NCDC Confirms Yellow Fever Outbreak, Deaths In Bauchi

INEC Resumes Collation Exercise For Bauchi Governorship Election Today

 

 

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has confirmed that some persons have died following an outbreak of Yellow Fever in Bauchi State.

In a statement on Friday said the Commission said it was first notified of the outbreak on August 29 when the agency received the report of a confirmed case of yellow fever in Kano State from a laboratory in its network.

According to the statement, three of the confirmed cases are residents of Alkaleri Local Government Area (LGA), with a fourth case linked to a tourist who was visiting Kano State and also visited the Yankari Games Reserve in the same LGA within Bauchi.

The commission further stated that subsequent investigations led by the Kano State Epidemiology Team established that the confirmed case of yellow fever “was from a patient who visited the Yankari Game Reserve in Bauchi, in August with his father.

“The father died with similar symptoms before a sample could be collected and tested,” the statement partly read.

READ ALSO: Flood: Two Women, Teenager Drown In Nasarawa

In a similar vein, the Borno State Epidemiology Team on Tuesday had reported deaths among students of Waka College of Education in Biu LGA Borno State.

The students are said to have visited the Yankari Games Reserves in August 2019.

The NCDC said that “of the 95 Students that visited the resort (Yankari Game Reserve), eight of them developed symptoms and six had died as at the time of the report. The others are in a stable condition. Samples from these cases are being tested.”

According to the health agency, intensification of surveillance activities have led to the confirmation of three more cases in Bauchi, all residents of Alkaleri Local Government Area of Bauchi.

Since it was notified, the NCDC said it has been collaborating with the state epidemiologists and the World Health Organisation country office to investigate these events.

“We have deployed a rapid response team to support Bauchi State to carry out further in-depth investigations, including case finding, risk communications, and support the management of cases.

“Samples of the other suspected cases from Bauchi and Borno states are currently being transported to the NCDC National Reference Laboratory in Abuja for further testing,” it said.

NCDC said it has also activated the Emergency Operations Centre to coordinate the response to the outbreak.

 

NCDC Confirms Four New Lassa Fever Cases

 

Four new cases of Lassa fever have been confirmed from three states in the country, with no new death recorded.

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) revealed this in its latest Situation Report on the disease for Week 19 which covers May 6 to 12.

Since the onset of the 2019 outbreak, there have been 128 deaths in confirmed cases.

Recent figure shows that two cases were confirmed in Edo and one each Ebonyi and Taraba States respectively.

This brings to 2,426, the total number of suspected cases reported from 21 states between January 1 and May 12, 2019.

Of these, 569 were confirmed positive, 15 probable and 1842 negative (not a case), while case fatality ratio in confirmed cases is 22.5 per cent.

 

There is at least one confirmed case across 82 Local Government Areas of Edo, Ondo, Bauchi, Nasarawa, Ebonyi, and Plateau.

Others are Taraba, Adamawa, Gombe, Kaduna, Kwara, Benue, Rivers, Kogi, Enugu, Imo, Delta, Oyo, Kebbi and Cross River States, as well as the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).

Edo State is leading with 36 per cent, followed by Ondo, Ebonyi, Bauchi, Taraba, and Plateau States with 29, eight, seven, seven, and six per cent respectively.

Predominant age-group affected is 21-40 years while the ratio of male to female for confirmed cases is 1.2:1.

 

No new healthcare worker was affected in the reporting week, although a total of 18 healthcare workers have been infected in eight states since the onset of the outbreak with two deaths in Enugu and Edo States.

NCDC said eight patients are currently being managed at various facilities such as the Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital (ISTH) treatment Centre and the Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki among others.

It disclosed further that a total of 7,368 contacts have been identified from 20 States and of these, 535 are currently being followed up while 6,765 have completed 21 days follow up and eight others lost to follow up.

The report read, “119 (1.6%) symptomatic contacts have been identified, of which 60 (0.8%) have tested positive.”

The agency gave assurance that the multi-sectoral Technical Working Group (TWG) has continued to coordinate the response activities at all levels.

Lassa Fever: 16 New Cases Confirmed As Death Toll Rises To 121

Source: www.ncdc.gov.ng

 

Sixteen new cases of Lassa fever have been confirmed from five states in the country.

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) disclosed this in its latest Situation Report on the disease for Week 13 which covers March 25 to 31.

A breakdown of the figure shows that six cases were confirmed in Edo and four in Ondo, while two cases were confirmed in Bauchi, Taraba, and Plateau States.

READ ALSO: Students Ask Taraba Govt To Address Issues Raised By Striking Lecturers

The report also revealed that one new death was recorded in Bauchi and another in Taraba State.

According to the NCDC, a total of 2,034 suspected cases have been reported from 21 states across the country from January 1 to March 31, 2019.

Of these cases, 526 were confirmed positive, 15 probable and 1,693 negative (not a case).

 

Since the onset of the 2019 outbreak, there have been 121 deaths in confirmed cases while the case fatality ratio in confirmed cases is 23.0%.

Twenty states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) have recorded at least one confirmed case of the disease across 81 Local Government Areas.

The states are Edo, Ondo, Bauchi, Nasarawa, Ebonyi, Plateau, Taraba, Adamawa, Gombe, Kaduna, Kwara, Benue, Rivers, Kogi, Enugu, Imo, Delta, Oyo, Kebbi and Cross River.

In the reporting week 13, one new healthcare worker was affected in Plateau State, bringing the number of healthcare workers infected since the onset of the outbreak to 17.

Seven of them were infected in Edo, three in Ondo, two in Ebonyi, and one each in Enugu, Rivers, Bauchi, Benue, and Plateau States.

 

Similarly, 29 patients are currently being managed at various treatment centres across the country: Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital (ISTH) treatment Centre – 10, Federal Medical Centre Owo – nine, Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki – three, Bauchi – two, Plateau – three, and Taraba – two.

The NCDC said a total of 6,489 contacts have been identified from 20 States.

Of these, 1,443 (22.2%) are being followed up, 4,983 (76.8%) have completed 21 days follow up, while eight (0.1%) were lost to follow up.

One hundred and twelve (1.7%) symptomatic contacts have also been identified, of which 55 (1.0%) have tested positive.

The agency revealed that the multi-sectoral one health national rapid response teams have been deployed to Taraba and Bauchi States.

It added that the national Lassa fever multi-partner, multi-sectoral Emergency Operations Centre (EOC), has continued to coordinate the response activities at all levels.

See the full report below:

Nigeria’s Lassa Fever Death Toll Rises To 75, 25 New Cases Confirmed

Death Toll Rises To 75, As NCDC Confirms 355 Cases Of Lassa Fever

 

The number of people killed as a result of Lassa Fever outbreak in the country has risen to 75, with 25 new cases confirmed.

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) disclosed this in its latest situation report on the disease published on Friday.

According to the agency, the report for week seven revealed that six confirmed cases were reported from Edo, two from Ondo, and one from Ebonyi.

Other states where confirmed cases were recorded included Plateau – two, Taraba – four, Bauchi – eight, Kogi – one, and Kebbi – one.

On the other hand, three new deaths were recorded in Ondo, two in Bauchi, and one other in Kogi State.

READ ALSOINEC Includes Zamfara APC Candidates On The Ballot

Since the beginning of the year until February 17, a total of 1,139 suspected cases have been reported from 19 States and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).

Of these cases, 355 were confirmed positive, three probable, and 781 negative (not a case).

NCDC, however, said 1,168 suspected cases have been reported from 30 states and the FCT.

It added that 20 states – which include Edo, Ondo, Bauchi, Nasarawa, Ebonyi, Plateau, Taraba, Adamawa, Gombe, Kaduna, and Kwara, among others – have recorded at least one confirmed case across 57 local government areas.

A healthcare worker was affected in Edo while 13 others have been affected since the onset of the outbreak in seven States.

The agency disclosed that 88 patients were being managed at various treatment centres across the country, with 31 in Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, and 28 at Federal Medical Centre, Owo.

Three patients are receiving treatment at the Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakiliki, 11 in Bauchi, seven in Plateau and Taraba, and one in Kebbi State.

“A total of 3,872 contacts have been identified from 18 States. Of these, 2,600 (67.1%) are currently being followed up, 1,227 (31.7%) have completed 21 days follow up, while Four (0.1%) were lost to follow up. Sixty-three (1.6%) symptomatic contacts have been identified, of which 41 (1.1%) have tested positive,” the report said.

Experts Seek Effective Synergy To Tackle Lassa Fever

Experts Seek Effective Synergy To Tackle Lassa Fever

 

Health experts in Nigeria and other parts of the world met in Abuja on Wednesday to discuss how Lassa fever outbreaks can be tackled in West Africa.

Borne out of human contact with food or items contaminated by rodent waste products, they noted that the disease saddles Nigeria with its heaviest burden internationally.

The Director-General of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), Dr Chikwe Ihekweazu, told the gathering that the progress recorded in the fight against Lassa fever in the country was not a dose of coincidence.

He also attributed the success to the recent signing of the Centre for Disease Control Act into law in November 2018.

Dr Chikwe Ihekweazu

 

Dr Ihekweazu said, “Today, we have an Act signed by the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria – giving us the mandate to do the critical work that we have to do for Nigeria and for the world.”

“The increasing political commitment has meant greater recognition and encouragement to the staff that work tirelessly to protect the health of Nigerians.

“It has meant increased funding to NCDC, it has meant an opportunity to increase our staff strength, it has meant that we have a strong confident work for that is taking all these responsibilities on our behalf,” he added.

The touching account of Nasarawa State Governor, Tanko Al-Makura, and his experience with Lassa fever in 1990 drew full attention and sympathy.

The stakeholders agreed that the full eradication of Lassa fever in the West African sub-region would require more effective synergy between nation states and international development partners.

The disease has proven to be one of the most significant threats to Nigeria’s health care system following the annual bouts of outbreaks in various parts of the country.

In view of this reality, the Federal Government is planning disease control as an integral part of the overhaul of the nation’s health sector masterplan.

While both local and international experts agree that progress has been made on this front in Nigeria, the impetus is now placed on the pursuit of final eradication of the dreaded disease.

President Buhari Signs NCDC Bill Into Law

President Buhari Signs NCDC Bill Into Law
President Muhammadu Buhari (file)

 

President Muhammadu Buhari has signed the bill for an Act to establish the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) into law.

The President disclosed this on Tuesday via his verified Twitter handle.

According to him, the NCDC Act was one of the bills he assented to last week.

President Buhari who noted that the agency has existed for seven years without enabling legislation was confident that it would now be able to deliver on its mandate.

Meanwhile, the leadership of the NCDC has commended the President’s assent to the bill, saying it was a demonstration of his commitment to national health security.

The agency explained in a statement on Tuesday that since its establishment in 2011, it has demonstrated its capacity to protect the health of Nigerians by delivering on its core functions of preparedness, detection and response to outbreaks of infectious diseases.

It added that the new Act which would establish NCDC as a full-fledged parastatal would also ensure that its work was sustained and supported.

Reacting to the development, NCDC Chief Executive, Dr Chikwe Ihekweazu, said, “We are very grateful for Mr President’s support in the passage of the Executive Bill.”

“This Bill will provide Nigerians with an institute that has the capacity to ensure the country’s health security.

“We are also grateful to the honourable Minister and Minister of State for Health for their support and the Senate Committee on Primary Health Care and Communicable Diseases led by Senator Mao Ohuabunwa,” he added.

Dr Ihekweazu stressed further that with the signing into law of the bill establishing Nigeria’s national public health institute, the Federal Government has shown its commitment to ensuring that the citizens are well protected from the public health threat of global emerging infectious diseases.

Lassa Fever: NCDC Confirms 394 Cases, 95 Deaths In 2018

Lassa Fever Resurfaces In Nasarawa, Kills One Person
File photo

 

The Nigeria Centre For Disease Control (NCDC), has confirmed a total of 394 cases and 95 deaths between January 1 and March 25, 2018, following a resurgence of Lassa Fever.

In its latest report, the NCDC said 18 new cases were recorded in the last week of March.

It, however, noted that there has generally been a downward trend in new cases over the past five weeks.

But the agency said surveillance data from previous outbreaks indicate that the typical peak transmission season for the disease has not passed, so it is important to still continue to strengthen surveillance and response activities.

“NCDC, WHO and all other partners involved in the outbreak continue to intensify response operations especially the continued engagement with affected communities to prevent, recognise and report cases of Lassa fever”.

Furthermore, the agency called on all Nigerians, especially those living in Edo, Ondo and Ebonyi states to continue focusing on prevention.

It advised that storing grains and other foodstuffs in rodent-proof containers and disposing of garbage far from the home are some effective preventive measures.

“Prevention of Lassa fever relies on promoting good community hygiene to discourage rodents from entering homes. Other effective measures include storing grains and other foodstuffs in rodent-proof containers, proper disposal of garbage far from the home, and maintaining clean households.

“All foods must be cooked thoroughly, and family members should always be careful to avoid contact with blood and body fluids while caring for sick persons.

The report also urged health care workers to “maintain a high index of suspicion for Lassa fever when handling patients, irrespective of their health status.

“Lassa fever should be considered in patients with fever, headache and malaise, in whom malaria has been ruled out with a rapid diagnostic test (RDT), especially when patients are not getting better. Health workers should adhere to standard precautions including wearing protective apparels when handling suspected Lassa fever patients.”

Furthermore, the agency’s CEO, Dr Chikwe Ihekweazu, noted that the “NCDC and its partners will continue to support the states with the expertise, commodities and human resources that they need to respond appropriately”.

The Country Representative of W.H.O Dr Wondi Alemu, also assured Nigerians that the organisation remains committed to supporting the excellent work being done by the country.

“We will stand by the country, not only until the end of this outbreak but to ensure that we learn the lessons needed to prevent a large outbreak happening in the future,” he said.

Monkeypox: Nigeria Records One Death, Confirms 61 Cases

Benue State Government on Wednesday deployed medical personnel to carry out necessary investigation on the suspected cases of monkeypox reported in Gboko and Vandeikya.
File photo

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), has announced 61 confirmed cases of monkeypox and reported the first death from the disease.

A situation report for monkeypox outbreak released by the agency for the epidemiological week 49, on Wednesday, said the dead patient was a confirmed case with background immune-compromised condition.

It, however, added that there has been a decline in the number of new suspected cases reported over the last five weeks.

In the report, the agency also stated that it has deactivated the monkeypox Emergency Operations Centre, EOC, this week.

It said response to the disease will henceforth be coordinated by ”a technical working group” comprising of all existing response partners.

NCDC Distances Self From MonkeyPox Vaccination In South East

The Chief Executive Officer of the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), Dr. Chikwe Ihekweazu, says there is no ongoing vaccination against monkeypox in the south-east or any other part of the country.

Dr. Ihekweazu said this on Thursday in Abuja at the Senate committee hearing on the reported monkeypox outbreak in parts of the country.

The NCDC boss explained that there is no relationship between his organisation and what is going on in the south-east.

He, therefore, cautioned Nigerians against participating in any immunization against the disease.

Earlier in the week, some parents in Delta and Anambra states reportedly began to withdraw their children from schools, following reports that the army was administering immunization drugs suspected to be harmful.

The army has since denied the claims saying the medical outreach is a social responsibility programme fashioned into the operation Python Dance in the south east.

Meningitis Outbreak: Not Less Than 328 People Dead – NCDC

Meningitis Outbreak: Not Less Than 328 People Dead - NCDC Not less than 328 persons have died following the latest outbreak of meningitis in different parts of Nigeria, out of 2524 suspected cases.

This figure was confirmed by the Chief Executive Officer of the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), Dr. Chikezie Ihekweazu, who listed the states most affected to include: Zamfara, Sokoto, Katsina and Niger states.

The NCDC boss was speaking Channels Television’s Saturday breakfast programme, Sunrise.

“We have about 2524 cases across the country and exactly 131 of those have been confirmed, (laboratory confirmed) for meningitis and there have been 328 deaths.”

According to him, the outbreak started in Zamfara before it spread to other states.

He however stated that the NCDC has been working very hard with the state government, the National Primary Health Care Development Agency, the Ministry of Health, as well as the World Health Organisation and UNICEF, to curb the menace and according to him, much progress has been made so far.

Meanwhile, Mr Ihekweazuu stated that there are a lot of things that individuals can do to protect themselves in the short term.

He explained that bacterial meningitis affects the brain and the spinal cord and it is actually transmitted through person to person contact from sneezing, coughing, or even living in crowded conditions.

He therefore advised that individuals should be mindful of their personal hygiene while also adding that if they cannot avoid overcrowding then they should ensure that their homes are well ventilated.

Borno Govt. Confirms First Case Of Lassa Fever

Lassa Fever, Plateau State, Kamshak KundenThe Borno State Government has confirmed the diagnosis of Lassa fever in a 32-year-old woman in Zabarmari, a village located on the outskirts of Maiduguri metropolis.

The Commissioner of Health, Dr. Haruna Mshelia, who said this noted that incident was the first to be recorded in the state in northeast Nigeria.

Dr. Mshelia said the survivor fell sick last week and was admitted at a government hospital in Maiduguri, while a sample of her blood was taken to Lagos for test and returned positive.

He said though the situation was under control as the victim was responding to treatment, the ministry had to summon all stakeholders, including traditional rulers to sensitise the public on the need to ensure proper sanitation and avoid eating rodents, especially rats.

The commissioner noted that officials from the ministry had visited Zabarmari where they identified 23 people who had contact with the victim.

“So far we are in contact with 23 of her relations and we are following them up; all of them are healthy.

“But this disease takes between two to 21 days to develop; so we will not stop following them up until this period elapses,” he said.

Dr. Mshelia stressed further that those suspected to have personal contact have been quarantined.

He hinted that the ministry would soon embark on house-to-house fumigation, assuring the people of the state that there was no cause for alarm.

“We have formed teams that are to follow the relations, teams that are to go to the hospital and ensure that single case is treated properly and nobody catches the disease, and we have enlightened teams among others,” he said.

The incident management team, according to the commissioner, comprises “the state ministry of health, the Federal Government’s Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), and our partners chiefly the World Health Organisation and the Borno State Environmental Protection Agency (BOSEPA)”.

Mshelia explained that “the role of BOSEPA is to move to Zabarmari and we will try to see if we can catch few of the rats for examination.

“Then the whole town will be fumigated house-to-house, to get rid of the rats that are there that could be infected”.

A report published in January 2017 by the NCDC had warned on the increased number of Lassa fever cases, even as it advised increased focus on prevention and preparedness.

The report indicated that from December 2016, Nigeria has recorded 19 cases of Lassa fever and six deaths in seven states.

Lassa Fever: FG Set To Take Up New Preventive Measures

Lassa Fever, Plateau State, Kamshak KundenChief Executive Officer of the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), Doctor Chike Ihekweazu, says the government is taking new preventive measures to reduce the rate of Lassa fever infection across Nigeria.

He made the comments at the media advocacy meeting on Lassa fever outbreak.

It was also revealed that the National Reference Laboratory for rapid testing of cases of Lassa fever, will be operational by the second quarter of 2017.

Dr. Ihekweazu added that over the last few years, Lassa fever has broken out in several states across the federation with increasing prevalence.

He explained that the new preventive measures taken by the government have reduced the rate of Lassa contraction by 20 per cent.