Three Farmers Killed, 22 Others Kidnapped As Bandits Attack Kaduna Villages

Kaduna has been a target for kidnappers in recent times.

 

At least three people have been killed by bandits who attacked some communities in Birnin Gwari local government area of kaduna State.

The victims were said to be farmers who were working in their farms on Saturday when the bandits attacked.

Although security agencies are yet to confirm the attack, the chairman, Birnin-Gwari Emirate Progressives Union, Ishaq Kasai, said that the bandits abducted 22 people and snatched motorcycles.


READ ALSO: Bandits Kill Police Inspector, Abduct Several Passengers In Katsina


According to him, at about 7pm on Saturday, September 24, the bandits invaded Hayin Gada of Damari Community in Kazage Ward, they killed two locals and kidnapped 12 persons.

They also looted shops in the same community during the attack.

Elsewhere on the same day, another group of bandits attacked a farm centre located along Birnin-Gwari- Kaduna road, killing one person and later took six people away.

The bandits also kidnapped four others at Dajin JANGALI and seized three motorcycles from farmers at Kamfanin Doka area.

Meanwhile, the Birnin-Gwari Emirate Progressives Union has observed with serious concern the way terrorists have continued to invade various communities and looting goods at shops unchallenged.

The union however called on relevant authorities to intensify effort towards combating terrorist activities in Birnin-Gwari LGA especially at this early crop harvesting period.

Kaduna NNPP Members Demand Sack Of Party’s Gov Candidate

Youth groups staged a protest at the NNPP headquarters in Kaduna on August 30, 2022.
Youth groups staged a protest at the NNPP headquarters in Kaduna on August 30, 2022.

 

A coalition of youth support groups within the New Nigeria Peoples Party (NNPP) in Kaduna state has called on the party’s national leadership to immediately replace the state’s Governorship candidate, Senator Suleiman Hunkuyi for alleged anti-party activities and high handedness.

Members of the coalition who staged a peaceful protest against the former Senator on Tuesday, accused him of secretly working for the success of the All Progressive Congress in the state and has also traded his candidacy to the ruling party ahead of the 2023 elections.

The aggrieved NNPP Youth who took their protest to the party’s secretariat in the Kaduna state capital, insisted that the party must replace Senator Hunkuyi with a better and uncompromising governorship candidate if the party must win the election in 2023 .

They said the replacement should be done immediately using the substitution window given by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC).

The chairman of the group, Abdullahi Adamu who addressed journalists, said rather than being a unifier of the other candidates for the various positions, Senator Hunkuyi has used his position to destroy the NNPP in Kaduna state for his selfish interest.

Receiving the protesters, the Kaduna state NNPP chairman, Ben Kure assured them that their grievances will be looked into with a view to addressing them

But in a swift reaction, the NNPP Governorship Candidate denied the allegations levelled against him by the group, saying that the claim is borne out of mischief and ignorance of the internal workings of the party.

Police Arrest 20-Year-Old Bandit With Two AK-47 Rifles In Kaduna

20-year-old, Yusuf Monore, was arrested in Kaduna state for banditry, the police has said.
20-year-old, Yusuf Monore, was arrested in Kaduna state for banditry, the police has said.

 

Police operatives in Kaduna State have arrested a 20-year-old bandit in possession of two AK- 47 rfiles at Galadimawa community in Giwa local government area of the state.

The spokesman of the Kaduna State Police Command, DSP Mohammed Jalige, said in a statement that the bandit was arrested by police operatives of Operation Restore Peace.

He said the operatives, acting on credible intelligence, dislodged an identified kidnappers den at Galadimawa forest, after engaging the bandits in a fierce gun duel.

The bandits, he said, scampered into the forest with varying degrees of bullet injuries.

According to the police spokesperson, the operatives succeeded in arresting one of the bandits, one 20-year -ld Yusuf Monore with two AK 47/49 rifles and five rounds of live 7.62 X 39mm ammunition as well as handsets .

Jalige disclosed that the suspect is currently undergoing thorough investigation while operatives are still on aggressive pursuit of his fleeing gang members.

Meanwhile, the Kaduna state Commissioner of Police, Yekini Ayoku while commending the gallantry exhibited by the Officers who partook in the operation, has assured of deepening the existing robust synergy and collaborative engagement between the security forces in the State.

He said the police remain resolute and focused on exterminating the enemies of the nation’s collective security.

The CP equally charged law abiding citizens and residents of Kaduna state to always be vigilant and promptly report all suspicious characters to security agencies, while assuring them of the confidentiality of all sources of information.

Troops Clear Camp Of Notorious Bandit Lawal Kwalba In Kaduna

A map showing Kaduna, a state in Nigeria's North-Central region.
A map showing Kaduna, a state in Nigeria’s north-west region.

 

Troops of Operation Forest Sanity involved in the ongoing military operation in Kaduna state have destroyed a camp belonging to a notorious bandit, Lawal Kwalba located inside a forest at Rafin Dawa in Chikun local government area of the state.

According to the Kaduna State Commissioner for Internal Security and Home Affairs, Samuel Aruwan, the troops conducted a patrol to the location following actionable intelligence.

He said that the troops after clearing the camp, recovered some batteries and 27 bags of fertilizer, suspected to be used by the bandits for manufacturing of Improvised Explosive Devices (IED), considering their close alliance with Boko Haram terrorists.

Furthermore, one motorcycle and two mobile phones were recovered as the bandits took to their heels before the troops’ arrival.

The troops, according to Aruwan, extended the search a short distance from the camp, and made some arrests, while investigations are ongoing on the intercepted suspects.

 

See photos from the clearance below:

 

The Kaduna state government said on August 18, 2022, troops cleared the camp of notorious bandit Lawal Kwalba in Chikun forest.
The Kaduna state government said on August 18, 2022, troops cleared the camp of notorious bandit Lawal Kwalba in Chikun forest.

The Kaduna state government said on August 18, 2022, troops cleared the camp of notorious bandit Lawal Kwalba in Chikun forest.

The Kaduna state government said on August 18, 2022, troops cleared the camp of notorious bandit Lawal Kwalba in Chikun forest.

The Kaduna state government said on August 18, 2022, troops cleared the camp of notorious bandit Lawal Kwalba in Chikun forest.

Electricity Workers’ Strike: NUEE Shuts Down TCN Regional Station In Kaduna

A map showing Kaduna, a state in Nigeria's North-Central region.
A map showing Kaduna, a state in Nigeria’s north-west region.

 

Members of the National Union of Electricity Employees (NUEE) have withdrawn their services at the Kaduna Regional Headquarters of the Transmission Company of Nigeria(TCN) in line with the directive of the union’s national leadership.

The TCN Kaduna Regional station covers four northwestern states, Kaduna, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara.

On Wednesday morning, NUEE officials picketed the Mando TCN Station in the Kaduna state capital, shutting down operations, and thereafter, forced workers out of the company’s premises before locking the gate with their own key.


READ ALSO: ASUU-FG Meeting Ends In Deadlock, Strike To Continue


They vowed not to resume work until all their demands are met by the Federal Government.

The electricity union is protesting the non payment of outstanding arrears owed to former workers of the defunct Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN), suspension of conditions of service and career path for workers and the directive by the TCN board to conduct promotion interviews for acting principal managers who are moving to Assistant General Managers .

Troops Neutralise Scores Of Terrorists In Kaduna, Recover Weapons

These weapons were recovered from terrorists, the Kaduna state government said on August 13, 2022.
These weapons were recovered from terrorists, the Kaduna state government said on August 13, 2022.

 

Troops of Operation Sanity have killed scores of terrorists during a clearance operation in Chikun local government area of kaduna state.

This was conveyed in an operational feedback to the Kaduna State Government from the security agencies carrying out the operation .

According to a statement by the Kaduna State Commissioner for Internal Security and Home Affairs, Samuel Aruwan, the terrorists were neutralized by ground troops and air assets during an operation in Galbi, Chikun local government.

READ ALSO: Six Feared Dead After Clash Over Broken Side Mirror In Kwara

According to Aruwan, troops of Operation Forest Sanity supported by assets of the Nigerian Air Force conducted clearance operations on an identified terrorist enclave in Galbi general area.

He explained that the troops during their advance across River Kaduna ran into stiff resistance from the insurgents, and after a fierce firefight, scores of the terrorists were neutralized as the military forces prevailed.

The Commissioner also disclosed that Two General Purpose Machine Guns (GPMGs), three AK47 rifles and seven motorcycles were recovered from the enclave of the neutralized bandits.

Meanwhile, the Kaduna State Government has expressed excitement at the feedback, and praised the troops for their tenacity in the significant victory against the enemy forces.

The Government while thanking the troops, air force crews, police personnel, intelligence operatives, and local vigilante members who contributed to the success of the mission, also urged the security forces to increase the momentum and vanquish the terrorists for good.

Petrol Scarcity Bites Harder In Kaduna As Marketers Sell At N220 Per Litre

 

The lingering scarcity of Premium Motor Spirit otherwise known as petrol has continued to bite harder in several parts of Kaduna state, as the pump price of the product has risen as high as N220 per litre.

This comes amid uncertainty about when the scarcity will abate in the northern part of the country.

Although the state plays host to the Kaduna Petrochemical and Refining Company( KRPC), the lingering scarcity of PMS has continued to unleash untold hardship and suffering for the residents who mostly rely on the product for their daily activities.

READ ALSO: Fuel Subsidy Is Estimated At N6.72tn For 2023 – Finance Minister

Most of the filling stations owned by major marketers in the Kaduna state capital are currently out of stock, while the few ones with the product, owned by independent marketers, are selling above the government-approved pump price of N165.

While the long queues are not as heavy as it was early this year when the scarcity started, the few filling stations where petrol is available, are now using the law of demand to fix their pump prices.

Residents lament that despite the assurance by the Federal Government to address the scarcity, the situation has continued to linger, even as they say they buy fuel at the filling stations at an expensive rate.

The prices range from N185 to N220 per litre, with motorists lamenting the negative impact of the arbitrary price increase in their daily lives.

On their part, the independent petroleum marketers attribute the increase in petrol pump prices to many factors, ranging from non-availability of products to the cost of landing from Lagos to Kaduna, and the high cost of diesel to power their generators due to the lack of electricity supply.

‘FG Not responsible’

Price increases have been recorded in many parts of the country, including in Lagos and Abuja.

However, the Federal Government has denied that it is responsible for the increase.

According to the Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Timipre Sylva, the government is still subsidising petrol.

Speaking at the Nigerian Midstream and Downstream Petroleum Regulatory Authority (NMDPRA) stakeholders’ consultation forum on regulations earlier this week, Sylva said the marketers are most likely to blame.

“I can tell you authoritatively that we have not deregulated,” he said.

“The government is still subsidising. If there are increases in price, it is not from the government. It is probably from the marketers.

“But I will talk to the authorities to actually regulate the price. But this is not from the government. We have not deregulated.”

Meanwhile, petrol subsidy claims continue to skyrocket.

According to the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) Limited, petrol subsidy claims reached N2.6 trillion in the first half of 2022, surpassing revenue generated from the sale of crude oil.

Police Kill Two Bandits, Recover AK-47 In Kaduna

A combination of file photos of the map of Kaduna State and a gun recovered from crime suspects.

 

Police operatives in Kaduna State have killed two notorious bandits in Giwa Local Government Area.

According to the Public Relations Officer of the Kaduna State Police Command, DSP Mohammed Jalige, the bandits were killed while they attempted to kidnap some rural farmers working on their farms at Timburku village of Galadimawa ward in Giwa Local Government Area on Saturday, July 23rd.

He said that the DPO of Kidandan Division received intelligence information that some armed bandits have kidnapped an unspecified number of farmers working on their farm at Timburku village, and immediately, a detachment of Police Operation Restore Peace were deployed to the area, who engaged the bandits in a fierce gun duel.

READ ALSO: Gunmen Kill Three Policemen In Delta

The spokesman further noted that the superior fire power of the police operatives led to the killing of two of the bandits, while the victims were rescued unhurt.

The police spokesman further disclosed that one AK47 rifle loaded with two rounds of live ammunitions and a motorcycle were recovered from the bandits.

According to him, the operational breakthrough could not have been achieved without the timely report and information by the citizens and swift response from the Police.

Meanwhile, the Kaduna state Commissioner of Police, Yekini Ayoku enjoined the general public to always confide in the force and other sister security agencies to promptly report any distress situation as he assures them of speedy and effective response.

30 Burnt To Death In Kaduna Road Accident

A map showing Kaduna, a state in Nigeria's North-Central region.
A map showing Kaduna, a state in Nigeria’s north-west region.

 

At least thirty people have been killed in a road accident along the Zaria-Kano highway in Kaduna state.

The road crash which involved two 18- seater Toyota buses and a Volkswagen Golf, occurred around 5pm on Thursday at Hawan Mai Mashi community in Makarfi Local Government Area of Kaduna State .

The accident was caused by a speed violation, which led to a collusion of the three vehicles, after which flames erupted.

Most of the passengers who were trapped inside the vehicles got burnt severely, leading to their death.

Witnesses say the victims had no way to escape from the vehicles.

According to an Assistant Corps Commander of the Federal Road Safety Corps, Zaria Zone, Abdulrahman Husaini, the accident was caused by dangerous overtaking by one of the vehicles.

Hussaini disclosed that some injured passengers were rushed to the Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Shika for urgent medical treatment, while the remains of those that died were evacuated and deposited at the hospital mortuary.

Kaduna Education : El- Rufai Approves Recruitment Of Additional 10,000 Teachers

A file photo of Kaduna State Governor, Nasir El-Rufai.
A file photo of Kaduna State Governor, Nasir El-Rufai.

 

Governor Nasir El-Rufai of Kaduna State has approved the recruitment of additional ten thousand teachers by the State Universal Basic Education Board(KADSUBEB).

A statement issued by the Executive Chairman of KADSUBEB, Tijjani Abdullahi, said that the board has commissioned Kaduna State University(KASU) to design and upload a recruitment portal, which will go live on Thursday, July 21st, 2022.

The Executive Chairman explains that ‘suitably qualified candidates with either a National Certificate of Education(NCE) from an accredited institution, a Bachelor’s Degree in Education(B. Ed, B.A Ed, B. Sc, Bd, B. Tech in any discipline from a reputable university) are eligible to apply.


READ ALSO: ASUU: It’s Unacceptable To Still Have Schools Closed After Many Months – Bishop Kukah


According to him, ‘’the portal will be opened for two weeks from the first day it goes live on July 21st, 2022, to August 5th, 2022 when it will be closed.’’

‘’There will be a school-by-school requirement on the portal and applicants are expected to apply to schools closest to their residences,’’ he said, adding that they ‘’ will be screened and successful ones will be invited to sit for a Computer-Based examination at three centres—Kaduna, Zaria and Kafanchan towns.’’

‘’Only those that scored 75% in the examination, which is the standard that has been set by Kaduna State Government, will be invited for oral interview,’’ he clarified.

Tijjani also said that successful applicants are expected to come along with originals and photocopies of their credentials for the interview. The originals will be sighted while photocopies of all certificates will be given to the panel.’’

The Executive Chairman promised that KADSUBEB will immediately send all photocopies of credentials to various schools for verification.

According to him, successful applicants will thereafter ‘’be recruited and KADSUBEB will publish the names and particulars of those that have been employed.’’

‘’The Board will incentivize postings to rural areas where there are shortfalls in the required number of teachers who applied, or those that scaled through the recruitment process,’’ he promised.

Kuje Prison Attack: Buhari Orders Military To Wipe Out Terrorists, Bandits

A file photo of President Muhammadu Buhari

 

President Muhammadu Buhari has ordered the armed forces to wipe out terrorists, bandits and other enemies of the country from the surface of the earth with immediate effect in order to bring lasting peace to the country and the African continent in general.

The president who gave the directive on Thursday during the graduation ceremony of the Senior Course 44 of the Armed Forces Command and Staff College, Jaji, Kaduna State, vowed that the masterminds of the recent Kuje Prison Attack and other attacks across the country must not be allowed to go free, but must be sent to their creator.

He lamented that recent attacks by terrorists and bandits in different parts of the country, bear the hallmark of national and trans-border insurgency which is a threat trying to wreak havoc in Nigeria as well as in neighbouring countries, one which must be quashed once and for all.

President Buhari celebrated the sacrifices and successes of the Nigerian military in defending the country courageously.

The president pledged that his government would continue to provide the needed support required to wipe out terrorists and insurgents ‘‘off the face of the earth.’’

‘‘The Armed Forces of Nigeria are working tirelessly to enhance their combat effectiveness, operational capability and training necessary to eliminate the threats, in synergy with other institutions and nations.

‘‘The response of the Armed Forces of Nigeria to the Boko Haram insurgency, banditry, militancy, kidnapping as well as the activities of separatists and armed militias amongst others have been commendable.

‘‘This government will continue to provide the required guidance and support to ensure that the desired results are achieved,’’ he said.


Buhari Visits Kuje Prison Hours After Attack

Kuje Prison Attack: Buhari Presides Over National Security Council Meeting

Kuje Prison Attack: Buhari Unwilling To Hold His Appointees Accountable – ACF

Buhari noted that most of the security challenges facing the world today were both asymmetric and trans-border in nature, involving mainly non-state actors in different regions and sub-regions of the world.

He added that the West African sub-region and indeed our beloved continent of Africa are not immune to these threats.

‘‘We have witnessed recent terrorist attacks in Nigeria bearing the hallmark of national and trans-border insurgents trying to cause havoc in Nigeria as well as in neighbouring countries.

‘‘It will be part of your duty to confront these terrorists and insurgents and wipe them off the face of the earth and bring peace to our countries,’’ the President told the graduating students.

President Buhari described the specifics of their training which focused primarily on countering security threats as very important, adding that ‘‘combating these prevalent security threats effectively demands that African countries continue to work together at all levels; be it tactical, operational and strategic.’’

Appraising the ongoing collaboration of the Armed Forces of Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger Republic, Benin Republic and Chad in a multinational operation to combat the Boko Haram Insurgency in the Lake Chad region, the Nigerian leader said it has been productive, commendable and successful.

He said: ‘‘The synergy achieved in operating together must have been enhanced by an understanding of the doctrines of the cooperating forces.

‘‘This occasion provides me another opportunity to briefly reflect on the state of the Nigerian nation, particularly regarding national security. The last 12 years have been very challenging for our nation, considering the different security threats that have besieged the country.

‘‘Our government is poised to promote national security and development, as well as to remain committed to promoting a vision of a secure, safe, just, peaceful, prosperous and strong Nigeria.

‘‘We shall be employing all elements of our national power in ensuring security, a just society, peaceful coexistence, national unity and sustainable development while promoting our good standing internationally.’’

President Buhari expressed delight that amongst the graduating students were international officers from sister African countries, saying he is confident they enjoyed the friendliness of the country during their stay.

Describing Nigeria as still one of the most hospitable and enjoyable countries to visit and stay, despite her diversity and challenges, the President enjoined the Course 44 fellows to keep fond memories of the over 40-year college, which prepares officers for tactical and operational level leadership, focusing on national security, joint planning processes, inter-agency cooperation and operations as well as multinational integration.

Further, he told the graduating students that their participation in the Course was a further testimony of national security aspirations to promote international peace, friendship and cooperation.

‘‘To the graduating students from Nigeria’s Ministries, Departments and Agencies, you have indeed justified the confidence reposed in you by your respective organizations. Congratulations!

‘‘We must specially commend the spouses of the graduands here for keeping the home front and without whose sacrifices there would have been no celebrations for many here today.’’ he said.

President Buhari also commended the Commandant and his team for transforming the graduating students into highly refined products and for the ongoing work to expand and upgrade the facilities of the College. This is to provide a conducive and amenable environment that is fit for purpose.

‘‘Your efforts are maintaining the status of the College as a mid-level military training institution of repute. I therefore commend the College Board as well as the Commandant and staff for these remarkable achievements.

‘‘This government will continue to support the College in its developmental strides. My administration will also continue to give priority to the training and welfare of officers and men of our Armed Forces.

‘‘You, the graduating students, should realize that the nation has made a lot of investment in your training up to this stage of your respective careers.

‘‘I am confident that you have been sufficiently groomed in character and learning to take up the challenges you will be confronted with hereafter.

‘‘For the Nigerian graduating students amongst you, the graduation today is a clarion call to duty in service to our country. Nigeria expects the very best from you in terms of loyalty, commitment to duty and service to your fatherland.

‘‘Therefore, you must endeavour to make honest and positive contributions in the discharge of the constitutional responsibilities of the Armed Forces of Nigeria, your strategic Ministries, Department and Agencies and be good ambassadors of the Armed Forces Command and Staff College,’’ the President said.

In his address of welcome, the Commandant of the College, Air Vice Marshall (AVM) Olurotimi Tuwase, explained that 111 army officers, 69 naval officers, 42 air force officers, 10 students from paramilitary organisations and Ministries, Department and Agencies as well as 15 international students completed the 48 weeks intensive training, leading to the award of Pass Staff Course (PSC).

AVM Tuwase added that the international students on the Senior Course 44 were from Burkina Faso, Cameroun, Chad, The Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Togo and Zambia.

The Commandant thanked the President for his unflinching support to the College, noting that students from the prestigious school have been sufficiently trained and equipped to cope with most challenges in their career, with the staff and leadership skills acquired in the College.

‘‘The College has laid a solid professional foundation for you to make informed decisions,’’ he said.

At the event, President Buhari presented PSC certificates and awards to select graduands as well as the best graduating students.

Major Sunday Olayinka Atomode, bagged three awards namely Minister of Defence Award for highest overall score, Chief of Defence Staff Award for Department of Joint Studies and Chief of Army Staff Award for Department of Land Warfare.

Lt.-Cdr. Godwin Emeka Okutue won the Chief of Naval Staff Award for Department of Marine Warfare, Squadron Leader Peter Chika Echeazu bagged the Chief of Air Staff Award for Department of Air Warfare while the Commandant’s Award for best non-military student was awarded to CDIO AM Ajiamah, and Major Errol Donkoh from Ghana for best international student.

Kaduna Train Attack: Terrorists Release Seven More Kidnapped Passengers

This Kaduna-bound train was attacked by armed gangs on March 28, 2022.

 

Seven more kidnapped passengers of the March 28 train attack in Kaduna state have been released by the terrorists who attacked the train.

The victims were released by their abductors on Saturday after spending over 100 days in captivity.

The security agencies are yet to confirm the development, but a member of the negotiating team and media consultant to Kaduna based Islamic cleric, Sheikh Ahmad Gumi, Tukur Mamu, told Channels Television that the kidnapped victims were released based on dialogue and negotiation with the terrorists.

But he did not say if any ransom was paid or not before the terrorists released the victims.

READ ALSO: Bandits Kidnap Another Catholic Priest In Kaduna

Among the freed passengers according to Mamu, include the son of the Chairman of Northern Elders Forum, Professor Ango Abdullahi, Sadiq Abdullahi, Bosede Olurotimi, Abubakar Zubairu and Alhassan Sule. Others are Muhammad Daiyabu Paki, Aliyu Usman and the only foreign national of Pakistani origin, Dr. Muhammad Abuzar Afzal.

Mamu disclosed that the seven released hostages have been handed over to the military and that they were in their way to Kaduna.

Mamu, while reiterating the power of mediation in addressing the security challenges bedeviling the country, claimed that he singlehandedly facilitated and initiated the release of the seven kidnapped victims with support from Sheikh Ahmad Gumi.

“That is why I keep emphasising that government has the power to end the agony of this innocent victims in one day,” he said.

Some of the victims and Tukur Mamu (fourth from right) after their release.
Some of the victims and Tukur Mamu (fourth from right) after their release.

 

“This is just one individual that sacrifice his life and even integrity. There is no military solution to the current security debacle in Nigeria. When you sincerely engage them this guys even though wicked with misguided religious beliefs, they are listening. I have sufficient evidence to probe that they due listen. It is this power of engagement and sincerity that resulted to the release of this 7 victims”.

While he thanks the General Officer Commanding the one Mechanized Division of the Nigerian Army for the support during the negotiation and the subsequent release of the hostages, Mamu however lamented that despite the poor medical condition of many of the released hostages, there was unnecessary security checks which wasted “their time in a military unit at the outskirts of Kaduna.

“The location they (abductors) gave is remote, sensitive and risky. There was a military checkpoint before penetrating the forest. My team was stopped by the soldiers but when they told the military our mission they contacted the GOC and he immediately gave approval for them to proceed. And after the victims were successfully evacuated, travelling through over 40 kilometers in the forest, they were given a military escort back to Kaduna at the checkpoint”.