UN Advises African Countries To Lead Security Sector Reforms

Joy Ogwu at the UN
Professor Joy Ogwu, who presided over the UN Security Council meeting, read the resolutions

The United Nations Security Council has advised African nations facing security challenges to take the lead in the security sector reform while the UN provides needed support.  

This is part of the resolutions reached at the end of the meeting that had seen Nigeria’s presidency at the UN Security Council, bringing to the front burner issues related to maintaining peace and order in countries coming out of conflict.

Nigeria had led the council to adopt resolution 2151 in 2014 which allows the United Nations to support security sector reforms in these countries, including an overhaul of the police, army, justice and intelligence sectors in order to restore order in the system and build lasting peace.

“Strong Political Will”

United-Nations-Security-Council UN
United Nations Security Council presided over by Nigeria’s Representatives, Professor Joy Ogwu

At the just concluded session of the Security Council, Nigeria’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Professor Joy Ogwu, among other speakers, however, called on states to take initiative and lead the reform process with a strong political will.

Reading out some of the resolutions at the meeting, Professor Ogwu said: “States must bear primary responsibility for the maintenance of peace and security within their borders.

“States must continue to take the lead in determining their security sector priorities”.

She further stressed that the demands from the African countries were the “essence and primacy of the idea of National ownership”.

Days ago, African envoys had expressed hopes that they would leverage on the Presidency of Nigeria and bring to the fore, issues of insecurity and other challenges that countries in the continent were facing for deliberation and possible solution.

Nigeria was also able to secure the Councils call for more support to IDPs in the oil-rich nation’s north-east, where the activities of the Boko Haram sect had displaced close to 1.5 million persons.

African Envoys Hopeful Of Leveraging On Nigeria’s UN Presidency

MamaboloSouth Africa’s Ambassador to the UN, Kingsley Mamabolo, has said that resolving the crises in Africa should take the front burner as Nigeria presides over the UN Security Council meeting.

Mr Mamabolo made the statement during a visit to the Security Council President, Professor Joy Ogwu, on Tuesday.

African envoys at the UN are optimistic that Nigeria’s presidency of the UN Security Council would provide an opportunity to give attention to the security crises undermining the growth of the continent.

Mr Mamabolo expressed this expectations in his comments.

He said: “We are very happy that Nigeria is the chair of the Security Council and it means that the African issues that would be discussed this month in the security council will receive the attention that there were not receiving.

“One issue that is really standing out is the issue of South Sudan and hopefully an agreement has been signed and negotiations are going on.

“We needed to discuss that Africa should take leadership on all these issues and not wait until other people decide to jump in and take that leadership on our behalf”.

The South African envoy stressed the need for Africans to take the lead in what the Security Council would be discussing on August 25.

“We would want to see international support backing up the efforts that Africa is making on the continent.

“We know that we have been calling on people to create space for Africa to make sure that Africans can solve the problem, but that entails Africans taking the lead and giving an indication to the rest of the world as to what kind of support we would want to have,” he stressed.

UN Security Council Set For Deliberation On Maintaining Peace In Conflict Regions

UN-Security-Council-meeting-of-August-2015The members of the United Nations Security Council are set for another round of deliberations on maintaining peace in conflict regions around the world.

Nigeria’s Permanent Representative to the UN, Professor Joy Ogwu, will lead the council to take decisive steps on the crises in South Sudan and Libya.

Ahead of the discussions, Professor Ogwu will hold talks with the South Sudanese and South African ambassadors in her office.

Channels Television’s correspondent, Adesewa Josh, said that the council members were set to receive a report on South Sudan and Libya.

“The UN mission in South Sudan is supposed to release a report on Monday and the council members are also supposed to go through the report the same day,” Adesewa said.

There have been series of consultations on whether to end the political crises between the President, Salva Kiir Mayardit and his opponent, Riek Marchar. The council members are trying their best to end the crisis, she said.

Recently, when President Barack Obama visited Africa, there was a meeting held in Ethiopia on what could be done to end the crises especially because of the increasing number of deaths South Sudan, which was becoming condemnable.

There was an overnight meeting between the group Kenyata and the regional council to end the crises.

Professor Ogwu, however,  expressed confidence on the AU and ECOWAS and also stressed the need to ensure that regional organisations can step up when it comes to stemming the tide of violence in Africa.

The Security Council said it might begin to explore sanctions if nothing was done between South Sudan and Libya.

UN Security Council To Focus On Security Crisis As Nigeria Presides

UN-security-council-chemberThe Middle East crisis, especially in Syria and Yemen coupled with deliberations on Liberia sanctions will be the focus for the meetings of the United Nation’s Security Council that will be presided over by Nigeria.

Nigeria’s presidency over the United Nations Security Council meetings for the month of August will begin in earnest on Wednesday August 12 and Nigeria’s permanent representative, Professor Joy Ogwu, will be leading the discussions for the next three weeks.

All representatives of the permanent and non-permanent members of the Council will deliberate on how to maintain global security and peace.

In the meantime, many Nigerians abroad have expressed optimism that Nigeria’s presidency at the Council would bring closure to the security challenges the oil-rich nation’s north-east.

Nigeria is currently tackling terrorism by members of the Boko Haram, who are trying to establish an Islamic State and also end western education in the north-east region.

The Nigerian government is also seeking effective ways to stamping out terrorism.

Opinions are that the country should make use of the opportunity to achieve needed peace in the north-east.

Channels Television’s correspondent in New York, Adesewa Josh, said expectations were high among Nigerians in the U.S.

“This is a wonderful opportunity I must say for Nigeria to express its desire for recommendations that will help in the fight against terrorism. This is not only something that is happening in Nigeria. So hopefully, Nigeria can use this platform to express here desire for terrorism, if not stamped out to be handled in a very forceful manner,” Courtney Noel said.

Nigeria Assumes Rotating Presidency Of UN Security Council

un_security_council Nigeria on Tuesday assumed the rotating presidency of the United Nations Security Council for April.

Nigeria’s Permanent Representative to the UN, Professor Joy Ogwu, took over from Luxembourg’s representative, Mr Sylvie Lucas.

Professor Ogwu listed her priority for April to include three open debates to address the Middle East, which encompasses Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Palestine, women, peace and security and on the initiative of Nigeria, maintenance of international peace and security.

She also said other issues that could be taken up included the Central African Republic and Ukraine.

The Nigerian representative said that she had commenced consultations with other members of the Security Council and would present her programmes to the member states for approval.

“Considering the turmoil in the world, it is going to be a tough agenda but we will approach it with the deepest sense of duty and I am sure we will have the support of our colleagues,” Professor Ogwu said

Under the UN Charter, the 15-member Security Council is responsibility of maintaining international peace and security.

The council is composed of five permanent members – China, United States, Britain, France, and Russia and 10 non-permanent members.

The presidency of the Council rotates among the members on a monthly basis according to the English-language alphabetical order of the countries’ names.

Nigeria was elected on October 17, 2013 by the UN General Assembly as a non-permanent member to the UN Security Council for 2014-2015.