden and responsibility for hosting and supporting the world’s refugees by adopting a global compact on refugees in 2018.

Hope For Ambitious Climate Change Bill Heightens In Paris Conference

COP21-in-Paris on Climate ChangeThe hope for an ambitious climate change bill that will give birth to a transformed development pathway for different countries has increased, as world leaders meet in Paris Conference of the Parties (COP21).

While the talks are ongoing, the world looks to the COP21 to deliver a new climate agreement that will be realistic and reduce the effect of climate change on different continents of the world, especially Africa.

Success at COP21 can drive and accelerate the transition to a cleaner, healthier and more secure future, locking-in sustainable economic growth and development.

Participants at the conference say a low-carbon, climate resilient world by the end of this century is no longer a hope but a necessity.

Particularly Vulnerable

Talks on how to reduce the effect of climate change topped talks at the conference.

On the sideline of the ongoing COP21 meeting in Paris, the United Nation’s Secretary General, Mr Ban Ki-moon, held a high-level meeting on Africa and climate change.

Mr Ban said Africa was particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, where much of the economy depended on a climate-sensitive natural resource base, including rain-fed subsistence agriculture.

“Disruptions in food or water supplies pose serious risk not only for your economies but also for political stability, particularly in fragile states,” Mr Ban said.

He, however, stated that African countries had shown great determination and vision in attempting to reduce poverty and meet demands for growth without jeopardising sustainability.

The World Bank President and the President of the African Development Bank, Dr Akinwunmi Adesina, said Africa had every reason to complain, stressing the continent had been short-changed by climate change.

“We must not abandon Africa. Africa must not be short-changed in climate finance,” Dr Adesina stressed.

One message that is common in the series of the meetings by different African leaders at the conference is to see the huge effect of pollution by other continents on Africa corrected through a profitable climate deal for Africa.

UN Condemns Yola Attack

UNThe United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, has condemned Tuesday’s bomb attack in Yola, Adamawa State, northeast Nigeria, which claimed many lives and left others injured.

Ki-moon, in a statement issued by the UN Information Centre in Lagos, extended his “condolences to the families of the victims, as well as to the government and people of Nigeria, and wishes a speedy recovery to those injured”.

The Secretary-General also reiterated that no political or ideological objective whatsoever justifies the loss of life and terror, to which civilians are being subjected.

The statement further restated the UN’s support to the Nigerian government in its fight against terrorism.

The scene of Tuesday evening’s attack is close to the main vegetable market in Yola and the suicide bomber is said to have targeted traders as they were closing for the day.

Members of the Boko Haram sect have carried out deadly attacks on the town a number of times, the last being October 2015.

In a condolence message to the families of the victims, President Buhari also reassured Nigerians that his administration was very much determined to wipe out Boko Haram and bring all perpetrators of the ‘heinous crime’ against humanity to justice.

The President urged all Nigerians not to despair in the face of cowardly terrorist attacks, but to have confidence in the ability of Nigeria’s reinvigorated, well-equipped and well-motivated Armed Forces and security agencies to overcome the Boko Haram terrorists very soon.

According to the President, “Vigilance is a potential life saver, since security agents cannot be everywhere to deter every planned attack.

“Citizen’s vigilance will therefore help to reduce the frequency of such attacks.”

 

Ban Ki-Moon To Visit North Korea

ban ki-moonUnited Nations’ Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon, will visit North Korea this week, according to South Korean News Agency, Yonhap.

Yonhap cited a senior UN source for its claim, which the UN has declined to comment on.

If it goes ahead, it would be the first visit by a UN Chief to the country in more than two decades.

In May, North Korea abruptly cancelled a visit by Mr Ban just a day before he was due to arrive.

North Korea faced heavy UN, EU and US sanctions for its nuclear tests.

The report said that it was likely he would meet North Korean Leader, Kim Jong-un during his trip. No exact date was given for the visit.

Mr Ban, a former South Korean Foreign Minister, would be the third secretary general to ever visit the North.

‘Paris Attacks An Act Of War By ISIS’ – Hollande

Francois HollandeFrench President, Francois Hollande, has described the near-simultaneous attacks in Paris that killed about 130 people as an ‘act of war’ organised by the Islamic State (ISIS) militant group.

President Hollande said the attacks, carried out by eight gunmen and suicide bombers, were “organised and planned from outside”.

He added that the murders were “committed by a terrorist army, the Islamic State group, a jihadist army, against France, against the values that we defend everywhere in the world, against what we are: a free country that means something to the whole planet”.

He stressed that France “will be merciless toward the barbarians of Islamic State group”.

Mr Hollande, who was speaking after an emergency security meeting, vowed the country would “act by all means anywhere, inside or outside the country”.

“France is united and taking action and it will triumph over barbarity.What we are defending is our country, but more than that, it is our values,” the French leader added.

Leaders from around the world have also expressed solidarity in the wake of the attacks.

German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, said the attackers “hate freedom”.

She expressed grief for those who died, saying “they wanted to live the life of free people in a city that celebrates life”.

Pope Francis also condemned the events as “unjustifiable, inhuman acts”.

For Russian President, Vladimir Putin, the bloodshed was “the latest testimonial to the barbaric essence of terrorism which throws down a challenge to human civilisation”. He added that Moscow stood ready to help “investigate the crime that took place in Paris”.

U.S. President, Barack Obama, called Friday’s violence an “attack on all humanity” and an “outrageous attempt to terrorise innocent civilians”.

United Nations Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, nonetheless, condemned “the despicable terrorist attacks”, while British Prime Minister, David Cameron said he was “shocked” by the violence.

The targets included bars, restaurants, a concert and a high-profile football match. IS claimed the attacks.

Meanwhile, Mr Hollande had declared three days of national mourning.

He raised the security threat level to its highest point and imposed a nationwide state of emergency. The attacks wounded at least 180 people, 80 of whom are in a critical condition.

President Hollande was among the spectators and was whisked to safety after the first explosion. It later emerged three suicide bombers blew themselves up at fast food outlets and a brasserie near the stadium.

Police said that a Syrian passport was found on the body of one of the bombers at the stadium.

Ban Ki-moon Commends Nigeria For Interrupting Polio

Bank Ki-moon on PolioThe United Nations Secretary General, Mr Ban Ki-moon, has commended the Nigerian government for interrupting polio transmission in the last one year.



Nigeria recently celebrated one year without a new polio case, but will be certified by the World Health Organization in 2017 if there is no new case of polio transmission before then.

Mr Ban made the commendation on Monday when he visited a neighbourhood Immunisation Centre in Abuja, Nigeria’s capital city.

He promised to rally global support for Nigeria’s efforts to attain a polio free status by the year 2017.

The United Nations Secretary General was in Nigeria on a two-day official visit, where he addressed issues centred on health, human rights, security and climate change.

At a meeting with business leaders on Monday he stressed the need for global support for the 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations which would be discussed at a meeting in Paris later in the year.

Ban Ki-moon Calls For Unconditional Release Of Chibok Girls

un secretary Ki-Moon has expressed his deep regret over the Indonesian executionThe United Nations Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, has called for the unconditional release of the over 200 Chibok girls and many other abducted children in the north-east.

Mr Ban, who was in the Presidential Villa for talks with President Muhammadu Buhari, stressed a strong solidarity with the affected families and the Nigerian people.

He, however, described the abduction of the girls from their dormitory in a government school in Chibok, Borno State on April 14, 2014 and other Nigerians in the north-east as intolerable.

Mr Ban said that terrorism knows no boundaries and more than ever, collaboration is indispensable in the fight.

He congratulated President Buhari on his stand on corruption and fight against terrorism describing Nigeria as a source of support to Africa.

The UN Secretary General, commended the contribution of Nigeria to UN peace operations in Liberia and Sierra Leone and the crucial role it is currently playing in the UN Security Council.

Mr Ban commended President Buhari’s stand on human rights in the fight against terror, saying that military operations alone will not be sufficient.

He, nonetheless called for more effort to be centred on tackling the root causes of terrorism such as expansion of educational and employment opportunities for young people.

Ban Ki-Moon To Visit Nigeria August 23

un secretary Ki-Moon has expressed his deep regret over the Indonesian executionThe United Nations Secretary-General, Mr Ban Ki-moon, will visit Nigeria from August 23 to 24 and will meet with President Muhammadu Buhari and State Governors.

Talks during the meetings with the nation’s leaders would focus on “Pathways to a new Nigeria-Role of Sub-National Governments”.

Mr Ki-Moon will also lay wreath to commemorate the 4th Anniversary of the attack on the United Nation’s House, in Abuja and embark on a field visit to Kuje Area Council.

During the two-day visit, he will also hold dialogue and lunch with Nigerian Business actors under the theme “The role of Nigerian Business and Economy in Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and addressing Climate Change”.

The UN Secretary-General will further hold talks aimed at deepening Nigeria’s democracy with government officials on the theme “Democracy, Sustainable Development, and Countering Violent Extremism”.

The highpoint of Mr Ki-moon’s visit will be his meeting with President Muhammadu Buhari, which will be rounded off with a joint press conference.

There will also be a dinner hosted by President Buhari in honour of the esteemed guest.

Mr Ki-moon’s visit is coming in the month that Nigeria is presiding over the UN Security Council and most African countries have said they would leverage on the opportunity to present security challenges facing some African countries. They expect to get the Council’s support in addressing the challenges.

On Wednesday, the UN called for support for nearly 1.5 Internally Displaced Persons in Nigeria’s north-east, as a result of terrorists activities.

Nigeria Governors Forum Worried About Power Sector

governorsThe Nigeria Governors Forum has expressed worry about the state of the country’s power sector.

The Chairman of the forum, Governor Abdulaziz Yari of Zamfara State, made this observation after the meeting which had 26 governors in attendance and ended in the early hours of Thursday in Abuja.

The forum therefore called for a comprehensive power sector policy, and strategy to address the situation.

Mr Yari said the governors also discussed some of the issues they hope to address when they meet with the United Nations’ Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon, who will be visiting Nigeria over the weekend.

 

 

UNICEF, UN Condemn Attack On School In Yobe

yobe schoolThe United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has condemned the cruel attack on Government Science Technical School Potiskum in Yobe State, Nigeria, which killed dozens of children and injured many more. 

The agency stated that “these repeated and relentless attacks on children and schools are attacks on the future of Nigeria, a country that already has the largest number of children out of school in the world.

“We call on those with the responsibility and power to bring the perpetrators of this cruel act to justice, and to uphold their responsibilities to protect children”, the agency said in a statement on its website.

Also the United Nation’s Secretary General Ban Ki-moon condemned, the killing and reiterated his conviction that “no objective justifies wanton violence against civilians,” and called for the perpetrators to be “swiftly brought to justice through a process respectful of Nigeria’s human rights obligations and for adequate security measures to be provided for the protection of civilians”, in a statement issued by his spokesman on Tuesday..

“The Secretary-General is outraged by the frequency and brutality of attacks against educational institutions in the north of the country and reiterates his demand for an immediate cessation to these abominable crimes,” the statement said.

The attack took place when students of Government Science Secondary School in Potiskum, Yobe State, were lined up for the Monday morning assembly.

The Secretary-General also extended his sincere condolences to the families of those who were killed, and to the Government and people of Nigeria.

World Leaders Asked To Begin Green Climate Fund Capitalisation

Un Secretary-General Ban Ki-moonThe United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, has asked world leaders to begin the capitalisation of green climate funds.

During the opening ceremony of the one day climate summit under-way in New York on Tuesday, Mr Ban said he expected global government, business and civil society leaders to make significant progress on cutting emissions and pricing carbon.

According to him the dreams of people in throughout the world today, hang in the balance because of the threat that climate change was bringing to the hard-won peace and opportunity of billions of people.

“Today we must set the world on a new course.

“Climate change is a defining issue of our age, of our present. Our response will define our future. To ride this storm we need all hands on deck. That is why we are here today. We need a clear vision. The human, environmental and financial cost of climate change is fast becoming unbearable. We have never faced such a challenge, nor such an opportunity…

“There is only one thing in the way: Us. That is why I have asked you to be here today. Thank you for your leadership. I’m asking you to lead. We must cut emissions. Science says they must peak by 2020 and decline sharply thereafter. By the end of this century we must be carbon neutral,” he told the gathering.

Here To Make History

Mr Ban pointed out that no one was immune from climate change, citing the UN Headquarters, which was flooded during superstorm Sandy and calling for more investments in climate resilient societies that protect all, especially the most vulnerable.

“I ask all governments to commit to a meaningful climate agreement in Paris in 2015.

“We must work together to mobilise money and move markets. Let us invest in climate solutions available to us today. Economists have shown this comes at minimal extra cost while the benefits to our people and our planet are monumental. We need all public finance institutions to step up to the challenge. And we need to bring private finance from the sidelines,” he emphasised, reminding the gathering that they were not at the summit to talk but to make history.

Among those Present at the opening of the summit were former U.S. Vice President Al Gore, the newly appointed UN Messenger of Peace, actor Leonardo Dicaprio.

Corruption To Be Blamed For Failure To Meet MDGs – Suraj

An anti-corruption activist, Olanrewaju Suraj, has blamed Nigeria’s poor assessment in achieving the Millennium Development Goals on political corruption which the citizenry allowed to fester.

“The bane of Nigeria’s crisis is political corruption and political corruption is why we could not meet the MDGs,” he said.

In a message to commemorate the 2013 World Anti-corruption Day, on Monday, the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said “corruption is a barrier to achieving the Millennium Development Goals and needs to be taken into account in defining and implementing a robust post-2015 development agenda.”

Speaking on Channels Television’s breakfast programme, Sunrise Daily, Suraj blamed the government for lacking a clear cut plan in putting an end to corruption.

“Corruption has crippled the government’s efforts in achieving success in the MDGs. Corruption thrives because moral values are not well promoted in schools,” he stressed.

“It boils down to the government,” he said and added that “the erosion of the culture of the people and our tradition to uphold and appreciate our values in terms of promoting it on the part of the government.

“Rarely would you see a clear defined agenda or programme of action to continue sustaining the values of the people.”

He decried the absence of basic moral instruction in primary and secondary schools across the nation.

The failure of government to provide basic social amenities for the people is the vacuum criminals take advantage of by providing succor for the people.

As part of this year’s activities, each country is expected to showcase what it has been doing to mitigate encumbrances to the achievement of the MDGs but Nigeria has not been able to achieve much despite the fact that the problems and solutions have been identified.

He however stressed that the citizenry should be held accountable for the failures experienced.

“We need to stop lamenting and we need to stop blaming the government for many of these anomalies,” he said and added that “the people will need to start taking responsibilities for our failure to ask the appropriate questions, to stand up when it is right to say no this cannot continue.”

He blamed the citizenry for allowing charlatans to attain leadership positions.