World Leaders Adopt New York Declaration For Refugees And Migrants

UN-Adopts-New-York-ResolutionWorld leaders on Monday adopted the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants, expressing their political will to protect the rights of refugees and migrants, save lives and share responsibility for large movements on a global scale.

The New York Declaration was adopted at the United Nations General Assembly meeting currently ongoing in the United States.

By adopting the New York Declaration, Member States made bold commitments, including to start negotiations leading to an international conference and the adoption of a global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration in 2018, develop guidelines on the treatment of migrants in vulnerable situations and achieve a more equitable sharing of the burden and responsibility for hosting.

They will also support the world’s refugees by adopting a global compact on refugees in 2018.

After the Declaration was adopted the United Nations Secretary-General, Mr Ban Ki-moon, congratulated Member States saying: “Today’s Summit represents a breakthrough in our collective efforts to address the challenges of human mobility”.

He said the adoption of the New York Declaration would mean that “more children can attend school; more workers can securely seek jobs abroad, instead of being at the mercy of criminal smugglers and more people will have real choices about whether to move once we end conflict, sustain peace and increase opportunities at home”.

As called for in the Declaration, the Secretary-General also launched a new campaign called; “Together, Respect, Safety and Dignity for All”.

The campaign was launched to “respond to rising xenophobia and turn fear into hope”.

He urged “world leaders to join this campaign and commit together to upholding the rights and dignity of everyone forced by circumstance to flee their homes in search of a better life”.

The Secretary-General and the Director-General of the International Organization for Migration signed the new agreement by which IOM became a related organisation of the United Nations, thus strengthening the comprehensive global approach to migration.

A statement by spokesperson for the United Nations Department of Public Information, New York, Sunil Narula, quoted the President of the UN General Assembly, Mr Peter Thomson, as saying that he “will take forward the commitment of the membership to begin a process leading to a global compact on migration, as well as to support a global compact on refugees”.

“I will be urging Member States to maintain their high levels of ambition throughout these processes, and to always reach for the higher ground. The fate of millions of refugees and migrants rests with us,” he stated.

Highlights Of New York Declaration

Highlights of the New York Declaration are commitments to protect the human rights of all refugees and migrants, regardless of status. This includes the rights of women and girls and promoting their full, equal and meaningful participation in finding solutions.

It also shows commitment to ensuring that all refugee and migrant children are receiving education within a few months of arrival, preventing and responding to sexual and gender-based violence, supporting of those countries rescuing, receiving and hosting large numbers of refugees and migrants and working towards ending the practice of detaining children for the purposes of determining their migration status.

The Declaration also strongly condemns xenophobia against refugees and migrants and support a global campaign to counter it, strengthens the positive contributions made by migrants to economic and social development in their host countries and improve the delivery of humanitarian and development assistance to those countries most affected, including through innovative multilateral financial solutions, with the goal of closing all funding gaps.

It will ensure the implementation of a comprehensive refugee response, based on a new framework that sets out the responsibility of Member States, civil society partners and the UN system, whenever there is a large movement of refugees or a protracted refugee situation.

Other highlights are; to find new homes for all refugees identified by UNHCR as needing resettlement and expand the opportunities for refugees to relocate to other countries through, for example, labour mobility or education schemes, strengthen the global governance of migration by bringing the International Organization for Migration into the UN system.

The New York Declaration also contains concrete plans for how to build on these commitments. It will kickstart negotiations leading to an international conference and the adoption of a global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration in 2018.

The agreement to move toward this comprehensive framework is a momentous one and it means that migration, like other areas of international relations, will be guided by a set of common principles and approaches.

It will also help in the development of guidelines on the treatment of migrants in vulnerable situations. These guidelines will be particularly important for the increasing number of unaccompanied children on the move.

It will help to achieve a more equitable sharing of the burden and responsibility for hosting and supporting the world’s refugees by adopting a global compact on refugees in 2018.

US, China Ratify Paris Climate Agreement

Barack-Obama-Xi-JinpingThe United States and China have officially ratified the Paris agreement to curb climate-warming discharges.

The world’s two biggest economies confirmed this on Saturday, saying the ratification could help put the pact into force before the end of the year.

UN Secretary-General, Mr Ban Ki-moon, who is in China to witness the declaration, received the plan to join the agreement from American President, Mr Barack Obama and his Chinese counterpart, President Xi Jinping.

A senior adviser to President Obama, Brian Deese, observed that the joint announcement should push other countries to formally join the deal.

“The signal of the two large emitters taking this step together and taking it early, far earlier than people had anticipated a year ago, should give confidence to the global communities and to other countries that are working on their climate change plans, that they too can move quickly and will be part of a global effort,” Reuters quoted Deese as saying.

Obama’s aide hinted that the US President was expected to meet the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, on the sidelines of a Group of 20 nations meeting in Hangzhou, China, this weekend.

Buhari At Syria Donor Conference, Sympathises With Syria

SyriaPresident Muhammadu Buhari is among the over 80 world leaders who converged on London on Thursday for the ‘Supporting Syria and the region’ conference holding at the Queen Elizabeth 11 Conference Centre in London.

In his speech, President Buhari applauded the initiative to protect the people of Syria from the vicious war.

He joined the world in condemning the violence and abuse of human rights and sheer destruction of lives and property.

He said that Nigeria shares the same experience with Syria following the experience from Boko Haram insurgency and therefore feels the pains the people of Syria feel.

He urged all the parties to engage in peaceful talks as only a political agreement would bring the tragedy to an end.

He said that military option would only prolong the war and killing of innocent civilians. He extended the sympathy of Nigerians to the suffering people of Syria.

He pledged to support in spite of the difficulties back home.

Also speaking, the Secretary General of the United Nations, Mr Ban Ki Moon, joined the host president and British Prime Minister, Mr David Cameron, to condemn the human rights abuses going on in Syria.

Mr Cameron was passionate about the call to raise fund for the suffering masses in Syria but called for more action while the UN Secretary General Ban KI Moon said that at least seven billion dollars must be raised.

According to him, even if the war in Syria ends immediately, the suffering of the people would not end immediately. He said that only political dialogue can rescue the Syrian people.

The world leaders said that over 80 billion US Dollars would be needed in 2016 alone to keep up with the needs.

They said that the whole world have a responsibility to commit to getting Syrian children into school, within months and not years.

Every country under the United Nations had a desk in the main plenary room.

Over 13.5 million people of Syria and the region, for over five years, have witnessed the worst humanitarian devastation following the crisis in that country.

 

We Have Driven Boko Haram Into Fall-Back Positions – Buhari

BuhariNigeria’s President, Muhammadu Buhari, says Nigeria has made very significant progress towards ending Boko Haram insurgency in the northeast since his assumption of office on May 29, 2015.

The President made the statement in Abu Dhabi, the capital of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), during a meeting with the Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN), Mr Ban Ki-moon, on the sidelines of the World Future Energy Summit.

Buhari said that in collaboration with the Multinational Joint Task Force, the Nigerian Armed Forces have driven the terrorist group from Nigerian territory into “fall-back positions”.

“They are currently not holding any territory today as we speak, ” President Buhari told the UN Secretary-General.

According to a statement from the Media Adviser to the President, Femi Adesina, President Buhari also told Ban Ki-moon that Nigeria would persistently pursue global action to reverse the drying up of Lake Chad and save the lives of those who depend on it for survival.

“With all due respect to our neighbours, Nigeria has been worst hit by the drying up of the Lake Chad and we are hoping that the global community will support the process of halting the drying up of the lake.”

In response, Mr Ban Ki-moon commended the President for his courage in fighting terrorism and corruption.

The Secretary-General said that Nigeria had made amazing progress against terrorism since President Buhari assumed office, while the President’s war against corruption had also boosted global confidence in the Nigerian economy.

He urged President Buhari to integrate the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals into Nigeria’s economic and environmental vision.

Buhari In UAE To Attend World Future Energy Summit

muhammadu-Buhari-In-UAE-3President Muhammadu Buhari has arrived at the United Arab Emirates (UAE) on a three-day official visit where he will be attending the World Future Energy Summit on January 17, as a special guest of honour.

The Nigerian President was received at the President wing or the Abu Dhabi International Airport in United Arab Emirates by the third Deputy Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Sultan Bin Zayed and Ambassador of Nigeria to UAE, Ibrahim Auwalu.

Muhammadu-Buhari-in-UAE-2
President Muhammadu Buhari, the third Deputy Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Sultan Bin Zayed and Ambassador of Nigeria to UAE, Ibrahim Auwalu

In the course of the visit, President Buhari would join the Secretary General of the United Nations, Mr Ban Ki Moon; Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Zayed Al-Nahyan of Abu Dhabi and other participants as a special guest of honour at the 2016 edition of the World Future Energy Summit.

Muhammadu-Buhari-leaves-for-UAE-meeting
President Muhammadu Buhari and some government officials leaving the Presidential Villa in Nigeria

The summit, which is now in its ninth year of existence, has developed into one of the world’s most influential events dedicated to advancing future energy, energy efficiency and clean technologies.

President Buhari would also lead a team of his ministers to bilateral talks with the government of the UAE, after which a number of agreements between both countries on economic, trade and bilateral relations are expected to be signed.

President Buhari was as well scheduled to meet with leading UAE businessmen who are interested in Nigeria with a view to encouraging greater investment inflows to critical sectors such as power supply, oil, gas and agriculture.

The President will be accompanied by the Minister of Power, Works and Housing Ministers of State for Petroleum, Minister of Environment, Justice, Trade and Investment, Minister of Finance, Minister of Foreign Affairs, as well as the National Security Adviser.

He would also meet with Nigerian professionals in the UAE before returning to Abuja on Tuesday, January 19.

Buhari Seeks Commonwealth’s Support In War Against Terrorism

Muhammadu-BuhariPresident Muhammadu Buhari has called for the establishment of a Commonwealth Committee to oversee the rendering of greater assistance and support to Nigeria and other member-countries which have been adversely affected by the scourge of terrorism.

Speaking at a banquet hosted by Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II for Heads of State and Government participating in the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in Malta on Friday, President Buhari expressed the hope that the Committee would be established before the next meeting of the organisation.

In a statement issued by the President’s spokesman, Femi Adesina, Buhari said that he also expected the Committee to visit member-countries of the Commonwealth where terrorist organisations had established a foothold with a view to evolving practical strategies for more meaningful assistance to the affected countries.

President Buhari urged the Commonwealth to show greater resolve in helping Nigeria and other developing nations in its ranks to overcome the challenges of economic development, security, terrorism and corruption.

“With the improvement of global communications, terrorism has no borders now. What happened recently in France had a profound effect on all of us, but very few countries realise that Nigeria has suffered terrorist casualties of over 10,000 killed in the last six years.

“Right now, we have over two million Internally Displaced Persons, most of whom are women and children, and most of the children are orphans,” the President told the Queen and Commonwealth Heads of State and Government.

International Support

President Buhari, who informed the gathering of efforts by Nigeria and other members of the Lake Chad Basin Commission to curb the menace of Boko Haram, pointed out that the problem of terrorism in West Africa had been aggravated by the collapse of the Gadhafi regime in Libya.

“We have agreed to a joint task-force for the elimination of Boko Haram, but it may not be easy, especially after the events in Libya when trained people with weapons moved back to Sahel region from where they were recruited by the former Libyan leader.

“Those weapons and expertise in their use are now aggravating the situation in the Sahel and further south”, the President said.

While calling for greater international support for Nigeria and other countries affected by terrorism, President Buhari expressed his administration’s appreciation of the assistance already being received from the Commonwealth, Britain, the Group of Seven Industrialised Nations, France and the United States.

“I am grateful to Britain, France and the United States. They have already sent teams to train the Nigerian Military and Police in the control of terrorism.

“The Commonwealth has helped us in so many ways by the visible support they have been giving to help us overcome the problem of terrorism,” he maintained.

The Queen’s Banquet was also attended by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Mr Ban Ki Moon.

Ban Ki-moon Requests Buhari’s Input To Fresh UN Resolution Against Extremism

ban ki moon requests Buhari's input to UN resolutionPresident Muhammadu Buhari has accepted an invitation from the United Nations Secretary-General, Mr Ban Ki-moon to a meeting of world leaders in New York which is expected to formulate a fresh plan of action against extremism.

President Barack Obama and President Francois Hollande of France are also expected to participate in the September 28 meeting which will, among other things deliberate on a new United Nations draft resolution on combating extremism worldwide.

Mr Ban also invited President Buhari to a meeting of a select group of 25 World leaders in New York on September 27 to deliberate on a global climate change agreement.

In offering the invitations Monday in Abuja, the Secretary-General said they were in recognition of the political will demonstrated by President Buhari in combating terror in Nigeria and dealing with environmental issues.

Mr Ban applauded moves by Buhari’s Administration to clean up Ogoniland and promised the full support of the United Nations for the exercise.

“We will find ways to complement your leadership on environmental reform. We are happy with your plans for the restoration of Ogoniland and we will see how we can help,” the UN Secretary-General assured the President.

He said that the UN will welcome President Buhari’s “input and experience” in finalizing plans to introduce a new resolution against extremism at the General Assembly.

UN Urges Buhari To Sustain Gains In Fight Against Boko Haram

buhariThe United Nations (UN) has asked the incoming administration of the All Progressives Congress in Nigeria to sustain the gains recorded by the outgoing administration in the fight against the Boko Haram terrorists in the north-east.

A Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary General, Mr Ban Ki-Moon, made the statement on Friday when he met with Nigeria’s President-elect, General Muhammadu Buhari.

Speaking to journalists shortly after meeting with General Buhari behind closed doors in Kaduna, the UN special representative for West Africa, Mr. Muhammad Ibn Chambas, said “sustaining the victory achieved so far in the last six weeks by the military over the insurgents will give room for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of persons and communities affected by the attacks”.

He also commended President Goodluck Jonathan for his statesmanship following the outcome of the March 28 Presidential and Parliamentary elections in Nigeria.

According to him, Nigeria’s elections of March 28 and April 11 have set a model for the African continent and other countries of the world.

Mr. Chambas also expressed Mr. Ki-moon’s personal admiration for President Jonathan’s exemplary leadership with regard to the conduct of the general elections in Nigeria and reaffirmed the UN’s readiness to support the on-going effort by Nigeria and other countries in West and Central Africa to end Boko Haram terrorist attacks against their citizens.

He assured Nigerians of the UN’s readiness to work closely with the incoming administration in implementing some of its economic policies, as captured in the APC campaign manifesto and also commended General Buhari for making security a top priority of his campaign manifesto.

On his part, the President-elect thanked the UN for the concern it showed during the election by supporting the Independent National Electoral Commission to conduct free and fair elections.

He also pledged to work with the world body in the fight against Boko Haram.UN

On Thursday, President Jonathan appealed to the UN to focus more on helping Nigeria with the rehabilitation and reconstruction of persons and communities affected by terrorism in northern Nigeria rather than deploying an international force to the country.

President Jonathan made the appeal at a meeting with the special representatives of the UN Secretary-General for West Africa and Central Africa, Mr. Chambas and Abdoulaye Bathily, who were also part of the delegation that met with General Buhari.

The team is on a tour of countries affected by the Boko Haram insurgency including Chad, Cameroon and Niger.

UN Tasks Politicians On Peaceful Elections

unThe United Nations (UN) Under-Secretary, Mr Jeffery Feltham, has appealed to all political actors in Nigeria to ensure that the general elections are held under a peaceful atmosphere.

The appeal comes barely two weeks to the general elections rescheduled for March 28.

Fielding questions from journalists in Abuja, after meeting the Presidential candidate of the All Progressives Congress (APC), General Muhammadu Buhari, behind closed doors, Mr Feltham said that the Secretary General of the UN, Mr Ban Ki-Moon and the UN are interested in the conduct of a peaceful election in Nigeria.

UN Backs Nigeria’s Fight Against Boko Haram

UNThe United Nations Secretary General, Mr Ban Ki Moon, has backed Nigerian’s fight against Boko Haram.

The UN Secretary General’s backing was disclosed to State House correspondents by the former ECOWAS Chairman and representatives of the UN Secretary General for Nigeria and West Africa, Mr Ibn Chambas, after a meeting with President Goodluck Jonathan in the Presidential Villa.

He said that the UN Department of Peace Keeping would be providing a commanding control and unity of purpose among the different countries contributing troops towards the elimination of Boko Haram.

On Nigeria’s elections, Mr Chambas said that the United Nations is full of expectations that all would be well with Nigeria in the forthcoming general elections.

He further called on politicians to exercise restraint and keep the process clean.

He also spoke on humanitarian support for displaced persons following the Boko Haram terror attacks, promising that the UN would provide humanitarian support to the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) to ameliorate the sufferings of displaced persons.