Israelis were voting Tuesday in their fifth election in less than four years, with the hawkish ex-premier Benjamin Netanyahu campaigning for a comeback alongside far-right allies.
The latest ballot follows the collapse of the so-called “change” coalition, which united eight disparate parties who succeeded in ousting Netanyahu last year after a record run as prime minister, but ultimately failed to bring political stability.
Israelis have until 2000 GMT to cast their ballot, after which complex bargaining to build a coalition will get underway.
Caretaker Prime Minister Yair Lapid is seeking to hold onto power, with his centrist Yesh Atid party lagging slightly behind Netanyahu’s right-wing Likud in the polls.
Lapid, a former TV anchor, on Tuesday urged the electorate to cast their ballot.
“Go and vote today for the future of our children, for the future of our country. Vote well!” he said at a Tel Aviv polling station.
In a political system where a shift in just one of the 120 Knesset seats up for grabs could cement a ruling coalition — or lead to further deadlock and possible new elections — the outcome remains uncertain once more.
At a polling station in Tel Aviv, left-wing voter Shai Barkan lamented the “terrible” impasse of recent years.
“I’m doing my civic duty, and I hope that these elections will be the last for the next four years,” the 66-year-old designer told AFP.
– Tight race –
Netanyahu, who is on trial for corruption and breach of trust, has addressed party faithful from a bulletproof campaign bus, seeking to convince them that only he can keep the country safe.
“I ask you to go to all of your friends, all of your neighbours, all of your relatives, and tell them that nobody stays home,” the 73-year-old known as Bibi urged supporters at a recent rally.
Whoever is tapped to form a government will need the backing of multiple smaller parties to stand a chance of clinching the 61 seats necessary for a majority.
The extreme-right leader Itamar Ben-Gvir may be key to helping Netanyahu return to the premiership, as his Religious Zionism bloc has gained momentum in recent weeks and could come third in the election.
Ben-Gvir, who has faced dozens of charges of hate speech against Arabs, vowed Tuesday there will be a “full right-wing government” led by Netanyahu.
One of Ben-Gvir’s supporters, 40-year-old Jonathan Kern, said the politician “focuses on the things important to me” such as his Jewish identity and security.
“(But) I think that nothing will change, it’s going to be the same dead heat and the most intelligent will form a government,” Kern said in Tel Aviv.
The election is being held against a backdrop of soaring violence across Israeli-annexed east Jerusalem and the occupied West Bank.
At least 29 Palestinians and three Israelis were killed across the two territories in October, according to an AFP tally.
The Israeli military said it would shut checkpoints leading to the West Bank and close the crossing with the blockaded Gaza Strip throughout election day.
While many candidates have cited security as a concern, none have campaigned on a platform of reviving moribund peace talks with the Palestinians.
– Divisions and despondency –
The cost of living has been a hot issue this election as Israelis, having long endured high prices, are feeling the pinch even more amid global economic turmoil linked to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
But in repeated rounds of elections since April 2019, few voters have significantly shifted their allegiances.
The pacts agreed and broken by their political leaders have, however, changed over time and shaped short-lived governments.
Lapid was the architect of the last coalition, which for the first time brought an independent Arab party into the fold and included others from the right and left.
That unlikely alliance was made possible after Mansour Abbas pulled his Raam party from a united slate with other Arab-led parties, paving the way for him to join the coalition.
Recent months have seen further divisions within the Arab bloc, which is running on three separate lists in a move expected to weaken the minority’s representation in parliament.
Such a scenario has led to despondency among many Arab-Israelis — who make up around 20 percent of the population — potentially denting their turnout.
“We need to work harder, first of all, to convince people to go out and vote,” Aida Touma-Suleiman, from the Hadash-Taal alliance, told AFP.
“It’s one frustration on top of another.”