El-Rufai Swears In Elected LG Chairmen

Kaduna State Governor, Nasir El-Rufai has charged the newly elected local government chairmen to prioritise service delivery to the people at the grassroots and look beyond partisanship in the discharge of their mandates.

Speaking at the swearing-in of the 21 local government chairmen, El-Rufai warned them not to discriminate against those that did not vote for them.

According to El-Rufai, the local government chairmen should not favour those who share the same ethnicity or religion as that will offend their oath of office.

READ ALSO: Anambra Poll: Andy Uba Will Tackle Security, Conduct LG Polls – Ugokwe

While congratulating them on their emergence from the 2021 local government elections which the state conducted using electronic voting, the governor said his administration has taken careful steps to reform the local government system for optimal performance, by addressing the capacity deficit of local government workers.

The governor reiterated that the chairmen are now custodians of a sacred trust hence they must be fair, just and reasonable in all their dealings, decisions and interactions.

Among the 21 new local chairmen, 16 are of the All Progressive Congress (APC) while five were elected on the platform of the Peoples Democratic Party(PDP)

Elections could not be conducted in Birnin-Gwari due to security concerns while the outcome in Jaba is still a subject of litigation.

Kaduna LG Poll: Aggrieved APC Members Protest Against Inconclusive Election

A file photo of a ballot box.

 

Aggrieved members of the All Progressives Congress (APC) in Jema’a Local Government Area of Kaduna State have taken to the streets to protest against the declaration of election in the council by the state independent electoral commission as inconclusive.

The APC members took their protest to the office of the electoral commission in the Kaduna state capital on Saturday.

They vowed to resist any attempt by the electoral umpire to declare the election inconclusive or conduct a re-run election, insisting that the entire process was duly completed and winners returned by the returning officer.

While addressing journalists on Saturday, APC Leader in Jema’a LGA, Sanusi Maikudi, faulted the electoral body’s decision, claiming that his party won the poll.

He alleged that there were some calculated attempts to rob the ruling APC of victory in the chairmanship poll.

READ ALSO: PDP’s Evivie Wins Delta Assembly By-Election

“We are collectively shocked, disappointed and dismayed by the calculated mischief, partisan afterthought and shameless attempt to commit a daylight robbery of the hard-earned victory of our great party, the All Progressives Congress of Jema’a Local Government,” he said.

On getting to the headquarters of the electoral commission, APC supporters accused the body of trying to truncate the people’s mandate.

According to an APC loyalist, Bege Katuka, the provision of Section 23 of the nation’s Constitution stipulates that after the Returning Officer has declared a winner in an election, there wouldn’t be room for another order.

Speaking in Katuka’s favour, another APC member, Cecilia Musa, said the APC is insisting that its demands be sustained in the local government.

“The election was declared free and fair by the Returning Officer of the LGA, Dr Sunday Ibrahim in front of the Peoples Democratic Party and everyone accepted it. We all shook hands,” she said.

But the Kaduna State Independent Electoral Commission (KADSIECOM) is yet to respond to the issues and concerns raised by the aggrieved APC members who have threatened to take legal action should the commission not reverse itself on the matter.

APC Holds LG Congress Elections Nationwide

Court Nullifies Zamfara APC Governorship Primary
A file photo of APC flags.

 

The ruling All Progressives Congress (APC) has held local government congress elections across the country.

The exercise scheduled for Saturday was to elect the leadership of the party at the local government level, and those who eventually become delegates to regional and national congresses and convention.

APC held this second layer of the congresses after it ratified the Ward Congress Appeal Reports across the country.

APC’s Caretaker Committee Chairman and Yobe State Governor, Mai Mala Buni said the court orders from Delta and Akwa Ibom will not stop the process as it does not affect the conduct of the exercise.

He asked party members to abide by the rules governing the election, promising that the party will address all anomalies emanating from the process.

In Lagos State, the congress held in the 20 local government areas.

‘Peaceful process’

At the congress held in the Oshodi area of Lagos, officials were chosen by consensus across 11 wards.

Reacting to the exercise, the Chairman of the Oshodi/Isolo Local Government Area, Kehinde Oloyede said the process was peaceful.

He said despite fear that violence would disrupt the election, the exercise was peaceful with delegates exercising their franchise.

“Oshodi is known for violence in the past but it has been peaceful,” he said.

“We went to the general elections, no incident of violence. On getting to this excos, we make sure that we harmonise the list. All the caucuses were fully represented. At a stage, some unscrupulous elements from the state level tried to tinker with the list but the majority will always have their way.”

‘A civilised manner’

In neighbouring Ogun State, Governor Dapo Abiodun joined other APC members to elect delegates for the party at the local government level.

He participated in the exercise at the grounds of St Saviour Anglican Primary School in Ikenne Local Government Area of the state.

Governor Abiodun commended party members for displaying maturity in Ikene and other areas where the exercise held.

 

“Our party faithful have conducted themselves in a very civilised manner in a very fair process,” the governor said. “The candidates of choice have come out, we queued behind them. The electoral officers have asked if these are the people we want to vote for, we answered in the affirmative. It was largely a consensus arrangement.”

The process went smoothly in Abeokuta, the Ogun State capital where voters queued up behind their preferred candidate within the premises of the African Church Grammar School.

Some other top members of the party that participated included former Ogun State Governor, Senator Ibikunle Amosun, Nigeria’s  High Commissioner to the United Kingdom, Senator Tunji  Sharafa and the Minister of Mines and Steel Development, Lekan Adegbite.

LG Polls: Ogun Extends Voting By One Hour Over Late Arrival Of Materials

A polling unit in Ward 008, PU 008 Lafenwa, Abeokuta North, the Ogun State capital on July 24, 2021.

 

The Local Government election in some parts of Ogun State has been extended by one hour over the later arrival of materials.

Residents of the Gateway State had come out on Saturday to cast their ballots in polling units across the 20 local councils to elect their local government chairmen and councilors for a fresh four-year term.

Although the exercise was scheduled to close by 3 pm in all polling units, the State Independent Electoral Commission extended the exercise.

Briefing journalists, the Chairman of the Commission, Babatunde Oshibodu said he received reports that election materials got to some Centres late and that necessitated an extension.

READ ALSO: Lagos Local Government Elections In Photos

Earlier, the Ogun State governor, Dapo Abiodun arrived at his Itaosanyin Ward two in Iperu, Ikenne Local Government Area of the state to cast his vote.

The governor commended residents for their peaceful conduct.
However, in Abeokuta the state capital, security operatives had enforced the restriction of movement earlier imposed by the Ogun State Government.

Channels Television observed a less busy road as they travelled through the Lagos-Ibadan expressway and the Shiun-Bobape road, leading to the state capital, Abeokuta.

The outer towns were without security operatives or enforcement agents, yet the compliance to the restriction appeared to be high in and around Abeokuta.

Makinde Swears In 32 Newly Elected LG Chairmen In Oyo

Oyo State Governor, Seyi Makinde speaks during the swearing-in of the 32 Local Government chairmen in Ibadan, the state capital.

 

Oyo State Governor Seyi Makinde on Monday swore in 32 newly elected local government chairmen in the state, with a charge for them to replicate people-oriented policies at the grassroots level.

“To the newly elected and sworn-in Local Government Chairmen, let me state that you have the opportunity to deliver good governance to the people of Oyo State,” the governor was quoted as saying via a statement issued by his spokesman, Taiwo Adisa.

“We cannot over-emphasize the importance of governance at the grassroots. The people of Oyo State must feel your presence by way of development and good governance. Just as they are holding me accountable, they will also hold you accountable. I will, therefore, advise that you replicate the good governance initiatives at the state level at the grassroots level.”

READ ALSO: I Have No Preferred Candidate In Lagos LG Poll – Tinubu

The Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) had won all the 32 Chairmanship seats in the local government election held on Saturday.

The oath of office was administered to the chairmen by the Chief Judge of the state, Justice Munta Abimbola, at an event attended by top government and party functionaries.

Makinde said that he is confident that the election in the remaining local government, Ido Local Government, where the election was rescheduled because of the missing  Zenith Labour Party (ZLP) logo on the ballot, will be won by the PDP

He maintained that the election held on Saturday was free and fair and that it was in line with the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, adding that the people of the state have elected their representatives.

The governor added, “You are the real winners in this process, as you can rightly say that you have elected your representatives. The process was free and fair and in line with the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

“As you may know, the Constitution only allows for the election of officials into the 33 local government areas of the state. Also, the Constitution provides that all registered political parties who field candidates can stand to be elected. And so, having allowed all parties to field candidates, the Oyo State Independent Electoral Commission (OYSIEC) has conducted these elections and have declared all 32 candidates here winners in their respective local government areas.

“On this note, I now pronounce the 32 Local Government Chairmen inaugurated to the glory of God and for the benefit of the good people of Oyo State.”

PDP Sweeps Oyo LG Polls

 

The PDP in Oyo state has swept at least 30 local government areas as the counting of votes continues at the head office of the Oyo State Independent Electoral Commission (OYSIEC) in Ibadan.

Results from Ibarapa East are pending as some unresolved issues are delaying the decision. There were reports of violent disruptions during the election at Ibarapa East yesterday and that could be part of the reason for the delay.

The Chairman of OYSIEC, Isiaq Olagunju in his address told journalists that the Ido Local Government election earlier rescheduled for Sunday would have to be postponed again to May 29.

READ ALSO: I Have No Preferred Candidate In Lagos LG Poll – Tinubu

So far, the ruling PDP has won in all the 30 local governments announced.

 

See the figures released by OYSIEC below….

Iseyin LG

10 parties contested

PDP – 39, 275

APC – 6

ADC – 911

SDP – 818

PDP declared the winner.

Kajola LG

PDP – 21,933

APC – 44

ADC – 198

ADP – 275

PDP declared the winner.

 

Iwajowa LG

PDP – 15,614

ADC – 577

PDP declared the winner.

 

Atisbo LG

PDP – 20,871

APC –Nil

ADC – 369

ADP – 275

PDP declared the winner.

 

Saki East LG

PDP – 16,064

APC – 027

ADC – 008

LP- 1368

PDP declared winner.

 

Saki West LG

PDP – 29,797

PDP declared the winner.

 

OORELOPE LG

PDP – 8,580

APC – 149

SDP – 063

ADC – 141

PDP candidate, RAHEEM AKEEM ADEPOJU, was declared the winner.

 

IREPO LG

PDP – 21,677

APC – 186

ADC – 66

PDP candidate, Hon Sulaimana Adediran was declared the winner.

 

OLORUNSOGO LG

PDP – 10,692

APC – Nil

SDP – 016

PDP candidate, Mrs Juliana Oluwakemi declared winner.

 

Ogbomoso North LG

PDP – 23,008

APC – 60

ADC – 86

PDP candidate, Akanji Kabir Ayoade

OGBOMOSO SOUTH LG

PDP – 23,506

APC – 038

SDP –

ADC – 354

PDP candidate, OYEDOKUN OYENIYI TIMOTHY declared the winner.

 

OGOOLUWA LG

PDP – 14,873

APC – 172

SDP –

ADC – 128

PDP candidate, ADESOYE SEUN OJO, declared the winner.

 

ORIIRE LG

PDP – 23,016

APC – 080

SDP –

ADC – 097

PDP candidate, ALABI OLATEJU MICHAEL declared the winner.

 

SURULERE LG

PDP – 22,556

APC –

APGA –

SDP – 27

ADC – 240

PDP candidate, Adegbite Isiah Alabi declared the winner.

 

IBARAPA CENTRAL LG

PDP – 9,987

APC – 059

SDP – 006

ADC – 006

PDP candidate, Mr. Adeoye Adedoyin declared the winner.

 

IBARAPA NORTH LG

PDP – 20,222

APC – 259

SDP -24

ADC – 192

PDP candidate, Mr. Lawal Lateef Adebayo declared the winner.

 

AFIJIO LG

PDP – 15,158

APC – 126

SDP -34

PDP candidate, Hon. Sunday Akindele Ojo declared the winner.

 

ATIBA LG

PDP – 14,690

APC – 211

SDP -14

PDP candidate, Hon. (Mrs) Kafilat Olakojo declared the winner.

 

OYO WEST LG

A – 40

ADC – 763

APC – 245

APGA – 10

LP – 50

PDP – 16,888

SDP – 20

YPP – 3

PDP candidate Salami Babatunde declared winner.

 

OYO EAST LG

PDP – 17,141

APC – 188

ADC – 458

SDP – 033

PDP candidate, SAHEED AROWOSAYE ADEYEMI,

 

NORTH EAST LG

PDP -19,408

APC -99

ADC -41

SDP – 796

PDP candidate, Hon.Ibrahim Akintayo

 

AKINYELE LG

PDP-38,49

ADC -362

PDP candidate, Hon. Taoheed Jimoh Adedigba

 

OLUYOLE LG

PDP -11,224

APC -47

ADC -10

PDP candidate, Hon. Settle Olaide Popoola

 

LAGELU LG

PDP candidate, GBADAMOSI KAZEEM, declared the winner.

PDP – 34,704

APC – 348

LP – 110

SDP – 209

 

IBADAN NORTH WEST LG

A – 74

ADC – 266

ADP – 51

APC – 111

APGA – 04

LP – 58

PDP – 18,298

SDP – 576

YPP – 03

PDP candidate hereby declared winner.

 

EGBEDA LG RESULT

PDP – 28,553

APC – 231

LP – 063

SDP – 047

ADC – 133

PDP candidate, HON. OYEDELE SIKIRU SANDA declared the winner.

 

IBADAN SOUTH WEST RESULT

PDP – 29,182

APC – 200

LP – 048

SDP – 060

ADC – 204

PDP candidate, KEHINDE ADEYEMI AKANNI, declared the winner.

 

ONA ARA LG

A – 47

ADC – 180

ADP – 729

APC – 047

APGA – 95

LP – 17

PDP – 22,524

SDP – 149

YPP – 06

PDP candidate, Misbau Sanusi hereby declared the winner.

 

IBADAN NORTH LG

A – 44

ADC – 274

ADP – 591

APC – 259

APGA – 913

LP – 59

PDP – 37,135

SDP – 73

YPP – 10

TOTAL VOTES – 39,660

PDP candidate, Mr. Yusuf Suhaib Oladayo hereby declared winner.

 

IBADAN SOUTH EAST LG

A – 43

ADC – 179

ADP – 72

APC – 112

APGA – 17

LP – 26

PDP – 18,027

SDP – 264

YPP – 148

TOTAL VOTES – 19,487

PDP candidate hereby declared winner.

Supreme Court Faults Dissolution Of Katsina, Oyo LGAs

Photo combination of Governors Seyi Makinde of Oyo and Aminu Masari of Katsina States.

 

 

The Supreme Court has declared the dissolution of local government administrations in Oyo and Katsina States and their replacement with caretaker committees as illegal.

In the judgment delivered on Friday by Justice Adamu Jauro, the apex court in a unanimous decision condemned the Oyo and Katsina state governments for the unlawful dissolution of the state duly elected local government Council officials.

The court in the suit filed by Abubakar Ibrahim  Yantaba and others vs Governor of Katsina State,  in its judgment, allowed the appeal and set aside the judgment of the Court of Appeal.

READ ALSO: Nine Gunmen Killed, Four Policemen Injured In Imo Attack – Police

The court ruled that the dissolution of duly elected PDP local government council officials by Governor Aminu Masari on allegation of financial misappropriation of councils funds is illegal, unconstitutional, null and void.

The Court further gave consequential orders directing that the unlawfully dissolved elected PDP Council officials be paid all their entitlements from the date of their illegal dissolution to the date they were supposed to vacate office.

The Court also awarded costs to the Appellants and insisted that it should be complied with within a time frame.

Governor Masari had on assumption of office in July 2015 unlawfully dissolved Katsina State duly elected PDP Council officials on the allegation of misappropriation of  Local Governments’ funds.

Abductors Of Kogi LG Chairman Demand ₦100m

Gunmen Attack Kogi Communities, Kill Policeman And Three Others
A map of Kogi State in Nigeria’s north-central.

 

The abductors of the Chairman of Yagba West Local Government Area of Kogi State, Pius Kolawole, have demanded a ransom of one hundred million Naira.

Kolawole and some others were kidnapped on Saturday on his way from Ilorin to his hometown of Egbe, the border town between Kogi and Kwara State.

He was said to be in the company of the state Commissioner for Pension Board Honourable Adebayo Solomon, who was shot dead by the gunmen.

Channels Television gathered that the abductors contacted one of the family members of the chairman on Sunday night to demand the ransom.

READ ALSO: Gunmen Kill Kogi Commissioner, Abduct LG Chairman

A family source on Monday said the abductors promised to call back by this morning to continue with the negotiation.

The source further said the kidnappers had also contacted the Kogi State Chairman, Association of Local Government of Nigeria (ALGON) Mr. Taofik Isah who doubled as the Chairman of Ijumu Local Government Area.

It was gathered that the family, council area and ALGON had now agreed that only the ALGON Chairman should continue with the negotiation with the kidnappers.

Two days ago, the kidnappers did not touch the four-year-old son of late Solomon who was in the vehicle at the time of the attack.

While the police orderly to the chairman took to his heels, the driver of the vehicle was badly wounded and shot at by the abductors and only regained consciousness the second day at the Egbe Hospital.

Police Arrest Four Over Killing Of Taraba LG Chairman

Gunmen Kill LGA Chairman In Taraba
Salihu Dovo

 

The Taraba State Police command says it has arrested four persons in connection to the kidnap and subsequent murder of the Chairman Ardo-Kola Local Government Area of the state, Salihu Dovo.

Confirming the arrest to journalists in Jalingo, the Police Public Relations Officer, David Misal, pledged that none of the perpetrators will escape.

He however disclosed that one of the suspects died while receiving treatment on a hospital bed after the villagers attacked him while trying to escape from the village.

Misal noted that the suspect confessed to have committed the crime before dying and revealed some top vital secrets which is greatly assisting in the investigations.

“In our efforts to ensure that the perpetrators are brought to book, we immediately embarked on intelligence gathering,” he said.

“Consequently, we arrested one person on the spot, later, while our investigation continued, we arrested another person.

READ ALSO: Gunmen Kill LGA Chairman In Taraba

“As I am talking to you, a total of four persons have been arrested and are being questioned to know their level of involvement in the incident.

“It will also interest you to know that out of the four, one is now late and that occurred immediately we received information that someone suspected to be involved in the kidnap and subsequent killing of the LGA Chairman was seen in a particular location in the bush,” Missal added.

The police spokesman said when officers were deployed for the mission, they discovered that the villagers mobilized too and went after him, descended on the deceased and beat him to stupor.

He explained that the suspect however could not survive the injury he sustained from the mobs.

PDP Sweeps 17 Local Govts In Abia Election

A file photo of the ballot box.

 

The Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) has won all the chairmanship seats in the just concluded Local Government elections in the state.

The Labour Party won six councillorship seats out of ten wards in Ikwuano Local Government Area, while PDP cleared all Councillorship seats in other local councils.

Announcing the results on Sunday, the Chairman of Abia State Independent Electoral Commission (ABSIEC), Professor Agu Mkpa, said the PDP swept the 17 local government area councils of the state.

Below shows the figures and winners of the local council polls:

In Aba South, Clinton Ebere of the PDP polled 26,321 votes to emerge winner unopposed as the chairman.

In Aba North LGA, Prince Ikonne of the PDP polled 29,851 votes to defeat the candidate of the All Progressives Congress (APC) who scored 3,492 votes

Ibe Nwoke of PDP polled 79,640 votes to Defeat the candidate of APC who got five votes in Obingwa LGA,

Similarly in Osisioma Ngwa LGA, PDP’s Kamalu Christian raked in 26,820 votes to defeat the APC candidate who scored 10 votes.

Also in Ugwunagbo, Nnata Chinasaokwu of the PDP emerged as the elected LGA Chairman by polling 28,800 votes to win the APC candidate who scored 120 votes.

READ ALSO: Teenage One-Day Abia State Governor Releases Inmates

In Ukwa East, PDP’s Nwagbara Chuks emerged the executive council Chairman with 6,235 votes, defeating the candidate of the APC, who polled 135 votes,

Kanu Levi of the PDP polled 9,630 votes in Ukwa West to defeat the APC candidate, who got 804 votes.

Isiala Ngwa North, Ochulor Chinwendu won the Chairmanship seat with 18,323 votes against the APC candidate who got 210 votes, while Anyatonwu Ikechi of the PDP emerged unopposed as the Chairman of Isiala Ngwa South LG after polling 17,465 votes.

In Arochukwu LGA, Dan Kalu of the PDP emerged as the Chairman unopposed, polling 15,620 votes, while in Bende, PDP’s Onwuchekwa Emmanuel, scored 33,561 votes to defeat the APC’s candidate who polled 2,320 votes.

In Umuahia North, Ugochukwu Njinkonye of the PDP emerged winner with 29,931 votes, defeating the APC candidate who scored 25 votes, while in Umuahia South, Benson Humphrey of PDP, polled 11,480 votes to defeat the candidate of the APC, who got 50 votes.

Madu Ifeanyi emerged winner in Umunneochi LGA with 6,971 votes, defeating the APC candidate who got 188 votes.

In Isiukwuato, Agbaeze Chimaobi of the PDP scored 15,630 votes to defeat the APC candidate, who got 1,200 votes,

In Ohafia, Ukaiwe Okoroafor scored 28,671 votes to defeat the APC candidate who scored 3,520

PDP’s Mpamaugo Stephen emerged winner with 8,720 votes against the APC candidate, who scored 110 votes in Ikwuano.

Meanwhile, Professor Mkpa has commended all who participated in the exercise, including the security personnel for their role in maintaining peace and order before, during and after the polls.

The ABSIEC boss also called on all and sundry to accept the results and allow peace to reign.

LG Elections In Nigeria Are Nothing But Organised Crime – Igini

INEC Resident Electoral Commissioner for Akwa Ibom State, Mike Igini speaks during an interview on Channels Television’s Politics Today on November 25, 2020.

 

The Resident Electoral Commissioner for Akwa-Ibom State, Mike Igini on Wednesday said local government elections in Nigeria are nothing but organised crime.

Igini who disclosed this during his appearance on Channels Television’s Politics Today, accused state governors of interfering in the conduct of the polls at the grassroots.

“Local government elections are nothing but organised crime. They should not be calling them elections at all,” he said.

“Look at the Local Government system in Nigeria. We have lost 774 local governments in Nigeria to every sitting governor of the 36 states in Nigeria.

“What constitutes free, fair and credible elections with respect to INEC-conducted election is different from the local government.”

READ ALSO: Senate Considers Buhari’s Request To Confirm Ex-INEC Chairman’s Reappointment

Igini also reiterated the commitment of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) to deploy more technology and innovation to further enhance the transparency of the electoral process.

According to him, the use of its public viewing portal during the governorship elections in Edo and Ondo States eradicated possible electoral fraud as Nigerians saw the results of each polling unit online almost immediately after casting their ballots.

“I can confirm that INEC has made tremendous progress. The INEC of today is no longer the INEC of before because, since 2011, the kind of elections that we have conducted had a remarkable departure from where we used to be even though we are not where we are supposed to be.

“The INEC public viewing portal is a new innovation to deal with the recurring issues of vote changes at the level of collation and that was why it was introduced to ensure that at the polling unit, once the result is published, it should be sent to the viewing portals so that Nigerians can see it,” Igini added.

Gunmen Kill Civil Servant In Ekiti

Chief Imam’s Son, Two Others Kidnapped In Ogun Community
File photo of a gunman wearing bullets

 

A staff of Ekiti West Local Government in Ekiti State has been shot dead by unknown gunmen.

Confirming the incident to Channels Television on Sunday, the Police Public Relations Officer in the State, Sunday Abutu said that the corpse of deceased who is also a Pastor was found at his farm in a forest located along Aramoko-Ijero Ekiti.

The Police PPRO said the identity of his killer(s) is still unknown, adding that investigation is ongoing for possible detection and apprehension of the perpetrators.

This comes three weeks after a director with the Local Government Service Commission in the state, Mr David Jejelowo, was murdered.

Jejelowo was killed at his residence in Igirigiri, Ado Ekiti in the early hours of September 14.

READ ALSO: Gunmen Kill Senior Staff Of Ekiti Local Government Service Commission

The deceased, Jejelowo was a victim of abduction with his driver in January 2019 along Ado-Ijan road while returning from a trip although he later regained his freedom.

Meanwhile, the police spokesman also gave an update on the bank robbery that happened in  Iyin Ekiti on Friday.

According to him, the State Police has recovered three vehicles with some Improvised Explosive Device(IEDs), some wraps of Indian hemp, alcoholic drinks and two handsets result from its manhunt of the criminals.

He also reiterated the commitment of the Force to arrest the perpetrators of the attack to serve as a deterrent to others.