At Least Four Killed In DR Congo Anti-UN Protests

 

At least four demonstrators were killed on Monday in violence during protests in eastern DR Congo against UN peacekeepers, the military investigators told AFP.

“There were four deaths during the day,” military prosecutor Kumbu Ngoma said. “Ten civilians were wounded and three Congolese military were also hurt.”

Crowds defied warning shots fired by Congolese forces and stormed a UN camp, which had apparently been evacuated, in an angry protest over killings by an armed militia in the eastern town of Beni.

Over 500 Boko Haram Fighters Surrender

 

The Nigerian Army says it is committed to restoring total peace to Nigeria’s north-east region ravaged by Boko Haram fighters.

This is according to the Coordinator of Operation Safe Corridor, Major General Bamidele Shafa, on Friday who insisted that the military has recorded steady progress in the war against insurgency, although the fight seemed to have lingered.

He revealed that over a thousand of Boko Haram fighters have willingly laid down their arms and embraced the amnesty programme of the Federal Government.

Shafa’s remarks came shortly after hundreds of repentant insurgents numbering 586 were brought to the Gombe International Airport, the largest since the operation started in 2015.

 

The former Boko Haram fighters were later taken to the Operations Safe Corridor camp in the Malam Sidi area of the state.

At the camp, the repentant insurgents are to undergo de-radicalisation and re-orientation processes, as well as various vocational training and psycho-social support programmes before being re-integration into the society.

Some of the former Boko Haram members, Musa Ibrahim and Alkali Kukawa, told Channels Television why and how they found themselves in the group.

Ibrahim narrated that some terrorists invaded his village and threatened to kill his parents should he refuse to join them.

“That how I joined but after spending years with them, we notice serious divisions among the leaders which kept us wondering if this is of God and finally when we got a window, we surrendered to the Nigerian military,” he explained.

On his part, Kukawa who disclosed that he was captured with his son said he never participated in any terrorist attack and has been praying to be reunited with his family.

He said, “They conquered our village and forced us away.

“Since they took us away, I have been praying for deliverance and finally it came when we got the window of escape, I and my son trekked for 11 days before we could board a car that brought us to Yobe State where we surrendered to the security forces.”

Insurgents Flee, Abandon Gun Trucks After Failed Ambush

 

 

The Nigerian Army says it has recorded another success in the ongoing onslaught against Boko Haram insurgents in Borno State, north-east Nigeria.

A statement from the Army Operations Media Coordinator, Colonel Aminu Iliyasu, on Tuesday disclosed that the feat was made by troops of 153 Task Force Battalion deployed at New Marte.

Colonel Iliyasu explained that the soldiers had embarked on fighting patrol to Dikwa to hunt and destroy remnants of Boko Haram criminals in the area in the early hours of Monday.

Incidentally, the troops were said to have encountered an ambush staged against them by the insurgents along the patrol route at Ala Village, some 7km away from New Marte.

READ ALSO: Kaduna Poly Rector Seeks Joint Action Against Kidnappers

 

‘Confused Fighters’

According to the media coordinator, the ambush was reinforced with a crudely prepared Improvised Explosive Device planted against the troops.

He said rather than getting discouraged by the sudden attack on them, the troops turned around the initial setback and dealt a devastating blow on their attackers.

“Having so clearly asserted their superiority in the ensuing firefight, the criminal insurgents were forced to flee in disarray.

“The gallant troops then embarked on a relentless pursuit of the scampering insurgents who abandoned some of their fighting equipment in utter confusion,” Colonel Iliyasu.

He noted that the operation was conducted barely two weeks after some Boko Haram fighters suffered a tactical boomerang when a sizeable number of them were killed and many others injured as they mistakenly stepped on the same improvised explosive device that they had earlier planted against soldiers.

The army media coordinator revealed that at the end of the pursuit and exploitation, two gun trucks, two anti-aircraft guns, and 2,080 rounds of 7.62mm NATO ammunition were recovered by troops.

Other items recovered are 26 rounds of 12.7 mm armor-piercing incendiary ammunition, three AK 47 rifles, six rounds of 12.7 mm (belted), one AOJOE motorcycle, as well as some clothes, foodstuff, and mechanical tools belonging to the insurgents.

Colonel Iliyasu said most of the insurgents were believed to have escaped with varying degrees of gunshot wounds while troops have continued to dominate the area with patrols.

In his reaction, the Chief of Army Staff, Lieutenant General Tukur Buratai, commended the troops for their gallantry, saying the army would accomplish its constitutional mandate professionally and responsively for a secured Nigeria.

He also thanked all well-meaning Nigerians for their support, goodwill, and understanding towards personnel of the force as they tackle the security challenges confronting the nation.

See more photos below:

Army Investigates Truck Accident Which Killed Toddler, Student In Yobe

 

The Nigerian Army has set up a board of inquiry to unravel the circumstances that led to the truck accident which killed two persons in Yobe State.

The Assistant Director of Army Public Relations Sector 2, Operation Lafiya Dole, Captain Njoka Irabor, disclosed in a statement made available to reporters on Monday in Damaturu, the state capital.

This comes a day after a military truck has crushed a tricycle rider, killing a 19-year-old student of Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, and a baby while three others were injured.

READ ALSO: Military Truck Crushes Tricycle, Kills 19-Year-Old Undergraduate, Toddler

Eyewitnesses claimed that the incident occurred as a result of a violation of traffic light either by the truck or the tricycle.

However, acting Commander of Sector 2, Operation Lafiya Dole, Brigadier General Ibrahim Ali, commiserated with the families of the victims.

“The unfortunate accident is highly regrettable, especially that precious lives were lost – a toddler and a female student of the Federal Polytechnic Damaturu lost their lives.

“The sector wishes to use this medium to express our deepest sympathy in this trying time to the families of the deceased and also to wish other victims who are still recuperating in the hospital speedy recovery,” the statement said.

According to it, a delegation from the sector has since paid a condolence visit to the deceased families and those who sustained injuries.

Many Insurgents Killed, 16 Surrender As Army Loses Two Personnel

 

The Nigerian Army says it has killed many insurgents while 16 others have surrendered during various operations by troops in the North-east within the past one week.

The Operations Media Coordinator of the army, Colonel Aminu Iliyasu, who confirmed this in a statement on Friday regretted that an officer and a soldier paid the supreme price.

He noted that the incremental raids, clearance patrols, sting operations, cordon and search operations, as well as mortar and artillery bombardment of identified insurgents and bandits’ hideouts, yielded tremendous positive outcomes.

The period, according to him, also witnessed the interception and arrest of several Boko Haram logistics suppliers and informants by the troops of Operation Lafiya Dole, as well as the arrest of some bandits and other criminal elements in other parts of the country.

“On November 1, 2019, for instance, 16 insurgents along with eight of their spouses who could no longer bear the heat from the onslaught against them surrendered to the relentless troops of Sector 1, Multinational Joint Task Force at Fotokol,” he said.

READ ALSOPresidency Confirms Sack Of Osinbajo’s Aides, Gives Reasons

Colonel Iliyasu explained that the surrendered insurgents were later handed over to troops of 3 Battalion at Gamboru Ngala, a border town in the north-eastern zone of the state.

During preliminary interrogation and profiling, the insurgents were said to have confessed to having actively participated in attacks conducted against both military and civilian targets at various times.

Investigation revealed that 14 of them were members of the Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP) led by Al-Barnawi while the remaining two belonged to the Abubakar Shekau led Boko Haram faction.

The army operations media coordinator said the repentant insurgents regretted their participation in the heinous crimes and called on their former colleagues to surrender to troops.

In a related incident, a Boko Haram member was said to have met his waterloo on Monday in an attempt to cross into the Sambisa Forest at Bama-Banki Road Junction, when troops sighted and killed him.

On the same day, troops of 195 Battalion who were on clearance patrol along Gubio Road recovered a kit bag containing 480 Rounds of 7.62mm NATO ammunition suspected to have been abandoned by escaping terrorists.

Elsewhere, troops deployed at Gajigana in Magumeri LGA of Borno State intercepted some Boko Haram insurgents in the early hours of Tuesday.

The insurgents were suspected to be on their way to attack the community to source for food items and other logistics for survival.

However, they were intercepted by troops who killed three of them while several others escaped with varying degrees of gunshot wounds.

“Unfortunately, one soldier paid the supreme price while two others were wounded in action. The wounded soldiers are currently responding to treatment in a military medical facility,” Iliyasu said.

He added that troops recovered two AK 47 rifles, one Rocket Propelled Gun 7 (RPG 7), five AK 47 magazines, 47 rounds of 7.62mm special ammunition, and some quantities of hard drugs.

The following day, nine Boko Haram insurgents were killed while others escaped with gunshot wounds following an encounter with troops at Muchima in Damboa LGA of Borno.

During the operation, an insurgent gun truck was destroyed while four AK 47 rifles and a cache of ammunition were recovered.

Meanwhile Colonel Iliyasu confirmed the terrorist attack on Damaturu, the Yobe State capital which was reported by Channels Television on Thursday.

He stated that the attack was thwarted by the combined efforts of ground troops, artillery bombardment, and precision air strikes by the Air Task Force of Operation Lafiya Dole.

“The encounter led to the decimation of a number of the insurgents in addition to the destruction of one Boko Haram gun truck. Unfortunately, one officer paid the supreme price during the encounter,” he said.

Part of the statement read:

Outside the North East theatre, troops on Operation MESA continued to increase the momentum of their operations across the nation during the period.

For instance, on 4th November 2019, troops of 1 Division Garrison deployed at Damakasuwa in Kauru LGA of Kaduna State arrested one Mustapha Usman Shehu while driving a Honda salon car with Registration number ABUJA BU 70 RBC along Damakasuwa – Kano Road with a Pump Action gun loaded with two cartridges concealed in the vehicle compartment.

Relatedly, on 5th November 2019 troops of 82 Division, while on a random Stop and Search Operation, arrested a notorious gun runner, Leonard Asogwa in a commercial bus travelling from Onitsha to Jos.

A meticulous search of his baggage revealed two neatly concealed Pump Action guns with 25 live cartridges.

Additionally, troops of 1 Division Garrison, while acting on credible information, conducted a successful Cordon and Search operation at the country home of one Alhaji Shehu Abubakar of Yakawada Town in Giwa LGA of Kaduna State on 5th November 2019.

Items recovered during the operation include one AK 47 Rifle with four rounds of 7.62mm special ammunition, one locally fabricated Revolver with three rounds of 7.62mm NATO and one Pump Action gun with six live cartridges.

Preliminary investigation revealed that the suspect is one of the suppliers of arms and ammunition to kidnappers and bandits terrorising the residents of Kaduna and neighbouring states.

Furthermore, troops of Operation MESA in the North Central in conjunction with elements of Special Forces Bikers conducted clearance operation at Dam 1 and Timchan Villages in Kadarko District, Wase LGA of Plateau State as well as Kurmi Village in Ibi LGA of Taraba State.

During the operations, 10 suspected militias were arrested while troops also recovered 101 Rounds of 7.62mm NATO ammunition, 71 Rounds of 7.62mm special ammunition, one plastic explosive and 36 Permanent Voters Cards (PVCs) at the residence of one Shehu Jatau, a notorious militia gang leader, who was earlier arrested in a hotel in Central Area, Abuja.

Additionally, one locally fabricated Rifle and a live cartridge were also recovered at Timchan Village.

In the Niger Delta region, troops of 146 Battalion (Main) in conjunction with personnel of Nigeria Police Finima Division while acting on information, conducted a swift raid operation against some suspected gunmen at Okobi and Conkiri Long John Abalamabie Communities in Bonny LGA of Rivers State.

The raid led to the arrest of one suspect and recovery of seven rounds of 9mm ammunition, a pair of camouflage uniform, one black beret, and wraps of substance suspected to be Cannabis Sativa (Indian hemp).

Security Operatives Repel Boko Haram Attack In Damaturu

 

Some suspected Boko Haram insurgents have attempted to infiltrate into Damaturu, the Yobe State capital.

The Commissioner of Police in Yobe, Mr Yahaya Abubakar, confirmed this to Channels Television on Thursday.

He explained that the attack was averted following intelligence gathered about the suspicious movement of the insurgents ahead of the incident.

Abubakar stated that a joint team of security operatives from the Police Command and troops of the Nigerian Army supported by two fighter jets stormed the area early enough, leading to the feat recorded.

He added that there was no casualty on the side of the security operatives.

The police commissioner said, “We were told of their movement from Mafa community in Borno State.

“The security personnel – both military and police; we mobilised ourselves and have successfully repelled the attack. everywhere is calm now.”

The spokesman for the 27 Task Force Brigade Nigerian Army, Captain Njoka Irabor, also confirmed the attack to Channels Television.

Lebanese Protest Again As Army Works To Open Blocked Roads

 

Lebanese demonstrators hit the streets again on Tuesday evening to demand a new government, facing off in some areas with security forces attempting to re-open blockaded roads.

An unprecedented protest movement has gripped Lebanon since October 17, demanding an overhaul of a political class that has remained largely unchanged since the end of the country’s 1975-1990 civil war.

Rallies took place across the country, from Tripoli in the north to Sidon in the south, with demonstrators carrying Lebanese flags and chanting “Revolution! Revolution!”

Protesters gathered on Tuesday night in a square in Tripoli, hours after the army prevented them from closing public institutions and banks, as they had on the previous day.

An AFP correspondent in Tripoli said young demonstrators paraded through the city banging pots and pans to express their solidarity with Sidon, where the army had broken up a protest camp in the morning.

“I’m banging pots to protest against the political class that doesn’t think about our future. It’s time for them to wake up and listen to us,” said Abdul Ghani, 19, a protester in Tripoli.

“We won’t leave the streets until they’ve all fallen.”

Throughout the day, the army and security forces worked to open roads closed by small groups of demonstrators to exert pressure on the authorities.

An AFP photographer saw a group of protesters north of Beirut clash with soldiers trying to open a road, with Army forces detaining several people.

Protesters have criticised the government for delays in forming a new cabinet after Prime Minister Saad Hariri resigned.

Hariri quit on October 29 in response to the mass protests, but President Michel Aoun has yet to begin consultations necessary to appoint a new prime minister.

“They should quickly form a government that respects the rights of the people and show good will… and regain the trust of the public and investors,” said demonstrator Hussein in central Beirut.

Protesters have called for a government to be formed of technocrats from outside the political elite, followed by early elections and a law to seize embezzled funds and tackle corruption.

Egypt Army Reports Killing 83 Militants In North Sinai

 

Egypt’s army said Monday it had killed 83 militants in clashes in the restive Sinai Peninsula, where an Islamic State group affiliate has waged a long-running insurgency.

Security forces “eliminated 77 takfiris”, referring to Sunni Muslim extremists, who were found with stacks of weapons and ammunition in north and central Sinai, the army said.

Six other “highly dangerous” militants were killed in shootouts in the region, the army said in a statement on a nationwide anti-militant operation between September 28 and November 4.

Three soldiers were killed or wounded in the fighting, the statement added, without elaborating.

About 61 “criminals, wanted individuals and suspects” were arrested, it said.

Security forces also destroyed dozens of hideouts and vehicles as part of the ongoing operation, according to the statement.

Egypt has for years been fighting an insurgency in North Sinai that escalated after the military’s 2013 ouster of Islamist president Mohamed Morsi following mass protests.

In February 2018, the army and police launched a nationwide operation against militants, mainly focused on North Sinai.

The operation also targets other areas including the Western Desert along the porous border with Libya.

The latest army figures brings the death toll of suspected militants in the Sinai region to more than 830.

About 60 security personnel have been killed since the start of the offensive.

Following the death of IS chief Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi late last month, the group’s North Sinai affiliate has pledged allegiance to his successor, Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi al-Quraishi.

Tiv, Jukun Crisis: Taraba Residents Praise Army For Reopening Roads

 

Residents of Taraba State say they can now heave a sigh of relief following the reopening of roads linking Takum to Wukari and Takum to Katsina-Ala among others.

They believe the development will boost the economy and agricultural activities in the areas, following months of the failed seizure of hostilities between the Tivs and Jukuns.

Some motorists and residents of Southern Taraba said they can move freely on the roads unlike when they had to go through Garba-Chede and Mutum-Biyu routes to Wukari.

“If we must go through these roads, then we have to employ the services of security agencies to guide us all through. Sometimes, they kidnap our passengers too,” Adega Gumate, one of the residents, told Channels Television.

READ ALSONigeria Extends Border Closure Till January 2020

This comes as the Nigerian Army commences ‘Exercise Ayem Akpatuma II’ in Taraba to flush out and nip in the bud kidnapping, banditry, cattle rustling, ethno-religious, and communal clashes among other heinous crimes.

The residents have remained optimistic that there is light at the end of the tunnel as peace is gradually returning to the affected communities.

The crisis between the Tivs and Jukuns has been in the news since April 2019, with Southern Taraba in the eye of the storm.

This led to a situation where the Takum -Wukari, Takum – Katsina-Ala and Donga-Wukari roads became practically impassable.

Some miscreants also took advantage of the situation to kidnap, burn down houses, steal at gunpoint, and commit other crimes, such as the case of the slain Catholic Priest, David Tanko.

In a bid to restore peace in the affected areas, the army has launched Operation Ayem Akpatuma II in Kufai Ahmadu, Takum Local Government Area of the state.

The Chief of Army Staff, Lieutenant Colonel Tukur Buratai, gave assurance that the army in conjunction with other sister agencies would continue to live up to its expectations.

The General Officer Commanding 3 Division, Jos, Major General Nuhu Angbazo, conveyed the assurances of the army chief at an event held over the weekend.

He explained that the aim of the exercise was to build the capacity of personnel to practically tackle internal security threats such as kidnappings, cattle rustling, banditry, communal clashes and restore peace to affected communities.

Angbazo says the exercise was also aimed at improving civil-military relationships in the state.

On his part, the state governor, Darius Ishaku, urged the security agencies to conduct joint training to promote inter-agency cooperation.

The governor, also represented by his deputy, Haruna Manu, insisted that the current security challenges in the state were dynamic in nature.

He was, however, optimistic that peace and tranquillity would surely return to the warring communities in Taraba, stressing that more needs to be done to effectively tackle the prevailing security threats bedevilling the state.

IS Claims Responsibility For Deadly Attack On Mali Army

 

The Islamic State group Saturday claimed responsibility for one of the deadliest attacks in years against Mali’s military, which the army said killed 49 soldiers the previous day.

The strikes underscored the fragility of an area straddling several West African countries battling increasing jihadist violence that has claimed hundreds of lives.

Friday’s assault on a Malian military outpost at Indelimane in the eastern Menaka region near Niger killed 49 soldiers, wounded three and left 20 survivors, the Malian Armed Forces (FAMa) said Saturday.

“Soldiers of the caliphate attacked a military base where elements of the apostate Malian army were stationed in the village of Indelimane,” the IS said in a statement on its social media channels.

On Saturday, French corporal Ronan Pointeau, 24, died after an armoured vehicle in which he was travelling hit an improvised explosive device (IED) near the city of Menaka, a French defence ministry statement said.

The IS late Saturday also claimed responsibility for that, saying its fighters had “detonated an explosive device on a French army convoy in the Indelimane area”.

Pointeau and his colleagues were escorting a convoy between the cities of Gao and Menaka.

“This insidious attack shows the importance and bitterness of the fight against armed terrorist groups” in the border region straddling Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso, the French defence ministry said.

French Armed Forces Minister Florence Parly said she would be “visiting Mali very soon to hold discussions with Malian authorities.”

President Emmanuel Macron paid tribute to Pointeau and expressed solidarity with the French and African troops fighting in the region.

The Malian government initially said 53 people died in what it described as a “terrorist attack” at Indelimane.

An army officer said troops arrived at the outpost around 5:00 pm on Friday and “took back control of our positions.

“The terrorists carried out a surprise attack at lunchtime. Army vehicles were destroyed, others taken away,” he told AFP.

The attacks came a month after two jihadist assaults killed 40 soldiers near the border with Burkina Faso. Several sources have said the real death toll was higher.

MINUSMA, the UN mission in Mali, condemned the raid and said its peacekeepers were helping Malian troops secure the region.

‘We can resist’ 

“This bloodshed that Mali has been living through cannot go on,” imam Mahamound Dicko, an influential religious leader in Mali, said.

“Do you want us to resign ourselves to this suffering? We can resist,” he added.

Rights activist Alioune Tine, from Mali’s western neighbour Senegal, called for action across Africa to tackle the threat.

“If Africa does not mobilise for Mali and Burkina (Faso), it won’t be spared the bushfire that is quickly catching West Africa’s coastal countries, the next chosen targets” of the jihadists, he said.

The violence has also spilled over into Burkina Faso and Niger where extremists have exploited existing inter-communal strife, leaving hundreds dead.

In Mali, the attacks have spread from the arid north to its centre, an ethnically mixed and explosive region.

The recent assaults are a humiliation for the so-called G5 Sahel force — a much-trumpeted initiative under which five countries created a joint 5,000-man anti-terror force — and for former colonial ruler France, which is helping to bring security to the fragile region.

Northern Mali came under the control of Al-Qaeda linked jihadists after Mali’s army failed to quash a rebellion there in 2012.

A French-led military campaign was launched against the jihadists, pushing them back a year later.

But the jihadists have regrouped and widened their hit-and-run raids and landmine attacks to central and southern Mali.

AFP

Tension In Osogbo As Police And Army Clash, Here’s Why

Ex-APC Governorship Aspirant Resigns From Osun Govt

 

The Police and Army have clashed in Osogbo, the Osun State capital after some soldiers were said to have invaded the police headquarters.

The tension started after the soldiers allegedly invaded the police command headquarters on Monday afternoon following the arrest of one of their colleagues who allegedly stabbed a police officer on Saturday night.

The reason for the alleged stabbing is, however, yet to be clear.

But the soldiers were said to have invaded the police premises with the intention of freeing their colleague from detention.

Read Also: EFCC Raids Osogbo Nightclub, Arrests 94 Suspected Cyber Fraudsters

They were, however, disarmed and arrested by the police, leading to a chaotic situation at the scene.

Consequently, many of the residents began to scamper for safety.

Meanwhile, a source at the police command headquarters told Channels Television that the three arrested soldiers have been released, while the one accused of stabbing a police officer remains in the custody of the police.

Why Nigerian Army Cannot Operate Apartheid Passed Laws In Nigeria – Falana

 

 

The Nigerian Army has announced that Operation Positive Identification, OPI, which is on-going in the North East theatre of Boko Haram insurrection, would be extended to cover the entire nation.

Consequently, the Chief of Staff of the Nigerian Army, Lt-General Yusuf Buratai has directed the Nigerian people to move about with “legitimate means of identification such as National Identification Card, Voters Registration Card, Drivers’ License and International Passport or other valid official identification” during the duration of the so called Operation Positive Identification scheduled to hold throughout the country from November 1-December 23, 2019.

The Operation Positive Identification is being conducted by the Nigerian Army to combat armed robbery, kidnapping and allied criminal activities in all the 36 States of the Federation.

However, Senior Advocate of Nigeria, Mr Femi Falana thinks that the decision of the authorities of the Nigerian Army to subject law abiding citizens to personal identification on the road constitutes a gross infringement of their constitutionally guaranteed fundamental rights to freedom of movement and dignity.

“It is a sad reminder of the illegal practice of the white minority rulers which compelled Africans to carry pass books outside their homelands or designated areas under the apartheid regime in South Africa.

As Nigerians are not under apartheid regime they should not be forced to carry pass books which have been outlawed in the democratic republic of South africa. In the recent past, “Operation Python”, “Operation Scorpion” and similar operations conducted by the Nigerian Army in civilian areas had led to the reckless arrests, detention and extrajudicial killing of innocent citizens. In fact, some of the armed soldiers involved in anti robbery operations have been indicted in the brutal killing of police officers on duty. They have also and raped women including undergraduates. Since majority of Nigerians do not have any of the aforesaid pass books they are going to be subjected to unwarranted intimidation and physical attacks by armed soldiers under the pretext of looking for criminal elements,” Falana says.

He adds that since Nigerians are not a conquered people the degrading Operation Positive Identification should be stopped by the military authorities.

READ ALSO: Operation Positive Identification: Falana Sues Nigerian Army, Buratai And Malami

According to him, it is pertinent to point out that the operation is illegal on the following grounds:

1. By virtue of sections 215 and 217 of the Constitution of Nigeria the Nigeria Police Force is saddled with the responsibility to maintain law and order in the country while the armed forces are required to defend Nigeria from external aggression and maintain its territorial integrity.

2. However, the armed forces may be involved in the suppression of insurrection and acting in aid of civil authorities to restore order when called upon to do so by the President. In the instant case, there no insurrection has been recorded in many parts of the country to warrant the planned usurpation of police powers by the Nigerian Army. Neither has President Buhari deployed armed soldiers to combat armed robbery, abduction and banditry.

3. In several cases Nigerian courts have held that the armed forces have no right to usurp the powers of the Police to maintain internal security in the country. In particular, the armed forces have been restrained from maintaining law and order during elections in the following cases:

a. In Buhari v Obasanjo (2005) 1 WRN 1 at 200, Abdullahi PCA (as he then was) had admonished “in spite of the non-tolerant nature and behavior of our political class in this country, we should by all means try to keep armed personnel of whatever status or nature from being part and parcel of our election process. The civilian authorities should be left to conduct and carry out fully the electoral processes at all levels”.

b. In Yusuf v. Obasanjo (2005) 18 NWLR (Pt. 956) 966 @ 174 – 175, Salami JCA (as he then was) said:

“It is up to the police to protect our nascent democracy and not the military, otherwise the democracy might be wittingly or unwittingly militarized. This is not what the citizenry bargained for, after wrestling power from the military in 1999, conscious steps should be taken to civilianize the polity and ensure survival and sustenance of democracy.”

c. In All Progressive Congress v Peoples Party & Ors (2015) LPELR- 24349, the Court of Appeal had lucidly stated the position thus:

“The law does not appear to make any provisions or provide a role for the Armed Force or the military to dabble in civil activities like elections to elect civilian leaders except perhaps to exercise their right of franchise to vote in their Barracks.”

In view of the foregoing, Falana says he is compelled to call on the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, President Muhammadu Buhari to restrain General Buratai from forcing the Nigerian people to carry passes to exercise their fundamental right to freedom of movement.

“Instead of competing with the Police in maintaining law and order in the country the Nigerian Army should concentrate efforts in prosecuting the was on terror. However, if General Buratai is not called to order we shall not hesitate to approach the Federal High Court with a view to obtaining an order to mandate him to comply with section 4 of the Police Act which provides that “The police shall be employed for the prevention and detection of crime, the apprehension of offenders, the preservation of law and order, the protection of life and property and the due enforcement of all laws and regulations with which they are directly charged, and shall perform such military duties within or without Nigeria as may be required of them by or under the authority of this or any other Act””.